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**7**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### $L^\times / K^\times$ torsion $\Rightarrow L = K$?

Let $L/K$ be an extension of fields of characteristic zero. I want to prove that if $L^\times/K^\times$ is a torsion group (i.e. for every element $\alpha \in L$, some power of $\alpha$ lies in $K$), ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Are the reals really a fraction field?

In an answer to this question I was led to show the trick proving that $\mathbb R$ is the fraction field of some strict subring $A\subsetneq \mathbb R=\operatorname{Frac}(A)$.
A crucial point in the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### Can non-isomorphic field extensions be isomorphic fields?

This is related to my earlier question on isomorphism of general quotients of $\:F\hspace{.02 in}[x]\:$.
Let $F$ be a field, let $p$ and $q$ be (non-zero) monic irreducible polynomials, let $I$ and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### Discriminant of a compositum of number fields, a bound?

Given two number fields $E$ and $F$, is there a bound on $|d_{EF}|$, the absolute value of the absolute discriminant of the compositum of fields $EF$, in terms of $d_E$, $d_F$, and the extension ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

68 views

### On the maximum cardinality of the image of a non-onto polynomial function on finite fields

Let $F$ be a finite field of cardinality $q$ and let $f \in F[x]$ be a non-constant polynomial of degree $d$ which is not onto (as a function from $F$ to $F$). Then how large the image of $f$ could be ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

102 views

### Generic topology on a field

I'm wondering if there is some generic topology that can be put on any field of characteristic zero which is similar to those induced by a norm on the field. I know that for vector spaces you can take ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Colorful model theory

There are a number of concepts in model theory - often situated around Hrushovski's amalgamation method (see for instance http://math.univ-lyon1.fr/~wagner/nijmegen.pdf) - which are colorfully named:
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Generators of cyclic group of finite fields

Let $F$ be a finite field and $f(x)\in F[X]$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree $n$. Let $\alpha$ be a root of $f(x)$. So $E:=F[\alpha]$ is a finite field of order $|F|^{n}$.
We know that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Finite separable extension of fields imply the number of intermediate subfield is finite

The proof of statements either uses Galois theory or Artin primitive element theorem.I would like to know whether there is a proof without using these.The reason to avoid using Galois theory is that ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Fields of characteristic zero via ultraproducts

Is every noncountable field of characteristic zero the ultraproduct (using a non principal ultrafilter over the set of prime numbers) of fields of positive characteristic?

**27**

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**3**answers

1k views

### Why aren't fields called “bodies” instead?

The discrepancy regarding the names of commutative division algebras in German and English has always startled me. In English they are called fields, whereas their original German name is Körper ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Does regular field extension preserve regularity?

Let $k$ be an arbitrary field and suppose that $K/k$ is a regular field extension. Let $V$ be regular scheme of finite type over $\text{Spec }k$ (not necessarily smooth). Is it true that $\text{Spec ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Parametric septic fields $L(7) = L(3,2)$ with the same discriminant

While perusing Kluener's Database of Number Fields, I noticed that a lot of the discriminants of 7T5 came in pairs. After some doodling, I found four families. The first two are,
$$x^7 - x^6 + x^5 + ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Variety with perfect function field?

My question is quite simple: Let $X$ be an irreducible algebraic variety over a field $\Bbbk$. Is there a name for such varieties with perfect function field $\Bbbk(X)$? Is this very rare? Is there ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

472 views

### Reducing 12th degree eqns (12T179) to an 11th degree eqn

I always wondered if the fact that the quartic can be solved by a cubic can be generalized to other even degrees $n$, namely if there is an ordering of the roots $x_i$ of form ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

365 views

### Which fields have multiplicative group isomorphic to additive group times Z/2Z?

Let $K$ be a field, $K_{*}$ its multiplicative group and $K_{+}$ its additive group. As Richard Stanley notes in this answer, the only field for which $K_{+} \simeq K_{*} \times ...

**14**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Fantastic properties of Z/2Z

Recently I gave a lecture to master's students about some nice properties of the group with two elements $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$. Typically, I wanted to present simple, natural situations where the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### On separable field extensions [closed]

Let $F\subseteq K$ be a finite separable field extension with $a_1,..., a_n$ an $F$-basis for $K$. Is it true that the matrix $A := [\mbox{tr}(a_ia_j)]$ is non-singular ?

**8**

votes

**3**answers

343 views

### Formulas in a Field and in a Field Extension

Let $\mathbb F$ be a field and let $a, b, c, d$ be fixed elements in the field $\mathbb F$.
Consider the formulas
1) $\exists\;x\;\;:\;\;x^2=-1.$
2) $\exists\;x\;\;:\;\;(xa=c\land xb=d).$
Formula ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### The j-function and Pell equations

Given the j-function,
$$j(\tau)=\frac{1}{q}+744+196884q+21493760q^2+\dots$$
it is well-known that for $\tau=\tfrac{1+\sqrt{-d}}{2}$, positive integer $d$, then $j(\tau)$ is an algebraic integer of ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

760 views

### Is there an irreducible but solvable septic trinomial $x^7+ax^n+b = 0$?

The following irreducible trinomials are solvable:
$$x^5-5x^2-3 = 0$$
$$x^6+3x+3 = 0$$
$$x^8-5x-5=0$$
Their Galois groups are isomorphic to ${\rm D}_5$, ${\rm S}_3 \wr {\rm C}_2$ and
$({\rm S}_4 ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

262 views

### Rationality of curve does not depend on base change

By a curve I mean an integral one-dimensional scheme of finite type over a spectrum of a field.
Let $C$ be a curve over an arbitrary field $k$. It's probably a very well known fact, that $C$ is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### Why does the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction $R(q)$ appear in Emma Lehmer's quintic?

Define the Ramanujan theta function $f(a,b)$ as,
$$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} a^{n(n+1)/2}\,b^{n(n-1)/2}$$
and the Dedekind eta function,
$$\eta(\tau) = q^{1/24}\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

99 views

### Parametric Solvable Septics?

Known parametric solvable septics are,
$$x^7+7ax^5+14a^2x^3+7a^3x+b=0\tag{1}$$
$$x^7 - 2x^6 + x^5 - x^4 - 5x^2 - 6x - 4 + n(x - 1)x^2(x + 1)^2=0\tag{2}$$
$$x^7 + 7x^6 - 28(n^2 + 27)x^2 + 112(n^2 + ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

652 views

### On the solvable octic $x^8-x^7+29x^2+29=0$

The irreducible but solvable octic,
$$x^8-x^7+29x^2+29=0\tag{1}$$
was first mentioned by Igor Schein in this 1999 sci.math post. This does not factor over a quadratic or quartic extension, but over ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### “Small” subfields of algebraically closed fields

Sufficient background:
Let $\mathcal{M}=(M,...)$ be an $\mathcal{L}$-structure and $X\subset M$.
Definition. $X$ is large if there exists a function $f:\mathcal{M}^n \overset {\leq k} \rightarrow ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### Subgroups of finite index of fields

Let $F$ be an infinite field and $R$ a subring of $F$. suppose that $[F:R] < \infty$ (Index of $R$ in $F$ as a subgroup is finite). Does this force $R$ to be equal to $F$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Could a non-algebraically closed PAC field be a finite extension of an ordered field?

Is there such an example? Or it is known that a pseudo algebraically closed field which is a finite extension of a formally real field is algebraically closed?

**0**

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**0**answers

31 views

### How can one describe 'acyclic squares' of finite commutative separable algebras over a field?

For a field $k$ I am interested in commutative squares of finite commutative separable $k$-algebras (= products of finite separable field extensions) such that the corresponding 3-term complex of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Field extension of fields [closed]

Is the field of real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ a finite extension of some subfield $k\subset \mathbb{R}$?

**31**

votes

**1**answer

555 views

### A Topology such that the continuous functions are exactly the polynomials

(I originally asked this question on Math.SE, where it received a lot of attention, but no solution.)
Which fields $K$ can be equipped with a topology such that a function $f:K \to K$ is continuous ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

438 views

### To what extent can fields be classified?

The study of algebraic geometry usually begins with the choice of a base field $k$. In practice, this is usually one of the prime fields $\mathbb{Q}$ or $\mathbb{F}_p$, or topological completions and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### English translation of Steinitz 1910?

Does there exist an English translation of Steinitz' 1910 work "Algebraische Theorie der Körper"?
http://www.digizeitschriften.de/dms/img/?PPN=GDZPPN002167042

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**0**answers

30 views

### Degree of factor of resolvent

As always with my questions this is not at research level, but the assertion is made in a research paper, plus no one's been able (or willing) to answer it over at MSE. Here is the original question, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### Galois cohomology of the field of Laurent series

Let $k$ a separably closed field. Do we have that $k((t))$ is of cohomological dimension one?

**2**

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**0**answers

65 views

### Subfields $k\subseteq F\subseteq k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$. Is then $F\cap k[x_1,\dots,x_n]=k(f_1,\dots,f_m)\cap k[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ for polynomials $f_i$?

Let $F\subseteq k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ be a subfield with $k\subseteq F$. I know that $F=k(\psi_1,\dots,\psi_r)$ for rational functions $\psi_i\in k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$. I'm interested in the intersection ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### purely non-algebraic extension that is not separable

Can you give an example of a field extension $k\subseteq K$ such that, every element of $K$ is transcendental over k and $K$ is not separable over $k$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Recognizing etale covers on the level of function fields

Let $X$ be a connected, integral curve over a field $k$, and let $Y \rightarrow X$ be a finite etale cover. Corresponding to this cover there is a finite extension of function fields $k(Y): k(X)$.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Fields whose embeddings into the complex numbers are invariant under complex conjugation

Is there a general notion/description of fields $K$ such that the image of any embedding $K \hookrightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is invariant under complex conjugation, thus inducing an involution on $K$ which ...

**2**

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**0**answers

88 views

### Multiplicative groups in field extensions

If we let $K$ be a number field, thank to the fact that we can extend it integer ring to an UFD where the group of units is finitely generated, we can show that
$K^\ast\cong K^\ast_{tor}\times ...

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205 views

### Simple automorphism groups of field extensions of infinite transcendence degree

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and let $K/k$ be a field extension of infinite transcendence degree where $K$ is algebraically closed. Is it true that $\mathrm{Aut}_k(K)$ is a simple group?
...

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**0**answers

109 views

### Finite extensions of residue fields of Henselian DVRs

Let $K$ be an Henselian discrete valuation field such that its completion is separable over $K$. Let $F$ be its infinite residue field. Is it true that a finite extension of $F$ is a simple extension ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Sums of Squares and Totally Positive Numbers

In Van der Waerden B L. Algebra Vol.I[M]. Springer, 2003, Pro. Waerden announced in page 256 that if an element $\gamma$ of a formally real field K is not a sum of squares, there exist an ordering of ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

878 views

### The “interplay” between additive and multiplicative structure in a field

A field is an ordered triple $(F, +,\cdot)$ of a set $F$ and binary operations $+,\times$ on $F$ such that $(F,+)$ and $(F\backslash 0,\times)$ are abelian groups satisfying the distributive laws
...

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vote

**2**answers

295 views

### Subfield of rational function field and which is not a rational function field

Let $K = k(x_{1}, x_{2},...,x_{n}), n\geq 2, k$ is a field. Is there exist a subfield of $K$ which is not a rational function field? Thanks.

**1**

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**0**answers

62 views

### “almost prime” elements in perfect Hahn field

Let $K$ be the field $\mathbb{F_p}^{alg}((\mathbb{Q}))$ (field of Hahn series over
$\mathbb{F_p}^{alg}$ and with value group $\mathbb{Q}$).
Is there elements $x$ of $K$ which are "almost prime" that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Multiple eigenvalues over imperfect fields

Let $K$ be a field. For a matrix $A\in GL_n(K)$ we can find the Jordan normal form $A'$ in $GL_n(\overline{K})$, where $\overline{K}$ is the algebraic closure of $K$. We write $j_\alpha(A)$ for the ...

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94 views

### Complementation in an extension field

If $E$ is an extension field of $F$, is $F$ necessarily (without assuming the axiom of choice) complemented as a vector subspace of $E$? (Of course the answer is easily yes if the extension is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### How does an irreducible polynomial of prime power order split over an extension of prime power degree

I asked this question in a similar form on math.se here, where it has been unanswered for a little over a week some work on it can be found there. The motivation for this question was another ...

**0**

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**0**answers

123 views

### Pseudo-cauchy sequence and valuation

Let $k$ be a field and $x$ is transcendental over $k$. Can we construct a pseudo-cauchy sequence $(a_{i})$ convergent to $x$ with each $a_{i}$ is algebraic over $k$ and $k(a_{i})\subseteq k(a_{i + ...