# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Closure of pseudodifferential operators of order 0 on compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a compact manifold. If we have a pseudodifferential operator $P$ of order $0$ on $M$, then $P$ is pseudolocal, i.e., every commutator $[f,P]$ with a continuous function $f \in C(M)$ is a ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

179 views

### Literature on “real” $C^*$-algebras

I am trying to get a better understanding of "real" $C^*$-algebras. I encountered them in the paper
D. Voiculescu, Dual algebraic structures, J. Operator Theory 17(1987), 85-98,
which cites
G.G. ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Adjoint operator of a Convex operator is convex [closed]

Let $B(X, Y )$ be the collection of all continuous linear operators from the ordered normed space $X$ to the ordered normed space $Y$ . Given $A\in B(X, Y )$, the adjoint operator $A^\ast : ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Infinite tensor product of states

Tensor products of finite number of different objects are always well described in the literature. However, the situation of infinite tensor products seems to be much tougher.
Even in the simplest ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### When is an inner derivation a Fredholm operator?

Let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ denote the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $H$. I'm interested in inner derivations acting on the Schatten ideals $L^p\subseteq\mathcal{B}(H)$ (defined by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### Continuous depedence of the spectrum on elements

Suppose $a_n \to a$ in a unital C*-algebra $A$. If $\lambda_n \in \sigma(a_n)$ and $\lambda_n \to \lambda$, then $\lambda \in \sigma(a)$. Does the converse hold?
So if $\lambda \in \sigma(a)$, does ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

160 views

### Lower bounds for norms of commutators

For various reasons I became interested in bounds on the norm of commutators of operators. For instance, if $B(H)$ is the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space, one may ask for a lower bound ...

**9**

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**0**answers

290 views

### Does anybody know if the Fourier algebra of SL(3,Z) has an approximate identity?

(Note to those who like to tidy LaTeX, or ${\rm \LaTeX}$: I kindly request that you don't put any LaTeX in the title of this question, nor change the bolds below to blackboard ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

137 views

### On the relation between the set of extreme points of the unit ball of $M(X)$ and $M(X)^{**}$

Suppose that $X$ is a locally compact topological space. Let $M(X)$ denote the Banach space of regular Borel measures on $X$. It is known that the bidual of $C_0(X)$ is a commutative $C^*-$algebra. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Realisation of noncommutative torus

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so called noncommutative torus to be denoted by $\mathbb{T}_{\theta}$. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### Example of an infinite dimensional reflexive Banach algebra

If a $C^\ast$-algebra is reflexive (as a Banach space) then it is finite dimensional. Can anyone provide (or give a reference to) a nice example of an infinite dimensional non-commutative Banach ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Does noncommutative Lp-convergence respect orderings?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\tau$ a faithful (semi-finite?) normal trace on $M$; as is standard, the $L^p$-norm is defined as $||u||_p=\tau(|u|^p)^{1/p}$. Let $\{u_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a ...

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**0**answers

400 views

### When are two C*-algebras isomorphic as Banach spaces?

We may consider each $C^*$-algebra as a Banach space (by forgetting the multiplication and adjoint). I wonder how drastic this step is, i.e., which properties of the $C^*$-algebra are reflected by its ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

174 views

### Isomorphism theorem for subfactors?

It's about the existence of a generalization of the first isomorphism theorem for groups, for subfactors :
Let $(N \subset M)$ and $(N' \subset M')$ be irreducible inclusions of hyperfinite $II_1$ ...

**11**

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**2**answers

357 views

### Can non-central projections still commute with all other projections?

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and let $\mathcal{P}(A)$ denote the set of projections in $A$. If $p\in\mathcal{P}(A)$ commutes with everything in $\mathcal{P}(A)$ does it necessarily commute with everything ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Examples of special isometries

Are there examples of (distinct) Hilbert spaces $H_1$=$(H,\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_1)$, $H_2 $=$(H,\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_2)$ and a linear operator $V: H_1\to H_2$ such that $V^n: H_1\to H_2$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Does the group of compact perturbations of the identity act transitively on the compact operators?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional (separable if necessary) complex Hilbert space, and denote by $K(H)$ the ideal (in $B(H)$) of compact operators on $H$. Let $G_c=\{I+K\in B(H): I+K \text{ is ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

275 views

### Which Sigma-Ideals in a Sigma-Algebra are Ideals of Null Sets?

My question is motivated, to be somewhat vague, by an attempt to see how much a measure space is defined by the set of null sets. In other words, assume we are not given a concrete measure on a space ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### K-Theory of Algebra of Zeroth Order Pseudo differential operators

Any one knows a reference for computing K_0 of Algebra of zeroth order Pseudo's on a closed manifold in terms of explicit generators?
Thanx!

**7**

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**1**answer

237 views

### characterization of commutative Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with the following property:
For every two nets $ x_{\alpha}$ and $y_{\alpha}$ in $A$, $x_{\alpha}y_{\alpha}$ converges if and only if $y_{\alpha}x_{\alpha}$ converges.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Free C^*-algebra

Let $A_0$ be a set of all polynomials with complex coefficients of infinitely many noncommuting (free) variables, denoted by $X_1,X_2,...,X_1^*,X_2^*,...$. We equip $A_0$ with the operation $*:A_0 \to ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

334 views

### Universal C^*-algebra with generators and relations

We say that the $C^*$-algebra $A$ generated by $a_1,...,a_n$ is universal subject to relations $R_1,...,R_m$ if for every $C^*$-algebra $B$ with elements $b_1,...,b_n$ satisfying relations ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimarkâ€™s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...

**5**

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**0**answers

186 views

### Essential unitary equivalence

Let us agree that heuristic meaning of the word "essential" is: up to compact operator. There is clear notion of unitary equivalent operators. What is the proper notion of two operators being ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

159 views

### Finding the commutant of a von Neumann algebra

Suppose you have a von Neumann algebra $A$ of operators on $H$ and would like to compute its commutant. You have constructed a collection $B\subset A'$ which you suspect generates it (i.e. you think ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Operator Valued Kadison--Singer Problem

The Paving Conjecture, which is equivalent to the famous Kadison--Singer Problem, was spectacularly settled in the affirmative by Marcus--Spielman--Srivastava (arxiv:1306.3969). Let $E$ denote the ...

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**2**answers

362 views

### Is $\mathcal{B}^{\mathbb{Z}}(l^\infty(\mathbb{Z}))$ a commutative algebra?

Consider $l^\infty(\mathbb{Z})$ the Banach space of bounded complex valued functions on the abelian group $\mathbb{Z}$ with the supremum norm. It has a natural action by $\mathbb{Z}$ given by ...

**6**

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**0**answers

180 views

### A non-hyperfinite type III factor from an action of the free group on the circle

We define below a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ from an action of the free group on the circle, and we prove that $\mathcal{M}$ is a non-hyperfinite type III factor.
Question : Is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...

**11**

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**1**answer

451 views

### Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one.
Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

323 views

### About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space.
The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$.
Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### “Generators” of one-parameter groups of isometries

Let $E$ be a Banach space, and let $(\sigma_t)$ be a strongly continuous one-parameter group on $E$: so for $t\in\mathbb R$, we have that $\sigma_t$ is a contraction on $E$, $\sigma_t ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### Is the fundamental group of $II_{1}$ factors invariant under a relation?

This issue is in continuation of an answer I gave here about
noncommutative sets.
In order to define the equivalence relation, let's first recall the Tomita-Takesaki modular theory and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Is there an irreducible, noncompact commuting, nonnormal operator, with spectrum strictly continuous?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space.
Definition: The commutant $\mathcal{S}'$ of a subset $\mathcal{S} \subset B(H)$ is $ \{A \in B(H) : AB=BA \ , \ \forall B \in \mathcal{S} ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Is the fundamental group of a maximal subfactor always $\mathbb{R}_{+}^{*}$?

The fundamental group $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M)$ of an inclusion of $II_{1}$ factors $N \subset M$ is defined as : $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M) =\{t >0 \ | \ (N \subset M)^{t} \simeq (N \subset M) ...

**16**

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**1**answer

444 views

### On complemented von Neumann algebras

Edit: according to Narutaka Ozawa, question 3) is still open in the type $\mathrm{II}_1$ case. In other terms, it is not known whether every topologically complemented type $\mathrm{II}_1$ factor in ...

**7**

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**1**answer

218 views

### Is a C* completion of a nuclear Fréchet algebra a nuclear C* algebra?

I am sure that this is well known in the right places, but: Is the C* completion of a star nuclear FrÃ©chet algebra a nuclear C* algebra? (Suppose that the C* norm is continuous with respect to the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Fredholmness of an operator-valued Toeplitz operator

Let $f$ be an invertible element of $C({\mathbb{T}}; C_b(r,1))$, that is, there exists a $f^{-1}\in C({\mathbb{T}}; C_b(r,1))$ such that for all $z\in {\mathbb{T}}$, $f(z)f^{-1}(z)=1$ in $C_b(r,1)$.
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Unitary with full spectrum

I have a unitary element $u\in C(\mathbb{T},M_{n}(\mathbb{C}))$ such that $Spec(u)=\mathbb{T}$. Does there exist a unitary $v\in C(\mathbb{T},\mathbb{C})$ such that $Spec(uv)\subsetneqq\mathbb{T}$?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Spectral decomposition function [closed]

Once I met a notation of "spectral decomposition function" (for a self-adjoint operator). No definition was given.
Could someone give me a clue what can that be, cause I can't find this exact phrase ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

133 views

### Homomorphisms preserving constant functions

Assume we have a homomorphism $\phi: C(S^{1},M_{n}(\mathbb{C}))\rightarrow C(S^{1},M_{m}(\mathbb{C}))$ where $n$ divides $m$. Under what conditions does $\phi$ send constant functions to constant ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

133 views

### Inductive limit of mapping tori

I have two mapping tori $A_{n}$={$f\in C([0,1], M_{n}(\mathbb{R}))\mid f(1)=\alpha_{1}(f(0))$}, $B_{n}$={$f\in C([0,1], M_{n}(\mathbb{R}))\mid f(1)=\alpha_{2}(f(0))$} where $\alpha_{1}, \alpha_{2}$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Inductive limit of C*-algebras

It is known that an intertwining (or even approximately intertwining) diagram implies the isomorphism of the limit algebras. Under what conditions the converse holds?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

366 views

### When does a $W^*$-algebra have a standard Borel spectrum?

EDIT: AndrÃ© Henriques has commented below that the correct separability condition is not weak-* separability as I have written below, but separability of the predual.
This post came out a bit long, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Need help determining whether a certain map is a $C^\ast$ homomorphism

Hello, I need help determining whether the map I defined between two algebras is a well-defined homomorphism of $C^\ast$-algebras. I ran into this problem while trying to define a "rotation map" ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Metrics and completions on the direct limit of matrices of all sizes over arbitrary fields

Let $M_n$ denote the $n$ by $n$ matrices.
Consider the homomorphisms
$$\phi_{n,kn}: M_n \rightarrow M_{kn}$$
which takes a matrix $A \in M_n$ to $A \otimes I_k \in M_{kn}.$
This gives a sensible way ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### Can nuclearity be determined by tensoring with a single C*-algebra?

A C*-algebra is nuclear if the algebraic tensor product $A\odot B$ ($B$ is any other C*-algebra) admits a unique C*-norm. This definition requires testing the condition for nuclearity with `all' ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

329 views

### Are the groups $C( \mathbb{R} ; U(n) )$ isomorphic?

Let $C(\mathbb{R};{U}(n))$ denote the topological group of continuous functions $\mathbb{R}\to {U}(n)$ with pointwise multiplication and compact-open topology. My question is:
Are these groups ...

**1**

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**0**answers

157 views

### From positive definite function to Følner sequence --— a question on amenability and nuclearity

We know that amenability of countable discrete group $\Gamma$ has many equivalent characterizations. In particular, there are two: a) there is a sequence of finitely supported positive definite ...