**5**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Self-adjoint operator

Assume that $B$ is a self-adjoint operator and $\alpha\in(0,1)$. I need a reference for the following equality $$B^{-\alpha}=\frac{\sin\alpha \pi}{\pi}\int_0^\infty ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Invertibility of Paneitz operator on a compact manifold without boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of any even dimension that we assume compact and without boundary and $P_g$ the Paneitz operator in the metric $g$. The question is the following:
how to define a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Bounding $\lVert{u}\rVert_{C^0([0,T];V)} \leq C\left(\lVert{u}\rVert_{L^2(0,T;V)} + \lVert{u'}\rVert_{L^2(0,T;H)}\right)$?

Define $W(X,Y) = \{ u \in L^2(0,T;X) \mid u' \in L^2(0,T;Y)\}$
where $u'$ is the usual weak derivative.
Let $V \subset H \subset V^*$ be a Hilbert triple. If $u \in W(V,V)$ (so $$u \in L^2(0,T;V) ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Is the space of rapidly decreasing (non-smooth) functions nuclear?

We denote by $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ the space of smooth and rapidly decreasing functions. We define on $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ the family of semi-norms
$$\lVert \varphi \lVert_{n,m} = \lVert ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Approximation of continuous functions by Lipschitz functions in the topology of uniform convergence on compact sets

I was involved into this subject when I answered
this
question from MSE. Trying to generalize my answer, I am thinking about a following
Question. Let $X$ and $Y$ be metric spaces. When each ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### parabolic PDE with almost-monotone elliptic operator, existence results?

Are there any existence results for parabolic PDE of the type $$u_t - Au = f$$ in some Gelfand triple setting ($V \subset H \subset V^*$) with $A$ an operator that it is not quite monotone but close: ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

86 views

### Contractively complemented subspaces without contractively complemented complement

Can someone give me an example of a Banach space $X$ and contractive projection $P\in\mathcal{B}(X)$ such that $\ker P$ is not a range of any contractive projection $Q\in\mathcal{B}(X)$?

**6**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Is there a nice “minimum” of two symmetric operators?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two bounded symmetric positive operators in Hilbert space, such that $A-B$ is trace class. If needed, $A$ and $B$ may be assumed reasonably "small", let's say, Hilbert-Schmidt.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Homeomorphisms between infinite-dimensional Banach spaces and their spheres

As I know Cz. Bessaga has proved that an infinite-dimensional Banach space is homeomorphic to its unit sphere.
Unfortunately I do not have his book but I want to know is this theorem true without ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Does Hilbert Transform commute with Function Multiplication modulo Compact on $L^p(R)$?

Define Hilbert Transform (HT) as the convolution with the function $1/x$. E. Stein proves in his book
Singular Integrals and Differentiability Properties of Functions
that HT, when understood as a ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### What is the character that compactifies $\mathbb{R}$ through the Gelfand transform?

I'm a little embarassed that I can't answer this myself, so hopefully it will get answered very quickly.
Let $X$ be locally compact, Hausdorff. Consider $\text{C}_\text{b}(X)$ the $C^*$-algebra of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Does the Laplace-Beltrami/surface gradient commute with orthogonal projection? (related to Galerkin method)

Let $\Gamma$ be a $C^k$ $(n-1)$-dimensional hypersurface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $H=L^2(\Gamma)$ and $V=H^1(\Gamma)$.
Suppose that $\{v_j\}$ is a basis for $H$ and $V$ (not necessarily ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Showing there is a unique spectral measure

All the books I have seen have proved that, for a normal bounded operator $T$, there is a unique spectral measure $E$ such that $\int_{\sigma(T)}^{}\lambda\,dE=T$ by first proving in it for a general ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### What do sparse sets in a norm topology look like in the weak* topology?

I'm wondering if a very "sparse" set in a normed vector space can look connected in the weak* topology. Specifically,
Let V be a Banach space, V* its dual, and X a (uncountable) subset of the unit ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### tensorial product with Lp

Let us consider E a finite-dimensional normed space on $\mathbb{R}$ and a real number $p\geq 1$.
Is it true that the projective tensorial product $E \widehat{\otimes}_\pi L^p(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R})$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Realisation of noncommutative torus

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so called noncommutative torus to be denoted by $\mathbb{T}_{\theta}$. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Exterior powers and singular values on Hilbert spaces

I am currently writing an article relating to multiplicative ergodic theorems for cocycles of bounded operators acting on a Hilbert space, and in parts of the argument it is necessary for me to refer ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### When one can expect $\widehat{(fg)} = \hat{f} \ast \hat{g}$; $f, g\in L^{1} (G)$?

Let $f, g \in L^{1}(\mathbb T)= L^{1} ([-\pi, \pi))$. We define, the Fourier transform of $f$ as follows:
$$\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt, \ (n\in \mathbb Z).$$
It is ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the Fourier transform and decompose $L^1$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### When is the bound in Riesz-Thorin Interpolation Theorem attained?

Let me recall the statement of Riesz-Thorin theorem (see also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riesz%E2%80%93Thorin_theorem).
Theorem (Riesz-Thorin): Let $(X,\mu)$ and $(Y,\nu)$ be $\sigma$-finite ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Banach-Mazur distance to complex $\ell^1$ of a space containing real $\ell^1$

Consider a complex Banach space $X$ with a real subspace isometric to $\ell^1_{\mathbb R}$. What is the best constant $c$ such that $X$ contains a complex subspace $c$-isometric to $\ell^1_{\mathbb ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Well-posedness of a Stefan problem with Faedo-Galerkin approach

Given a domain $\Omega$ which is divided by $\Omega_1(t)$ and $\Omega_2(t)$ and the interface $\Gamma(t)$, does anyone have a reference to where a Stefan problem of the type
$$\frac{d}{dt}H(u) - ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

300 views

### Is the space of tempered distribution second countable?

Let $\mathcal S '(\mathbb R^d)$ be the space of Schwartz tempered distributions equipped with the weak-* topology. I need to know if this space is second countable, i.e. if this topology has a ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Convergence in $L^2$ of iterated expectations

Take a probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},\mathbf{P})$ and random variable $X \in L^2(\Omega,\mathcal{F},\mathbf{P})$.
Define the iterated expectations of X as follows: $X_0 = X$, and, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Fractional power and norm's operators

Let $T$ be a linear densely defined operator on a Hilbert space $H$ and $L$ be a selfadjoint operator with discrete spectrum such that $L^{-1}$ is bounded
and $$\|Tf\| \leq \Phi_{\eta}(f) + \eta ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Exponential Convexity Results [closed]

$\textbf{Definition:}$ 1. A function $h : (a,b)\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is exponentially convex if it is continuous
and
$$\sum _{i, j=1}^n\xi_i\xi_jh(x_i+x_j)\geq 0,$$
for all $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and all ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Centralizers and containment of $c_0$

I have this question also in MSE (see: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/666053/centralizers-and-containment-of-c-0), but I have not got an answer there. So I thought I try my luck here.
Let ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### How to show the identity $\int_0^T \int_{\Gamma(t)}f(s,t)\;dsdt = \int_S f(\sigma)(1+(\mathbf w \cdot \mathbf n)^2)^{-\frac{1}{2}}\;d\sigma$?

I am reading this paper.
Let $\Gamma(t)$ be a smooth closed connected oriented hypersurface for each $t \in [0,T]$. Define the set $$S = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma(t) \times \{t\}.$$
On page 5 of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Estimates on gradients of diffusion semigroups

Consider the Dirichlet or Neumann Laplacian on a manifold with boundary. Suppose we have some estimate of the form
$$||e^{t\Delta} f||_{L^p} \leq C(t)||f||_{L^q}$$ for some $p, q$. For a specific ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

159 views

### On sequences which converge to zero with respect to an operator ideal

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $\mathcal{A}$ be an operator ideal. A sequence $(x_{n})_{n=1}^{\infty}$ in $X$ is called $\mathcal{A}$-convergent to zero if there exist an operator $S\in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Cameron-Martin theorem for non-Gaussian measures

Let $X$ be a locally convex topological linear space, and $\mathbb P$ be a probability measure on $X$. Denote the mean vector $m \in X$ and covariance operator $k : X^* \to X$. Let $\tau_u : X \to X$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### On the classification of injective Banach spaces

A Banach space $E$ is injective when it is complemented in each Banach space $X$ that contains it as a closed subspace. The space $E$ is $1$-injective if the copy of $E$ in $X$ is the range of a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Example of an infinite dimensional reflexive Banach algebra

If a $C^\ast$-algebra is reflexive (as a Banach space) then it is finite dimensional. Can anyone provide (or give a reference to) a nice example of an infinite dimensional non-commutative Banach ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

94 views

### Special form of unbounded operators on $L_2(\mathbb{R}_+, \mathcal{H})$

I have the following problem;
Fix a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Let $S \colon \mathrm{Dom}S \subset L_2(\mathbb{R}_+, \mathcal{H}) \rightarrow L_2(\mathbb{R}_+, \mathcal{H}) $ be a closed densely ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

446 views

### Which smooth compactly supported functions are convolutions?

If $f,g$ are smooth functions with support in the interval $[-r,r]$ for some $r>0$, then their convolution $f*g$ is smooth with support in $[-2r,2r]$. My question is about the converse: Given ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Exponential Convexity

$\textbf{Definition:}$ 1. A function $h : (a,b)\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is exponentially convex if it is continuous
and
$$\sum _{i, j=1}^n\xi_i\xi_jh(x_i+x_j)\geq 0,$$
for all $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and all ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Density of linear functionals in $L^2$

Let $X$ be a locally convex topological linear space, and let $\mathbb P$ be a probability measure on $X$. Suppose that $\operatorname{var}(\varphi) < \infty$ for all continuous linear functionals ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Does noncommutative Lp-convergence respect orderings?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\tau$ a faithful (semi-finite?) normal trace on $M$; as is standard, the $L^p$-norm is defined as $||u||_p=\tau(|u|^p)^{1/p}$. Let $\{u_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

398 views

### When are two C*-algebras isomorphic as Banach spaces?

We may consider each $C^*$-algebra as a Banach space (by forgetting the multiplication and adjoint). I wonder how drastic this step is, i.e., which properties of the $C^*$-algebra are reflected by its ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

199 views

### Existence of non-locally constant functions

Given a nondiscrete compact Hausdorff space $K$, does there always exist a real-valued function $f$ on $K$ that is not locally constant? Why/why not?
In http://arxiv.org/abs/math/9505204 the authors ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

127 views

### Finite propagation speed of second order operators

I was reading about the finite propagation speed of the wave equation on a Riemannian manifold. I was wondering if instead of the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ we consider the equation ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

130 views

### A basic question about JL Lions' transformation of a Stefan problem

In J.L Lions' book "Quelques méthodes de résolution des problèmes aux limites non linéaires" (page 196), the author considers a two-phase problem with moving boundary separating the interface. The ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Convex hulls of compact sets

Let $A$ be a compact set in a separable Hilbert space $H$, and let $\bar A$ denote its convex hull. Is $\bar A$ compact?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Is every covariance operator the covariance of a measure?

Let $X$ be a topological linear space over $\mathbb R$ which is complete and Hausdorff with a dual space that separates points. Let $k : X^* \to X$ be an arbitrary covariance operator. i.e., any ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### well-posedness of heat equation with Neumann BC and periodic data

On a domain $\Omega$ with $f \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$ such that $f(0) = f(T)$, consider
$$u_t - \Delta u = f\quad\text{on $\Omega$}$$
$$\frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu} = 0\quad\text{on $\partial\Omega$}$$
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Is irreducibility sufficient for uniqueness of invariant distribution for a Feller Semigroup?

Let $(T_t)$ be a strongly continuous semigroup of positive operators on $C(K)$, where $K$ is a compact space. Assume also that $T_t1 =1 $ for every $t\geq 0$.
(This is also called a Feller Semigroup.)
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Equivalence of negative Sobolev norm of derivative to $L^2$-norm

Let $S:=(0,1)^2$ be the unit square in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and let $M:=\{u\in L^2(S)\mid \int_S u=0\}$ be the space of (real-valued) $L^2$-functions with mean value zero. On $M$ we can consider the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Practical way to check whether a distribution is conormal

Let $X$ be a $C^\infty$-manifold, $Y$ be its $C^\infty$-submanifold. Hörmander defines the set $I^m(X,Y)$ of conormal distributions as the set of all $u \in \mathscr D'(X)$ such that
$$
L_1 ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

184 views

### Does the generator of a 1-parameter group of Banach space isometries know which elements are entire?

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space. Let $(\sigma_t)_{t \in \mathbb{R}}$ be a 1-parameter group of linear isometries of $X$ which is strongly continuous i.e. $t \mapsto \sigma_t(x)$ is continuous for ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

101 views

### Semi-reflexive dual

I am looking for an example of a semi-reflexive locally convex topological vector space, whose strong dual is not semi-reflexive. Is there some well-known example ?