**4**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### C$^*$-algebras in which the spectral radius is comparable to the norm

For every commutative C$^*$-algebra the spectral radius is equal to the norm. My question is:
For which C$^*$-algebras $\mathcal A$ does there exist a constant $C>0$ such that $$C\|a\| \...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### A specific mollified functions in the Sobolev space H^1(R)

Let $u>0$ be in $H^{1}(\mathbb{R})=W^{1,2}(\mathbb{R})$, we know that the set of $C^{\infty}$ functions with compact support are dense in the Sobolev space $H^{1}(\mathbb{R})$. Hence, we have a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### interpolation inequalities and embeddings

When $Z$ is an interpolation space between two Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$ (say real / complex method), we have a norm inequality
$$
\| x \|_Z \le C \| x \|_X^\theta \| x \|_Y^{1-\theta}
$$
My question ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### The uses of the polar topology in topological vector spaces

The polar topology originates from the $S$-topology and is used in duality pairs. Due to the connection between the original topology and the weak topology, we can rephrase the original topology in ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Horn's inequalities for n matrices

Where I can find necessary and sufficient conditions on eigenvalues of Hermitian matrices with the relation $$A_1 + A_2 + ... + A_n = A_0 ,$$
i.e. Horn's inequalities for n matrices?
Can such ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Coming up with a represenation for sum of functions in the Fourier algebra

This is my first overflow question, so let me apologize in advance if this belongs on http://math.stackexchange.com.
Let $G$ be a discrete group.
Let $\lambda:G\to B(\ell^{2}(G))$ be the left ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Closure property of completely monotone functions [on hold]

A $C^{\infty}$ function $f(x_1, \dots, x_n)$ defined on $(0,\infty)^n$ is said to be completely monotone if
$$
(-1)^{k}\frac{\partial^k f}{\partial x_{i_1} \cdots \partial x_{i_k}} \geq 0
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

78 views

### Reference on Probability theory on functional spaces (in special Hilbert spaces)

Currently, I am working on some sort of stochastic optimization problems defined over function spaces.
I am familiar with standard probability theory (R. Durrett, ''Probability: Theory and Examples")...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Right inverse of the Seiberg-Witten functional

For closed 4 manifold X, we consider the derivative of the Seiberg-Witten functional, i.e.
$$\Omega^1_2(X;\sqrt{-1}\mathbb R)\oplus\Gamma_2(S^+)\overset{D}{\to}\Omega^2_{+,1}(X;\sqrt{-1}\mathbb R)\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Linear independency and compactness of the set of pure states of a $C^*$-algebra

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a noncommutative $C^*$-algebra and $PS(\mathcal{A})$ be the set of its pure states.
Question 1. Is $PS(\mathcal{A})$ linearly independent (as vectors over $\mathbb{R}$)? (If $\...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Fredholm operators: how to calculate Coker and Ker [on hold]

Exercise:
Let $1\leq p \leq \infty$. For each $n\in\mathbb{Z}$ construct a Fredholm operator $F:l^p\to l^p$ whose index is $n$.
Solution (given in the lecture classe):
$F_n(x_i):=(0,\ldots, 0,x_1,...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Hodge decomposition on open manifold

For the open manifold like $X\times \mathbb R$ or $X\times \mathbb R^+$, where $X$ is a closed manifold.
Is there any decomposition like (Hodge Decomposition) of the Differential forms on it.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Gauge Fixing Problem on Cylindrical

For Cylindrical $Y\times\mathbb R$, where $Y$ is a closed oriented 3-manifold.
If it is necessary, we could consider the $b_1(Y)=0$ case.
Fix a Line bundle $L\to Y\times \mathbb R$ and a Hermitian ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### A priori estimates for elliptic operators

Suppose $L : L^{m,p}(M)\rightarrow L^p(M)$ is some elliptic operator of order $m$, and $(M,g)$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Then it is known that there exists a constant $C$ such that we have the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Heat kernel upper bounds on a complete Riemannian manifold

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold, and $p(t, x, y)$ denotes its heat kernel. I am trying to find sufficient conditions for when the following holds:
$$ p(t, x, y) \leq Ct^{-n/2}, \forall x, y, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

334 views

### Strongly continuous semigroups that cannot be contractions

Let $X$ be a Banach space, and $(P_t)_{t \ge 0}$ a strongly continuous semigroup of bounded operators on $X$. Using the uniform boundedness principle, it's simple to prove that there are constants $M,...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### $L^\infty$-contractive semigroups

Let $L^\infty(\mathbb T)$ be the space of $2\pi$-periodic and bounded measurable functions
and $\mathcal P$ be a pseudo-differential operator defined on
$\mathcal D(\mathcal P)\subset L^\infty(\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### almost invariant half space for a dual of a restricted operator

Let $X$ be an infinite-dimensional Banach space and $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ a continuous linear operator acting on $X$. A closed subspace $Y$ of $X$ is said to be an almost-invariant halfspace (...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Space time Lesbesgue spaces

I have a function which lives in $f(x,t)∈L^2(0,T;H^{1/2})∩L^\infty(0,T;L^2)$
for a certain time interval. I also know that $\partial_{t} \ f(x,t)∈L^2(0,T;H^{−1})$. Can I assure that the function lives ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Gaussian bounds on Dirichlet heat kernel

Let $(M, g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $p(t, x , y)$ be the heat kernel of $M$. Then there exist constants $c, C > 0
$ such that $$\frac{c}{t^{n/2}}
e^{-\frac{1}{4t}d(x, y)^2} \leq ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

60 views

### Domain of the Stokes operator

Let
$\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be open ($d\in\mathbb N$)
$\mathcal D:=C_c^\infty(\Omega)^d$ and $$\mathfrak D:=\left\{\phi\in\mathcal D:\nabla\cdot\phi=0\right\}$$
$\mathcal H:=\overline{\mathfrak ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Restriction of irreducible unitary representation to normal subgroup of finite index

Let $G$ be a Lie group (or more generally a locally compact group), let $N$ be a closed and normal subgroup of $G$ of finite index. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional complex Hilbert space, and let $\...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Is a C*-algebra with an isomorphic predual a von Neumann algebra?

It is well-known that a C*-algebra $A$ is a von Neumann algebra if and only if it has an isometric predual, that is, if and only if there exists a Banach space $X$ such that $A$ is isometrically ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Questions about the regularity of the solution of the heat equation in a bounded domain [closed]

I have questions about the proof of the following theorem:
Theorem 8 (Smoothness). Suppose $u\in C^2_1(U_T)$ solves the heat equation in $U_T$. Then $u\in C^\infty(U_T)$
Here is the statement and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### The eigenfunction of modified $1$-laplace equation?

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ be open bounded with smooth boundary. It is well known that the laplace equation
$$
-\Delta u=0
$$
has a set of eigenvalues $0<\lambda_1<\lambda_2\leq\lambda_3<...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is the “closedness of the image of operator” needed in the defintion of Fredholm operators?

in the Higson and Roe's book "analytic K-homology" just after the definition of the Fredholm operator there is a remark (2.1.3 you can see at it onlin at Google books (click here)) which claims that ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

47 views

### About the critical points of quasi-convex functions

What do we know about the structure of critical points of quasi-convex functions?
I am looking for statements like "the critical points of a quasi-convex function are always either a global minima ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### characterization of normality by selection theorem

The Urysohn's extension theorem states that a space $X$ is normal iff every continuous function $f:A \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, with $A$ a closed subset of $X$, can be extended to a continuous function $...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Global Euclidean Carleman Estimate with a linear phase

I am interested in deriving the following global Carleman estimate which I think should hold :
$ \| e^{\tau \phi} \triangle e^{-\tau \phi} u \|_{L_{\delta+1}^2({\mathbb{R^3})}}> C \tau \| u \|_{L^...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

343 views

### Elements of Minimal Norm on an affine subset of a Banach Space

Let $v_1$ and $v_2$ be two elements of a real Banach space $(X,\lVert\;\rVert)$, each of unit norm. Consider the one-dimensional affine subspace $v_1+tv_2$ for real $t$. Is there a general formula for ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

307 views

### Differentiability of Nemytskii operator on Sobolev space

I am trying to consider hypothesis on $g$ such that the operator
$$ H_0^1 (\Omega) \to L^2(\Omega), \qquad v \mapsto g(v) $$
is $\mathcal C^1$. As additional hypothesis $\Omega$ is bounded and $g(0) = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### solution uniqueness of non-linear Fredholm equations

the equation is
$F(x)=G\left(\int k(x,y)f(y)dy\right)$ $(*)$
where $f(x)=\frac{dF(x)}{dx}$ is unknown and it's required to be non-negative. With integration by parts we'll have the form of a non-...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Density of the linear span of products of harmonic polymomials

Let $\mathcal{H}$ denote the space of all harmonic polynomials with complex coefficients in $n$ variables $x_1,\ldots, x_n$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I'm trying to show that the linear span of the set $\...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

350 views

### $C^1$-functions on Banach spaces

For Banach spaces $X,Y$ and an open subset $U$ of $X$ a function $f:U\to Y$ is $C^1$ if $U\to L(X,Y)$, $x\to f'(x)$ is continuous where, by definition, the derivative $f'(x)$ is a continuous linear ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Density of smooth functions on Hölder spaces

The following result is often cited without reference in the context of PDEs:
Let $\varOmega \subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded open set with smooth boundary. If $0<\beta<\alpha<1$ then $C^\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

28 views

### About a particular definition of a Hessian of a function of tuples of matrices

Say I have a function $L : (W_1,..,W_{H+1}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ i.e it takes a tuple of $n$ matrices of different dimensions and computes a number from them.
Then I see being defined a ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

563 views

### Operator norms of circulant matrices

The definition and basic properties of circulant matrices can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circulant_matrix.
For complex numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_n$, I will use the notation
$$
\mbox{...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### $L^\infty$ bounds for pseudo-differential equations of parabolic type

It is well-known that if the solution of $u_t=u_{xx}$, with $t>0$ and $x\in\mathbb R$, is bounded, then $a(t)=\sup_{x\in \mathbb R}u(x,t)$ is non-increasing, while
$b(t)=\inf_{x\in \mathbb R}u(x,t)$...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

112 views

### Is an bijective analytic map bi-analytic?

Suppose that
$E$ and $F$ are complex Banach spaces and $U\subset E$ and $V\subset F$ are open subses.
$f\colon U\to V$ is analytic
$f\colon U\to V$ is bijective
Is $f$ bi-analytic? (i.e. is its ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Banach spaces complemented in their ultrapowers

By the principle of local reflexivity, the second dual $X^{**}$ of a Banach space $X$ is complemented in some ultrapower $X^U$ of $X$. Even when $X$ is separable, the index set of $U$ cannot be ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Why is the Berkovich spectrum of a C*-Algebra the same as the Gelfand spectrum?

Let $A = \mathcal{C}(X)$ be a commutative (unital) C*-Algebra. Let $Spec(A)$ denote its Gelfand spectrum
$$ Spec(A) = \{A \rightarrow \mathbb{C} : \text{non-zero *-homomorphism} \} \simeq X. $$
Now ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### A unital algebra with norm and continuous multiplication is a Banach algebra

In my research in functional analysis, I came across this rather simple result:
For a normed algebra A over $ \mathbb{C} $ with unit, in which multiplication , right and left are both continuous w....

**4**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### Baum Connes Conjecture [closed]

I have recently decided on a topic for my master thesis. I want to compare the Baum Connes conjecture as it is formulated in topology to the conjecture as it is formulated in functional analysis. I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

991 views

### For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
\sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty,
$$
where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### explicit extention of Lipschitz function (Kirszbraun theorem)

Kirszbraun theorem states that if $U$ is a subset of some Hilbert space $H_1$, and $H_2$ is another Hilbert space, and $f : U \to H_2$ is a Lipschitz-continuous map, then $f$ can be extended to a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

348 views

### Is $\mathcal{K}(H)$ injective $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module?

Does anyone know if the right Banach $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module $\mathcal{K}(H)$ is injective?
The same question for $\ell_\infty$-module $c_0$. Both these modules are not dual, so standard arguments ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

369 views

### Extracting subsequences in Banach spaces, along an ultrafilter?

There are various principles in Banach space theory that allow one to pass from a given sequence of vectors $(x_n)$, to a subsequence $(x_{n_k})$ with some desired property. I'm thinking here, in ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Norm of projection onto functions of mean zero

Let $X$ be a finite set and consider the space $\ell^2(X;Y)$ of functions $\zeta:X\to Y$, where $Y$ is a fixed Banach space. It decomposes into a direct sum of constant function and its complement $\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### References for the Sturm oscillation theorem

What is the most general form of the Sturm oscillation theorem?
So far I have only seen cases that treat either unbounded intervals or weighted $L^2$ spaces. I would be especially interested in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Relation between two different definitions for relative sequential compactness

Building upon this question in Math.SE, I think the following might be rather of interest for MO.
In the literature on measure theory, probability and functional analysis the definition of a subset $...