Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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25 views

Rate of convergence of Riemann sum of quasi-regular functions

The following result is well-known (I consider the 3-dimensional case only): Theorem: if $f \in H^s(\mathbb{R}^3)$ with $ s > 3/2$ is compactly supported, then $$ \left| \int_{\mathbb{R}^3} f - ...
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125 views

Heat asymptotics

Consider a compact manifold $M$ with smooth boundary, with either the Dirichlet or the Neumann boundary conditions. Consider a (time-dependent) open ball $B_t \subset M$. Given a fixed $u \in L^1(M)$, ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Fractional Sobolev spaces and interpolation in unbounded Lipschitz domains

I am not really familiar with the topic, thus I am looking for some references about the following problem. Let $s>0$ be a positive real and let $p\in(1,+\infty)$. We define the Bessel Potential ...
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2answers
262 views

Is the residual spectrum of every power bounded operator contained in the open unit disk?

$\newcommand{\cH}{\mathcal{H}} \newcommand{\CC}{\mathbb{C}}$ Let $\cH$ be a Hilbert space. A linear operator $T: \cH \to \cH$ is said to be power bounded if $\sup_{n \geq 0} \|T^n\| < \infty$. If ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Quantitative estimate of heat dispersion - off diagonal estimates

Consider the heat equation $\partial_t u - \Delta u = 0$ on a compact manifold $M$ (if $M$ has a smooth boundary, then we assume either Dirichlet or Neumann boundary condition). Consider $u_0 (x) = ...
2
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0answers
64 views

Poincare inequality for the measure of Brownian path

I am wondering if the Poincare inequality holds for the Brownian path space. As the simplest example, let $\{w_t, t \in [0, 1]\}$ be a 1-d standard BM: has independent increments and continuous ...
2
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0answers
89 views

Fixed point theorem in ordered spaces

Can someone provide a proof or a source containing a proof of the following theorem Theorem: Let $D$ be a subset of the cone $K$ of partially ordered space $E,$ $F:D\rightarrow E$ be nondecreasing. ...
2
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2answers
161 views

constant rank theorem for banach spaces

Is there a similar statement to the constant rank theorem for finite dim real smooth manifolds which holds for a smooth map $F:B \rightarrow M$ where $B$ is an infinite (countable) dim Banach space ...
4
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1answer
219 views

Open problems in Banach spaces, universality

I have gathered a list of universality problems in Banach spaces which have been solved: 1.The non existence of a separable reflexive space universal for the class of separable reflexive spaces. ...
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0answers
70 views

Energy inequalities for Sobolev spaces of negative integer

I asked this question in mathematics stackexchange and couldn't get an answer. Let $\phi\in H^{s}$ such that the following energy inequality is true: $$\|\phi(t,\cdot)\|_s \le\int^t_0 C \| ...
4
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1answer
173 views

Does nuclearity pass to un-tensoring?

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra such that $A \otimes_{\min} A$ is nuclear. Does it follow that $A$ is nuclear?
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1answer
86 views

Derivative of a time evolution operator w.r.t. a parameter

Let $N\geq1$ be an integer and let $H:[0,1]^2\to\mathbb C^{N\times N}$ be a pointwise hermitean matrix valued function. For $y\in[0,1]$ and $0\leq a\leq b\leq 1$, let $U_y(b,a)$ be the time evolution ...
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0answers
89 views

Boundedness of heat semigroup on $L^1(\Omega)$

On a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary, consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ with either the Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions. More generally, one can also consider ...
2
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1answer
181 views

Smallest degree of approximating polynomial

Let $\{0,1\}^n=S_0\cup S_1$ withh $S_0\cap S_1=\emptyset$. Let $\epsilon\in[\frac{1}2,1)$. Let $f:\Bbb R^n\rightarrow\Bbb R$ be a polynomial such that $$f(S_0)=0,\mbox{ ...
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1answer
87 views

Question about measure lemma?

"Let (u_j) be a bounded sequence from $W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ how to prove that there exists a subsequence such that $u_j\rightharpoonup u$ in $W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ and $|\nabla u_j|\rightharpoonup d\mu,$ ...
4
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0answers
118 views

SubGROUPs of Banach spaces, when are they dense in a vector subspace?

It’s relatively easy to show that if $J$ is a closed subgroup of a finite-dimensional real Banach space, $B$, then it is a vector subspace iff for all bounded linear functionals $\sigma$ of $B$, ...
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32 views

Gaussian gabor frame

It is widely known that $\phi(x)=e^{-\frac{x^2}{2}}$ does not define a Gabor frame if we consider translations by units of $1$ and multiplication by $e^{2 \pi inx}$for $n \in \mathbb{N}.$ A way to ...
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79 views

the inverse of Trace theorem when $p = 2$

I can see there is an answer the inverse for the trace theorem and Image of the trace operator My question is that given $f\in H^{1/2}(\partial\Omega)$, is it possible to extended it into $\Omega$ ...
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0answers
120 views

How generic are Cayley graphs of non-Abelian groups with logarithmic girth?

Given a non-Abelian group $G$ I want to choose a symmetric generating set $S \subset G$ such that $Cay(G,S)$ has girth logarithmic in the size of the set. I want to know, For which $G$ can the ...
5
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2answers
227 views

Recognizing Schwartz regular distributions

Are there characterizations of Schwartz regular distributions other than being locally integrable (which does not lend itself to easy manipulations)? To be more detailed: if I want to show that some ...
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0answers
75 views

About equivalence of two fractional Sobolev/Hilbert spaces

Let $(\varphi_k, \lambda_k)$ be the eigenelements of the Neumann Laplacian. It's possible to define a space $$H(\Omega) = \{ u \in L^2(\Omega) \mid \sum_{k \geq 1}\lambda_k^{\frac ...
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1answer
173 views

Multivariable function analysis

Sorry if the terms I'm going to use is not professional enough:) This is about the complexity analysis of an algorithm. Let $\alpha$ be the greatest real root of the polynomial ...
4
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1answer
170 views

Rellich's theorem from compact resolvent

On a compact Riemannian manifold, we know that the Laplacian $\Delta$ has compact resolvent. In proving this, one typical way is to use Rellich's theorem about the compact embedding of $H^1(M)$ into ...
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2answers
343 views

Local coordinates on (infinite dimensional) Lie groups, factorization of Riemann zeta functions

Given a (finite dimensional) Lie group $G$ (real $k=\mathbb{R}$ or complex $k=\mathbb{C}$) and its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, one can prove (a basis $B=(b_i)_{1\leq i\leq n}$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ being ...
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2answers
152 views

On Bohr-MollerupTheorem [closed]

In http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Bohr-MollerupTheorem.html, Bohr-Mollerup Theorem is given where it is stated that $\Gamma$ function is the unique log convex function that satisfies ...
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2answers
219 views

A question involving Mazur's Lemma

Consider the Mazur's Lemma (H. Brezis - "Functional analysis, ..."): "Assume $(x_n)$ converges weakly to $x$. Then there exists a sequence $(y_n)$ made up of convex combinations of the $x_n$'s that ...
2
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2answers
193 views

compact inclusion of domains of unbounded operators

Let $L$ be a positive self-adjoint operator defined densely on $L^2(M)$ where $M$ is a compact manifold. Also, let $\mathcal{D}(L) \subset H^1(M)$. It is known that $\mathcal{D}(L) \subset ...
3
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0answers
57 views

Pointwise (a.e) evaluation of $\sum_{n \geq 0}(u,w_n)_{L^2}w_n$ and equalities in $L^2$

Let $w_n$ be a orthonormal basis of $L^2(\Omega)$. Given $u \in L^2$ we can write $$u=\sum_{n \geq 0}(u,w_n)_{L^2}w_n.$$ Suppose $w_n$ are the eigenfunctions of the Neumann Laplacian. We can write ...
2
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2answers
175 views

How to show that there's a continuous function separating convex sets of Radon measures?

First, the setup: $X$ is a compact set. By Riesz's representation theorem $C(X)^*=${all Radon measures on $X$}. $K$ is a convex, closed set of probability measures. $m$ is a probability measure out of ...
3
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2answers
242 views

Topologies for which $\mathcal{M}(X)\otimes \mathcal{M}(Y)$ is dense in $\mathcal{M}(X\times Y)$

Are there complete TVS topologies for which $\mathcal{M}(X)\otimes \mathcal{M}(Y)$ is dense in $\mathcal{M}(X\times Y)$ This question is strongly linked to is the space of all borel measures on ...
11
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2answers
295 views

A measure on the space of probability measures

This question was originaly posted in the stackexchange https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1226701/a-measure-on-the-space-of-probability-measures but since it only got a comment I decided to ...
3
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1answer
123 views

Characterizations of Wiener algebra

The Wiener algebra $\mathcal W$ is defined as $\text{Fourier}(L^1(\mathbb R))$, i.e. the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R)$. Riemann-Lebesgue's lemma ensures that $$ \mathcal W\subset ...
4
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1answer
83 views

Does this infinite sum arising from separation of variables converge?

This problem came up in a PDE where I used separation of variables to formally get a solution. Now I need to know whether that formal solution is sensible. Let $a_k >0$ be an increasing sequence ...
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2answers
131 views

Sobolev trace map: is the fractional seminorm bounded by just the gradient?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemann manifold. Consider the trace map $T:H^1(M) \to H^{\frac 12}(\partial M)$. Is it always the case that $$|Tu|_{H^{\frac 12}(\partial M)} \leq C\lVert \nabla u ...
3
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1answer
149 views

Existence of state on a C*-algebra satisfying $|\tau(ab)|=\|ab\|$

(This is a repost of a question from math.SE, http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1240966/existence-of-state-on-a-c-algebra-satisfying-tauab-ab) Let $a,b$ be elements of a unital C*-algebra $A$ ...
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2answers
293 views

Existence of a measure-preserving bijection

Let $f, g \, \colon \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be two Borel-measurable functions such that $f$ is non negative and g is radially symmetric, the function $ (0, \infty )\ni t \mapsto g ...
1
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0answers
60 views

boundedness of a sequence $ \in L^{\infty}(I,H^1(M))\cap Lip(I,L^2(M))$ implies that its temporal derivative is bounded as well [closed]

Hi I have the next claim which I would like to find a proof of it. I have a sequence of functions $u_\epsilon(t,x) \in H^1(M)$ where $M$ is a compact manifold, and $u_\epsilon \in ...
2
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1answer
162 views

Contraction semigroup

Let $(X, \mu)$ be a finite measure space and let $A$ be a non-negative self-adjoint operator which generates a contraction semigroup $e^{tA}$ on $L^2(X, \mu)$. If additionally, we have that $e^{tA}$ ...
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0answers
28 views

density function time series

I have a time series of density functions, say A1-A5. Each density function is defined as $f(x)=\Sigma_{i=1}^{N} \beta(x-a_i)$, where $\beta$ is a smoothing function (e.g., gaussian or delta), and N ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Renorming into contraction

In Pazy's book on semigroups he mentions (page 18) that when you have a commuting family of operators $B(t)$, such that $$ \sup \| B(t_1) .. B(t_n) \| \le M $$ for all finite choices $t_1, .. t_n$ ...
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0answers
70 views

Sobolev trace of $H^1(\mathcal{M} \times I)$ functions

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $I=(0,1)$. I seek a trace theorem saying that functions $u \in H^1(\mathcal{M} \times I)$ have a well-defined trace at $\mathcal{M} \times ...
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0answers
72 views

Equicontinuity of $\{f_{2n}\circ f_{2n-1}\}$

Let $(X,D)$ be a compact metric space and $\{f_n\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ be a sequence of homeomorphisms of $(X,d)$. It is easy to see that if $\{f_n\}$ is uniformly convergent then $\{g_n\}$ defined by ...
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0answers
54 views

Densely-defined operator with closed range: conditions for operator closed

Suppose we have Banach spaces (or Hilbert spaces) $X$ and $Y$, and a densely-defined linear operator $A : \operatorname{dom}(A) \subset X \rightarrow Y$ that is densely-defined and with closed range. ...
3
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1answer
285 views

Moser estimates?

Consider $u$, an $L^2$ solution to the uniformly elliptic equation $(\partial_t^2 + L)u = 0$ on a ball $B_1$ of radius 1 centered at $(t_0, x_0)$, say, where $t$ can be treated as a "time" variable. I ...
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2answers
150 views

Sum of two unbounded self-adjoint operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unbounded self-adjoint operators. From this mathoverflow post, for instance, we know that $A + B$ is self-adjoint on $\mathcal{D}(A) \cap \mathcal{D}(B)$ if $A$ and $B$ are ...
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0answers
96 views

Size of the eigenfunction of Laplacian (reference request)

It is a classical Sobolev inequality that if $\phi$ is an eigenfunction of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a $n$-dim compact Riemannian manifold $M$ with eigenvalue $\lambda$ then ...
3
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1answer
149 views

A Generalized Version of Maximal Correlation and Hypercontractivity of Conditional Expectation Operator

Given a pair of random variables $(X,Y)$ over a product space $\mathcal{X}\times \mathcal{Y}$, the maximal correlation coefficient is defined as ...
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0answers
54 views

Equivalence of two definitions of weak solution (subtlety with null sets)

Consider $$y_t - \Delta y = f$$ $$y(0) = y_0$$ with zero boundary condition. Let $a(t,.,.)$ be the bilinear form associated to $-\Delta$. We have two definitions of weak solutions: We have $y \in ...
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2answers
147 views

Holomorphic functional calculus and idempotents

One of the applications of the holomorphic functional calculus is with regard to idempotents. For instance, if an element $a$ in a unital Banach algebra $A$ has spectrum contained in two balls, each ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Does Schatten-p (quasi-)norm satisfy the norm inequality for 0<p<1?

I'm reading the paper by ANGELIKA ROHDE AND ALEXANDRE B. TSYBAKOV, ESTIMATION OF HIGH-DIMENSIONAL LOW-RANK MATRICES. And in the paper, they provide an inequation of the Schatten-p (quasi-)norm, ...