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0
votes
0answers
40 views

decomposition of polynomials over a field [closed]

$K|F$ has this property that every polynomial $f(x)∈F[x]$ has a root in $K$.is it true that every polynomial $f(x)∈F[x]$ can be completely decomposed on $K$? i think it is false,because if we write ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Some Galois theory [migrated]

I have a question on field extensions, and I can't seem to find precise answers when browsing through online notes etc. Here it is: suppose $K$ and $k$ are fields with $k \leq K$ and $[K : k] = m$ ...
6
votes
1answer
117 views

For a Sum-of-Squares cost functions J(x) is it true that J(x)-j* is also SOS?

For polynomial optimization problems the sum-of-squares theory and Lasserre relaxation hierarchy provides a theoretically handy way of getting the solution. There are also results saying that finite ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Algorithm for finding irreducible polynomials in finite field extensions

Let $K(\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n)/K=\tilde{K}/K$ be a finite field extension and suppose we know $\text{irr}(\alpha_1,K)(x),\ldots,\text{irr}(\alpha_n,K)(x)\in K[x]$. Suppose also that we have a basis ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Ways to order an algebraic extension

In following post, I describe the "classical" example of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})$ that can be ordered in two distinct ways. More generally, if $(k,P)$ is an ordered field, $R$ a real closure of $(k,P)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
219 views

Learning roadmap in Algebra [closed]

I am a senior undergraduate student in mathematics, I have a sound knowledge in the following areas: a) Commutative Algebra b) Field Theory and Galois Theory c) Homological Algebra My question is ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Extension of the product formula for valuations to a simultaneous completion

It is well known that $\mathbb{C}$ and $\mathbb{C}_p$ are "algebraically" isomorphic (that is, ignoring the topology), but an isomorphism depends on the axiom of choice and there is no canonical way ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

Comparison of finite field extensions of $\mathbb{C}(t)$

Let K be a finite field extension of $\mathbb{C}(t)$. Then $K$ is isomorphic to the field of meromorphic functions on a compact Riemann surface $X$ with genius $g$. By an argument similar to the proof ...
14
votes
0answers
681 views

Is there an infinite field of characteristic 2 whose multiplicative group is torsion free and (direct-sum) indecomposable?

Let $F$ be a infinite field of characteristic 2 whose multiplicative group $F^*$ is torsion free. I would like to conclude that $F^*$ is decomposable or find an example where $F^*$ is indecomposable. ...
23
votes
9answers
5k views

Why are polynomials so useful in mathematics?

This is perhaps unanswerable, or perhaps I am too algebraically ignorant to phrase it cogently, but: Is there some identifiable reason that polynomials over $\mathbb{C}$, $\mathbb{R}$, ...
6
votes
1answer
315 views

Class groups of orders

In Cox's book "Primes of the form $x^2 + ny^2$", he proves that in a quadratic imaginary field $K$, if $\mathcal O$ is an order of conductor $f \in \mathbb Z$, we have that the class group ...
3
votes
2answers
168 views

“Degree 3 fields”

I was wondering what was known about fields $k$ having the property that any polynomial over $k$ of degree $3$ has at least one root in $k$. Does such a field have a special name ? Is there some kind ...
7
votes
1answer
235 views

$L^\times / K^\times$ torsion $\Rightarrow L = K$?

Let $L/K$ be an extension of fields of characteristic zero. I want to prove that if $L^\times/K^\times$ is a torsion group (i.e. for every element $\alpha \in L$, some power of $\alpha$ lies in $K$), ...
15
votes
0answers
306 views

Are the reals really a fraction field?

In an answer to this question I was led to show the trick proving that $\mathbb R$ is the fraction field of some strict subring $A\subsetneq \mathbb R=\operatorname{Frac}(A)$. A crucial point in the ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

Can non-isomorphic field extensions be isomorphic fields?

This is related to my earlier question on isomorphism of general quotients of $\:F\hspace{.02 in}[x]\:$. Let $F$ be a field, let $p$ and $q$ be (non-zero) monic irreducible polynomials, let $I$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Discriminant of a compositum of number fields, a bound?

Given two number fields $E$ and $F$, is there a bound on $|d_{EF}|$, the absolute value of the absolute discriminant of the compositum of fields $EF$, in terms of $d_E$, $d_F$, and the extension ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

On the maximum cardinality of the image of a non-onto polynomial function on finite fields

Let $F$ be a finite field of cardinality $q$ and let $f \in F[x]$ be a non-constant polynomial of degree $d$ which is not onto (as a function from $F$ to $F$). Then how large the image of $f$ could be ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Generic topology on a field

I'm wondering if there is some generic topology that can be put on any field of characteristic zero which is similar to those induced by a norm on the field. I know that for vector spaces you can take ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Colorful model theory

There are a number of concepts in model theory - often situated around Hrushovski's amalgamation method (see for instance http://math.univ-lyon1.fr/~wagner/nijmegen.pdf) - which are colorfully named: ...
0
votes
1answer
276 views

Generators of cyclic group of finite fields

Let $F$ be a finite field and $f(x)\in F[X]$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree $n$. Let $\alpha$ be a root of $f(x)$. So $E:=F[\alpha]$ is a finite field of order $|F|^{n}$. We know that ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

Finite separable extension of fields imply the number of intermediate subfield is finite

The proof of statements either uses Galois theory or Artin primitive element theorem.I would like to know whether there is a proof without using these.The reason to avoid using Galois theory is that ...
7
votes
1answer
241 views

Fields of characteristic zero via ultraproducts

Is every noncountable field of characteristic zero the ultraproduct (using a non principal ultrafilter over the set of prime numbers) of fields of positive characteristic?
28
votes
3answers
1k views

Why aren't fields called “bodies” instead?

The discrepancy regarding the names of commutative division algebras in German and English has always startled me. In English they are called fields, whereas their original German name is Körper ...
3
votes
2answers
287 views

Does regular field extension preserve regularity?

Let $k$ be an arbitrary field and suppose that $K/k$ is a regular field extension. Let $V$ be regular scheme of finite type over $\text{Spec }k$ (not necessarily smooth). Is it true that $\text{Spec ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Parametric septic fields $L(7) = L(3,2)$ with the same discriminant

While perusing Kluener's Database of Number Fields, I noticed that a lot of the discriminants of 7T5 came in pairs. After some doodling, I found four families. The first two are, $$x^7 - x^6 + x^5 + ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Variety with perfect function field?

My question is quite simple: Let $X$ be an irreducible algebraic variety over a field $\Bbbk$. Is there a name for such varieties with perfect function field $\Bbbk(X)$? Is this very rare? Is there ...
5
votes
2answers
482 views

Reducing 12th degree eqns (12T179) to an 11th degree eqn

I always wondered if the fact that the quartic can be solved by a cubic can be generalized to other even degrees $n$, namely if there is an ordering of the roots $x_i$ of form ...
15
votes
3answers
750 views

Which fields have multiplicative group isomorphic to additive group times Z/2Z?

Let $K$ be a field, $K_{*}$ its multiplicative group and $K_{+}$ its additive group. As Richard Stanley notes in this answer, the only field for which $K_{+} \simeq K_{*} \times ...
24
votes
10answers
2k views

Fantastic properties of Z/2Z

Recently I gave a lecture to master's students about some nice properties of the group with two elements $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$. Typically, I wanted to present simple, natural situations where the ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

On separable field extensions [closed]

Let $F\subseteq K$ be a finite separable field extension with $a_1,..., a_n$ an $F$-basis for $K$. Is it true that the matrix $A := [\mbox{tr}(a_ia_j)]$ is non-singular ?
8
votes
3answers
359 views

Formulas in a Field and in a Field Extension

Let $\mathbb F$ be a field and let $a, b, c, d$ be fixed elements in the field $\mathbb F$. Consider the formulas 1) $\exists\;x\;\;:\;\;x^2=-1.$ 2) $\exists\;x\;\;:\;\;(xa=c\land xb=d).$ Formula ...
9
votes
1answer
269 views

The j-function and Pell equations

Given the j-function, $$j(\tau)=\frac{1}{q}+744+196884q+21493760q^2+\dots$$ it is well-known that for $\tau=\tfrac{1+\sqrt{-d}}{2}$, positive integer $d$, then $j(\tau)$ is an algebraic integer of ...
17
votes
2answers
817 views

Is there an irreducible but solvable septic trinomial $x^7+ax^n+b = 0$?

The following irreducible trinomials are solvable: $$x^5-5x^2-3 = 0$$ $$x^6+3x+3 = 0$$ $$x^8-5x-5=0$$ Their Galois groups are isomorphic to ${\rm D}_5$, ${\rm S}_3 \wr {\rm C}_2$ and $({\rm S}_4 ...
0
votes
2answers
278 views

Rationality of curve does not depend on base change

By a curve I mean an integral one-dimensional scheme of finite type over a spectrum of a field. Let $C$ be a curve over an arbitrary field $k$. It's probably a very well known fact, that $C$ is ...
5
votes
0answers
243 views

Why does the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction $R(q)$ appear in Emma Lehmer's quintic?

Define the Ramanujan theta function $f(a,b)$ as, $$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} a^{n(n+1)/2}\,b^{n(n-1)/2}$$ and the Dedekind eta function, $$\eta(\tau) = q^{1/24}\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Parametric Solvable Septics?

Known parametric solvable septics are, $$x^7+7ax^5+14a^2x^3+7a^3x+b=0\tag{1}$$ $$x^7 - 2x^6 + x^5 - x^4 - 5x^2 - 6x - 4 + n(x - 1)x^2(x + 1)^2=0\tag{2}$$ $$x^7 + 7x^6 - 28(n^2 + 27)x^2 + 112(n^2 + ...
16
votes
1answer
690 views

On the solvable octic $x^8-x^7+29x^2+29=0$

The irreducible but solvable octic, $$x^8-x^7+29x^2+29=0\tag{1}$$ was first mentioned by Igor Schein in this 1999 sci.math post. This does not factor over a quadratic or quartic extension, but over ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

“Small” subfields of algebraically closed fields

Sufficient background: Let $\mathcal{M}=(M,...)$ be an $\mathcal{L}$-structure and $X\subset M$. Definition. $X$ is large if there exists a function $f:\mathcal{M}^n \overset {\leq k} \rightarrow ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

Subgroups of finite index of fields

Let $F$ be an infinite field and $R$ a subring of $F$. suppose that $[F:R] < \infty$ (Index of $R$ in $F$ as a subgroup is finite). Does this force $R$ to be equal to $F$?
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Could a non-algebraically closed PAC field be a finite extension of an ordered field?

Is there such an example? Or it is known that a pseudo algebraically closed field which is a finite extension of a formally real field is algebraically closed?
4
votes
1answer
313 views

Field extension of fields [closed]

Is the field of real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ a finite extension of some subfield $k\subset \mathbb{R}$?
31
votes
1answer
621 views

A Topology such that the continuous functions are exactly the polynomials

(I originally asked this question on Math.SE, where it received a lot of attention, but no solution.) Which fields $K$ can be equipped with a topology such that a function $f:K \to K$ is continuous ...
11
votes
2answers
487 views

To what extent can fields be classified?

The study of algebraic geometry usually begins with the choice of a base field $k$. In practice, this is usually one of the prime fields $\mathbb{Q}$ or $\mathbb{F}_p$, or topological completions and ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

English translation of Steinitz 1910?

Does there exist an English translation of Steinitz' 1910 work "Algebraische Theorie der Körper"? http://www.digizeitschriften.de/dms/img/?PPN=GDZPPN002167042
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Degree of factor of resolvent

As always with my questions this is not at research level, but the assertion is made in a research paper, plus no one's been able (or willing) to answer it over at MSE. Here is the original question, ...
3
votes
2answers
256 views

Galois cohomology of the field of Laurent series

Let $k$ a separably closed field. Do we have that $k((t))$ is of cohomological dimension one?
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Subfields $k\subseteq F\subseteq k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$. Is then $F\cap k[x_1,\dots,x_n]=k(f_1,\dots,f_m)\cap k[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ for polynomials $f_i$?

Let $F\subseteq k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ be a subfield with $k\subseteq F$. I know that $F=k(\psi_1,\dots,\psi_r)$ for rational functions $\psi_i\in k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$. I'm interested in the intersection ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

purely non-algebraic extension that is not separable

Can you give an example of a field extension $k\subseteq K$ such that, every element of $K$ is transcendental over k and $K$ is not separable over $k$?
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Recognizing etale covers on the level of function fields

Let $X$ be a connected, integral curve over a field $k$, and let $Y \rightarrow X$ be a finite etale cover. Corresponding to this cover there is a finite extension of function fields $k(Y): k(X)$. ...
3
votes
1answer
317 views

Fields whose embeddings into the complex numbers are invariant under complex conjugation

Is there a general notion/description of fields $K$ such that the image of any embedding $K \hookrightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is invariant under complex conjugation, thus inducing an involution on $K$ which ...