Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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4
votes
0answers
56 views

C$^*$-algebras in which the spectral radius is comparable to the norm

For every commutative C$^*$-algebra the spectral radius is equal to the norm. My question is: For which C$^*$-algebras $\mathcal A$ does there exist a constant $C>0$ such that $$C\|a\| \...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

A specific mollified functions in the Sobolev space H^1(R)

Let $u>0$ be in $H^{1}(\mathbb{R})=W^{1,2}(\mathbb{R})$, we know that the set of $C^{\infty}$ functions with compact support are dense in the Sobolev space $H^{1}(\mathbb{R})$. Hence, we have a ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

interpolation inequalities and embeddings

When $Z$ is an interpolation space between two Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$ (say real / complex method), we have a norm inequality $$ \| x \|_Z \le C \| x \|_X^\theta \| x \|_Y^{1-\theta} $$ My question ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

The uses of the polar topology in topological vector spaces

The polar topology originates from the $S$-topology and is used in duality pairs. Due to the connection between the original topology and the weak topology, we can rephrase the original topology in ...
7
votes
1answer
276 views

Horn's inequalities for n matrices

Where I can find necessary and sufficient conditions on eigenvalues of Hermitian matrices with the relation $$A_1 + A_2 + ... + A_n = A_0 ,$$ i.e. Horn's inequalities for n matrices? Can such ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Coming up with a represenation for sum of functions in the Fourier algebra

This is my first overflow question, so let me apologize in advance if this belongs on http://math.stackexchange.com. Let $G$ be a discrete group. Let $\lambda:G\to B(\ell^{2}(G))$ be the left ...
-1
votes
0answers
43 views

Closure property of completely monotone functions [on hold]

A $C^{\infty}$ function $f(x_1, \dots, x_n)$ defined on $(0,\infty)^n$ is said to be completely monotone if $$ (-1)^{k}\frac{\partial^k f}{\partial x_{i_1} \cdots \partial x_{i_k}} \geq 0 $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Reference on Probability theory on functional spaces (in special Hilbert spaces)

Currently, I am working on some sort of stochastic optimization problems defined over function spaces. I am familiar with standard probability theory (R. Durrett, ''Probability: Theory and Examples")...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Right inverse of the Seiberg-Witten functional

For closed 4 manifold X, we consider the derivative of the Seiberg-Witten functional, i.e. $$\Omega^1_2(X;\sqrt{-1}\mathbb R)\oplus\Gamma_2(S^+)\overset{D}{\to}\Omega^2_{+,1}(X;\sqrt{-1}\mathbb R)\...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Linear independency and compactness of the set of pure states of a $C^*$-algebra

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a noncommutative $C^*$-algebra and $PS(\mathcal{A})$ be the set of its pure states. Question 1. Is $PS(\mathcal{A})$ linearly independent (as vectors over $\mathbb{R}$)? (If $\...
-3
votes
0answers
51 views

Fredholm operators: how to calculate Coker and Ker [on hold]

Exercise: Let $1\leq p \leq \infty$. For each $n\in\mathbb{Z}$ construct a Fredholm operator $F:l^p\to l^p$ whose index is $n$. Solution (given in the lecture classe): $F_n(x_i):=(0,\ldots, 0,x_1,...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Hodge decomposition on open manifold

For the open manifold like $X\times \mathbb R$ or $X\times \mathbb R^+$, where $X$ is a closed manifold. Is there any decomposition like (Hodge Decomposition) of the Differential forms on it.
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Gauge Fixing Problem on Cylindrical

For Cylindrical $Y\times\mathbb R$, where $Y$ is a closed oriented 3-manifold. If it is necessary, we could consider the $b_1(Y)=0$ case. Fix a Line bundle $L\to Y\times \mathbb R$ and a Hermitian ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

A priori estimates for elliptic operators

Suppose $L : L^{m,p}(M)\rightarrow L^p(M)$ is some elliptic operator of order $m$, and $(M,g)$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Then it is known that there exists a constant $C$ such that we have the ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Heat kernel upper bounds on a complete Riemannian manifold

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold, and $p(t, x, y)$ denotes its heat kernel. I am trying to find sufficient conditions for when the following holds: $$ p(t, x, y) \leq Ct^{-n/2}, \forall x, y, ...
6
votes
1answer
334 views

Strongly continuous semigroups that cannot be contractions

Let $X$ be a Banach space, and $(P_t)_{t \ge 0}$ a strongly continuous semigroup of bounded operators on $X$. Using the uniform boundedness principle, it's simple to prove that there are constants $M,...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

$L^\infty$-contractive semigroups

Let $L^\infty(\mathbb T)$ be the space of $2\pi$-periodic and bounded measurable functions and $\mathcal P$ be a pseudo-differential operator defined on $\mathcal D(\mathcal P)\subset L^\infty(\...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

almost invariant half space for a dual of a restricted operator

Let $X$ be an infinite-dimensional Banach space and $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ a continuous linear operator acting on $X$. A closed subspace $Y$ of $X$ is said to be an almost-invariant halfspace (...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Space time Lesbesgue spaces

I have a function which lives in $f(x,t)∈L^2(0,T;H^{1/2})∩L^\infty(0,T;L^2)$ for a certain time interval. I also know that $\partial_{t} \ f(x,t)∈L^2(0,T;H^{−1})$. Can I assure that the function lives ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Gaussian bounds on Dirichlet heat kernel

Let $(M, g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $p(t, x , y)$ be the heat kernel of $M$. Then there exist constants $c, C > 0 $ such that $$\frac{c}{t^{n/2}} e^{-\frac{1}{4t}d(x, y)^2} \leq ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Domain of the Stokes operator

Let $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be open ($d\in\mathbb N$) $\mathcal D:=C_c^\infty(\Omega)^d$ and $$\mathfrak D:=\left\{\phi\in\mathcal D:\nabla\cdot\phi=0\right\}$$ $\mathcal H:=\overline{\mathfrak ...
8
votes
1answer
198 views

Restriction of irreducible unitary representation to normal subgroup of finite index

Let $G$ be a Lie group (or more generally a locally compact group), let $N$ be a closed and normal subgroup of $G$ of finite index. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional complex Hilbert space, and let $\...
11
votes
2answers
291 views

Is a C*-algebra with an isomorphic predual a von Neumann algebra?

It is well-known that a C*-algebra $A$ is a von Neumann algebra if and only if it has an isometric predual, that is, if and only if there exists a Banach space $X$ such that $A$ is isometrically ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Questions about the regularity of the solution of the heat equation in a bounded domain [closed]

I have questions about the proof of the following theorem: Theorem 8 (Smoothness). Suppose $u\in C^2_1(U_T)$ solves the heat equation in $U_T$. Then $u\in C^\infty(U_T)$ Here is the statement and ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

The eigenfunction of modified $1$-laplace equation?

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ be open bounded with smooth boundary. It is well known that the laplace equation $$ -\Delta u=0 $$ has a set of eigenvalues $0<\lambda_1<\lambda_2\leq\lambda_3<...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the “closedness of the image of operator” needed in the defintion of Fredholm operators?

in the Higson and Roe's book "analytic K-homology" just after the definition of the Fredholm operator there is a remark (2.1.3 you can see at it onlin at Google books (click here)) which claims that ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

About the critical points of quasi-convex functions

What do we know about the structure of critical points of quasi-convex functions? I am looking for statements like "the critical points of a quasi-convex function are always either a global minima ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

characterization of normality by selection theorem

The Urysohn's extension theorem states that a space $X$ is normal iff every continuous function $f:A \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, with $A$ a closed subset of $X$, can be extended to a continuous function $...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Global Euclidean Carleman Estimate with a linear phase

I am interested in deriving the following global Carleman estimate which I think should hold : $ \| e^{\tau \phi} \triangle e^{-\tau \phi} u \|_{L_{\delta+1}^2({\mathbb{R^3})}}> C \tau \| u \|_{L^...
2
votes
2answers
343 views

Elements of Minimal Norm on an affine subset of a Banach Space

Let $v_1$ and $v_2$ be two elements of a real Banach space $(X,\lVert\;\rVert)$, each of unit norm. Consider the one-dimensional affine subspace $v_1+tv_2$ for real $t$. Is there a general formula for ...
2
votes
2answers
307 views

Differentiability of Nemytskii operator on Sobolev space

I am trying to consider hypothesis on $g$ such that the operator $$ H_0^1 (\Omega) \to L^2(\Omega), \qquad v \mapsto g(v) $$ is $\mathcal C^1$. As additional hypothesis $\Omega$ is bounded and $g(0) = ...
0
votes
1answer
270 views

solution uniqueness of non-linear Fredholm equations

the equation is $F(x)=G\left(\int k(x,y)f(y)dy\right)$ $(*)$ where $f(x)=\frac{dF(x)}{dx}$ is unknown and it's required to be non-negative. With integration by parts we'll have the form of a non-...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

Density of the linear span of products of harmonic polymomials

Let $\mathcal{H}$ denote the space of all harmonic polynomials with complex coefficients in $n$ variables $x_1,\ldots, x_n$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I'm trying to show that the linear span of the set $\...
7
votes
3answers
350 views

$C^1$-functions on Banach spaces

For Banach spaces $X,Y$ and an open subset $U$ of $X$ a function $f:U\to Y$ is $C^1$ if $U\to L(X,Y)$, $x\to f'(x)$ is continuous where, by definition, the derivative $f'(x)$ is a continuous linear ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Density of smooth functions on Hölder spaces

The following result is often cited without reference in the context of PDEs: Let $\varOmega \subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded open set with smooth boundary. If $0<\beta<\alpha<1$ then $C^\...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

About a particular definition of a Hessian of a function of tuples of matrices

Say I have a function $L : (W_1,..,W_{H+1}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ i.e it takes a tuple of $n$ matrices of different dimensions and computes a number from them. Then I see being defined a ...
15
votes
1answer
563 views

Operator norms of circulant matrices

The definition and basic properties of circulant matrices can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circulant_matrix. For complex numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_n$, I will use the notation $$ \mbox{...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

$L^\infty$ bounds for pseudo-differential equations of parabolic type

It is well-known that if the solution of $u_t=u_{xx}$, with $t>0$ and $x\in\mathbb R$, is bounded, then $a(t)=\sup_{x\in \mathbb R}u(x,t)$ is non-increasing, while $b(t)=\inf_{x\in \mathbb R}u(x,t)$...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Is an bijective analytic map bi-analytic?

Suppose that $E$ and $F$ are complex Banach spaces and $U\subset E$ and $V\subset F$ are open subses. $f\colon U\to V$ is analytic $f\colon U\to V$ is bijective Is $f$ bi-analytic? (i.e. is its ...
5
votes
0answers
93 views

Banach spaces complemented in their ultrapowers

By the principle of local reflexivity, the second dual $X^{**}$ of a Banach space $X$ is complemented in some ultrapower $X^U$ of $X$. Even when $X$ is separable, the index set of $U$ cannot be ...
7
votes
1answer
250 views

Why is the Berkovich spectrum of a C*-Algebra the same as the Gelfand spectrum?

Let $A = \mathcal{C}(X)$ be a commutative (unital) C*-Algebra. Let $Spec(A)$ denote its Gelfand spectrum $$ Spec(A) = \{A \rightarrow \mathbb{C} : \text{non-zero *-homomorphism} \} \simeq X. $$ Now ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

A unital algebra with norm and continuous multiplication is a Banach algebra

In my research in functional analysis, I came across this rather simple result: For a normed algebra A over $ \mathbb{C} $ with unit, in which multiplication , right and left are both continuous w....
4
votes
0answers
220 views

Baum Connes Conjecture [closed]

I have recently decided on a topic for my master thesis. I want to compare the Baum Connes conjecture as it is formulated in topology to the conjecture as it is formulated in functional analysis. I ...
2
votes
1answer
991 views

For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that $$ \sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty, $$ where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

explicit extention of Lipschitz function (Kirszbraun theorem)

Kirszbraun theorem states that if $U$ is a subset of some Hilbert space $H_1$, and $H_2$ is another Hilbert space, and $f : U \to H_2$ is a Lipschitz-continuous map, then $f$ can be extended to a ...
6
votes
1answer
348 views

Is $\mathcal{K}(H)$ injective $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module?

Does anyone know if the right Banach $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module $\mathcal{K}(H)$ is injective? The same question for $\ell_\infty$-module $c_0$. Both these modules are not dual, so standard arguments ...
10
votes
2answers
369 views

Extracting subsequences in Banach spaces, along an ultrafilter?

There are various principles in Banach space theory that allow one to pass from a given sequence of vectors $(x_n)$, to a subsequence $(x_{n_k})$ with some desired property. I'm thinking here, in ...
5
votes
0answers
120 views

Norm of projection onto functions of mean zero

Let $X$ be a finite set and consider the space $\ell^2(X;Y)$ of functions $\zeta:X\to Y$, where $Y$ is a fixed Banach space. It decomposes into a direct sum of constant function and its complement $\...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

References for the Sturm oscillation theorem

What is the most general form of the Sturm oscillation theorem? So far I have only seen cases that treat either unbounded intervals or weighted $L^2$ spaces. I would be especially interested in ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Relation between two different definitions for relative sequential compactness

Building upon this question in Math.SE, I think the following might be rather of interest for MO. In the literature on measure theory, probability and functional analysis the definition of a subset $...