Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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-2
votes
0answers
15 views

Backpropagation KL-divergence for training “one level neural network” [on hold]

Hi I hope that some one could help me. I have a L matrix (25x1000) (I have 10000 works each work is represent by 25 bits) I map each word to one of 5 classes {vary negative,negative, ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Multivariate Maximal Hilbert Transform

One way to define the maximal Hilbert transform of a function, $f$, is by $$\mathcal{H}[f](x):=\underset{\varepsilon>0}{\sup}\;\int_{|t|\geq\varepsilon}\dfrac{f(t)}{x-t}dt,\quad x\in\mathbb{R},$$ ...
7
votes
0answers
72 views

Ultraweak topology on B(X): Is the map X\otimes X* -> B(X)* isometric?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Consider the map $$ \alpha\colon X\hat{\otimes} X^* \to B(X)^*, $$ defined one simple tensors as $$ \alpha(\xi\otimes\eta)(a) = \eta(a(\xi)).\quad (\xi\in X, \eta\in X^*, ...
5
votes
1answer
122 views

Analytic perturbation of eigenfunctions

Consider a domain $\Omega_0 \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and deformations of $\Omega_0$, called $\Omega_t$, obtained by a one-to-one mapping $x \mapsto x + t\varphi (x)$, where $\varphi$ is smooth. It is ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Self-dual normed spaces which are not Hilbert spaces

Are there any examples of non-Hilbert normed spaces which are isomorphic (in the norm sense) to their dual spaces? Or, is there any result in Functional Analysis which says that if a space is ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Composition of spectral measures

Let $f: \mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a measurable function, $H$ some Hilbert space and $$ f_E := \int_{\mathbb{R}} f dE$$ for some spectral measure $E$. Now, my question is: When do we have ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Second variation of the domain functionals [closed]

The Eigen value $\lambda(t)$ which is characterised by the Rayleigh quotient (where $t$ is a scalar variable): $$R(u,\Omega_t)= \frac{\int_{\Omega_t} |\nabla u|^2 dy }{\int_{\Omega_t} u^2 dy}$$ ...
35
votes
10answers
2k views

Notions of convergence not corresponding to topologies

This question concerns the ramifications of the following interesting problem that appeared on Ed Nelson's final exam on Functional Analysis some years ago: Exam question: Is there a metric on the ...
1
vote
0answers
156 views

What is the spectrum of $L^1(G:H)$?

Let $H$ be a compact subgroup of a locally compact topological group $G$ and $$ L^1(G:H)=\{f\in L^1(G): R_h f=f\;\text{ a.e. }\; \forall h \in H\}$$ and $\widehat{(G:H)}=\{\xi\in ...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Are polynomials dense in holomorphic $L^p(\mathrm{Gauss})$ for $p < 1$?

Let $\mu$ be standard Gaussian measure on $\mathbb{C}^n$, i.e. $d\mu = \frac{1}{(2 \pi)^n} e^{-|z|^2/2}\,dz$, and fix $0 < p < 1$ (note carefully). Suppose $g$ is holomorphic on ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

About preserving real-rootedness of multivariable polynomials

Say $f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ are polynomials real rooted in the $z$s for a bunch of polynomials indexed by $i$. When can one say that $\sum_{i} p_i f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ is also real rooted? If ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Is this structure a Banach bundle?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Put $Y=\{ \phi\in X^{*}\mid\;\; \parallel \phi \parallel\leq 1\;\; \&\;\; \phi \neq 0\}$ which is a locally compact Hausdorf space with the weak star topology. ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Multiplication of generalized functions

I would like to know if there is any associative algebra $( A(\mathbb{R}), +, \cdot )$ such that: EDIT: Fan Zheng found an inconsistency in my requirements. Therefore I changed the function space in ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

A continuous choice of invertible elements

Let $A$ be a simple unital $C^{*}$ algebra with invertible elements $G(A)$. Assume that $A^{*}$ is its dual space, which is equipped with the weak star topology. Is there a continuous map ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Strong solution to parabolic equation without differentiability assumption on coefficient?

Consider on $(0,T)\times \Omega$, $\Omega$ a bounded domain $$u_t(t,x) - a(u(t,x))\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x)$$ $$u|_{\partial\Omega} = 0$$ where $a$ is real-valued and satisfies $C_1 \leq a(r) \leq C_2$ ...
12
votes
2answers
457 views

Realisation of the noncommutative torus as a universal $ C^{*} $-algebra

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so-called noncommutative torus, denoted here by $ \mathbb{T}_{\theta} $. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Searching for conditions?

I have this operator $$Au(t)=\int_0^1 G(t,s) f(s,u(s)) ds$$defined from $H^1_{0}$ to $H_0^1$ and satisfy the problem: $$\begin{cases} -(Au)''(t)=f(t,u(t)), t\in[0,1]\\Au(0)=Au(1)=0\end{cases}$$ Where ...
-3
votes
0answers
55 views

Example of topological vector space [on hold]

Can Someone provide me any link or research paper about the working of definition of topological vector space(open neighborhood definition) on R to become a vector space?
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Inequality of the norm of the convolution in $L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with symmetric decreasing rearrangement?

Is it true that $$ ||f*g||_p \le ||\,|f|^* * |g|^*||_p\quad ? $$ where $|f|^*$ and $|g|^*$ are the symmetric decreasing rearrangements of the functions $|f|$ and $|g|$. Under what conditions on $f$ ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Explicit formula for Bergman kernel on the unit ball

On page 173 in Krantz's book "Explorations in Harmonic analysis" in the proof of Lemma 7.1.21 there is a part that I really don't understand. What I don't understand is why is ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Asymptotic behaviour of eigenvalues

If you look at $-\Delta + q$ on the sphere in $\mathbb{R}^3$ for example and $||q|| < \infty,$ is there a way to asymptotically describe the behaviour of the eigenvalues? Probably they behave ...
4
votes
0answers
158 views

Dual or pre-dual of BV

Was there any relevant work to determine the dual (or more likely the predual) of the space of bounded variation functions $BV(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (I recall the definition : a function in ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Compact radial Sobolev embedding $H^1_{rad}\hookrightarrow L^p$

I want to show: Let $N\geq 2$ and $2< q <2^\ast$. Then the embedding \begin{align} H^1_{\text{rad}}(\mathbb{R}^N)\hookrightarrow L^q(\mathbb{R}^N) \end{align} is compact. I was able to show ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Weak (Sobolev) derivative and the Frechet derivative (chain rule) [on hold]

Let $A: H^s(\Omega) \to H^1(\Omega)$ be a bounded linear map. Let $u \in H^s(\Omega)$. Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be nonlinear and Lipschitz such that $f(u) \in H^s(\Omega)$. Is it possible to ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Does this C*-algebra embed into a simple nuclear C*-algebra?

Let $\mathcal K$ denote the C*-algebra of compact operators, and fix an embedding $\phi_n:M_n(\mathbb C) \to \mathcal K$ for each $n\in \mathbb N$. Define the C*-algebra $A := \{(a_n)_{n=1}^\infty ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Complete solution set of a Convolutional Equation?

Here is a problem that am I stuck and I appreciate any help. In essence, I am trying to show that the only solutions for the described problem are the ones provided below. Best.. Setup: In what ...
7
votes
2answers
534 views

Decomposition of an integral operator into a composition

I've been musing about the following question for a while now. Given an integral operator $G$ defined by $$ (Gf)(x) = \int_0^1 G(x,u) f(u)\,du $$ Is it possible to decompose this into two separate ...
-1
votes
0answers
84 views

How to solve this equation by DFT? [closed]

I am wondering how to minimize matrix $S$ in this equation: $min\{\sum_p(S_pI_p-I_p)^2+\beta((\partial_xS_p-h_p)^2+(\partial_yS_p-v_p)^2) \} $ where $S,I,h,v$ are all $M*N$ matrices and p stands ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

$\epsilon$-nearly isoclinic

Question: Two $k$-dimensional subspaces $W_1,W_2$ with associated orthogonal projections $P_1, P_2$ are isoclinic with parameter $\lambda \ge 0$ if $P_1P_2P_1=\lambda P_1$ and $P_2P_1P_2=\lambda P_2$. ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Fractional Poincare inequality on closed manifold

Let $u \in H^{\frac 12}(M)$ on a compact closed Riemannian manifold. Can someone refer me to a source where the inequality $$\lVert u - \bar u \rVert_{L^{2^*}} \leq C|u|_{H^{\frac 12}}$$ is proved, or ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Solution of non-linear Fredholm (Hammerstein) equation with non-degenerate kernel and reciprocal non-linearity

I have asked this question at MSE but got no response. I have rephrased it so that anyone who knows operator theory and integral equations could help me out... I faced a problem in physics which is a ...
-1
votes
1answer
144 views

Poisson integral [closed]

Given $g\in L(S_{2n-1}) $ we can define its Poisson integral $\mathcal{P}_{m}^{\lambda}g(z)=\int_{S_{2n-1}}\mathcal{P}_{m}^{\lambda}(z,w)g(w)dw$ my question how I can determine ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Recontruction of the weak topolgy from the scalar product on a subset of a Hilbert Space

Let $M$ be a set a let $K:M\times M\to\mathbb{C}$ be a positive definite kernel. By a version of Moore-Aronszajn Theorem, there is a unique (up to the unitary euivalence) Hilbert Space $X$, and a map ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Approximating $f \in L^1(M)$ with integral zero with $f_n \in L^\infty(M)$ with integral zero? [closed]

Let $M$ be a closed Riemannian manifold and let $f \in L^1(M)$ with $\int_M f =0$. Is it possible to find a sequence $f_n \in L^\infty(M)$ with $\int_M f_n = 0$ such that $f_n \to f$ in $L^1(M)$?
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Does $\int \Phi \left( \frac{u}{\xi} \right) f_t(\xi) \mathrm{d} \xi \to \Phi(u)$ imply that $f_t \to \delta_1$?

I'm looking at a family $(f_t)$ of densities of some continuous random variables and know that $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \Phi \left( \frac{u}{\xi} \right) f_t(\xi) \mathrm{d} \xi \xrightarrow{t \to ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Positive definiteness of infinite tridiagonal matrices

I am interested in the following problem: I have an infinite symmetric tridiagonal matrix $$ A= \begin{bmatrix} a_1 & b_1 & & & \\ b_1 & a_2 & b_2 & & ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Interpolation of Banach spaces: theta = 0, 1

Let $A_1 \subset A_0$ be Banach spaces with continuous embedding. Is $(A_0, A_1)_{i, \infty} = A_i$ for $i =0, 1$, with equivalent norms? Here, $(\cdot, \cdot)_{\theta,p}$ denotes the $K$-method of ...
1
vote
2answers
250 views

A question on the Lebesgue differentiation theorem

In the paper [Jessen, B., Marcinkiewicz, J., and Zygmund, A. Note on the differentiability of multiple integrals. Fundamenta Mathematicae 25.1 (1935): 217-234] it is considered the limit $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

A Characterization of Closed Ideals in $C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$

The space $C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ can be turned into a topological ring using the Whitney topology. Whitney's Spectral Theorem says that the closure of an ideal in this ring is the ideal of all ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Topological tensor products of spaces of holomorphic functions of slow growth

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $M$ be a complex manifold, and $\Omega$ a relatively compact domain in $M$. We consider the space $\mathcal{A}^{-\infty}(\Omega, X)$ of $X$-valued holomorphic functions of ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

How to solve this minimization problem by DFT? [closed]

I am wondering how to minimize matrix $S$ in this equation: $min\{\sum_p(S_pI_p-I_p)^2+\beta((\partial_xS_p-h_p)^2+(\partial_yS_p-v_p)^2) \} $ where $S,I,h,v$ are all $M*N$ matrices and p stands ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Hilbert scales of covariance operators

Assume we have 2 covariance operators(positive definite trace class) $S$ and $T$ on Hilbert space $\mathcal H$ with corresponding eigenpairs $\{e_j,\lambda_j\}$ and $\{f_j,\lambda_j\}$. Assume that ...
-2
votes
0answers
76 views

Absolute value of a function in $H^1(\mathbb{R}^3)$ [closed]

Let $f$ be a function in $H^1(\mathbb{R}^3;\mathbb{C})$. Is it true that $\vert f\vert\in H^1(\mathbb{R}^3;\mathbb{R})$?
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Example of joint cyclic and separating vector

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separate Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \subset \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \otimes M_2(C)$ be a W$^*$-inclusion pairs. It is known that this pair share a joint cyclic ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Specific optimization problem solution procedures

Is there a standard procedure to solve following two optimization problems? $$\mathsf{Problem\mbox{ }I}:\mbox{ }\min_{A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:rk(A)=r}\mbox{ }\max_{R,S\in\Bbb R^{n\times ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Condition for boundedness in stationary phase theorem

I am trying to understand theorem 7.7.1 in Hormander's Analysis of linear partial differential operators, vol.1. Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact set, $X$ an open neighborhood of $K$ and ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Generalising the $L^2$-Norm to Compact Quantum Groups

For a compact quantum group (in the sense) of Woronowicz, we have a noncommutative $C^*$-algebra replacing ${\mathbb C}(G)$. This $C^*$-algebra is endowed with a linear functional generalizing the ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

What do sparse sets in a norm topology look like in the weak* topology?

I'm wondering if a very "sparse" set in a normed vector space can look connected in the weak* topology. Specifically, Let V be a Banach space, V* its dual, and X a (uncountable) subset of the unit ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

How do functions operates in a Fourier algebra $A^{q}(\mathbb T)$?

We put , $A^{q}(\mathbb T)= \{ f\in L^{q}(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in \ell^{q}(\mathbb Z) \}.$ By Helson-Kahane-Katznelson-Rudin Theorem, it follows that, "Let $F$ be a function on $\mathbb C$ and if ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Causal (Volterra type) differential equation with local Lipschitz condition

Consider the equation $$ u'(t) = (Fu)(t) $$ where $F \colon L^2(0,T;\mathbb R^n) \to L^2(0,T;\mathbb R^n)$ is a causal (Volterra type) nonlinear operator. It means that the value of $(Fu)(t_0)$ ...