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2
votes
1answer
655 views

A subring question (revised)

Hello, Let $K/{\mathbb Q}$ be a finite extension which is not necessarily Galois, and ${\mathcal O}$ be the ring of integers of $K$. Let $p$ be a prime in ${\mathbb Q}$ and let $p {\mathcal ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Consecutive numbers with n prime factors

Let $P(m,n)$ mean that there is a number, $M$, such that starting with $M$ there are $m$ consecutive numbers each having exactly $n$ distinct prime factors. Is it obvious that $P(m,n)$ is true for ...
0
votes
2answers
772 views

Prime factorization theory

Firstly, let me divulge. I've been doing a lot of research on the summation of two coprime numbers and unfortunately have failed to come up with the properties I'm seeking; it is my hope that someone ...
7
votes
1answer
218 views

Adding a multiple of the Identity to a LU factorized matrix

Suppose a square, dense, symmetric matrix $A$ has been factorized into $L$ and $U$ components by performing a LU decomposition. Now let $B = A+\lambda I$. Is there any way to efficiently compute the ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Fast trace of inverse of a square matrix

Which would be the most efficient way (in computational time) to compute tr(inv(H)), where H is a (dense) square matrix? In my particular problem I also have a LU decomposition of H already ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

QR factorization: How to get decreasing r_ii

Hi, I'm attempting to implement a QR factorization with column pivoting so that the returned R matrix has decreasing diagonal elements (that is, $r_{i,i} \leq r_{i-1,i-1}$ for all $i\geq 2$). ...
3
votes
0answers
156 views

Pulling out factors in a Noetherian Domain

Let $R$ be a Noetherian domain (not-necessarily commutative), and let $S$ be a Noetherian subring of $R$. An element $r\in R$ is left $S$-irreducible if, for any $s\in S$ and $r' \in R$ with $sr'=r$, ...
4
votes
1answer
457 views

Factorization in the Wiener algebra on the unit disc.

Consider the Banach algebra $W^+=\ell^1(\mathbb{Z}^+)$, viewed upon as the analytic functions $f$ on the unit disc $\mathbb{D}$ such that $$\|f\|=\sum_{k\ge0}|a_k|<\infty$$ where $$f(z)=\sum ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

How divisible is the average integer?

I don't know any number theory, so excuse me if the following notions have names that I'm not using. For a positive natural number $n\in{\mathbb N}_{\geq 1}$, define $Log(n)\in{\mathbb N}$ to be ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Factoring and solving trinomials

Has the problem of factoring (over the rationals) the general trinomial $ax^n+bx^k+c$ with $a,b,c\in\mathbb{Z}$, $n,k\in\mathbb{N}, n>k>1$ been solved? By solved I mean a classification theorem ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Seeking Noetherian normal domain with vanishing Picard group but not a UFD

Once again, the question says it all. My motivation is the article on factorization I am writing. I want to explain (as well as to understand!) why for normal Noetherian domains of dimension greater ...