**9**

votes

**1**answer

577 views

### Counterintuitive consequences of the Hahn-Banach theorem

The axiom of choice has many counterintuitive consequences like the Banach-Tarski paradox.
The Hahn-Banach theorem is a consequence of the axiom of choice, but it is weaker.
I would like to know ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

16 views

### Solving a system of integral or series equations showing the Maximum Likelihood of Beta distribution [migrated]

Peace be upon you,
In this question, I have shown that how computing MLE on an i.i.d Beta distributed data, results in the following system
\begin{align*}
&\begin{cases}
...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

341 views

### Is there a continuous analogue of Ramanujan graphs?

I think it might help to think of the following definition of a Ramanujan graph - a graph whose non-trivial eigenvalues are such that their magnitude is bounded above by the spectral radius of its ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

143 views

### Finding a norm on $ \mathbb{R}^X $ such that the “natural” embedding of a metric space $ X $ in $ \mathbb{R}^X $ becomes an isometry

Let $ (X,d) $ be a metric space and consider the function $ T:X \to \mathbb{R}^X$ such that $ T(x)(y) = 1$ if $ y = x $ and $ 0 $ for all other $ y $. Is there a norm on $ \mathbb{R}^X$ such that $ T ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

49 views

### Rank of a sequence of covariance matrices

Let $X_i$ ($i=1, \dots$) be an orthonormal basis for $L^2(\Omega, \mathbb P)$. In particular, it holds that
$$\mathbb E[X_iX_j] = \delta_{ij}.$$
Now take $Z\in L^2(\Omega, \mathbb P)$ and define ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### James $\ell_1$-theorem

This question was asked at MSe before but with no answer.
I am struggling with the very last estimate in the proof of James' $\ell_1$-theorem. (Please see below an excerpt from Albiac and Kalton's ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### Request for reference about bound on zeroes of the Laguerre polynomials

Consider the sequence of polynomials given as, $p^{a}_k (x) = (1 - a \frac{d}{dx})^k x^n $ for some parameter $a>0$ and $k$ being a positive integer. For any positive integer $d$ it seems to be ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Existence of a mapping in a nonseparable Banach space

Do there exist a nonseparable Banach space $X$, a mapping $F: X\to X$, and an open nonempty subset $D\subset X$ such that
$$
\forall\,E>0 \quad \exists\,\delta>0: \quad \forall\,x,y\in D \quad ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Equivalence discrete H^2 Sobolev norms

My aim is showing the equivalence of two discrete Sobolev norms. On $\mathbb{Z}^d$, $d\ge 2$, one defines the discrete derivative in the direction of the coordinate vector $\vec e_j$ as
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

78 views

### Difference Quotients Evans

There is a theorem in Evans partial differential equation book as follows:
if $u \in W^{1,p}(U)$ then for each compact $V$ in $U$ we have that:
$ |D^hu|_{L^p(V)} \leq C |Du|_{L^p(U)} $
for all $ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### An upper bound for a average of a function in $L_{p}([0,1))$

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j},~
1\leq j \leq 2^{n} \}
\right\} \right)_{n ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### The representation-theoretic nature of an operator resolvent

Consider parameter $s$ in definition of $R(s,A)=(s I - A)^{-1}$ where $A$ is a linear operator in a vector space $X$. When $X$ is over $\mathbb{C}$, then $s$ is thought to be a complex number.
Now ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### “Partition” of a smooth function in $\mathbb R^2$

This is a question asking for reference.
I have a proof of the following.
Let $f=f(x,y)$ be a smooth function in $\mathbb R^2$ which vanishes at the origin. Then there exist smooth functions ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Are convolution algebras ever “topologically noetherian”?

For finite groups $G$, we have the group ring $k[G]$, and we can think of $G$-representations as $k[G]$-modules. It is known that for $G$ virtually polycyclic, $k[G]$ is a Noetherian ring, which means ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### Nonlocal Stefan problems

Has there been much work in the setting of Stefan (or general free boundary) problems with some type of nonlocality?
A search on Google and MathSciNet give me only a handful of results which greatly ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Triangle inequality for $L^1$-norm with respect to a state

It is well-known that the naive construction of non-commutative $L^p$-spaces is performed only in tracial case. I would like to know if it is really a necessity.
To wit, let $\varphi$ be a normal ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Examples of topologies compatible with a given dual pair

Let $\langle X, Y \rangle$ be a pair of vector spaces put in duality by a non-degenerate bilinear form $\langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle: X \times Y \to \mathbb{R}$. A topology $\tau$ on $X$ is called ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### What is the definition of maximal ε-separated set

Nowadays, I am just studying the book wrote by Joram Lindenstrauss and Yoav Benyamini,i.e. Geometric Nonlinear Functional Analysis. The putfroward "maximal ε-separated set".I really can not understand ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Is exponential function in a C*-algebra injective on self-adjoint elements?

I asked this question in stackexchange, but it flashed and disappeared:
Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and $\exp(x)=\sum_{n=0}\frac{x^n}{n!}$, the usual exponential function from $A$ into $A$. Is it true ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Complementation in tensor products

This question, however looks innocent, looks non-trivial to me. Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are Banach spaces and let $\alpha$ be any reasonable cross-norm on $X\otimes Y$. Reasonable means that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

108 views

### Applications of composition operators on Sobolev spaces

I wold like to know some examples where composition operators on Sobolev spaces are useful. I'm in the following situation.
$L^1_p(D)$ - homogeneous Sobolev space, in other words space of locally ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### What are the applications of Grillakis Shatah and Strauss paper?

I am studying the following paper.
Manoussos Grillakis, Jalal Shatah, and Walter Strauss, Stability theory of solitary waves in the presence of symmetry. I, J. Funct. Anal. 74 (1987), no. 1, 160–197.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Pseudodifferential operators on compact manifolds with boundary

I have heard that the square root of the Dirichlet (or the Neumann) Laplacian is not a pseudodifferential operator on compact manifolds with boundary. The context in which this was said was that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Is this inequality true?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary. Let $$ S=\{u\in C^2(\overline \Omega): \frac{\partial u}{\partial n}=0 \text{ on } \partial\Omega \}.$$ Fix $\Phi\in S$ with $\Phi(x)>0$ for ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Some questions on analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations

I would like to ask a number of questions about the theory of analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations, but before I do so, let me fix the terminology to be used in this ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

241 views

### Topological characterization of injective metric spaces

Let $\ (X\ d)\ \,(Y\ \delta)\ $ be arbitrary metric spaces. A function $\ f:X\rightarrow Y\ $ is called a metric map (with respect to the given metrics $\ d\ \delta$) $\ \Leftarrow:\Rightarrow\ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Reference request: functional analysis results used in Taubes paper (1980)

I'm studying Taubes paper 'Arbitrary N-vortex solutions to the first order Ginzburg-Landau equations'. I'm looking for a reference of three following theorems:
Let $f(x)$ be a convex funtional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### Rate of convergence in narrow convergence

Does anyone help me in the following question?
I have a sequence of probability measures $\mu_n$ and know that $\mu_n$ converges narrowly to a probability measure $\mu$. Is there any way to estimate ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

482 views

### What should be considered a finite size of an infinite dimensional space? [closed]

I've got a map between two infinite dimensional spaces, $f: A\to B$, where $A$ seems "larger" than $B$. For the sake of conversation let's assume that $A$ is the set of smooth maps $\mathbb R^3\to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Limit-circle and limit-point at endpoints

I was wondering if the following holds:
If you have an ODE $$-y''(x) + q(x) y(x) = \lambda y(x)$$ on a finite interval $(a,b)$ and you know that this equation is limit-circle or limit-point at the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Reference for existence results for 2D forced viscous Burgers equation

I am looking for results concering the following parabolic PDE
$$u\cdot\nabla u + \Delta u = F(x),$$
where $$u\colon\Omega\to\mathbb{R}^2,$$ and $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a 2D domain (bounded or ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

194 views

### Can (how) one distinguish germs of continuous functions by a countable set of params?

Continuous functions can be distinguished by their values at say rational points of [0 1].
Germs of analytic functions can be distinguished by derivatives at a point.
So in both cases we see ...

**-1**

votes

**2**answers

142 views

### Motivation for weak solution of a PDE (initial condition)

The following question came to me when reading the famous paper of ALT and LUCKHAUS: "Quasilinear elliptic-parabolic differential equations"
When looking at a (nonlinear degenerate) PDE like
$$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Existence and Uniqueness of Volterra integral equations of the first kind

$$
\int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t)
$$
To prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions of Volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we usually differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### “Nice” functions on infinite-dimensional space of germs of continuous functions at a point

Consider set of all germs of continuous functions at some point.
Question: What are some functions ("any/nice/constructive/whatever") from this set to R (reals) ? (Except evalution at point and made ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

258 views

### If $ F(x,\bullet) \in {L^{2}}(G,B) $ for all $ x \in G $, then is $ x \mapsto F(x,\bullet) $ strongly measurable?

This question is related to something that I asked yesterday: If $ F(x,\bullet) \in {L^{\infty}}(G,B) $ for all $ x \in G $, then is $ x \mapsto F(x,\bullet) $ strongly measurable?
Pietro Majer ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

93 views

### How to formulate approximation from above?

(This is perhaps a stupid question. If so, please give me a hint and a down vote.)
I have a sequence of Banach spaces $X_{1}\supset X_2\supset ...$ and a sequence of elements $x_j\in X_j$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Hill's discriminant and spectral properties of Schrödinger operator

I am currently reading this paper on Schrödinger operators see here. On page 6 and 7 they talk about Hill's discriminant and how this is connected with the spectral properties. They also show some ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

156 views

### Schrödinger operators on a sphere

if you have a Schrödinger operator on a sphere ( $\mathbb{S}^2$) $-\Delta_{\theta,\phi} \psi(\theta,\phi) + V(\theta) \psi(\theta,\phi) = E\psi(\theta,\phi),$ where the potential does not depend on ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### If $ F(x,\bullet) \in {L^{\infty}}(G,B) $ for all $ x \in G $, then is $ x \mapsto F(x,\bullet) $ strongly measurable?

Let $ (X,\Sigma,\mu) $ be a $ \sigma $-finite measure space and $ B $ a Banach space. A function $ f: X \to B $ is said to be strongly $ \mu $-measurable iff it is the almost-everywhere pointwise ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Can we define log-convex operators?

Let $I\subset\mathbb{R}$. A function $f:I\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, is said to be log-convex if $\log f$ is convex or equivalently for all $x,y\in I$ and $\alpha\in [0,1]$
$$f(\alpha x+(1-\alpha)y)\leq ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Extending compact operators

Let $X$ be a separable, infinite-dimensional complex Banach space and $Y\subseteq X$ an infinite-dimensional closed subspace. Suppose $K:Y\to X$ is an arbitrary compact operator. I would like to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Is $L(\ell_2,\ell_2)$ dense in $L(\ell_2,c_0)$?

Let $\ell_2:=\{ x:\mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{R}: \sum_{j=1}^\infty x_j^2<\infty\}$ and
$c_0:=\{ x:\mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{R}: \lim_{j\to\infty}x_j=0,\, \sup_{j\in\mathbb{N}}|x_j|<\infty\}$ denote the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Establishing an upper bound for a dyadic average of a function in $ {L^{p}}([0,1)) $

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1)) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j} \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} \left[ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

147 views

### Is every Montel locally convex vector space compactly generated?

Let $X$ be a Hausdorff locally convex vector space. Recall (my reference is the book of H. Jarchow, Locally Convex Spaces. B.G. Teubner, 1981) that we say that $X$ is a semi-Montel space if every ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### Uniform bounds for a coupled parabolic system of PDE (linear)

Let $V=H^1(\Omega)$ and $H=L^2(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Define $W = \{ w \in L^2(0,T;V) : w_t \in L^2(0,T;V^*)\}$.
Consider the system, with $u^\epsilon, v^\epsilon ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Has uniform ellipticity implications on the spectrum?

Let $X$ be a complete Riemann surface with a smooth metric, and $L$ a line bundle on it also equipped with a smooth metric; associated to this data there is a Laplace-Beltrami operator $D_L$ acting on ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### A Hilbert-space completion of a Hilbert $ C^{*} $-module over a separable $ C^{*} $-algebra

Let $ B $ be a separable $ C^{*} $-algebra and $ \mathcal{E} $ a Hilbert $ B $-module. We know that $ B $ has a faithful state $ \phi $. Using $ \phi $, we can construct a $ \mathbb{C} $-valued ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Two isomorphic Gelfand triplets, is there a problem?

For $j=1, 2$, let $V_j \subset H_j$ be a dense and continuous embedding with $V_j$ a Banach space and $H_j$ a Hilbert space. Identify $H_1 = H_1^*$ and $H_2 = H_2^*$ (using Riesz representation) so ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### What's the appropriate notion of a Unitary representation of a Lie algebra?

Here Lie algebras/groups are real. The most straightforward definition might be:
Def: A representation $\rho:\mathfrak{g} \rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(V)$ is unitary if $V$ is equipped with a Hermitian ...