**1**

vote

**0**answers

344 views

### Quadratic Solutions

There are quadratic solutions to $x^4+y^4 = z^4$ in $\mathbb{Q} (\sqrt{-7})$. But for equations such as $x^4+y^4 = nz^4$ where $n \in \mathbb{N}, \ n \neq 1$ do there still exist extension fields of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

879 views

### How do I visualize finite covers of curves over non-algebraically closed fields?

If $L$ is algebraically closed, fields of transcendence degree one over $L$ correspond to algebraic curves over $L$ up to birational equivalence, and finite extensions correspond to finite Galois ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Intuition for Model Theoretic Proof of the Nullstellensatz

I recently read the model-theoretic proof of the Nullstellensatz using quantifier elimination (see www.msri.org/publications/books/Book39/files/marker.pdf). I'm convinced that the Nullstellensatz is ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

959 views

### What is the ring of integers of the Pythagorean field?

Following Hilbert, we call the complex numbers constructible via
compass and straight-edge the field of Euclidean numbers, and
the totally real such numbers the field of Pythagorean numbers. (Among ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### behavior of places of a function field under automorphism

if $P_{1}$ and $P_{2}$ are distinct places of equal degree of the function field F/K, and $\sigma$ is a K-field automorphism, such that $\sigma(P_{1})=P_{2}$. then, does $\deg (P_{1}\cap K(x))=\deg ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

418 views

### Methods of showing an element is / is not in a field

Let $K$ be a field, $\alpha\in\bar{K}$, and $L/K$ a finite extension. How can we determine whether $\alpha\in L$, preferably in as much generality as possible?
Of course, there may be special cases ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Primitive element theorem without building field extensions

Is there are nice way to prove the primitive element theorem without using field extensions?
The primitive element theorem says that if $x$ and $y$ are algebraic over $F$ and $y$ is separable over ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Analogue of a ring extension splitting in the Kummer case

Background (the Kummer extension case)
Let $R$ be a complete regular local ring (it follws that it's a UFD) with a prime integer $p$ contained in the maximal ideal of $R$ (I'm mostly interested ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

994 views

### Does there exist a Riemann surface corresponding to every field extension? Any other hypothesis needed?

My question is a doubt I had in the last point to the first answer to this MO question - "Algebraic" topologies like the Zariski topology?
Can one associate a Riemann surface to any ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

974 views

### Finite extensions of field of rational functions in one variable

Let K=F(x), where x is transcendental over F and F is an algebraically closed field. Does there exist a non-commutative division algebra L with the center K and [L : K] < infinity?
I think, but ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

327 views

### Point of confusion in “Topological Representations of Algebras”

Background
I'm reading the article "Topological Representations of Algebras" by Arens, Kaplansky. In the proof of Theorem 6.1 we have the following situation: $X$ is a Stone space, $X_\alpha$ is a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### uncountable algebraically closed field other than C ?

Is there any "well-known" algebraically closed field that is uncountable other than $\mathbb{C}$ ?
The algebraic closure of $\mathbb{C}(X)$ would work, but is it meaningful, is this field used in some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

576 views

### Surjectivity of bilinear forms.

It is not uncommon to describe interesting classes of field extensions by declaring that an extension $L|K$ belongs to that class if some type of problem with $K$-coefficiens has a property over $L$ ...

**140**

votes

**0**answers

12k views

### Ultrafilters and automorphisms of the complex field

It is well-known that it is consistent with $ZF$ that the only automorphisms of the complex field $\mathbb{C}$ are the identity map and complex conjugation. For example, we have that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

397 views

### Sum of n-th roots is rarely rational

Let $m,n$ be positive integers, and $\displaystyle \Phi_{m,n}~:~ {\mathbb{R}_+^*}^m \to \mathbb{R}_+^*, \ \ \ (x_1,x_2, \ldots , x_m) \mapsto \sum_{k=1}^m \sqrt[n]{x_k}$.
Clearly for $m=1$ if for all ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

877 views

### Is -1 a sum of 2 squares in a certain field K?

Consider the field of fractions $K$
of the quotient algebra $\mathbb{R}[x,y,z,t]/(x^2+y^2+z^2+t^2+1)$,
where $\mathbb{R}$ is the field of real numbers and $x,y,z,t$ are variables.
Clearly $-1$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

398 views

### Making the fixed field algebraically closed

K is a field and f is an automorphism of K. We're also given that the order of f, as an element of the group Aut(K), is not finite. Is it always possible to find a field L which contains K and an ...

**34**

votes

**4**answers

5k views

### Fields with trivial automorphism group

Is there a nice characterization of fields whose automorphism group is trivial? Here are the facts I know.
Every prime field has trivial automorphism group.
Suppose L is a separable finite extension ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

672 views

### Is a field uniquely determined by its multiplicative group/how much knows K_1 about fields?

As the title says I would like to know if $K_1(k)=k^*$ uniquely determines a field $k$.
For finite fields this is clearly the case, but I suspect it is not ture in general. However I guess cooking up ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Is there a natural way to view the proof of Hilbert 90?

I only know of one proof of Hilbert 90, which is very smart if not magical. See for example http://hilbertthm90.wordpress.com/2008/12/11/hilberts-theorem-90the-math/
Does anyone know of a more ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### When are intersections of finitely generated field extensions finitely generated?

Let $k$ be a field, and let $E$ and $F$ be fields extending $k$, both contained in some single extension of $k$. If $E$ and $F$ are finitely generated (as fields) over $k$, must $E\cap F$ also be ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

329 views

### roots of polynomials with multiple-of-unity coefficients implies algebraically closed?

Suppose a field has roots of all polynomials whose coefficients are 0, 0+1, 0+1+1, 0+1+1+1, 0+1+1+1+1, etc or additive inverses thereof. Is such a field necessarily algebraically closed?
The ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### For which fields K is every subring of K…?

This question was inspired by
How to prove that the subrings of the rational numbers are noetherian?
which some people found too routine to be of interest. So I have decided to liven things up a ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

742 views

### Existence of maximal totally ramified extensions of an arbitrary CDVF

Let $K$ be a complete, discretely valued field with (let's say) perfect residue field $k$. We have a unique maximal unramified extension $K^{unr}$ of $K$ and a unique maximal tamely ramified ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

360 views

### Slightly weakened / altered concepts of a field

I've heard of at least three slight modifications of the standard concept of field:
meadow, which (according to this paper) is a commutative ring with unit equipped with a total unary operation ...

**30**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### What are the possible sets of degrees of irreducible polynomials over a field?

Hopefully this is not too easy an exercise.
Let $F$ be a field. Let $I \subset \mathbb{N}$ be the set of all positive integers $d$ such that there exists an irreducible polynomial of degree $d$ over ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Does Con(ZF) imply Con(ZF + Aut C = Z/2Z)?

How many field automorphisms does $\mathbf{C}$ have? If you assume the axiom of choice, there are tons of them -- $2^{2^{\aleph_0}}$ I believe. And what if you don't -- how essential is the axiom of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Extensions of fields with lots of symmetry

[Cute question heard elsewhere]
Is there a nice characterization of extensions of fields $K/k$ such that whenever $E/k$ and $E'/k$ are subextensions and $\sigma:E\to E'$ is an isomorphism over $k$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

244 views

### Do separable and normal have topological meanings for fields?

The terminology would suggest that a separable field extension is so because the resulting field extension has some sort of separable topology, and that a normal extension corresponds to one with a ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### If K/k is a finite normal extension of fields, is there always an intermediate field F such that F/k is purely inseparable and K/F is separable?

I was feeling a bit rusty on my field theory, and I was reviewing out of McCarthy's excellent book, Algebraic Extensions of Fields. Out of Chapter 1, I was able to work out everything "left to the ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### An unfamiliar (to me) form of Hensel's Lemma

In his very nice article
Peter Roquette,
History of valuation theory. I. (English summary) Valuation theory and its applications, Vol. I (Saskatoon, SK, 1999), 291--355,
Fields Inst. Commun., ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

769 views

### What is the transcendence degree of Q_p and C over Q?

Is the tr.deg of Q_p over Q 1? and what about C over Q?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

806 views

### Can the algebraic closure of a complete field be complete and of infinite degree?

Yes, this is yet another "foundational" question in valuation theory.
Here's the background: it is a well known classical fact that the dimension (in the purely algebraic sense) of a real Banach ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

893 views

### On using field extensions to prove the impossiblity of a straightedge and compass construction

Let $z \in \mathbb{C}$. Consider the following statements:
The point $z$ can be constructed with straightedge and compass starting from the points $\{ 0,1\}$.
There is a field extension $K / ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

973 views

### Irreducible Polynomials in UFD and corresponding Quotient Field

Hello,
"Let $D$ be a UFD and let $F$ be its quotient field. Further let
$f$ be a primitive polynomial of positive degree in $D\left[x\right]$.
From this it follows that that $f$ is irreducible in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

735 views

### Orders of field automorphisms of algebraic complex numbers

Let $Aut(\bar{Q})$ be the automorphism group on the field of algebraic complex numbers. The order of an element $f \in Aut(\bar{Q})$ is the least natural number $n$ (if there exists one) such that ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

513 views

### Algebraicity of the completion of a field? Finiteness?

At the end of my 8410 class today (see http://www.math.uga.edu/~pete/MATH8410.html if you care), one of my students asked me the following very interesting question:
Let $(K,|\ |)$ be a normed field, ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

839 views

### Which commutative groups are the group of units of some field?

Inspired by a recent question on the multiplicative group of fields. Necessary conditions include that there are at most $n$ solutions to $x^n = 1$ in such a group and that any finite subgroup is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

394 views

### What is it called if a vector space doesn't have an additive inverse?

so, you have, for any two members of the algebraic structure A and B and any nonnegative real values a, b:
two operations: * and +, such that
a*A + b*A = (a+b)*A is in the structure
A + B = B + A ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Are there as many real-closed fields of a given cardinality as I think there are?

Let $\kappa$ be an infinite cardinal. Then there exists at least one real-closed field of cardinality $\kappa$ (e.g. Lowenheim-Skolem; or, start with a function field over $\mathbb{Q}$ in $\kappa$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Split powers of the multiplicative group of a field

Let $K$ be a field, $K^\times$ its multiplicative group and $I$ an infinite set. Is then $(K^\times)^{(I)} \subseteq (K^\times)^I$ a direct summand? If not, is it possible to characterize the fields ...

**-5**

votes

**2**answers

542 views

### Field and Group Isomorphisms [closed]

We know the following isomorphism theorem for fields: Let $F, F'$ be fields. Suppose $E$ is an extension field of $F$ and $\overline{F}$ is the algebraic closure of $F$. Also $\overline{F'}$ is the ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

647 views

### What is the prime spectrum of a Cauchy series ring?

Let $k$ be a field, and let $| \ |$ be a norm on $k$. The norm induces a metric. To construct the completion $\hat{k}$ as a normed field, the standard recipe is to take the quotient of the ring ...

**32**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### transcendental Galois theory

Suppose we define an arbitrary field extension $K/F$ to be Galois if, for all subextensions $L$ of $K/F$, we have $K^{\operatorname{Aut}(K/L)} = L$. In words: for any element $x$ of $K \setminus L$, ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

456 views

### “Kummerian” fields?

This is sort of a random, spur of the moment question, but here goes:
We define [with apologies to Conan the Barbarian] a field K to be $\textbf{Kummerian}$ if there exists
an index set I, and ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

786 views

### When f(x)-a and f(x)-b yield the same field extension

An interesting mathoverflow question was one due to Philipp Lampe that asked whether a non-surjective polynomial function on an infinite field can miss only finitely many values. In my interpretation ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

534 views

### Field extension containing the eigenvectors of a Hermitian matrix

Let H be a (finite-dimensional) Hermitian matrix with algebraic numbers for its entries, all of which lie in some minimal field extension of the rational numbers; call this field ℚ(H) for short. ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

835 views

### Is the theory of incidence geometry complete?

Consider the basic axioms of planar incidence geometry, which allow us to speak of in-betweeness, collinearity and concurrency. These axioms per se are not complete, since for example, Desargues ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Examples of algebraic closures of finite index

So there are easy examples for algebraic closures that have index two and infinite index: $\mathbb{C}$ over $\mathbb{R}$ and the algebraic numbers over $\mathbb{Q}$. What about the other indices?
...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

783 views

### How much choice is needed to show that formally real fields can be ordered?

Background: a field is formally real if -1 is not a sum of squares of elements in that field. An ordering on a field is a linear ordering which is (in exactly the sense that you would guess if you ...