Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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13 views

Parseval frame, convergence of $\sum_{k=0}^\infty \left\|g_k\right\|$

Let $\mu$ be a Borel probability measure on $[0, 1)$, and $\{g_k\}_{k=0}^\infty$ be a Parseval frame for $L^2(\mu)$. Does $$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \left\|g_k\right\|$$ converges?
0
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0answers
26 views

inclusion maps interpolation spaces

I apologize in advance if the question below is a nonsense or a trivial one but I have no intuition as for the interpolation theory. Let $\overline{A}:=(A_0,A_1)$ and $\overline{B}:=(B_0,B_1)$ are ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

Example of measure of non-compactness

I can't understand the following example of measure of non-compactness, which was given in this article. Definition: A non-negative function $\phi$ defined on the bounded subsets of $X$ will be ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Is the endpoint map smooth

Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ and (with $U_0 = I$ taken) the following ODE: $\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (a + w(t)b)U_t$ consider the "fixed time" endpoint map $V_T: L^2([0,T]) \rightarrow SU(n)$ for ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Restriction of a semigroup to a form domain

Say, we have a Hilbert space $H$ with a semibounded self-adjoint operator $A:D(A)\to H$ generating a strongly continuous semigroup $T(t):H\to H$. Is it possible to restrict $T(t)$ to a form domain of ...
4
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0answers
56 views

Are Sobolev trace spaces equal from both sides of the boundary?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded open set and $\Omega'$ the complement of its closure. Assume $\partial\Omega=\partial\Omega'$. Are the quotient spaces $W^{1,p}(\Omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ ...
5
votes
1answer
199 views

Rellich's theorem from compact resolvent

On a compact Riemannian manifold, we know that the Laplacian $\Delta$ has compact resolvent. In proving this, one typical way is to use Rellich's theorem about the compact embedding of $H^1(M)$ into ...
1
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1answer
195 views

Rank of a sequence of covariance matrices

Let $X_i$ ($i=1, \dots$) be an orthonormal basis for $L^2(\Omega, \mathbb P)$. In particular, it holds that $$\mathbb E[X_iX_j] = \delta_{ij}.$$ Now take $Z\in L^2(\Omega, \mathbb P)$ and define ...
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0answers
38 views

Linear Independence for functions defined by integration [on hold]

Given that the set of functions $$f_i(x,y), \quad i=1,\dots,n$$ are linearly independent for $(x,y) \in [0,1]^2$. Is the set of functions, $g_1,\ldots,g_n$, defined by $$ g_i(x) = \int_{y\in [0,1] } ...
2
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1answer
328 views

Weak topology on a pre-Hilbert Space

Since there was essentially no answers on my previous question, I will ask a partial case of it, which is very easy to state. Let $\left(X,\left<\cdot,\cdot\right>\right)$ be an inner product ...
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0answers
116 views

Radius of convergence of Taylor expansion of $z \mapsto (1 - z \cdot a)^{-1}$ [migrated]

Let $A$ be a Banach $\mathbb{C}$-algebra with norm $\text{N}(-)$ and let $a \in A$. Where can I find a reference to/can somebody supply a proof of the following posited equality?$$\max_{z \in ...
3
votes
0answers
126 views

A question on $p$-approximation property

We say that a subset $K$ of a Banach space $X$ is relatively $p$-compact ($1\leq p<\infty$) if there exists a $p$-summable sequence $(x_n)_{n=1}^{\infty}$ in $X$ such that $$ K\subseteq ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Fractional Sobolev spaces and interpolation in unbounded Lipschitz domains

I am not really familiar with the topic, thus I am looking for some references about the following problem. Let $s>0$ be a positive real and let $p\in(1,+\infty)$. We define the Bessel Potential ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Sum of two parts of a continuous stochastic process

Let $X$ be a centered continuous stochastic process which is square integrable on $[0,2]\times \Omega$ and the basis of $L^2(0,2)$ is $\{e_i\}$. By using Karhunen-Leove Theorem one can write for all ...
11
votes
2answers
281 views

Quantum Hamiltonian for an Inverse Cube Force Law

If you have a nonrelativistic quantum particle in $\mathbb{R}^3$ in an attractive inverse cube force, its Hamiltonian is $$ H = -\nabla^2 - \frac{c}{r^2} $$ where I'm keeping things simple by ...
4
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0answers
81 views

Compensated compactness for system of conservation laws?

As far as I knew, the method of compensated compactness can be used only for one-dimensional scalar and $2\times 2$ systems of conservation laws, i.e. $u_t+f(u)_x=0$. But if I understood correctly ...
5
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0answers
131 views

Tensorization of Orlicz norm?

Associated with a convex function $\phi:[0,\infty)\mapsto[0,\infty)$ satisfying $\lim_{x\to 0} \frac{\phi(x)}{x} = 0, \lim_{x\to\infty}\frac{\phi(x)}{x} = \infty,$ the Orlicz norm of a random variable ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Kernel of the natural map between group $C^*$-algebras

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group. We can form two $C^*$-algebras: the universal (or full) and reduced, to be denoted by $C^*_u(\Gamma)$ and $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ (respectively). Both of them are completions ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Hardy space, Lebesgue space for $p<1$,

We denote $\mathcal D'(\mathbb R^n)$ the space of distributions, and $\mathcal D(\mathbb R^n)$ the space of smooth, compactly supported functions. Let $\rho\in \mathcal D'(\mathbb R^n)$ such that ...
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0answers
62 views

Comparing Dirichlet energy and area of a Surface-immersion

Let $(F,g)$ be a closed Surface, $(M,h)$ a Riemannian 3-Manifold and $f: F \to M$ a smooth immersion. Denote by $f^*(h)$ the pullback metric on $TF$ induced by $f$ and let $dV_g$ and $dV_{f^*(h)}$ be ...
0
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0answers
57 views

Singular integral equation

Investigating a control problem for heat equation I stacked on solution of this integral equation which seems to be singular: $$ \int_0^1\mathcal{K}(\tau)u(\tau)d\tau=\mathcal{M}, $$ in which ...
4
votes
2answers
278 views

The derivative of a non-tempered distribution can be tempered?

Suppose we have a non- tempered distribution $u\in \mathcal D'(\mathbb R^d)\backslash \mathcal S'(\mathbb R^d)$. Is it possible to have $\partial_{x_1}...\partial_{x_d}u \in \mathcal S'(\mathbb R^d)$ ...
25
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6answers
6k views

Learning roadmap for harmonic analysis

In short, I am interested to know of the various approaches one could take to learn modern harmonic analysis in depth. However, the question deserves additional details. Currently, I am reading Loukas ...
1
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0answers
171 views

Density of subspace with nonlocal/Wentzell boundary condition

Given the space $F$ defined by: $$F=\left\{f\in C^2(\mathbb{R}_+^2;\mathbb{R}):f(x,0)=\int_\mathbb{R} f(z,x)g(z)dz, x>0\right\},$$ I want to prove that the subspace $E$ of $F$ defined by ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

An eigenvalue convergence question [closed]

The following question is from Eberhard Zeidler's book in Nonlinear Functional Analysis volume 1, question 1.5b page 40. Let $(X,(\cdot | \cdot))$ be a Hilbert space, take the operator: ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

On the Riesz representation theorem II

I have a follow-up question to On the Riesz representation theorem . Let $V$ be a subspace of a Hilbert space, and let $V^\times$ be the space of all antilinear functionals on $V$, equipped with the ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

Determinant of quotient of unbounded operators

I have been trying to prove this for a while but failed so far. Let $A$ and $B$ are two positive, self-adjoint operators with compact resolvent on a Hilbert space $H$ defined on the same dense ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

An equivalent relation on the space of polynomials in one complex variable

Let $P(z)$ be a polynomial with complex variable $z$. We consider the following distribution for the roots of $P(z)=0$: the distribution is a triple $(n_{1},n_{2},n_{3})$ where these integers are ...
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0answers
67 views

A question in compact set

Definitions: ${A_j},{\Delta _j} \in {C^{n \times n}},(j = 0,1,2....m)$ ${\rm{P(}}\lambda {\rm{) = }}{{\rm{A}}_m}{\lambda ^m} + .....{A_1}\lambda + {A_0}$ is a matrix polynomial, and $\lambda $ is ...
0
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0answers
74 views

When do block sequences yield disjoint subspaces?

Let $X$ be a Banach space having a (unconditional, normalized) Schauder basis $(e_n)_n$. Suppose that $Y$ and $Z$ are (closed) block subspaces of $X$ having normalized block bases (with respect to ...
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0answers
78 views

Fredholm subvector spaces of $B(\mathcal{H})$

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space with orthonormal base $\{e_i\}\;\;i\in \mathbb{N}$. Definition: We say a subvector space $W\subset B(\mathcal{H})$ is a Fredholm subspace if ...
4
votes
1answer
279 views

On the Riesz representation theorem

Let $V$ be a vector space with inner product $(\phi,\psi)$ antilinear in the second argument - not necessarily a Hilbert space. Let $\Phi$ be an antilinear functional on $V$. What are the precise ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Isometry Group of real Hilbert space?

Does the isometry group of a real separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space have two connected components? Or, conversely, is the there even a Kuiper's theorem in the real case? How does the ...
10
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5answers
449 views

Identities and inequalities in analysis and probability

Usually, at the heart of a good limit theorem in probability theory is at least one good inequality – because, in applications, a topological neighborhood is usually defined by inequalities. Of ...
6
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2answers
746 views

Survey papers on the role played by PDE in mathematics

There are already several questions on MathOverflow that inquire about the many diverse relationships between PDE and several other 'areas' of mathematics (e.g., algebraic and differential geometry ...
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0answers
69 views

Construct a PDE solution from a net of approximations

Consider $P$ a linear partial differential operator in $\Bbb R ^n$. Consider some boundary condition given in the generic form $C(u) = 0$, that guarantees a unique solution (if any) of $Pu = 0$. Let ...
4
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2answers
251 views

Vector Fields in a Riemannian Manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. Is there a way to classify manifolds where there exists a vector field that commutes with the laplace beltrami operator? Thanks
0
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1answer
101 views

solution uniqueness of non-linear Fredholm equations

the equation is $F(x)=G(\int k(x,y)f(y)dy)$ $(*)$ where $f(x)=dF(x)/dx$ is the unknown and it's required to be non-negative. With integral by parts we'll have the form of a non-linear Fredholm ...
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0answers
24 views

Absolute continuity and the Luzin N-Property for functions of two variables

It is a well known fact that absolutely continuous functions of one real variable have the so-called Luzin N-property. That is, if $E\subset\operatorname{Domain}(f)$ has zero measure, then $f(E)$ has ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Associative convolution on p-adic distribution

Let $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{Q}_p)$ be the space of the locally constant functions with compact support and let $\mathcal{D}'(\mathbb{Q}_p)$ be the space of distributions: linear functionals on ...
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0answers
59 views

Weighted Sobolev spaces over open/closed intervals

I am escalating this question from SE, as I have been unable to obtain any guidence in relation to a possible solution. Some context, I am working with weighted Sobolev spaces of the form ...
4
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0answers
196 views

Area defined with $\pm$ closedness

Denote $B_n\subset\Bbb R^n$ to be unit ball at origin. Denote $S\subset B_n$ to region of type $\mathsf I$ if it satisfies $$s\in S\iff\forall t\in S, s+t\in S\mbox{ or }s-t\in S$$ I am convinced ...
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1answer
161 views

No Hilbert space can have countable Hamel basis without using Baire's Category theorem [closed]

I want to prove that no Hilbert space can have countable Hamel basis just using the fact that any finite dimensional subspace is closed (more specifically without using Baire's theorem). I saw a paper ...
0
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1answer
82 views

Is there relation between vector valued RKHS and interpolation space?

Vector valued RKHS which is covered extensively in the book "Pick Interpolation and Hilbert function spaces" . In a different context interpolation space is defined in the wikipedia link: ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Completion of $C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ with norm $\|u\|= \Bigg(\int_{{\mathbb{R}}^N} |\Delta u |^2 \, \mathrm{d}x \Bigg)^{\frac{1}{2}}. $

I have a question that I could not find it any where. Is the completion of $C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ with the respect to norm $$\|u\|= \Bigg(\int_{{\mathbb{R}}^N} |\Delta u |^2 \, ...
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0answers
48 views

Existence of a solution to $xf(x) = \int_0^1 k(x,y) yf(y) dy$

Crosspost - I asked very similar question on math.sx. Let $X = (0,1)\times (0,1)$ and $k\colon X \to \mathbb{R}$ be a Lebesgue measurable non-negative function such that $$ \int_0^1 k(x,y) dy = ...
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0answers
26 views

Wiener amalgam space $W(\mathcal{F}L^{2}, L^{1}) \subset L^{1}$?

(I have asked this question on SE but could not get any answer and hope this is o.k for MO) Let $X=\mathcal{F}L^{p}=\{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{p}(\mathbb R)\},$ and $\|f\|_{X}= ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Under what hypothesis on the domain is the X-ray transform/John transform operator bounded?

I asked this question on math stackexchange, without any reply yet. Link:http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1401580/under-what-hypothesis-is-the-x-ray-transform-john-transform-operator-bounded ...
1
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3answers
387 views

dual space of a subspace of the space of bounded measures

Let $\mathcal{M}=\mathcal{M}(\mathbb{R})$ be the space of bounded measures. Equipped with the weak convergence, the dual space of $\mathcal{M}$ is $\mathcal{C}_b(\mathbb{R})$ consisting of continuous ...
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0answers
51 views

$L^2$-boundedness of integral operator

Let $a:{\bf R}^d\to M^{d\times d}$ semi-definite matrix consisted of smooth functions i.e. $$ \langle a(x) \xi,\xi \rangle=\sum\limits_{k,j=1}^d a_{kj}(x)\xi_j \xi_k \geq 0, \ \ x\in {\bf R}^d, \ \ ...