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3
votes
1answer
102 views

Equivalence discrete H^2 Sobolev norms

My aim is showing the equivalence of two discrete Sobolev norms. On $\mathbb{Z}^d$, $d\ge 2$, one defines the discrete derivative in the direction of the coordinate vector $\vec e_j$ as $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Conditions for convergence of Euler's method

It is know that a sufficient and necessary condition for $$\dot y(t) = f(y(t), t), \quad t > 0, \quad y(0) = y_0$$ assumes a unique solution of $f$ is Lipschitz in $y$ and continuous in $t$. ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows: Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$. Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

What summations of elementary trig functions are known to have (elementary) closed forms?

I've been trying to find a closed form of $\displaystyle \sum_k{\tan{(k)}}$ that contains only elementary functions, and I think I may be onto something. But rather than reinvent the wheel, I want to ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Finite differencing scheme for Hamilton's equation with planar linkages

I am trying to simulate the movement of a planar linkage in the plane whose position and momentum obey Hamilton's equations, which is to say that $${{dq}\over{dt}} = {{dH}\over{dp}}$$ and ...
4
votes
2answers
128 views

Advice on numerical solution for 2D hyperbolic PDE with zero flux boundary conditions

I would like to numerically solve a hyperbolic PDE of the form $\frac{\partial\theta_t}{\partial t}(x,y)+\frac{\partial\left[\theta_t \gamma_t^x\right]}{\partial x}(x,y)+\frac{\partial\left[\theta_t ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Natural integration constant for normal and discrete integration: is there a connection?

It is often assumed that integration, unlike differentiation is defined only to an arbitrary constant. So the antiderivative function is often left undefined or postulated to be zero in zero. But I ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

How can one use stability analaysis of finite differences methods in linear Schrodinger to the NLS?

Specifically, I've seen a lot of analysis of grid stability for solving Linear Schrodinger with Forward Euler, Backward Euler and Crank-Nicolson. However, most of the usages I've seen for the same ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Heat equation with heterogeneous heat conduction

I'm trying to discretize and a heat conduction/diffusion problem using finite differences and I was wondering how to use a discrete heat conduction coefficient defined per cell (instead of per ...
0
votes
1answer
217 views

Limits of functions with converging zeros

What can one say about the derivatives of a smooth function of several variables that is a limit of smooth functions with converging zeros? More precisely, suppose that $f_i: R^n \to R^m$ is a ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Proof that Newton expansion over derivatives has the properties of an integral [duplicate]

Let's consider a Newton expansion over consecutive derivatives of a function: $$F(x)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {-1}m \sum_{k=0}^m\binom mk(-1)^{m-k}f^{(k)}(x)$$ Can it be proven that such ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Are all discrete-analytic funtions as defined here also natural?

Let's define a discrete-analytic function as a function that is equal to its Newton expansion: $$f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left (0\right)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {x}m ...
6
votes
0answers
292 views

Polynomials and divided differences

I would greatly appreciate any hint for proving the following. Question: Let $f:[0, 1] \to {\bf R}$. Can it be proved that if $[0, 1/(N+m),\dots, (N+m)/(N+m) ; f ]=0$ for all $m=1,2, 3,\dots$, then ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Is is preferable to use a difference formula of higher order of accuracy for spatial derivatives to solve this IVP problem ?

I want to numerically integrate the equation $\partial_t u= a(t) \partial_xu+b\partial_{xxx}u+c$ to get $u(t)$. Is is preferable to use a difference formula of higher order of accuracy for spatial ...
2
votes
0answers
541 views

Problem using finite difference to solve a initial value problem

Hallo, I tried to use 'finite difference' method to solve a Initial Value Problem(IVP). For the two boundaries I used periodical condtion and for the differential operators I used 4th degree center ...
1
vote
2answers
503 views

Convergence of Newton series for sin ax

Let's define half discrete-analytic function as a function whose Newton series converges to that function for each $x>0$: $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left ...
12
votes
3answers
999 views

How many sequences of rational squares are there, all of whose differences are also rational squares?

After commenting on a question of Joseph O'Rourke's, I thought it interesting that a number theory result (artihmetic progressions of rational squares cannot be arbitrarily long) had applications to ...
8
votes
0answers
838 views

Are these two functions equal?

The question here is sparked by the discussion inside this question about indefinite sum(antidifference) of tan(x). A proposed solution was a function $$f_1(x)=ix-\psi _{e^{2 ...
17
votes
9answers
5k views

What is the indefinite sum of tan(x)?

What is the indefinite sum of the tangent function, that is, the function $T$ for which $\Delta_x T = T(x + 1) - T(x) = \tan(x)$ Of course, there are infinitely many answers, who all differ by a ...