**11**

votes

**1**answer

661 views

### A set of generators for $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$

Two questions:
Does there exist a sequence $\alpha_1,\alpha_2,...$ of algebraic numbers with degrees $d_1,d_2,...$ s.t. for each $i$, $d_i|d_{i+1}$ and $\alpha_i= p_i(\alpha_{i+1})$ with $p_i$ a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Examples of perfect pseudo algebraically closed fields in positive characteristic

Is there any known example of a perfect pseudo algebraically closed field of positive characteristic containing $\overline{\mathbb{F}_p}$ but is not algebraically closed?

**16**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Which fields have multiplicative group isomorphic to additive group times Z/2Z?

Let $K$ be a field, $K_{*}$ its multiplicative group and $K_{+}$ its additive group. As Richard Stanley notes in this answer, the only field for which $K_{+} \simeq K_{*} \times ...

**16**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### In what sense are fields an algebraic theory?

Since there is no "free field generated by a set", it would seem that
1) there is no monad on Set whose algebras are exactly the fields
and
2) there is no Lawvere theory whose models in Set are ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### Algebraic closure as a fibrant replacement?

Emil Artin's construction of the algebraic closure of a field $K$ is as follows. Let $K_{0} = K$, and inductively let $\{x_f\}$ be a set of indeterminates indexed by the irreducible $f$ in one ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

395 views

### Logical complexity of algebraically closed fields

One can define fields using a finite list of axioms that quantify over the field itself. However, the obvious way to define algebraically closed fields involves either an infinite list of axioms, or ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

96 views

### How can I decode efficiently a triple-error-correcting binary BCH code?

In a given $\mathrm{BCH}(N,K)$, $T=3$ code over $\mathrm{GF}(2^m)$, there are ways to find the error locations in a given $N$-bit codeword directly from the syndromes without going through the normal ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Extension of homomorphism to place in quotient field, or of local ring to valuation ring in quotient field

Let be given a domain $R$ (that can be supposed to be integrally closed if this can help), and $\varphi$ an homomorphism of $R$ into a field $F$.
$\varphi$ extends uniquely to a homomorphism ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Laurent and power series over the field with one element?

Question. Is there a suitable notion of the Laurent series ring $\mathbb{F}_1((t))$ and power series ring $\mathbb{F}_1[[t]]$ in some framework for the field with one element $\mathbb{F}_1$?
For ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

208 views

### Decomposition and valuation rings

I am reading Algebraic Number Theory by A. Fröhlich, M. J. Taylor, it first introduced the theorem:
$(K,u)$ be a field and its absolute value, $(K_u,\bar u)$ be its completion and absolute value ...

**20**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Subfields of $\mathbb{C}$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$ that have Baire property, without Choice

While sitting through my complex analysis class, beginning with a very low level introduction, the teacher mentioned the obvious subfield of $\mathbb{C}$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$, and I then ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

124 views

### Purely inseparable field extensions of degree p

Take a field $k$. If $k'/k$ is a field extension of degree $p$, it is known that there are many possibilities for the isomorphism class of $k'$. See
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

62 views

### Separable extensions of henselian fields

Let $(k,v)$ be a henselian field, with $\mathcal{O}$ and $\bar{k}$ being respectively its valuation ring and its residue field. If $K/k$ a finite separable field extension (on which $v$ thus extends ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Gersten complexes in Quillen's and Milnor's K-theories

Consider a good enough scheme $X$ (e.g. an algebraic variety over a field). Let $X_i$ be the set of points of dimension $i$ in $X$. Then we have the Gersten complex in Quillen's K-theory:
$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Automorphisms of a differential field and transcendence degree

Let $(\mathcal{F},+,\times,\partial)$ be a differential field, and let's define its automorphism group $Aut(\mathcal{F})$ as the group, under composition, consisting of all bijective maps ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

351 views

### Slightly weakened / altered concepts of a field

I've heard of at least three slight modifications of the standard concept of field:
meadow, which (according to this paper) is a commutative ring with unit equipped with a total unary operation ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

261 views

### Algebraic Closure of the field of rational functions

Using the theorem of Puiseux, one concludes that the algebraic closure of $\mathbb C(X)$ is the set of algebraic elements (over $\mathbb C(X)$) of the algebraic closure of $\mathbb C((X))$, which is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### when is the property “being algebraically maximal” a first order property ?

A valued field is said to be algebraic maximal if all its algebraic extension have either a bigger value group or a bigger residue field.
Do you know for which field this is a first order property ?
...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Theory of C* algebras over other fields than the complex numbers

How much of the theory of C*-algebras holds when the complex numbers are replaced by different (algebraically closed) field (possibly with a distinguished ordered subfield that satisfies the same ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Orthonormal bases of R^3 with components lying in the golden field

Greg Egan proved an interesting theorem about unit vectors in $\mathbb{R}^3$ whose components actually lie in the 'golden field' $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{5}]$. He found it in our studies of twin ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

445 views

### Split powers of the multiplicative group of a field

Let $K$ be a field, $K^\times$ its multiplicative group and $I$ an infinite set. Is then $(K^\times)^{(I)} \subseteq (K^\times)^I$ a direct summand? If not, is it possible to characterize the fields ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

826 views

### Which commutative groups are the group of units of some field?

Inspired by a recent question on the multiplicative group of fields. Necessary conditions include that there are at most $n$ solutions to $x^n = 1$ in such a group and that any finite subgroup is ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

569 views

### Obstructions for a group to be the multiplicative group of a field [duplicate]

It is well known that every finite multiplicative subgroup of a field is cyclic.
I somehow got interested in a possible reverse implication:
Assume we have an abelian group $G$ whose every finite ...

**54**

votes

**0**answers

2k views

### A naive question about the double dual of a vector space

Let $K$ be a field. Are there non-scalar endomorphisms of the endofunctor
$$
V\mapsto V^{**}/V
$$
of the category of $K$-vector spaces?
I asked a related question on Mathematics Stackexchange, but ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

309 views

### Ideals generated by two elements in the polynomial ring of two variables over a field

Let $k$ be a field. For example, $k=\mathbb{Q}$ or $\mathbb{Z}/p$, $p$ prime.
Let $k[x,y]$ be the polynomial ring.
Let $f,g\in k[x,y]$.
Let the ideal $I=(f,g)$ be the ideal of $k[x,y]$ ...

**31**

votes

**7**answers

10k views

### Collecting proofs that finite multiplicative subgroups of fields are cyclic.

I teach elementary number theory and discrete mathematics to students who come with no abstract algebra. I have found proving the key theorem that finite multiplicative subgroups of fields are cyclic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Uncountable cardinals and Prufer $p$-groups

Let $A$ be an elementary Abelian uncountable $p$-group. Is it known if there is an action of a Prufer $q$-group (here $q$ is a prime not necessarily distinct from $p$) $C_{q^{\infty}}$ onto $A$ such ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Projective coordinates over a non UFD ring

Is it true that when the integers of a number field are not a UFD then not every point in projective $n$-space over that field can be given by relatively prime algebraic integer coordinates?
When a ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### uncountable algebraically closed field other than C ?

Is there any "well-known" algebraically closed field that is uncountable other than $\mathbb{C}$ ?
The algebraic closure of $\mathbb{C}(X)$ would work, but is it meaningful, is this field used in some ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

252 views

### Rigid fields containing $\mathbb{C}$

Following the question What is the size of the smallest rigid extension field of the complex numbers?, where it was noted that the least cardinality of a rigid field containing $\mathbb{C}$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Automorphisms of $\mathbb{C}$ and meromorphic functions

Let $F$ be a meromorphic function on $\mathbb{C}$, and assume that the first-order theory of $(\mathbb{C},F)$ defines $\mathbb{Z}$, which means that there exists a formula $\varphi(z)$ (in the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

108 views

### Invariance of the complex exponential map under a nontrivial field automorphism of $\mathbb{C}$

It is known that the pseudo-exponential map $K \to K^\times$ for $K$ a pseudo-exponential field (of cardinality $2^{\aleph_0}$) in the sense of Zilber is invariant under many field automorphisms,
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

288 views

### Constructive Proof to Show that Algebraic Numbers are Algebraically Closed

EDIT2: After reading some papers, I think the question can best be rephrased as "How can the minimal polynomial for a polynomial with algebraic coefficients be calculated. I have seen papers and ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

323 views

### Definition of internal field objects

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category with finite limits and a strictly initial object $\mathbf{0}$. The final object is denoted by $\mathbf{1}$. I propose the following definition of a field object ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

280 views

### Division algebras over extension fields / reducibility of $G$-modules

Reformulation of the question (see below for the original question): Let $K$ be an algebraic number field and $D$ a finite-dimensional $K$-division algebra. Is there a description of the field ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

464 views

### Why does inconstructibility of $\sqrt[3]{2}$ imply impossibility of cube doubling? [closed]

In this question "constructing" and "doubling" is meant in the compass-and-straightedge sense.
On my desk I have five Basic Algebra texts treating constructability in the plane $\mathbb{C}$ or ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

341 views

### Why does the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction $R(q)$ appear in Emma Lehmer's quintic?

Define the Ramanujan theta function $f(a,b)$ as,
$$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} a^{n(n+1)/2}\,b^{n(n-1)/2}$$
and the Dedekind eta function,
$$\eta(\tau) = q^{1/24}\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} ...

**37**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Why aren't fields called “bodies” instead?

The discrepancy regarding the names of commutative division algebras in German and English has always startled me. In English they are called fields, whereas their original German name is Körper ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

410 views

### Quintic polynomials generating cyclic extensions

We know that a cubic equation generates a cubic cyclic extension iff it has a perfect square discriminant. Now I am wondering if there is a similar condition for quintic polynomials. So I am trying to ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

854 views

### Does k(X) have a k-basis for every set X, without AC?

This question is inspired by Pace Nielsen's recent question Does a left basis imply a right basis, without AC?.
For any field $k$, the field $k(x)$ of rational functions in one variable has an ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

899 views

### Factoring a field extension into one which adds no roots of unity, followed by one which adds only roots of unity

I am asking my question here, since it's been voted up a fair bit on math.SE, but without answers, so it may be harder than I assumed it was.
Can we always break an arbitrary field extension $L/K$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

107 views

### question about a particular Polynomial ring [closed]

Let K be a field, let $T = K[X_1, X_2,...]$ be a polynomial ring, let $R=K[X_1^{2}, X_1X_2,..,X_i X_j,..]$, and let $L = Frac(R)$ = field of fractions of R. How can we prove that $R =T \cap L$ ?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Is there a symmetric basis for $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$?

Consider $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$, the rational functions in $x$ and $y$, as a vector space over $\mathbf{Q}$.
Let $\sigma$ be the map interchanging $x$ and $y$. Is there a basis for $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### On quintic roots $x_1^{1/5}+x_2^{1/5}+\dots+x_5^{1/5}$

I. Given the roots $x_i$ of the general cubic,
$$x^3+c_2x^2+c_1x+c_0=0\tag1$$
with $c_i \in \mathbb Q$, it is easy to show that the expression,
$$F_3 = (x_1^{1/3}+x_2^{1/3}+x_3^{1/3})^3$$
is an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Primes $p=x^2+27y^2$ and Ramanujan's $x_1^{1/3} + x_2^{1/3} + x_3^{1/3}$

I was trying to generalize,
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

84 views

### (Affine) Schemes and the point of view of morphisms with values in a field

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with unity. If $\varphi_1 : A \rightarrow K_1$ and $\varphi_2 : A \rightarrow K_2$ are ring morphisms from $A$ to fields, $\varphi_1$ and $\varphi_2$ are said to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

198 views

### Canonical form of cubic curves over general fields

Given a field of characteristic not 2 or 3 containing a primitive third root of unity, is it true that every nonsingular cubic curve, i.e. a curve defined by one homogeneous form of degree 3 in 3 ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

484 views

### Sum of commuting semisimple operators

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space over a field $K$. An operator $T:V\to V$ is called semi-simple if every $T$-invariant subspace of $V$ has a $T$-invariant complement(for algebraically ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Is there a natural way to view the proof of Hilbert 90?

I only know of one proof of Hilbert 90, which is very smart if not magical. See for example http://hilbertthm90.wordpress.com/2008/12/11/hilberts-theorem-90the-math/
Does anyone know of a more ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

5k views

### Finite extension of fields with no primitive element

What is an example of a finite field extension which is not generated by a single element?
Background: A finite field extension E of F is generated by a primitive element if and only if there are a ...