Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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4
votes
1answer
123 views

Can one show that the dual of a quasi-Banach space separates points without explicitly identifying the dual?

I'm interested in a question regarding the identification of some duals of quasi-Banach spaces. However, I'm not familiar with the quasi-Banach literature, so I'm hoping somebody can point me in the ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

$Ax=b$ in a function space

Let $X$ be compact Hausdorff topological space, $C(X)$ denote the algebra of complex-valued continuous functions on $X$, $b\in \mathbb{C}^m$, $\mathbf{A}\in C(X)^{m\times n}$, for all $x\in X$, ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Question regarding to approximate continuity

Given $u\in BV(R^N)$, we say $u$ is approximate continuous at $x$ and the approximation limit is $l\in R$ if $$ \lim_{r\to 0}\frac{\mathcal{L}^N(B(x,r)\cap \{|u-l|>\epsilon\})}{r^N} =0 $$ for all ...
5
votes
2answers
136 views

Compactly supported functions and Sobolev spaces on manifolds

It is well-known that if a complete Riemannian manifold has bounded curvature and injectivity radius bounded away from zero, then the space $C^\infty_c(M)$ is dense in the Sobolev spaces $W^{k, p}(M)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Inverse problem to solve out current in the radiation problem

This is the radiation problem, but more like a analysis one. Suppose the current $f(x)\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ has a compact support in $[-a,a]$. And the frequency $F(\theta)$ is given by ...
1
vote
0answers
156 views

Separability of the space $C(C[0, 1], \mathbb{R})$

Let $E=C([0, 1])$ be the space of all real-valued continuous functions on $[0, 1]$, equipped with the uniform norm. $C(E)$ stand for the continuous real-valued functions on $E$. I am wondering that ...
10
votes
2answers
463 views

Banach space modulo a one-dimensional subspace =?

My question is the following: Given an infinite dimensional Banach space $E$ and a one-dimensional linear subspace $F\subset E$. It is well-known that this one-dimensional linear subspace is closed ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Equivalence of two definitions of Sobolev spaces

Good morning, I am looking for a reference about the following fact that seems to be folklore. Define the Sobolev (Beppo Levi?) space $$ D^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^N) = \left\{ u \in L^{p^*}(\mathbb{R}^N) ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

faithful action of Hecke algebra

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group split over a number field $F$, $\mathbb{A}$ the adeles. Let $v$ be a finite place and $\mathcal{H}_{v}$ the spherical hecke algebra at palce $v$. ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Reconstructing density from integrals along specific manifolds

Let $\Phi_t : \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R^n$ be the time-$t$-map associated to an ODE $\dot{x}=F(x)$ and let $H: \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$. Let $F$ and $H$ be sufficiently smooth (e.g. $C^k$ or ...
7
votes
1answer
236 views

Bounded operator on a normed space with empty spectrum

A bounded operator acting on a complex Banach space has non-empty spectrum, and the proof of this fact uses the completeness of the space. Is there any example of bounded operator acting on a ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Defining density of a random function using Radon-Nikodym Theorem

Let $(\Omega,\mathbb{F},P)$ be a probability space and $E$ be an infinite dimensional Banach space and $\mathbb{B}$ be the $\sigma$-algebra of Borel subset of $E$. Let $X$ be random function defined ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Lebesgue point and regularity of functions

A known theorem says that for $f \in L_{loc}^1(\mathbb{R}^d)$, almost every point is a Lebesgue point. I know too a theorem saying that for $f \in W_{loc}^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ , every point is a ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

Reflexive subspaces of non-separable abstract $L_1$ spaces

An abstract $L_1$ space is a Banach lattice $E$ such that $\|x+y\|=\|x\|+\|y\|$ for disjoint $x,y\in E$. The space $L_1[0,1]$ is a separable example that contains subspaces isomorphic to $L_p[0,1]$ ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

Notion of solution of pde

Let's consider the following Schrodinger equation $$iu_t+\Delta u+F(u)=0$$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. In Cazenave's book, "Semilinear Schrodinger equation", he defines $H^1$-weak solution as $u\in ...
17
votes
0answers
245 views

Large almost equilateral sets in finite-dimensional Banach spaces

Question: Does there exist a function $C:~(0,1)\to (0,\infty)$ such that for each $\varepsilon\in(0,1)$ every Banach space $X$ of dimension $\ge C(\varepsilon)\log n$ contains an $n$-point set ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

proving that a complicated function is concave or strongly uni-modal

I am trying to prove the concave property for a complicated function during my research project (imperfect maintenance modelling for starter) which has the following form: $\eta(t)= \alpha \beta ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Example of joint cyclic and separating vector

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separate Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \subset \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}) \otimes M_2(C)$ be a W$^*$-inclusion pairs. It is known that this pair share a joint cyclic ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Behaviour of Markov type under uniform homeomorphism of spheres

A metric space $(X,d_X)$ has Markov type $p$ (with $p \in [1,2]$), if, for every stationary Markov chain $\{Z_n\}_{n=0}^\infty$ on $Y$ (a finite space) and every mapping $f:Y \to X$, one has $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
194 views

Continuity of a Functional

A certain functional $T$ is defined as: $$T(F)=\int_{(0,1)}F^{-1}(s)M(ds)$$ where $M$ is a probability measure with support $[\alpha,1-\alpha]$,for $\alpha>0$. The result that above functional is ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Strong solution to $u_t - \Delta_p u = f$

For $p > 1$, consider the equation $$\langle u_t, v \rangle + \int_\Omega |\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u \nabla v = \langle f, v \rangle$$ $$u(0) = u_0$$ $$u|_{\partial\Omega} =0$$ for all $v \in ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

decomposition of tempered distributions by entire analytic functions

Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with $$ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: |\xi|\leq 2, \phi(\xi)=1~~\text{if}~|\xi|\leq 1\}$$ Let $j\in \mathbb N$ ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Bound on change of function given bound on Hessian

Suppose I have very some smooth function $F(x)$, and let $x_0 = \text{argmin}_x F(x)$. I would like to bound $F(x) - F(x_0)$ from above, in terms of the gradient $\nabla f(x)$ and the Hessian matrix ...
8
votes
3answers
292 views

Reference for a strong intermediate value theorem for measures

Let $\mu$ be a finite nonatomic measure on a measurable space $(X,\Sigma)$, and for simplicity assume that $\mu(X) = 1$. There is a well-known "intermediate value theorem" of Sierpiński that states ...
3
votes
4answers
296 views

Continuity in Banach space for non-linear maps

I want to find an example of a Banach space $X$ and a continuous map $f:X\rightarrow X$ such that $f$ is not bounded on the unit ball. I do not doubt that such an example exists, but I cannot make it ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

Donsker's Theorem for triangular arrays

I should mention that I already posed this question on Math Stack Exchange, but didn't receive much feedback. Assume we have a sequence of smooth i.i.d. random variables $(X_i)_{i=1}^{\infty}$. Given ...
7
votes
0answers
267 views

Proving that a space is Hilbert

Let $H=H_0^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)$ be equipped with the norms \begin{align*} ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

A question about the duality principle

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are finite sets and $K:X\times Y\to \mathbb R$ is some function. We get an integral transform from the space of real functions on $X$ to real functions on $Y$ given by ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

What's the idea behind various equivalent norms on Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$?

I am trying to understand Besov spaces; and I am eager to see why the various norms are equivalent on it. Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with $ \operatorname{supp} \phi ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Necessary conditions for optimality in Banach spaces

Let $X$ denote the non-negative "orthant" of the Banach space $L^2$ (or whatever you call the set of functions in $L^2$ that are non-negative), and let $C$ be a closed, convex subset of $X$. Let $f$ ...
4
votes
1answer
202 views

C*-Algebras: Dynamics vs. Derivations

Problem Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$. Consider dynamics $\tau:\mathbb{R}\to\mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{A})$ and $\tau':\mathbb{R}\to\mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{A})$. (More precisely, strongly continuous ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

On the Hölder regularity of an integral function

Let $n\geq 3$. Let $\Omega$ be an open and bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let define $X_0$ as the space of functions $f:\bar\Omega\times\partial\Omega\to\mathbb{R}$ such that $f(x,\cdot)$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
251 views

About an integral equation

I would like to obtain $g$ by solving the following integral equation $$ \int_s^T R(u) dg(u) + f(s,T)\int_s^T g(u)du =0$$ where $f,R:\mathbb R _+ ^*\rightarrow \mathbb R _+ $and $g: \mathbb R _+ ...
4
votes
1answer
207 views

Isomorphisms between spaces of test functions and sequence spaces

I am in the process of writing some self-contained notes on probability theory in spaces of distributions, for the purposes of statistical mechanics and quantum field theory. Perhaps the simplest ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Sobolev Space, “characteristic function” for the weak derivative

Let $\Omega$ be an open bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^N$, working in the space $H_0^1(\Omega)$ with the inner product $$(u,v)_{H_0^1} = \int_\Omega \nabla u \cdot \nabla v$$ for $u\in H_0^1$ and ...
4
votes
2answers
610 views

What does analyticity imply in complex analysis? [closed]

In complex analysis, we're constantly faced with problems about the analyticity of a function, on which many theorems are developed. I of course know a bunch of formulas and theorems, but could not ...
9
votes
1answer
382 views

Between compact and locally uniform: What is the name of this convergence?

Let $X$ be a topological space, $(Y,d)$ a metric space, $f\in Y^X$, and $(f_n)$ a sequence in $Y^X$ with the following property: For every $x_0\in X$ and every $\varepsilon>0$, there exist a ...
1
vote
2answers
285 views

How to prove that a kernel is positive definite?

For example, how to prove $\forall(x,y)\in R^N\times R^N,K(x,y) = \displaystyle\frac{1}{1+\frac{||x - y||^2}{{\sigma}^2}}\\$ where $\sigma > 0$ is a parameter, is positive definite? I have tried to ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Extensions in parabolic Hölder spaces

Let $\alpha\in ]0,1[,k\in\mathbb{N}.$Let $\Omega$ be a open and bounded subset or $\mathbb{R}^n$ of class $C^{k+\alpha}$. As one could find in G.M. Troianello "Elliptic Differential Equations and ...
4
votes
1answer
298 views

When is a `1-form' with continuous coefficients exact?

Let $\Omega$ be a convex, bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$, and let $C^1(\bar \Omega)$ be usual space of continuous functions on $\bar \Omega$ which are $C^1$ in $\Omega$ and whose partials in ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Orthogonal projection

Let $G$ be an operator with compact resolvent on a Hilbert space $H$ such that $\ker G \neq \{0\}$. Further let $P$ be the orthogonal projection onto $\ker G$, and let $G_{0} := G+P$. My question is: ...
7
votes
7answers
601 views

What is the best reference for Spectral theory?

I'm studying Bernard Aupetit: A Primer on Spectral Theory but the textbook we are using is a little bit heavy going for me. Is there a best book to learn about these things? Thank you.
0
votes
0answers
51 views

A question related to the Nikolskii fractional spaces

Consider a Nikolskii space, that is $$ N^{s,p}=\{f\in L^{p}(I, d\ell): \|f\|_{\overline{N}^{s,p}}=\underset{h>0}{\sup}h^{-s}\|\tau_{h}f-f\|_{L^{p}(I_{h})}<\infty \}, $$ where ...
6
votes
0answers
145 views

Is an infinite-dimensional “Lebesgue measure” uniquely determined by a set of positive finite measure?

Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on a subset $C \subset \mathbb{R}^\infty$ of the space of sequences, and assume, for simplicity, that $C$ is closed and convex. We say that $\mu$ admits shifts if ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

continuity with respect to weak-${\ast}$ topology

Let $V:=V([0,1],R)$ be the space of all cadlag functions defined on $[0,1]$ of bounded variation. Thus any element $v\in V$ determines a signed measure $\nu$ on $[0, 1]$ given by the formula $\nu([0, ...
-4
votes
2answers
99 views

Does the Laplacian commutes with the indicator function [closed]

We define the laplacian operator $\Delta$ with the Neumann boundary conditions on the space $H^2(\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is an open set of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with a smooth boundary $\partial\Omega$, and ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

A question about Skorokhod metric

I have a question related to the Skorokhod distance. Let $\Omega:=D([0,1],R)$ be the space of cadlag functions $x$ defined on $[0,1]$. Let $\Lambda$ be the collection of non-decreasing continuous ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

Smooth curves in a Frechet space

Is the space $C^{\infty}([0,1];C^{\infty}(S^1))$ equal with the space $C^{\infty}([0,1]\times S^1)$ ? I am interested in characterizing the smooth curves in the space $C^{\infty}(S^1)$ where $S^1$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Skorokhod distance between $\omega, \omega\circ f_{\varepsilon}$ and $\omega, \omega\circ b_{\varepsilon}$

Let $\Omega:=D([0,1],R)$ be the space of cadlag functions $x$ defined on $[0,1]$. Let $\rho$ be the Skorokhod metric on $\Omega$, see e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A0dl%C3%A0g Now define ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

A nilpotency question on $C^{*}$ algebras

What is an example of a $C^{*}$ algebra $A$ with the property that: for every nilpotent(Quasi nilpotent) $a$ and for every $n\in \mathbb{N}$, there is a $b$ with $b^{n}=a$. To what extent ...