# Tagged Questions

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132 views

### Reference request: optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to $-\Delta u=f$ with $f\in L^1(R^d)$

The tilte says it all. Given $f\in L^1(R^d)$ (let me restrict to dimension $d\geq 3$ for convenience), what is the optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to
$$
-\Delta u=f\hspace{3cm}(1)?
$$
I'm of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Adjoint of sum of two operators. Kato-Rellich

Let $A$ be self-adjoint and $B$ be symmetric with $A$-bound less than $1$. By Kato-Rellich, I know that $(A+B)^*=A+B$. Could I also get something like $(A+iB)^*=A-iB$ or is there a counterexample to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### When is the sum of a weak-$*$ closed convex cone and a subspace also weak-$*$ closed?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Suppose $C \subset X^*$ is a convex cone and $V \subset X^*$ is a subspace, and suppose both $C$ and $V$ are closed in the weak-$*$ topology. Are there any general ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Reynolds operator from the potential theoretic point of view

In the book "Conditional Measures and Applications", it was pointed out that "Reynolds operators have not yet been studied from the potential theoretic point of view ." Have there been any research ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

985 views

### Is the Invariant Subspace Problem arithmetic?

Invariant Subspace Conjecture: A bounded operator on a separable Hilbert space has a non-trivial closed invariant subspace.
Can this conjecture be reformulated as an arithmetic statement, that is, ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

384 views

### On the projective tensor product of $c_{0}$ by $c_{0}$

Let $E$ be the projective tensor product of $c_{0}$ by $c_{0}$. Does it follow that $E$ is isomorphic to no subspace of $C(K)$, where $K$ is countable compact metric space?
When $C(K)$ is isomorphic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### A bound in Sobolev spaces of negative order

Let's consider the domain $U=[-\pi,\pi]\times[-1,1]$. Assume that we have two functions $f\in H^2$ and $g\in H^{1/2}$.
I wonder if the following bound is true:
$$
\|f g_{x_1}\|_{H^{-0.5}(U)}\leq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Smooth function over a manifold into an algebra

Let $M$ be a manifold and $A$ a $*$-algebra. Does is hold that
$$C^{\infty}(M,A) \cong C^{\infty}(M) \otimes A$$
where the RHS means that you take smooth functions which map into $A$. If this holds, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

105 views

### Interpolation and embeddings for parabolic function spaces

I have a somewhat easy looking question on parabolic function spaces:
Let $B$ be a ball in $\mathbb R^n$ and let $T>0$. Denote $Q:=B \times [0,T]$. Assume $f \in L^2(Q) \cap L^\infty(0,T; L^q(B))$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### A compactness result: if $f_n(u_n) \rightharpoonup w$ in $L^2(0,T;L^2)$, then $f_n(u_n) \to w$ in $L^2(s,T;H^{-1})$ for all $s > 0$

Let $f_n \to f$ on compact subsets of the real line (these are functions defined on the real line) satisfying some conditions: $f$ has linear growth (but is nonlinear function) and is continuous and ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

168 views

### Continuous linear functionals in strong operator and $\sigma$-strong topologies

It was mentioned in the comments to http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/517369/comparison-of-strong-operator-and-weak-topologies-on-bh that continuous linear functionals on ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Are functions of moderate growth a bornological space?

I was thinking a bit about distribution theory the last weeks and stumbled across the following question:
There are two natural locally convex topologies on the space of smooth functions of moderate ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

115 views

### Laplacian on space of measures

Let $X$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\mathcal{M}(X)$ be the space of regular finite Borel measures with the total variation as norm.
The Laplace-Belrami-Operator $\Delta$ on $X$ with ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### Is the closed ball of a normed space closed in any Hausdorff locally convex topology, weaker than the norm topology?

Assume that we have a normed space $X$ and a subspace $Y$ of $X^{*}$ such that $Y^{\perp}=\{0\}$. They form a non-degenerate dual pare.
Moreover, $\|y\|=\sup_{x\in B_{X}}|\langle x,y\rangle|$, where ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

165 views

### System of quadratic complex equations

I want to solve this system of N non-linear equations without using a numerical method:
$x_{k}^{2}= \alpha_{k }+ \sum\limits_{m=1}^{N} (\beta_{km} x_{m} + \psi_{km} x_{m}^{*})$
With
$\left| ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### quantum states and observables for the non-commutative torus

The noncommutative torus $A_\theta$ is a $C^*$-algebra corresponding to an irrational foliation of the torus $\mathbb{T}^2$ by lines of slope $\theta \notin \mathbb{Q}$.
As far as I am reading it is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Existence of solution with $u' \in L^2(0,T;L^2)$ to a nonlinear parabolic PDE

Consider the problem of finding $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ with $u' \in L^2(0,T;L^2)$ such that
$$\int_0^T \int_{\Omega}u'(t)\varphi(t) + \int_0^T \int_{\Omega}\nabla (F(u(t)))\nabla \varphi(t) = \int_0^T ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

296 views

### Infinite product's question

Given a pair of strictly increasing functions $f,g:\mathbb{N}\to \mathbb{N}$
define:
$P_N(f,g)\doteq \left(z\in \mathbb{C}\mapsto \prod_{i=1}^{f(N)}\left(1+\frac{z}{v_i(N)}\right)\in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Extension of pseudodifferential operators

I'm very sorry if this is the wrong place to ask this question, but I've asked it on StackExchange and received no answers. ( ...

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**0**answers

75 views

### Is the exponential Mathieu operator trace-class?

Let $H \psi(x) = -\frac{d^2}{dx^2} \psi(x) - \alpha \cos(x) \psi(x)$ on $[0,2\pi]$
be the Mathieu operator ( according to Mathieu's ODE). My question is: Do we know whether $U(t):=e^{-tH}$ for some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

323 views

### A functional inequality

$g:[0,1]\to[0,1]$ continuously differentiable and increasing such that for
all integers $t>0$ and for all $r\in(0,1)$, $g(r^{t+1})>g(r)\cdot g(r^t)$. Does this imply
that for all ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### A very natural question in weak* topology [closed]

Can you provide me a counter example for this.
Suppose that I have a sequence of probability measures
$(\mu_{r,t})_{r,t>0}$ on a compact space metric $X.$
Suppose additionally that:
there exists ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

234 views

### Closure of $L(\ell^2,\ell^2)$ in $L(\ell^2,\ell^\infty)$

Let $\ell^2$, $\ell^\infty$ denote the usual sequence spaces and let $L(\ell^2,\ell^2)$ the Banach space of bounded linear operators from $\ell^2$ to $\ell^2$ as well as $L(\ell^2,\ell^\infty)$ the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### Existence of an integral equation (Faedo-Galerkin, Banach fixed point, Picard-Lindelof)

Let $m \geq 2$ and let $m'$ be its conjugate. Let $w_j$ for $j=1, ..., k$ be a basis of $H_1 \cap L^{m'}$. The task is to show that there is a $u(t) \in \text{span}(w_1, ..., w_k)=:A$ such that
...

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78 views

### Define the space of distributions with algebraic decay?

A tempered distribution $u\in \mathcal{S}'(\mathbb{R})$ is said to be rapidly decreasing if for every $f \in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$, $u*f \in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$.
One rough way to motivate ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

83 views

### Projection Valued Measure Question - Spectral Theorem

My question is related to the spectral theorem. Suppose you have a projection valued (spectral) measure, $E$, from the complex numbers, $\mathbb{C}$, to the projections on some Hilbert space ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

352 views

### Spectrum of Mathieu equation

I have the differential equation $-f''(x)-q \cos(x) f(x) = \lambda f(x)$ and I want to find all the eigenvalues of this equation analytically on $[0,2\pi]$ that satisfy the boundary condition $f(0) = ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Characterization of $l_p$ up to a linear isometry

There is a science called "Geometry of Banach spaces". I wonder if they managed to give a geometric characterization of $\ell_p$ ($p\in[1,\infty]$) up to isometric isomorphism (among all Banach ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

309 views

### $\|T\|_2 \le \sqrt{\|T\|_1\|T\|_\infty}$

Let $T$ be a linear operator acting on a finite-dimensional real or complex
vector space. As a direct consequence (or rather a particular case) of the
Riesz-Thorin theorem, we have
$$ \|T\|_2 \le ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Positive inuequality of Laplacian with a variable coefficient [closed]

Let $0 < a_0 \leq a(x)$ be a smooth function on $\mathbb{T}=[0,2\pi]$, $a(0)=a(2\pi)$, whether it holds that
$$
\int_\mathbb{T} a(x)|\partial_x \varphi|^2 \geq \int_\mathbb{T}\frac{\partial^2_x a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

152 views

### de Rahm Laplace operator on forms bounded

Let $M$ be a closed differentiable manifold. Let $E^{p}(M)$ be the vector space of $p$-forms on $M$ equipped with the $L^{2}$-inner product $(\alpha, \beta) = \int_{M}\alpha \wedge \star \beta$. The ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Question about the derivative of a fuctional

I have this lemma+proof and i dont understand why it follows from $J'(u_n)\rightarrow 0$ that $-\Delta_p u_n- f(x,u_n)\rightarrow 0$ such that
$J(u)=\frac1p\int_{\Omega} |\bigtriangledown u|^p ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

194 views

### For which $f \in L^2([0,1])$ is $f^\perp \cap C^\infty$ dense in $f^\perp$?

Given $f \in L^2([0,1])$, $f \neq 0$, we can consider the orthogonal complement $f^\perp$ . The smooth functions $C^\infty([0,1])$ are dense in $L^2([0,1])$. Is the intersection $f^\perp \cap ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

604 views

### “Entropy” proof of Brunn-Minkowski Inequality?

I read in an information theory textbook the Brunn-Minkowski inequality follows from the Entropy Power inequality.
The first one says that if $A,B$ are convex polygons in $\mathbb{R}^d$, then
$$ ...

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vote

**0**answers

76 views

### Differentiable Path of Operators and their Inverses

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space. Consider a differentiable map $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}), t \mapsto A(t)$, where $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is the space of ...

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votes

**0**answers

189 views

### How many ideals are there in $B(H)^{**}$?

It is well-known (and easy to prove) that the only closed ideals of $B(\ell_2)$ are $\{0\}$, $B(\ell_2)$ and $K(\ell_2)$, the ideal of compact operators on $\ell_2$. I am curious whether we know what ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### Spectrum of a Banach algebra homeomorphic to the spectrum of one of its elements

In G. B. Folland - A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis we can read the following
" (1.15) Proposition. Let be $A$ a (complex) commutative unital Banach algebra with unit $e$, let $x_0 \in A$ and ...

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votes

**2**answers

191 views

### Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality on hyperbolic space

Let $I_\alpha = (-\Delta)^{-\alpha/2}$ be the Riesz potential on $\mathbb{R}^n$. The Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality on $\mathbb{R}^n$ says
$$||I_\alpha f||_{L^q} \leq C||f||_{L^p}$$
where $q = ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Can we obtain topology results using analysis in metric measures spaces?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. It is known that a lower bound on the Ricci curvature is equivalent to the convexity of the entropy on $\mathcal{P}^2(M)$ (Von Rennesse and Sturm '05), but I ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Which functions can be approximated by piecewise constant functions?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a connected and bounded domain. We call a function $f\in L^\infty(\Omega)$ nice if for each $\epsilon>0$ there exist $n\in \mathbb{N}, a_1,\dots,a_n \in ...

**2**

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101 views

### Hilbert Schmidt Operators and the Conditional Expectation Operator

Consider the function $\text{E}_W: L_2(\mathbb{R},P_X) \mapsto L_2(\mathbb{R},P_W)$ where $P_X$ and $P_W$ are two different probability measures. They are related in such a way that if $f_X$, $f_W$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

577 views

### Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Solvability of a Fredholm system in $L^2$

Suppose $\lambda\not=0\in\mathbb{C}$. Does the following system have a non trivial solution in $L^2 [0,1]$?
\begin{array} {lcl} \int_0 ^1 f(y)\log|x-y|dy=\lambda f(x) \\\int_0 ^1f(x)dx=0& ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Equicontinuity and $L^2$ convergence imply uniform convergence

I'm currently working through an old Paper of Garsia, Rodemich and Rumsey (A Real Variable Lemma) and theres one thing i don't get. Suppose $(f_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ is a sequence of continuous real ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Integral operator defined on $two$ distinct dense subspaces

I have decided to edit my post a bit heavily for clarity. I was trying to be fairly general but it's hard to see what I'm asking so I've decided to limit myself to a specific example which will ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### both convex and superharmonic function on manifold concave?

M is a non-compact Rimannian manifold without boundary.
$f\in W_{loc}^{1,2}(M)$ satisfies $\Delta f \leq c$ in the weak sense, i.e.
$$
-\int_M \langle \nabla f,\nabla \psi \rangle dvol \leq c\int_M ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

323 views

### Operator norms of circulant matrices

The definition and basic properties of circulant matrices can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circulant_matrix.
For complex numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_n$, I will use the notation
$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Can I approximate Schwartz functions which integrate to zero by $C_0^\infty$ functions which integrate to zero?

Let $X$ be the closed subspace of Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ defined by
\begin{equation*}
X=\left\{f\in\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^N):\quad \int f\; dx=0\right\}.
\end{equation*}
My ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### PDE-Based Triangle Inequality for Optimal Transportation

Suppose $\Omega$ is a suitably regular domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\rho_0,\rho_1\in\textrm{Prob}(\Omega)$. Benamou and Brenier showed that the $L_2$ transportation distance between $\rho_0$ and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Is the p-norm of a matrix strictly log-convex?

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$-matrix. We let $\|A\|_p$ denote the norm of $A$ when considered as a linear operator on $\ell^p(\{1,2,\ldots,n\})$, that is,
$$
\|A\|_p = \sup_{x\neq ...