Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
1answer
376 views

Different Metrics for Baire Space and their induced Topologies

The Baire-Space is the set of all infinite sequences of integers, i.e. $$ \mathcal N = \omega^{\omega}. $$ On this space usually the following metric is given $$ d(\alpha, \beta) = \left\{ ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Measure theory treatment geared toward the Riesz representation theorem

I'm looking for recommendations for books (or lecture notes) that develop measure theory in sufficient detail to state and prove the Riesz representation theorem (which is the characterization of the ...
6
votes
1answer
596 views

Uniform boundedness of an $L^2[0,1]$-ONB in $C[0,1]$

Assume that we have an orthonormal basis of smooth functions in $L^2[0,1]$. Are there useful practical criteria to determine whether the sup-norm of the basis functions has a uniform bound? I am sure ...
3
votes
0answers
155 views

What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$ is normal if the biprojections ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Inverse Problem for Pullback

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth manifolds and $T: M \to N$ be a smooth map. Let $ \mathcal{F}(M,\mathbb{R})$ (resp.$ \mathcal{F}(N,\mathbb{R})$) denote the space of smooth functions from $M$ (resp. $N$) ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...
9
votes
1answer
372 views

What (classes of) Banach spaces are known to have Schauder basis?

Motivation: I am trying to see for what class of Banach spaces the following result is true: There exists an increasing sequence of finite dimensional subspace {$V_n$} of a Banach space X (with ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{C} \Rightarrow \mathcal{A}' \cap \mathcal{B}'$ hyperfinite?

Let $\mathcal{A} , \mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}', \mathcal{B}' $ are also a ${\rm II}_1$-factors. Question: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = ...
2
votes
1answer
854 views

Inner product of linear bounded operators between Hilbert spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Hilbert spaces, and let $L(X,Y)$ be the set of bounded linear operators between Hilbert spaces. Can we equip $L(X,Y)$ with a natural inner product? I think it should look like ...
0
votes
0answers
369 views

Given an even function how to obtain the most close odd function and vise versa?

Given an even function $f(x)$, how to obtain the most close to it continuous odd function $g(x)$? By most close I mean that $\int_0^\infty |f(x)-g(x)| dx$ be the minimum possible and the difference ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

Fractional Derivative of A specific function

I've tried and tried to do this problem myself, but I've hit some snags on the way. I'm trying to take the fractional derivative of: $f(x)=1+n^{-x}$ where n is an integer and $n\geq2$ and $x>1$. ...
60
votes
2answers
4k views

Norms of Commutators

If an $n$ by $n$ complex matrix $A$ has trace zero, then it is a commutator, which means that there are $n$ by $n$ matrices $B$ and $C$ so that $A= BC-CB$. What is the order of the best constant ...
37
votes
4answers
3k views

Did Gelfand's theory of commutative Banach algebras influence algebraic geometers?

Guillemin and Sternberg wrote the following in 1987 in a short article called "Some remarks on I.M. Gelfand's works" accompanying Gelfand's Collected Papers, Volume I: The theory of commutative ...
24
votes
3answers
1k views

Which differential equations allow for a variational formulation?

Many ODE's and PDE's arising in nature have a variational formulation. An example of what I mean is the following. Classical motions are solutions $q(t)$ to Lagrange's equation $$ ...
25
votes
7answers
3k views

What's an example of a space that needs the Hahn-Banach Theorem?

The Hahn-Banach theorem is rightly seen as one of the Big Theorems in functional analysis. Indeed, it can be said to be where functional analysis really starts. But as it's one of those "there ...
21
votes
1answer
1k views

Criteria for boundedness of power series

Consider a power series $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n x^n$ that is convergent for all real x, thus defining a function $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$. Can one give necessary and sufficient criteria the ...
16
votes
5answers
4k views

Counterexample for the Open Mapping Theorem

I would like to ask a counterexample for the classical theorem in functional analysis: the open mapping theorem in the case that $Y$ is Banach, but $X$ is not Banach to show that the completeness of X ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Does Arzelà-Ascoli require choice?

Inspired by a recent Math.SE question entitled Where do we need the axiom of choice in Riemannian geometry?, I was thinking of the Arzelà--Ascoli theorem. Let's state a very simple version: ...
12
votes
6answers
3k views

What is an intuitive view of adjoints? (version 2: functional analysis)

After realising that I don't have an intuitive understanding of adjoint functors, I then realised that I don't have an intuitive understanding of adjoint linear transformations! Again, I can use 'em, ...
26
votes
1answer
6k views

What, exactly, has Louis de Branges proved about the Riemann Hypothesis?

Hi, I know this is a dangerous topic which could attract many cranks and nutters, but: According to Wikipedia [and probably his own website, but I have a hard time seeing exactly what he's claiming] ...
22
votes
1answer
2k views

Furstenberg's Conjecture on 2-3-invariant continuous probability measures on the circle

Hillel Furstenberg conjectured that the only $2$-$3$-invariant probability measure on the circle without atoms is the Lebesgue measure. More precisely: Question: (Furstenberg) Let $\mu$ be a ...
10
votes
2answers
519 views

A group action of the Heisenberg group with special symmetries

Suppose we look at the Heisenberg group $H_{d}$ as a matrix group of upper triangular matrices over the ring $\mathbb{Z}/d\mathbb{Z}$. You can even choose $d$ to be prime if you want. A natural ...
24
votes
3answers
1k views

Surjectivity of operators on $\ell^\infty$

Can anyone give me an example of an bounded and linear operator $T:\ell^\infty\to \ell^\infty$ (the space of bounded sequences with the usual sup-norm), such that T has dense range, but is not ...
16
votes
4answers
977 views

Banach-Mazur applied to a Hilbert space

The Banach-Mazur theorem says that every separable Banach space is isometric to a subspace of $C^0([0;1],R)$, the space of continuous real valued functions on the interval $[0;1]$, with the sup norm. ...
12
votes
1answer
565 views

Inductive tensor product and smooth functions

Given complete, locally convex Hausdorff vector spaces $E$ and $F$, let $$ E \otimes_i F, \qquad E \otimes_\pi F$$ denote the (completed) inductive and projective tensor products respectively. The ...
11
votes
0answers
368 views

Classes of (non-continuous) functions with the fixed point property

Let $K$ be a convex body in $ R^d$. (Say, a ball, say a cube...) For which classes $ \cal C$ of functions, every function $ f \in {\cal C}$ which takes $K$ into itself admits a fixed point in $K$. ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

prime ideals in C([0,1])

It is clear that each maximal ideal in ring of continuous functions over $[0,1]\subset \mathbb R$ corresponds to a point and vice-versa. So, for each ideal $I$ define $Z(I) =$ {$x\in [0,1]$ | ...
11
votes
1answer
507 views

Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Are proper linear subspaces of Banach spaces always meager?

Let X be a Banach space, and let Y be a proper non-meager linear subspace of X. If Y is not dense in X, then it is easy to see that the closure of Y has empty interior, contradicting Y being ...
15
votes
1answer
833 views

Convolution algebras for double groupoids?

There is a lot of work of course on convolution algebras of measured groupoids, and this gives "Noncommutative geometry". However there is a lot of interest in algebraically structured groupoids, for ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a natural measures on the space of measurable functions?

Given a set Ω and a σ-algebra F of subsets, is there some natural way to assign something like a "uniform" measure on the space of all measurable functions on this space? (I suppose first ...
8
votes
0answers
372 views

Parametrisations for Null Temperature Functions: nonuniqueness of solutions to the Heat Equation

Disclaimer I expect this is a highly open problem, but maybe I'm wrong and someone has come up with some answers besides those given here. In any case, all information appreciated, thanks! Definition ...
7
votes
2answers
739 views

What is the smallest $C^*$-algebra containing the “standard” pseudodifferential operators?

Is $\Psi^0(\mathbb{R})$ (pseudodifferential operators with symbols obeying $ |\partial^\alpha_x \partial^\beta_\xi a(x,\xi)| \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} (1+|\xi|)^{-|\beta|} $ ) a $C^*$-algebra? In other ...
2
votes
2answers
557 views

Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator, it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...
18
votes
1answer
615 views

Kaplansky's conjecture and Martin's axiom

Recall Kaplansky's conjecture which states that every algebra homomorphism from the Banach algebra C(X) (where X is a compact Hausdorff topological space) into any other Banach algebra, is ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Can one do without Riesz Representation?

In more detail, can one establish that the continuous linear dual of a Hilbert space is again a Hilbert space without appealing to the Riesz Representation Theorem? For me, the Riesz Representation ...
13
votes
1answer
678 views

Idempotent measures on the free binary system?

Let $(S,*)$ be the free (non associative) binary system on one generator (so $S$ is just the set of terms in $*$ and $1$). There is an extension of $*$ to the space $P(S)$ of finitely additive ...
11
votes
1answer
469 views

bornological vector spaces over a non-archimedean field

Let $k$ be a complete non-archimedean field. In definitions I have seen of bornological vector spaces over $k$ there are usually some extra assumptions on the non-archimedean field. For instance in ...
8
votes
4answers
601 views

Norm continuous infinite dimenisonal representation of a Lie group

Given a Lie group G and an infinite dimensional Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. In the literature I have only encountered the two following notions of a representation $\pi$ of G on $\mathcal{H}$ : 1) ...
7
votes
1answer
239 views

Infinite tensor product of states

Tensor products of finite number of different objects are always well described in the literature. However, the situation of infinite tensor products seems to be much tougher. Even in the simplest ...
7
votes
2answers
767 views

Direct proof of injectivity of $L_\infty$

I would like to know a simple proof of isometric injectivity of $L_\infty$. The proof I've found in Topics in Banach space theory. F. Albiac, N. Kalton uses two deep result. $L_\infty$ as ...
7
votes
5answers
949 views

Do subalgebras of C(X) admit a description in terms of the compact Hausdorff space X?

In light of the well-known theorem of Gelfand that, bluntly put, ends up saying that unital abelian C*-algebras are the 'same' as compact Hausdorff topological spaces, I tried to compile a dictionary ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

Is the fundamental group of $II_{1}$ factors invariant under a relation?

This issue is in continuation of an answer I gave here about noncommutative sets. In order to define the equivalence relation, let's first recall the Tomita-Takesaki modular theory and ...
5
votes
3answers
787 views

Reference request: Simple facts about vector-valued Sobolev space

Let $V,H$ be separable Hilbert spaces such that there are dense injections $V \hookrightarrow H \hookrightarrow V^*$. (For example, $H = L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $V = H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $V^* = ...
14
votes
3answers
604 views

A natural center of a convex weakly compact set in Banach space

Question: Let $S$ be a convex weakly compact set in Banach space $H$. Propose a natural way to define the unique center $O \in S$. Motivation: A lot! For example, in game theory $S$ can be a set of ...
13
votes
1answer
318 views

Bases for spaces of smooth functions

Let $S$ denote the space of rapidly decreasing sequences, which means sequences $a=(a_k)_{k=1}^\infty$ such that the numbers $p_d(a)=\sup\{k^d|a_k| : 1\leq k<\infty\}$ are finite for all ...
12
votes
3answers
810 views

Poincare lemma for non-smooth differentiable forms

The Poincare lemma is almost always formulated for differential forms with smooth coefficients (or sometimes for currents that have distributional coefficients). I would like to have it for ...
12
votes
0answers
1k views

Infinite convex combinations in a Banach space

Let's say that a subset $C$ of a Banach space $X$ is $\sigma$-convex if the following property holds: For any sequence $(x_k)_{k\ge0}$ in $C$, and for any sequence of non-negative real numbers ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

Conditional probabilities are measurable functions - when are they continuous?

Let $\Omega$ be a Banach space; for the sake of this post, we will take $\Omega = {\mathbb R}^2$, but I am more interested in the infinite dimensional setting. Take $\mathcal F$ to be the Borel ...
9
votes
2answers
381 views

Homotopy groups of Fredholm operators

If $X$ is separable complex Hilbert space and $\mathcal{F}$ the topological space of Fredholm operators on $X$, then it is well-known, that $$ \pi_0(\mathcal{F}) = \mathbb{Z}\, , $$ i.e. the connected ...