Fields as algebraic objects. For vector and tensor fields, use eg. [dg.differential-geometry]. For physical fields, use eg. [mp.mathematical-physics] or [quantum-field-theory].

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8
votes
2answers
520 views

Field extension containing the eigenvectors of a Hermitian matrix

Let H be a (finite-dimensional) Hermitian matrix with algebraic numbers for its entries, all of which lie in some minimal field extension of the rational numbers; call this field ℚ(H) for short. ...
5
votes
4answers
784 views

Is the theory of incidence geometry complete?

Consider the basic axioms of planar incidence geometry, which allow us to speak of in-betweeness, collinearity and concurrency. These axioms per se are not complete, since for example, Desargues ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

Examples of algebraic closures of finite index

So there are easy examples for algebraic closures that have index two and infinite index: $\mathbb{C}$ over $\mathbb{R}$ and the algebraic numbers over $\mathbb{Q}$. What about the other indices? ...
20
votes
2answers
669 views

How much choice is needed to show that formally real fields can be ordered?

Background: a field is formally real if -1 is not a sum of squares of elements in that field. An ordering on a field is a linear ordering which is (in exactly the sense that you would guess if you ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

What does “linearly disjoint” mean for abstract field extensions?

All definitions I've seen for the statement "$E,F$ are linearly disjoint extensions of $k$" are only meaningful when $E,F$ are given as subfields of a larger field, say $K$. I am happy with the ...
4
votes
2answers
656 views

Notation/name for “Artin-Schreier roots”?

If x is an element of a field K and n is a positive integer, we have both a symbol and a name for a root of the polynomial t^n - x = 0: we denote it by x^{1/n} and call it an nth root of x. Of course ...
2
votes
3answers
270 views

Expressing field inclusions by polynomial equalities on coefficients

Let $A$ be the set of all quadruples $(a_0,a_1,a_2,a_3) \in {\mathbb Q}^4$ such that the polynomial $P=X^4+a_3X^3+a_2X^2+a_1X+a_0$ is irreducible and if $z$ is any root of $P$, then ${\mathbb Q}(z)$ ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Are the field norm and trace the unique “nice” maps between fields?

This seems like an obvious fact, but I'm not sure what the necessary meaning of "nice" is to get a result like this. I'm wondering if there is a theorem of the form: For any <1> field extension ...
3
votes
3answers
458 views

Is (relatively) algebraically closed stable under finite field extensions?

Let $F\subset F'$ be a field extension such that $F$ is algebraically closed inside $F'$, i.e. if $x\in F'$ is algebraic over $F$ then $x$ belongs to $F$ itself. Let now $F\subset L$ be a finite field ...
65
votes
11answers
3k views

Can a non-surjective polynomial map from an infinite field to itself miss only finitely many points?

Is there an infinite field $k$ together with a polynomial $f \in k[x]$ such that the associated map $f \colon k \to k$ is not surjective but misses only finitely many elements in $k$ (i.e. only ...
8
votes
2answers
419 views

Evidence for Q^solv being Pseudo-algebraically-closed

This is a follow-up to the following answer: Solvable class field theory in which it is stated as a "folklore" conjecture that the maximal solvable extension of Q is pseudo algebraically closed ...
2
votes
4answers
504 views

a question on function fields (extending my previous question)

Consider the extension Q(a,b) of the field of rationals, where a,b are algebraically independent transcendentals. To Q(a,b) adjoin the roots of the polynomials x^5+a^5=1 and y^5+b^5=1. The resulting ...
10
votes
1answer
566 views

a question on function fields

Consider the transcendental extension Q(t) of the field of rationals. To Q(t) adjoin the root of the polynomial x^5+t^5=1. The resulting field Q(t)[x] is a radical extension of Q(t). Is it true that ...
28
votes
6answers
4k views

Algebraically closed fields of positive characteristic

I'm taking introductory algebraic geometry this term, so a lot of the theorems we see in class start with "Let k be an algebraically closed field." One of the things that's annoyed me is that as far ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Characterisation for separable extension of a field

Can someone verify this for me.. or tell me what reference shows me this... is this true: Let $k$ be a field. Then a field extension $K$ of $k$ is separable over $k$ iff for any field extension $L ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

In what sense are fields an algebraic theory?

Since there is no "free field generated by a set", it would seem that 1) there is no monad on Set whose algebras are exactly the fields and 2) there is no Lawvere theory whose models in Set are ...
45
votes
9answers
10k views

Galois Groups vs. Fundamental Groups

In a recent blog post Terry Tao mentions in passing that: "Class groups...are arithmetic analogues of the (abelianised) fundamental groups in topology, with Galois groups serving as the analogue of ...
-3
votes
1answer
601 views

Fundamental: Division by Zero [closed]

All the articles I've read regarding "Division by Zero" the main argument for it being an undefined operation, because all proofs lead to contradictions. ...
16
votes
4answers
5k views

Finite extension of fields with no primitive element

What is an example of a finite field extension which is not generated by a single element? Background: A finite field extension E of F is generated by a primitive element if and only if there are a ...