**2**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### is exponential diophantine over Qp

Thanks to Matiyasevic, we all know that exponential is diophantine over the integers. Also, thanks to transcendental number theory, we know that exponential is not diophantine over the rationals. So ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

852 views

### Ring of Witt vectors and p-adics

This is probably an easy question, but I'm not able to figure it out.
Are the following the same:
Field of fractions of the ring of Witt vectors over the algebraic closure of $\mathbb{F}_p$
...

**72**

votes

**2**answers

7k views

### When is the tensor product of two fields a field?

Consider two extension fields $K/k, L/k$ of a field $k$.
A frequent question is whether the tensor product ring $K\otimes_k L$ is a field. The answer is "no" and this answer is often justified by ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

995 views

### Can we always find such an irreducible polynomial of degree n where degree(p(x)-x^n)<= n/2?

Consider unitary polynomials of degree $n$ over $GF(2)$. That is, polynomials of the form $p(x) = \sum_{i=0}^n a_i x^i$ where $a_i\in GF(2)$ and $a_n=1$.
Can we always find such an irreducible ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

1k views

### Constructive proof of algebraic elements forming a subfield

Let $F \leqslant E$ be a field extension.
If $a, b \in E$ are algebraic over $F$ then $a+b$ and $ab$ are algebraic as well. There is an short proof of this using the extension $E(a,b)$:
$[E(a,b):E]$ ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

710 views

### Constructing the surreal numbers as iterated Hahn series

A theorem due to N. Alling (Foundations of Analysis over Surreal Number Fields, §6.55) states that the surreal numbers are isomorphic, as an ordered and valued field, to the field of Hahn series with ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

515 views

### Is the transcendence degree of a domain over a subfield the same as that of the fraction field of that domain?

Consider the inclusion $k\subset A$ of the field $k$ in the domain $A$ and the fraction field $K=Frac(A)$ of $A$.
Obviously if a family $(a_i)_{i\in I}$ of elements $a_i \in A$ is algebraically ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Which polynomials are determinants of a symmetric matrix with linear entries?

Let $k$ be a field. Can each degree $n$ polynomial $P(t) \in k[t]$ be written as the determinant of the matrix $A + tB$, where $A$ and $B$ are two symmetric $(n \times n)$-matrices with entries in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

442 views

### Given 2 towers of fields, when are these fields isomorphic?

Let $F_0 \subset F_1 \subset F_2 \subset \cdots$ and $K_0 \subset K_1 \subset K_2 \subset \cdots$ be two towers of fields. Also, let $F = \cup_{i=0}^\infty F_i$ and $K = \cup_{i=0}^\infty K_i$.
Now ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Does the weak approximation theorem hold for general topological fields?

The weak approximation theorem states that given a field $F$ and nontrivial inequivalent absolute values $|\cdot|_1,\ldots,|\cdot|_n,$ and letting $F_i$ denote $F$ with the topology from $|\cdot|_i$, ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

654 views

### Field with cyclic product group

If a field has a cyclic multiplicative group, is it necessarily finite?

**2**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### When a group ring is a local ring [closed]

Hi there, I'm stuck with my undergraduate thesis on the following proposition:
If $k$ is a field of characteristic $p > 0$ and $G$ is a finite $p$-group, then the group ring $kG$ is local.
In ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

494 views

### torsion group of the multiplicative group of a field

Let $F$ be any field of zero characteristic, $F^{\ast}$ its multiplicative group and $T$ is the torsion group.
Is it true that $T$ is a direct summand for $F^{\ast}$?

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Finite dimensional vector spaces over a complete but not-necessarily-valued field

I'm essentially reopening this old question of Ricky Demer which was never fully answered.
Essentially the original question: Suppose we have a topological field $F$ which is complete, Hausdorff, and ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

763 views

### Is every algebraic extension of a field of absolute transcendence degree one a separable extension of a purely inseparable extension?

Any decent course on field theory will state that in characteristic $p$ an extension of fields $k\subset K$ canonically decomposes as the tower $k\subset K_{sep}\subset K$ with
$K$ purely inseparable ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

436 views

### Does “all points rational” imply “constant” for this “cubic” curve over an arbitrary field?

Let $\mathbb{K}$ be an arbitrary field with a subfield $\mathbb{F}$ of index 2. Let $a,b\in\mathbb{K}[X]$ be univariate non-vanishing polynomials over $\mathbb{K}$ of degree $\leq 3$ each. Edit: Due ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Why isn't the perfect closure separable?

This question has escalated from math.stackexchange. I'm doing this because it has been a while since the question has been open, receiving no satisfactory answers, even when subject to a bounty. I ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

655 views

### Converse to Banach’s fixed point theorem for ordered fields?

Suppose $R$ is an ordered field. Call a continuous map $f: R \rightarrow R$ a contraction if there exists $r < 1$ (in $R$) such that $|f(x)-f(y)| \leq r |x-y|$ for all $x,y \in R$ (where $|x| := ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Isomorphism problem for finite dimensional central division algebras over a function field in two indeterminates.

Let K be the fraction field of C[x,y] where C denotes the complex numbers.
Suppose D and E are two central division algebras over K of degree n, i.e. dim(D)=dim(E)=n^2.
Is there any natural criterium ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### On the Separability of Certain Extensions of Fields

I asked this question a couple of weeks ago.
The question arose while looking for a criterion of separability for extensions of fraction fields $K(A)\to K(B)$ induced by a faithfully flat morphism ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

583 views

### an algebraically closed field definable in a real closed field

Is it true that an algebraically closed field $k$ definable (in the model theory sense) in a real closed field $\mathcal R$ is the algebraic closure $\mathcal{R}^{alg}=\mathcal{R}(\sqrt{-1})$?
...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

776 views

### What are the lengths that can be constructed with straightedge but without compass?

Most field theory textbooks will describe the field of constructible numbers, i.e. complex numbers corresponding to points in the Euclidean plane that can be constructed via straightedge and compass. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

496 views

### What is the size of the smallest rigid extension field of the complex numbers?

Suppose we consider a rigid extension field $F$, i.e., $\text{Aut}(F) = 1$ over the complex numbers $\mathbb C$. What is the minimal cardinality of $F$? In particular it should hold that in this case ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Behaviour of Primes under Regular Coefficient Extensions

Let $K\hookrightarrow K'$ be a regular extension of fields, and $K[x_{1},\cdots,x_{n}]\hookrightarrow K'[x_{1},\cdots,x_{n}]$ the corresponding ring extension. Does every prime ideal of the first ring ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

460 views

### Is Every field Extension of an Ultrafield an Ultrafield?

Let $K=lim(K_{i})$ be an ultrafield (over a non-principal ultrafilter), and let $K\hookrightarrow K'$ be a field extension of $K$.
When the field $K'$ is finite over $K$ it is also an ultrafield by ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

543 views

### Valuations and separable extensions

Let $R$ be a valuation ring containing a field $k$, with residue field $F$ and quotient field $K$. Assume $F/k$ is separable. Is $K/k$ separable?
I have convinced myself that (for a positive answer) ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

475 views

### n-th roots of Pythagorean numbers

Let $F$ be the field ${\mathbb Q}(i)\subset \mathbb C$ and let $T\subset F$ be the set of all elements of complex absolute value 1.
Let $n$ be a natural number $\ge 2$ and let $\mu_n(T)\subset\mathbb ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

784 views

### Countable Fields with No Countable Extension

Let $\mathscr{S}$ be the set of all countable subfields of $\mathbb{C}$. Clearly, $\mathscr{S}$ is a partially ordered set under inclusion, and if $K_1\subseteq K_2 \subseteq \cdots$ is an ascending ...

**38**

votes

**8**answers

12k views

### Collecting proofs that finite multiplicative subgroups of fields are cyclic

I teach elementary number theory and discrete mathematics to students who come with no abstract algebra. I have found proving the key theorem that finite multiplicative subgroups of fields are cyclic ...

**15**

votes

**12**answers

2k views

### Constructions unique up to non-unique isomorphism

1) Fields have algebraic closures unique up to a non-unique isomorphism.
2) Nice spaces (without base point) have universal covering spaces unique up to a non-unique isomorphism.
3) Modules have ...

**26**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### If a field extension gives affine space, was it already affine space?

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian $F$-algebra, where $F$ is a
field (perfect, say). Assume that $R \otimes_F \overline F$ is a polynomial ring over the
algebraic closure $\overline F$.
Does it ...

**20**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Subfields of $\mathbb{C}$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$ that have Baire property, without Choice

While sitting through my complex analysis class, beginning with a very low level introduction, the teacher mentioned the obvious subfield of $\mathbb{C}$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$, and I then ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

945 views

### Factoring a field extension into one which adds no roots of unity, followed by one which adds only roots of unity

I am asking my question here, since it's been voted up a fair bit on math.SE, but without answers, so it may be harder than I assumed it was.
Can we always break an arbitrary field extension $L/K$ ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

560 views

### Galois theory: Generalization of Abel’s Theorem? (Better version!)

(Unintentionally I have previously asked a similar and perhaps in itself not uninteresting
question
Galois theory: Generalization of Abel's Theorem?
but this is what I originally had in mind.)
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Set of maximal subfields not containing particular elements.

Instead of extending a field, by adjoining a new element, consider what happens if we remove an element or elements.
This started as a question on math.SE Field reductions where Pete L. Clark ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Is every field the field of fractions of an integral domain?

Is every field the field of fractions of an integral domain which is not itself a field?
What about the field of real numbers?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

362 views

### What do you call an algebraic element with the property that the generated field extension is normal?

Let $L/K$ be a field extension. Let $\alpha \in L$ be algebraic over $K$. Is there an established terminology for the property of $\alpha$ that $K(\alpha)/K$ is a normal field extension? Would you ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Is the statement that every field has an algebraic closure known to be equivalent to the ultrafilter lemma?

The existence and uniqueness of algebraic closures is generally proven using Zorn's lemma. A quick Google search leads to a 1992 paper of Banaschewski, which I don't have access to, asserting that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Function Fields of Real Varieties

Let $V$ be a geometrically irreducible and reduced scheme defined over the real numbers, and let $K = K(V)$ be its function field.
If $V$ does not have any real points, is it true that $K$ is not ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

539 views

### When are the intermediate fields totally ordered?

The groups whose subgroups are totally ordered by inclusion are easy to classify; they are subgroups of $\mathbb{Z}/p^{\infty} = \text{colim } \mathbb{Z}/p^k$ for some prime $p$, and thus ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

483 views

### Weakly initial sets - examples and nonexamples

A weakly initial set in a category C is a set of objects I of C such that every object a of C has at least one arrow from an object contained in I.
The question is then, does Fields have a weakly ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### FFTs over finite fields?

I'm trying to understand how to compute a fast Fourier transform over a finite field. This question arose in the analysis of some BCH codes.
Consider the finite field $F$ with $2^n$ elements. It is ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

504 views

### An alternative description of K^*/Nm(L^*)

Is there a nice explicit description for the group $K^*/Nm_{L/K}(L^*)$ for a finite field extension $L/K$?
What if for example, $L$ is obtained from $K$ by ajoining an n-th root of some $\alpha \in ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

984 views

### Is there a field which is the union of finitely many proper subfields?

Is there a field which is the union of finitely many proper subfields?

**3**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What are examples of ordered fields that do not have the Archimedean Property?

Are the computable numbers one example?

**3**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Some arithmetic terminology: “universal domain”, “specialization”, “Chow point”

As a non-connoisseur of arithmetic and arithmetic geometry, I would like to ask about some terminology, which meaning I haven't been able to find out on some books, nor on wikipedia, nor by google.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

843 views

### How do you prove that a field is isomorphic to C(x)?

F is a field and F(x) is the field of rational functions in one variable x over F. Are there some clever ways to prove that some field extension K/F is (or is not) isomorphic to F(x)? One way is to ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

935 views

### Is completeness of a field an algebraic property?

Pretty straitforward:
If a field has a metric in which it is complete can it have a metric in which it is not complete?
By metric I mean field norm of course

**24**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Explicit elements of $K((x))((y)) \setminus K((x,y))$

In an answer to the popular question on common false beliefs in mathematics
Examples of common false beliefs in mathematics.
I mentioned that many people conflate the two different kinds of formal ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

344 views

### Quadratic Solutions

There are quadratic solutions to $x^4+y^4 = z^4$ in $\mathbb{Q} (\sqrt{-7})$. But for equations such as $x^4+y^4 = nz^4$ where $n \in \mathbb{N}, \ n \neq 1$ do there still exist extension fields of ...