Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

5
votes
1answer
235 views

Is the p-norm of a matrix strictly log-convex?

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$-matrix. We let $\|A\|_p$ denote the norm of $A$ when considered as a linear operator on $\ell^p(\{1,2,\ldots,n\})$, that is, $$ \|A\|_p = \sup_{x\neq ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

Approximation of smooth compactly supported functions on $\mathbb{R}^2$ using sums of products of one variable functions

Let $f \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^2)$ be smooth and compactly supported. Can we approximate $f(x,y)$ by sums of the form $\sum_{i=1}^m g_i(x) h_i (y)$ where $g_i, h_i \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$ are ...
4
votes
1answer
466 views

The space of diffeomorphisms on a manifold

It is well known that given a compact connected smooth manifold without boundary $M$, the set of diffeomorphisms $Diff^{r}(M)$ of $M$ for $r≥1$, is open in $C^{r}(M)$, the set of continuous functions ...
5
votes
1answer
188 views

Is there a good notion of “random bounded linear map” on a separable Hilbert space?

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and let $\{e_i\}$ be an orthonormal basis. My first question is: Is there a probability measure on $B(H)$ such that for $T$ chosen uniformly randomly the ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Predual of a von Neumann algebra in terms of trace class operators

For a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{A} \subseteq \mathcal{B(H)}$ where $\mathcal{B(H)}$ is the space of all bounded linear operators on the Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, there is a Banach space $ ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Is $\text{Bow}(X,T)$ a Banach Space?

Let $X=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$ be the sequence space and $T:X\to X$ the left shift mapping. Define the vector space $\text{Bow}(X,T)$ as $$ \text{Bow}(X,T)=\{f\in C^{0}(X);~\sup_{n\in ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Proving that a specific kernel is positive definite

Most theoretical papers concerning kernels assume that they are given a positive definite kernel. In this question, we want to show that a specific kernel is positive definite. We are interested in ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Is the space of smooth functions with compact support a DF space?

Is there a good criterion, when a (nuclear) LF space is DF (DFN)? What are references to find out about that? If not, is there a known way, to construct a projective resolution of LF spaces? Prosmans ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Topology of fibers of operators under C^{\infty} convergence

A smooth family of maps $f_t : L^2 (\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{n}$ is given, with $t \in (0,1]$. Suppose that when $t \rightarrow 0$ the family restricted to balls of given radius converges ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

about an inequality which looks like a Hardy inequality

I would like to know if the following inequality can be true : consider a double sequence $(u_{i,j})_{(i,j)\in (\mathbb{N}^\star)^2}$ of real numbers and a real $p\geq 1$, do we have $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

$C^0$ estimates in wrapped Lagrangian Floer cohomology

Let $(M, d\theta, \theta, Z)$, be an exact Liouville domain, where $Z$ is the Liouville vector field and $\theta$ is the primitive of the symplectic form. Let $\bar{M}$, be the symplectic completion ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

convergence of supergradient

Let $\{g_n\}$ be a sequence of concave functions defined on $\mathbb{R}$ and set $$\lambda_n(x)=\lim_{\Delta x\to 0+}\frac{g_n(x+\Delta x)-g_n(x)}{\Delta x}$$ Assume there exists a concave function ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Can I define Fredholm Index using $\dim \ker ST - \dim \ker TS$?

$X$, $Y$ are Banach spaces. Let $S \in L(X, Y)$, $T \in L(Y, X)$, where $L(X, Y)$ denotes the Banach algebra of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. If we have that $Id_Y - ST \in \mathbb{K}(Y)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

convergence of concave envelope

Let $\{f_n\}$ be a sequence of uniformly upper bounded functions defined on $\mathbb{R}$ s.t. for every $x\in\mathbb{R}$ $$f_n(x)\to f(x),~ n\to\infty$$ Define $g_n$ and $g$ as the concave envelope ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Existence of the solution of a linear parabolic pde

Good day! Let $V = H^1(\Omega)$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^3$. Consider the linear parabolic equation $y' + Ay = f$ where $f \in L^q(0,T;V')$, $y \in W = \{y \in L^p(0,T;V) \colon dy/dt \in ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Embedding to $L^\alpha(0,T;L^\beta(\Omega))$

Good day! Let $V = H^1(\Omega)$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^3$. Consider the space $W = \{ y \in L^2(0,T;V) \colon dy/dt \in L^2(0,T;V') \}$. It is well-known that $W \subset C([0,T];H)$ where $H = ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

If an upper semicontinuous multivalued map is compact on a set, is it compact on the boundary as well?

I have stumbled upon the following problem during my research: Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces, $K\subset X$ nonempty, $F:\overline{K}\rightarrow 2^{Y}$ an upper semicontinuous multivalued map with ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Generalized family of Holder inequalities

Is the "only if" direction of the following fact known? For fixed sequences $(a)_i = a_1, \dots, a_r$, $(b)_i = b_1, \dots, b_r$ and $(c)_i = c_1, \dots, c_r$, the inequality $\prod_{i = 1}^r ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

Evolution equation on Banach space

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the evolution equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ t\in \mathbb{R},$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator. I know that if $X=\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A$ is a matrix, ...
10
votes
1answer
232 views

smooth Luzin theorem

For measurable functions $f(x)$, $g(x)$ on $[0,1]$ define the distance $\rho(f,g)$ as a Lebesgue measure of the set $\{x:f(x)\ne g(x)\}$. Then Luzin's famous theorem states that $C[0,1]$ is dense with ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Showing a normal-derivative operator is a (sort of) contraction (related to Crandall-Liggett and PDEs)

Denote by $\mathbb{E}(g)$ the solution of the PDE $$\Delta v(x,y) = 0 \quad\text{in $\Omega$}$$ $$v(x,0) = g(x) \quad\text{on $\partial\Omega$}.$$ Let $X=L^1(\partial\Omega)$. Let $h(t)$ be a ...
-4
votes
1answer
148 views

Is there always a subspace of $L^p$ isomorphic to direct sums of $\ell^2,\ell^p$? [closed]

It is known that each $L^p$ (on a space with finite measure like $[0,1]$) $p>1$ space contains an isomorphic complemented copy of $\ell^2$ and $\ell^p$. I think this is the Kadets-Pelczynski ...
9
votes
1answer
210 views

Compact Quantum Groups and the Existence of the Classical Haar Measure

Before I state my question, let me provide the definition of a compact quantum group. Definition: An ordered pair $ \mathscr{G} = (\mathscr{A},\Phi) $ is called a compact quantum group if ...
3
votes
3answers
182 views

When sequentially continuous linear functional is continuous?

Let $C^\infty(X)$ denote the space of infinitely smooth functions on a compact manifold $X$ (at the beginning one may assume that $X$ is a circle, though I need a more general case). Let ...
16
votes
4answers
680 views

Who first used the multiplication operator version of spectral theory

This is another history question. Hilbert phrased the spectral theorem in terms of resolutions of the identity. While this remained the form of Stone and von Neumann, they did also have the ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Extending affine maps defined on weakly closed sets to the whole topological space

Given $C$ a weakly closed convex subset of a (real) Banach space $B$, with $0\in C$ and $\varphi:C\longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ weakly continuous, with $\varphi(0)=0$, can we extend $\varphi$ to a ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Looking for CDFs that I can integrate a particular transformation of

I need two CDFs $G$ and $\lambda$ with unbounded support such that I can integrate $$ \int_{-\infty}^t \lambda(a(x+b))dG(x), $$$a>0,b\in\Re$. As far as I can tell, there exist no functions that ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

Linear operators on distributions with different topologies

Denote by $\mathscr{D}^\prime$ and $\mathscr{D}^\prime_b$ the space of distributions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ equipped with the weak and the strong topology, respectively. Because the topology of ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

pointwise limit of uniformly bounded sequence in $A(\mathbb T)$ is again in $A(\mathbb T)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group, and $\hat{f}(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt;$ $(n\in \mathbb Z, f\in L^{1} (\mathbb T)).$ Put $A(\mathbb T)= \{f\in C(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in ...
11
votes
2answers
203 views

Order-preserving operator norms

Let us regard the $n\times n$ matrices as operators on the $n$-dimensional $\ell_p$ space; that is, we consider them as linear operators $\ell_p^n\to \ell_p^n$. When $p=2$, $M_n$ is a C*-algebra and ...
7
votes
1answer
185 views

What is the general form of the duality transform for the Fock space?

I am interested in properties of the symmetric Fock space, looked at via the associated Wiener space. It is well known that for a Hilbert space $k$, the symmetric Fock space ...
10
votes
1answer
254 views

Is this property equivalent to Lusin's property (N) for continuous functions?

A function $F:[0,1]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ satisfies Lusin's (N) property if for every measure zero set $A\subseteq [0,1]$, $F(A)$ has measure zero. (This includes the assertion that $F(A)$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Dense subsets on set space

Let $X$ be a metric space, and $\mathscr{B}$ the $\sigma$-algebra generated by open sets of $X$. Can we find a countable dense subsets of the metric space $(\mathscr{B},d)$ with the metric ...
4
votes
0answers
100 views

A question on density of Lipschitz functions in weighted Sobolev spaces

Recall that for a domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$, the weighted Sobolev space $W^{1,n}(\Omega,\mu)$ is defined as $f\in L^n(\Omega,\mu)$ and the weak derivative $Df\in L^n(\Omega,\mu)$. Let now ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Example: a locally convex TVS which is not compactly generated

Is there an example of a locally convex topological vector space which is not compactly generated? (any such example must be non-Fréchet, since all Fréchet spaces are compactly generated) (note: I ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Is currying a homeomorphism of array spaces?

Define an "index space" to be any topological space $I$, which is separable and locally compact Hausdorff. Define a "value space" to be any topological vector space $V$, which is separable, locally ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Tempered distribution solution to a simple PDE

Let's consider the following PDE in $\mathbb R^d$ : $$\frac{\partial^d u}{\partial x_1...\partial x_d}=f$$ where $f$ is a tempered distribution with support in $\mathbb R^d_+$. There is a result by ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

Banach space interpolation theory in terms of categories

I have recently learned a bit about higher category theory. And there is a question I would like to ask. Can we enrich banach space interpolation theory by using higher category theory? Is it ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

projective tensor product of smooth functions

Let $M$ and $N$ be compact smooth manifolds. Is it true, that $C^{\infty}(M) \otimes_{\pi} C^{\infty}(N) \cong C^{\infty}(M \times N)$ as topological vectorspaces if endowed with the familiy of ...
18
votes
1answer
703 views

Reference for Diagonalization Trick

There is a standard trick in analysis, where one chooses a subsequence, then a subsequence of that... and wants to get an eventual subsubsequence of all of them and you take the diagonal. I've always ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Existence of orthogonal projections generating Von Neumann algebras

Let $V$ and $V'$ be Abelian Von Neumann algebras of projections on some Hilbert space $H$, and let $V_{1}$ and $V_{2}$ be minimal sub-algebras of $V$ and $V'$ generated by projections $P_{1} \in V$ ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

Convergence of Schwartz Kernels

I read this question, and I would like to ask the opposite: Assume that I have a sequence of smoothing operators $(P_n)$ with (hence smooth) kernels $(p_n)$ converging strongly to some smoothing ...
4
votes
2answers
268 views

Abstract ODE; PDE; uniqueness of solution

I have a somewhat vague question regarding an abstract ODE in a Banach space. Suppose $A:D(A) \subset X \rightarrow X$ is some linear operator (let's assume it's closed) and maybe add some other ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Coercivity for functional and complete orthonormal system

Consider with $\rho \in W^{1,2}([0,\pi])$ the following functional $$J(\rho)=\frac{1}{2}\int_{0}^{\pi}{\rho^2\,dx}$$ I know that in the $L^{2}([0,\pi])$ the coercivity condition is satisfied, but i'm ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Almost-Monotone Kernels - Examples and/or Covering Theorems

I am looking for examples (or, if it exists, a theory) of almost-monotone kernels. First, a bit of notation. Recall that if $(\leq, \Omega)$ is a partially ordered set, then the set of measures ...
17
votes
2answers
597 views

What can be said about the Fourier transforms of characteristic functions?

What can be said about the Fourier transform of the characteristic function $1_A$, where $A\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is of finite Lebesgue measure? In particular, What properties are common to ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Measure generated by Semigroup $\exp[-t|p|]$

I am studying Ingrid Daubechies' paper 'An Uncertainty Principle for Fermions with Generalized Kinetic Energy'. On page 514, the measure $\mu_{x,y;t}$ is introduced as generated by the semigroup ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

The proximality of low rank function approximation

The paper "Best $n$-Dimensional approximation to sets of functions" by A. L. Brown in 1964 gave a negative answer to the following question: Q1: Is there for a given integer $n$ always a best ...
0
votes
1answer
201 views

Theorem with an example [closed]

i have this theorem in the paper they gives an example: but here $H_1$ is not satisfied ! How to correct it please?
7
votes
1answer
317 views

About the convergence rate for an approximation to the heat kernel

Let $G(t,x)$ be the heat kernel $$ G(t,x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi t}}e^{-\frac{x^2}{2t}}, \quad t>0, \:x\in\mathbb{R}. $$ Here is one approximation to $G(t,x)$: $$ G_\epsilon(t,x)=e^{-t/\epsilon} ...