**-2**

votes

**0**answers

15 views

### Backpropagation KL-divergence for training “one level neural network” [on hold]

Hi I hope that some one could help me.
I have a L matrix (25x1000) (I have 10000 works each work is represent by 25 bits)
I map each word to one of 5 classes {vary negative,negative, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Multivariate Maximal Hilbert Transform

One way to define the maximal Hilbert transform of a function, $f$, is by
$$\mathcal{H}[f](x):=\underset{\varepsilon>0}{\sup}\;\int_{|t|\geq\varepsilon}\dfrac{f(t)}{x-t}dt,\quad x\in\mathbb{R},$$
...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Ultraweak topology on B(X): Is the map X\otimes X* -> B(X)* isometric?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Consider the map
$$
\alpha\colon X\hat{\otimes} X^* \to B(X)^*,
$$
defined one simple tensors as
$$
\alpha(\xi\otimes\eta)(a) = \eta(a(\xi)).\quad (\xi\in X, \eta\in X^*, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Analytic perturbation of eigenfunctions

Consider a domain $\Omega_0 \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and deformations of $\Omega_0$, called $\Omega_t$, obtained by a one-to-one mapping $x \mapsto x + t\varphi (x)$, where $\varphi$ is smooth. It is ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Self-dual normed spaces which are not Hilbert spaces

Are there any examples of non-Hilbert normed spaces which are isomorphic (in the norm sense) to their dual spaces? Or, is there any result in Functional Analysis which says that if a space is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

62 views

### Composition of spectral measures

Let $f: \mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a measurable function, $H$ some Hilbert space and
$$ f_E := \int_{\mathbb{R}} f dE$$ for some spectral measure $E$.
Now, my question is: When do we have ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Second variation of the domain functionals [closed]

The Eigen value $\lambda(t)$ which is characterised by the Rayleigh quotient (where $t$ is a scalar variable):
$$R(u,\Omega_t)= \frac{\int_{\Omega_t} |\nabla u|^2 dy }{\int_{\Omega_t} u^2 dy}$$
...

**35**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Notions of convergence not corresponding to topologies

This question concerns the ramifications of the following interesting problem that
appeared on Ed Nelson's final exam on Functional Analysis some years ago:
Exam question: Is there a metric on the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

156 views

### What is the spectrum of $L^1(G:H)$?

Let $H$ be a compact subgroup of a locally compact topological group $G$ and
$$ L^1(G:H)=\{f\in L^1(G): R_h f=f\;\text{ a.e. }\; \forall h \in H\}$$ and $\widehat{(G:H)}=\{\xi\in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Are polynomials dense in holomorphic $L^p(\mathrm{Gauss})$ for $p < 1$?

Let $\mu$ be standard Gaussian measure on $\mathbb{C}^n$, i.e. $d\mu = \frac{1}{(2 \pi)^n} e^{-|z|^2/2}\,dz$, and fix $0 < p < 1$ (note carefully).
Suppose $g$ is holomorphic on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

60 views

### About preserving real-rootedness of multivariable polynomials

Say $f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ are polynomials real rooted in the $z$s for a bunch of polynomials indexed by $i$. When can one say that $\sum_{i} p_i f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ is also real rooted?
If ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Is this structure a Banach bundle?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Put $Y=\{ \phi\in X^{*}\mid\;\; \parallel \phi \parallel\leq 1\;\; \&\;\; \phi \neq 0\}$ which is a locally compact Hausdorf space with the weak star topology.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

126 views

### Multiplication of generalized functions

I would like to know if there is any associative algebra $( A(\mathbb{R}), +, \cdot )$ such that:
EDIT: Fan Zheng found an inconsistency in my requirements. Therefore I changed the function space in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

85 views

### A continuous choice of invertible elements

Let $A$ be a simple unital $C^{*}$ algebra with invertible elements $G(A)$. Assume that $A^{*}$ is its dual space, which is equipped with the weak star topology.
Is there a continuous map ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### Strong solution to parabolic equation without differentiability assumption on coefficient?

Consider on $(0,T)\times \Omega$, $\Omega$ a bounded domain
$$u_t(t,x) - a(u(t,x))\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x)$$
$$u|_{\partial\Omega} = 0$$
where $a$ is real-valued and satisfies
$C_1 \leq a(r) \leq C_2$ ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

457 views

### Realisation of the noncommutative torus as a universal $ C^{*} $-algebra

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so-called noncommutative torus, denoted here by $ \mathbb{T}_{\theta} $. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Searching for conditions?

I have this operator $$Au(t)=\int_0^1 G(t,s) f(s,u(s)) ds$$defined from $H^1_{0}$ to $H_0^1$ and satisfy the problem: $$\begin{cases} -(Au)''(t)=f(t,u(t)), t\in[0,1]\\Au(0)=Au(1)=0\end{cases}$$
Where ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Example of topological vector space [on hold]

Can Someone provide me any link or research paper about the working of definition of topological vector space(open neighborhood definition) on R to become a vector space?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Inequality of the norm of the convolution in $L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with symmetric decreasing rearrangement?

Is it true that
$$
||f*g||_p \le ||\,|f|^* * |g|^*||_p\quad ?
$$
where $|f|^*$ and $|g|^*$ are the symmetric decreasing rearrangements of the functions $|f|$ and $|g|$. Under what conditions on $f$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Explicit formula for Bergman kernel on the unit ball

On page 173 in Krantz's book "Explorations in Harmonic analysis" in the proof of Lemma 7.1.21 there is a part that I really don't understand. What I don't understand is why is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Asymptotic behaviour of eigenvalues

If you look at $-\Delta + q$ on the sphere in $\mathbb{R}^3$ for example and $||q|| < \infty,$ is there a way to asymptotically describe the behaviour of the eigenvalues? Probably they behave ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Dual or pre-dual of BV

Was there any relevant work to determine the dual (or more likely the predual) of the space of bounded variation functions $BV(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (I recall the definition : a function in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Compact radial Sobolev embedding $H^1_{rad}\hookrightarrow L^p$

I want to show:
Let $N\geq 2$ and $2< q <2^\ast$. Then the embedding \begin{align}
H^1_{\text{rad}}(\mathbb{R}^N)\hookrightarrow L^q(\mathbb{R}^N)
\end{align}
is compact.
I was able to show ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Weak (Sobolev) derivative and the Frechet derivative (chain rule) [on hold]

Let $A: H^s(\Omega) \to H^1(\Omega)$ be a bounded linear map. Let $u \in H^s(\Omega)$. Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be nonlinear and Lipschitz such that $f(u) \in H^s(\Omega)$.
Is it possible to ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

174 views

### Does this C*-algebra embed into a simple nuclear C*-algebra?

Let $\mathcal K$ denote the C*-algebra of compact operators, and fix an embedding $\phi_n:M_n(\mathbb C) \to \mathcal K$ for each $n\in \mathbb N$. Define the C*-algebra
$A := \{(a_n)_{n=1}^\infty ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

140 views

### Complete solution set of a Convolutional Equation?

Here is a problem that am I stuck and I appreciate any help. In essence, I am trying to show that the only solutions for the described problem are the ones provided below. Best..
Setup: In what ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

534 views

### Decomposition of an integral operator into a composition

I've been musing about the following question for a while now. Given an integral operator $G$ defined by
$$ (Gf)(x) = \int_0^1 G(x,u) f(u)\,du $$
Is it possible to decompose this into two separate ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### How to solve this equation by DFT? [closed]

I am wondering how to minimize matrix $S$ in this equation:
$min\{\sum_p(S_pI_p-I_p)^2+\beta((\partial_xS_p-h_p)^2+(\partial_yS_p-v_p)^2) \} $
where $S,I,h,v$ are all $M*N$ matrices and p stands ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### $\epsilon$-nearly isoclinic

Question: Two $k$-dimensional subspaces $W_1,W_2$ with associated orthogonal projections $P_1, P_2$ are isoclinic with parameter $\lambda \ge 0$ if $P_1P_2P_1=\lambda P_1$ and $P_2P_1P_2=\lambda P_2$. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### Fractional Poincare inequality on closed manifold

Let $u \in H^{\frac 12}(M)$ on a compact closed Riemannian manifold. Can someone refer me to a source where the inequality
$$\lVert u - \bar u \rVert_{L^{2^*}} \leq C|u|_{H^{\frac 12}}$$
is proved, or ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### Solution of non-linear Fredholm (Hammerstein) equation with non-degenerate kernel and reciprocal non-linearity

I have asked this question at MSE but got no response. I have rephrased it so that anyone who knows operator theory and integral equations could help me out... I faced a problem in physics which is a ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Poisson integral [closed]

Given $g\in L(S_{2n-1}) $ we can define its Poisson integral $\mathcal{P}_{m}^{\lambda}g(z)=\int_{S_{2n-1}}\mathcal{P}_{m}^{\lambda}(z,w)g(w)dw$
my question how I can determine ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Recontruction of the weak topolgy from the scalar product on a subset of a Hilbert Space

Let $M$ be a set a let $K:M\times M\to\mathbb{C}$ be a positive definite kernel. By a version of Moore-Aronszajn Theorem, there is a unique (up to the unitary euivalence) Hilbert Space $X$, and a map ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Approximating $f \in L^1(M)$ with integral zero with $f_n \in L^\infty(M)$ with integral zero? [closed]

Let $M$ be a closed Riemannian manifold and let $f \in L^1(M)$ with $\int_M f =0$. Is it possible to find a sequence $f_n \in L^\infty(M)$ with $\int_M f_n = 0$ such that $f_n \to f$ in $L^1(M)$?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Does $\int \Phi \left( \frac{u}{\xi} \right) f_t(\xi) \mathrm{d} \xi \to \Phi(u)$ imply that $f_t \to \delta_1$?

I'm looking at a family $(f_t)$ of densities of some continuous random variables and know that
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \Phi \left( \frac{u}{\xi} \right) f_t(\xi) \mathrm{d} \xi \xrightarrow{t \to ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

110 views

### Positive definiteness of infinite tridiagonal matrices

I am interested in the following problem: I have an infinite symmetric tridiagonal matrix
$$
A=
\begin{bmatrix}
a_1 & b_1 & & & \\
b_1 & a_2 & b_2 & & ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Interpolation of Banach spaces: theta = 0, 1

Let $A_1 \subset A_0$ be Banach spaces with continuous embedding. Is $(A_0, A_1)_{i, \infty} = A_i$ for $i =0, 1$, with equivalent norms? Here, $(\cdot, \cdot)_{\theta,p}$ denotes the $K$-method of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

250 views

### A question on the Lebesgue differentiation theorem

In the paper [Jessen, B., Marcinkiewicz, J., and Zygmund, A. Note on the differentiability of multiple integrals. Fundamenta Mathematicae 25.1 (1935): 217-234] it is considered the limit
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### A Characterization of Closed Ideals in $C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$

The space $C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ can be turned into a topological ring using the Whitney topology. Whitney's Spectral Theorem says that the closure of an ideal in this ring is the ideal of all ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

24 views

### Topological tensor products of spaces of holomorphic functions of slow growth

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $M$ be a complex manifold, and $\Omega$ a relatively compact domain in $M$. We consider the space $\mathcal{A}^{-\infty}(\Omega, X)$ of $X$-valued holomorphic functions of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### How to solve this minimization problem by DFT? [closed]

I am wondering how to minimize matrix $S$ in this equation:
$min\{\sum_p(S_pI_p-I_p)^2+\beta((\partial_xS_p-h_p)^2+(\partial_yS_p-v_p)^2) \} $
where $S,I,h,v$ are all $M*N$ matrices and p stands ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Hilbert scales of covariance operators

Assume we have 2 covariance operators(positive definite trace class) $S$ and $T$ on Hilbert space $\mathcal H$ with corresponding eigenpairs $\{e_j,\lambda_j\}$ and $\{f_j,\lambda_j\}$. Assume that
...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Absolute value of a function in $H^1(\mathbb{R}^3)$ [closed]

Let $f$ be a function in $H^1(\mathbb{R}^3;\mathbb{C})$. Is it true that $\vert f\vert\in H^1(\mathbb{R}^3;\mathbb{R})$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Example of joint cyclic and separating vector

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separate Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \subset
\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \otimes M_2(C)$ be a W$^*$-inclusion pairs. It is known that
this pair share a joint cyclic ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Specific optimization problem solution procedures

Is there a standard procedure to solve following two optimization problems?
$$\mathsf{Problem\mbox{ }I}:\mbox{ }\min_{A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:rk(A)=r}\mbox{ }\max_{R,S\in\Bbb R^{n\times ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Condition for boundedness in stationary phase theorem

I am trying to understand theorem 7.7.1 in Hormander's Analysis of linear partial differential operators, vol.1.
Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact set, $X$ an open neighborhood of $K$ and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Generalising the $L^2$-Norm to Compact Quantum Groups

For a compact quantum group (in the sense) of Woronowicz, we have a noncommutative $C^*$-algebra replacing ${\mathbb C}(G)$. This $C^*$-algebra is endowed with a linear functional generalizing the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### What do sparse sets in a norm topology look like in the weak* topology?

I'm wondering if a very "sparse" set in a normed vector space can look connected in the weak* topology. Specifically,
Let V be a Banach space, V* its dual, and X a (uncountable) subset of the unit ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

73 views

### How do functions operates in a Fourier algebra $A^{q}(\mathbb T)$?

We put , $A^{q}(\mathbb T)= \{ f\in L^{q}(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in \ell^{q}(\mathbb Z) \}.$
By Helson-Kahane-Katznelson-Rudin Theorem, it follows that,
"Let $F$ be a function on $\mathbb C$ and if ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Causal (Volterra type) differential equation with local Lipschitz condition

Consider the equation
$$
u'(t) = (Fu)(t)
$$
where $F \colon L^2(0,T;\mathbb R^n) \to L^2(0,T;\mathbb R^n)$ is a causal (Volterra type)
nonlinear operator. It means that the value of $(Fu)(t_0)$ ...