**20**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### In what sense are fields an algebraic theory?

Since there is no "free field generated by a set", it would seem that
1) there is no monad on Set whose algebras are exactly the fields
and
2) there is no Lawvere theory whose models in Set are ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Is the statement that every field has an algebraic closure known to be equivalent to the ultrafilter lemma?

The existence and uniqueness of algebraic closures is generally proven using Zorn's lemma. A quick Google search leads to a 1992 paper of Banaschewski, which I don't have access to, asserting that ...

**46**

votes

**9**answers

12k views

### Galois Groups vs. Fundamental Groups

In a recent blog post Terry Tao mentions in passing that:
"Class groups...are arithmetic analogues of the (abelianised) fundamental groups in topology, with Galois groups serving as the analogue of ...

**74**

votes

**2**answers

7k views

### When is the tensor product of two fields a field?

Consider two extension fields $K/k, L/k$ of a field $k$.
A frequent question is whether the tensor product ring $K\otimes_k L$ is a field. The answer is "no" and this answer is often justified by ...

**36**

votes

**14**answers

5k views

### Fantastic properties of Z/2Z

Recently I gave a lecture to master's students about some nice properties of the group with two elements $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$. Typically, I wanted to present simple, natural situations where the ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Examples of algebraic closures of finite index

So there are easy examples for algebraic closures that have index two and infinite index: $\mathbb{C}$ over $\mathbb{R}$ and the algebraic numbers over $\mathbb{Q}$. What about the other indices?
...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

791 views

### How much choice is needed to show that formally real fields can be ordered?

Background: a field is formally real if -1 is not a sum of squares of elements in that field. An ordering on a field is a linear ordering which is (in exactly the sense that you would guess if you ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

851 views

### Which commutative groups are the group of units of some field?

Inspired by a recent question on the multiplicative group of fields. Necessary conditions include that there are at most $n$ solutions to $x^n = 1$ in such a group and that any finite subgroup is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

503 views

### What is the size of the smallest rigid extension field of the complex numbers?

Suppose we consider a rigid extension field $F$, i.e., $\text{Aut}(F) = 1$ over the complex numbers $\mathbb C$. What is the minimal cardinality of $F$? In particular it should hold that in this case $...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### Parametric Solvable Septics?

Known parametric solvable septics are,
$$x^7+7ax^5+14a^2x^3+7a^3x+b=0\tag{1}$$
$$x^7 + 21x^5 + 35x^3 + 7x + a(7x^6 + 35x^4 + 21x^2 + 1)=0\tag{2}$$
$$x^7 - 2x^6 + x^5 - x^4 - 5x^2 - 6x - 4 + n(x - ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

920 views

### Does k(X) have a k-basis for every set X, without AC?

This question is inspired by Pace Nielsen's recent question Does a left basis imply a right basis, without AC?.
For any field $k$, the field $k(x)$ of rational functions in one variable has an ...

**70**

votes

**11**answers

4k views

### Can a non-surjective polynomial map from an infinite field to itself miss only finitely many points?

Is there an infinite field $k$ together with a polynomial $f \in k[x]$ such that the associated map $f \colon k \to k$ is not surjective but misses only finitely many elements in $k$ (i.e. only ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### An unfamiliar (to me) form of Hensel's Lemma

In his very nice article
Peter Roquette,
History of valuation theory. I. (English summary) Valuation theory and its applications, Vol. I (Saskatoon, SK, 1999), 291--355,
Fields Inst. Commun., ...

**25**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Explicit elements of $K((x))((y)) \setminus K((x,y))$

In an answer to the popular question on common false beliefs in mathematics
Examples of common false beliefs in mathematics.
I mentioned that many people conflate the two different kinds of formal ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Intuition for Model Theoretic Proof of the Nullstellensatz

I recently read the model-theoretic proof of the Nullstellensatz using quantifier elimination (see www.msri.org/publications/books/Book39/files/marker.pdf). I'm convinced that the Nullstellensatz is ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Some arithmetic terminology: “universal domain”, “specialization”, “Chow point”

As a non-connoisseur of arithmetic and arithmetic geometry, I would like to ask about some terminology, which meaning I haven't been able to find out on some books, nor on wikipedia, nor by google.
...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Does Con(ZF) imply Con(ZF + Aut C = Z/2Z)?

How many field automorphisms does $\mathbf{C}$ have? If you assume the axiom of choice, there are tons of them -- $2^{2^{\aleph_0}}$ I believe. And what if you don't -- how essential is the axiom of ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Which fields have multiplicative group isomorphic to additive group times Z/2Z?

Let $K$ be a field, $K_{*}$ its multiplicative group and $K_{+}$ its additive group. As Richard Stanley notes in this answer, the only field for which $K_{+} \simeq K_{*} \times \mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

600 views

### Obstructions for a group to be the multiplicative group of a field [duplicate]

It is well known that every finite multiplicative subgroup of a field is cyclic.
I somehow got interested in a possible reverse implication:
Assume we have an abelian group $G$ whose every finite ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

755 views

### Existence of maximal totally ramified extensions of an arbitrary CDVF

Let $K$ be a complete, discretely valued field with (let's say) perfect residue field $k$. We have a unique maximal unramified extension $K^{unr}$ of $K$ and a unique maximal tamely ramified ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

836 views

### On the solvable octic $x^8-x^7+29x^2+29=0$

The irreducible but solvable octic,
$$x^8-x^7+29x^2+29=0\tag{1}$$
was first mentioned by Igor Schein in this 1999 sci.math post. This does not factor over a quadratic or quartic extension, but over ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

658 views

### Converse to Banach’s fixed point theorem for ordered fields?

Suppose $R$ is an ordered field. Call a continuous map $f: R \rightarrow R$ a contraction if there exists $r < 1$ (in $R$) such that $|f(x)-f(y)| \leq r |x-y|$ for all $x,y \in R$ (where $|x| := \...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

956 views

### Factoring a field extension into one which adds no roots of unity, followed by one which adds only roots of unity

I am asking my question here, since it's been voted up a fair bit on math.SE, but without answers, so it may be harder than I assumed it was.
Can we always break an arbitrary field extension $L/K$ ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

501 views

### torsion group of the multiplicative group of a field

Let $F$ be any field of zero characteristic, $F^{\ast}$ its multiplicative group and $T$ is the torsion group.
Is it true that $T$ is a direct summand for $F^{\ast}$?

**6**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Is every Polish ring topology on $\mathbb{C}$ defined by an absolute value?

There is a unique up to isomorphism algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 and cardinality of the continuum. Let's call it $K$.
We usually call it $\mathbb{C}$, but by this we impose a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

505 views

### Parity of class number of pure cubic fields

A pure cubic field is an algebraic number field of the form $K = \mathbb{Q}(\theta)$ with $\theta^3 = m$, $m \neq \pm 1$.
What can be said about the parity (odd or even) of the class number of a pure ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Is there a symmetric basis for $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$?

Consider $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$, the rational functions in $x$ and $y$, as a vector space over $\mathbf{Q}$.
Let $\sigma$ be the map interchanging $x$ and $y$. Is there a basis for $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$ ...