Tagged Questions

Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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0
votes
1answer
341 views

For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that $$ \sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty, $$ where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...
5
votes
2answers
186 views

Eigenstates of Fourier transformation

Let $\gamma$ be defined on $\mathbb R^n$ by $\gamma (x)=e^{-π x^2}$. With $\mathcal F$ standing for the Fourier transformation defined on the Schwartz space by $$ (\mathcal F u)(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Continuity of Functional Represented by Surface Integral

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open and bounded and let $S \subset \Omega$ be a hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let further be $C_0(\Omega)$ the space of all continuous functions with compact ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple. There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Is the span of those vectors dense in $\ell_2$?

For all $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $\alpha \in \mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}^n$ let $x^\alpha=x_1^{\alpha_1} \cdots x_n^{\alpha_n}$. Let $$\ell^2=\{z=(z_\alpha)_{\alpha \in \mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}^n}:\, z_{\alpha} ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

Almost periodic sequence

Say that a real sequence ${(x_k)}_{k \in \mathbb{Z}}$ is almost periodic if the set of all its shifted sequences ${\left\{{(x_k)}_{k+n \in \mathbb{Z}}\right\}}_{n \in \mathbb{Z}}$ is relatively ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

An unconventional definition of the $ C^{*} $-algebraic reduced crossed product

Let $ (A,G,\alpha) $ be a $ C^{*} $-dynamical system, i.e., $ A $ is a $ C^{*} $-algebra, $ G $ is a locally compact Hausdorff group and $ \alpha $ is a strongly continuous action of $ G $ on $ A $ by ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

About the Intersection of the nested sequence of Chebyshev centers of weakly compact convex sets

Let $K_0$ be a weakly compact convex subset of a Banach space $X$. For each $n\in\mathbb{N}$, let $K_n$ be the set of Chebyshev centers of the set $K_{n-1}$. Suppose $K_0$ has a normal structure. Is ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Integration by parts for multidimensional Lebesgue-Stieltjes Integrals

I am concerned with the following problem: I am wondering if there exists any sort of integration by parts formula for a multidimensional Lebesgue-Stieltjes integral. In my case the integral is given ...
3
votes
0answers
78 views

Operator theory of initial-value ODE problems

The theory of elliptic boundary value problems is usually treated from the perspective of functional analysis, and the theory of operators between Hilbert spaces. In contrast to that, the theory of ...
3
votes
2answers
221 views

Uniqueness of solutions to an ODE system

For each $i$ (up to infinity), let $u_i \in C^1(0,T)$ satisfy $$\frac{d}{dt}u_i(t) + \sum_{j=1}^\infty b(t;w_j,w_i)u_j(t) = 0$$ $$u_i(0) = u_i(T)$$ where $b(t;\cdot,\cdot)$ is an inner product on some ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Reference request for proof of Brodskii-Milman theorem “On the center of a convex set”

Can anyone help me to access the paper: M.S Brodskii and D.P Milman, "On the center of a convex set", Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 59 (1948) 837–840 in Russian? or to prove the theorem: If $K$ is a ...
4
votes
2answers
141 views

Lecture notes on semi group theory for linear evolution equations

I am reading (or trying to read :)) One parameter semigroups for Linear Evolution equations by Klaus-Jochen Engel and Rainer Nagel. I was wondering if someone was aware of a good set of lecture notes ...
11
votes
3answers
732 views

Poincare lemma for non-smooth differentiable forms

The Poincare lemma is almost always formulated for differential forms with smooth coefficients (or sometimes for currents that have distributional coefficients). I would like to have it for ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Is a polynomial decay sufficient for a smooth function to be in $\mathcal{F}(L^1)$?

Background: I have a function $g(\omega)\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$, which vanishes like $O(|\omega|^{-\beta})$ at infinity for some $\beta>0$. This answer states that functions that decays "too ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

When is $CAC^{-1}$ bounded for $C$ Hilbert-Schmidt?

I came across the following question: Given a self-adjoint, positive definite Hilbert-Schmidt operator $C$ and a self-adjoint, bounded and positive operator $A$ - both acting on a separable Hilbert ...
9
votes
3answers
310 views

$L^p$ norm means

Consider the unit sphere $S_p^{n-1}$ of an $L^p$ normin $\mathbb{R}^n.$ The question is: what is the expected value of the $L^q$ norm on $S_p^{n-1}?$ Since (I assume) this is intractable in closed ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

Linear interpolation in weighted Sobolev spaces

I am reading a paper regarding the pricing of certain financial derivatives making use of the finite element method. In this paper the following weighted Sobolev spaces are introduced: $W_{0}$ = $ \{ ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Boundary regularity of Dirichlet Eigenfunction on bounded domains

Consider a bounded, connected and open subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ and the Dirichlet Laplacian $-\Delta$ acting in $L^2(\Omega)$. Then we know that the eigenvalues of $-\Delta$ form an ...
0
votes
2answers
179 views

A book about almost periodic functions [closed]

Can anyone give me suggestions for new books about Besicovitch's almost periodic functions? Thanks a lot.
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Chebyshev centres of a bounded closed convex set in a strictly convex Banach space

Suppose $X$ is a strictly convex Banach space. Does there exist a bounded closed convex set $K$ in $X$ such that the set of all Chebyshev centers $C(K)$ of $K$ is a proper subset of $K$ with diameter ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Is this left ideal of C*-algebra principal?

This is a follow up of this question. Let $I$ be closed left ideal of $C^*$-algebra $A$. Assume we are given a sequence of left $A$-module morphisms $R_n:I\to A$ with $\sum_n \Vert ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Separability of $R_+\times\mathcal{C}(R_+)$

Let $\mathcal{C}(R_+)$ be the space of continuous functions $f$ defined on $[0,+\infty)$ with $f(0)=0$. Denote by $\Omega$ the product of $R_+$ and $\mathcal{C}(R_+)$. Now endow $\Omega$ with the ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Uniqueness of weak solutions of a heat equation

Let $M$ be a smooth compact closed manifold. Let $u \in H^1(0,T;H^{-1}(M)) \cap L^2(0,T;H^1(M))$ be a solution of $$u_t - \Delta u - u = 0$$ $$u(0)=u(T)$$ satisfying $\int_M u(t) = 0$ for all $t$. Is ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Rational matrix functions theory and the state space method for the case of two variables

I know there is a well-developed theory of rational matrix functions. It can be found in a number of books by Israel Gohberg et al.: "Factorization of Matrix and Operator Functions: The State Space ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Laplacian with singular potential

Let $S$ be a $2$-dimensional sphere. Let $p$ be a point in $S$. Let $L$ be a second order elliptic partial differential operator with smooth coefficients defined over the complement of $p$. Near $p$, ...
7
votes
1answer
244 views

Error in Maurins proof for the nuclear spectral theorem?

I am currently studying the nuclear spectral theorem as presented in K. Maurins Monograph "General Eigenfunction Expansions and Unitary Representations of Topological Groups", second chapter or ...
0
votes
0answers
164 views

Is a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor, intermediate of a depth ≤ 3 one?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor. Main question: Is $(N \subset M)$ the intermediate of a finite index depth $\le 3$ irreducible subfactor? (In others words, is ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

Are Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$ invariant under Fourier transform?

(This may be very easy question for MO; as I am just trying to understand Besov spaces) Let $\phi \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^{n})$ with $ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

The trivility of Besov space for large parameter

For all $s>0$, $1\le p<+\infty$ and $u\in L^p(\mathrm{d}x)$, we define $$D_{s,p}(u)=\sup_{r>0}\frac{1}{r^{sp+n}}\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}\int_{B(x,r)}|u(y)-u(x)|^p\mathrm{d}y\mathrm{d}x$$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

numerical and functional mixed optimization problem $\max f - \min f +\int_{-1}^1 (f'(x)-x)^2dx$

Given a function $g(x)$ and its domain, we want to get another function $f(x)$ whose derivative is approximately $g(x)$, but so that $f(x)$ itself has small variation. For example, for ...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$ is normal if the biprojections ...
6
votes
0answers
147 views

A compactification of the non-negative rationals with the discrete topology

Let $S$ be the set of non-negative rational numbers. (If it makes any difference, feel free to take the non-negative dyadic rationals instead.) Let $B=\ell_\infty(S)$; as a ${\rm C}^*$-algebra this is ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

The regularity of Dirichlet form in Besov space

Let $C_{0}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ denote the set of continuous functions in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with compact support, $C_0^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ denote the set of infinite differentiable functions in ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Proof of the Dunford-Pettis theorem

I would like to know where to find a complete proof of the Dunford-Pettis theorem: A sequence $(f_n)_{n\geq 0} \subset L^1$ is uniformly integrable if and only if it is relatively compact for the weak ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Behavior of the integral of products of probability densities

Assume $z \in \mathbb{R}^m$ and $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Assume we have proper density function $P(z)$ and proper conditional density function $P(x|z)$. We give the definition $$ T(x_1,\ldots,x_n) := ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Strong maximum principle for weak solutions

Suppose I have a linear parabolic equation with solutions in the Bochner-Sobolev spaces (eg. $L^2(0,T;H^1) \cap H^1(0,T;H^{-1})$). Is it possible to obtain a strong maximum principle with a proof that ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Strong convexity of the trace of the square root of a matrix function

Any clues about how to prove that the following function is strongly-concave in $x$? (We conjecture it is $2$-strongly concave but cannot prove it. We have already proved strict concavity through ...
10
votes
1answer
170 views

Completely positive maps-equivalent definition

The most usual definition of the completely positive map (c.p.) between two C*-algebras (say, unital) is the following: $\sigma: A \to B$ should satisfy $\sigma(1)=1$ and for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$ ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

Tensor product of certain Sobolev spaces on non-compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold of bounded geometry (i.e., its injectivity radius is uniformly positive and the curvature tensor and all its covariant derivatives are bounded in ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Decay rate of the convolution of two functions

Let $f(x)=e^{-\frac{x^2}{2}}$ ($x\in\mathbb{R}$), and $g\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$ with $|g(x)|=O(e^{-k|x|^{\gamma}})$ as $|x|\to\infty$, for $k>0$, $\gamma>0$. Let $h=f*g$, the convolution of ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Stable analytic manifold under simple action

For an integer $m > 1$, let us define the action $$ f: X_i \to (1+X_i)^{m} - 1 $$ on $C[[X_1,...,X_N]]$, where $C$ is the complex number field. Consider the analytic manifold $V(I)$ defined by the ...
4
votes
2answers
201 views

Can the boundedness of $A^2$ imply the boundedness of $A$?

Given an operator $A \in \mathcal L(B)$, $B$ being a Banach space, I came across the following question: assume $\mathrm{dom}(A)=\mathrm{range}(A)$, $\mathrm{dom}(A)$ dense in $B$. Under which ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

convergence of $e^{it\Delta}f$

I heard of a conjecture that $e^{it\Delta}f\rightarrow f$ a.e. as $t\rightarrow 0$ for $f\in H^{1/4+\epsilon}$ but couldn't find a proper reference.
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Function Related to Jordan Curves

I am looking for a solution to the following problem: given a Jordan curve $c(s) = (x(s),y(s))$ with $\dot x(s)^2+\dot y(s)^2 = 1$ and $c(s+L)=c(s)\,$ an integrable function $g(s): c(s)\mapsto ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

second smallest eigenvalue Laplacian - submodular set function

Let $G$ be a connected unweighted undirected graph. In addition, let $\lambda_2(L(G))$ be the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of graph $G$. Is $\lambda_2(L(G))$ a submodular set ...
9
votes
0answers
126 views

Invariant definition of the space of symbols on a vector bundle (pseudo-differential operators)

Normally, in the context of pseudo-differential operators, a symbol on a vector bundle $E$ is defined as a smooth function on $E$ which in each trivializing chart fulfills the usual symbol estimates ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

A question on $p$-approximation property

We say that a subset $K$ of a Banach space $X$ is relatively $p$-compact($1\leq p<\infty$)if there exists a $p$-summable sequence $(x_{n})_{n=1}^{\infty}$ in $X$ such that $K$ is contained in ...
0
votes
0answers
127 views

Does there exist this special kind of homeomorphism?

Let $A,B\subset\mathbb{R}^n, n\geq 2,$ are two different shaped spindles. One is thick and one is thin. (Sorry for my unprofessional statements. Unsure about how to say it rigorously.) So there are ...
4
votes
0answers
173 views

Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...