4
votes
0answers
75 views

Strong convexity of the trace of the square root of a matrix function

Any clues about how to prove that the following function is strongly-concave in $x$? (We conjecture it is $2$-strongly concave but cannot prove it. We have already proved strict concavity through ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How can I prove that the negative biased triangular kernel is positive semidefinite

How can I prove that the following triangular kernel function defined in $[0, 1] \subset R^1$ $k(x, x') = (1 - 2|x-x'|)$ is a positive semidefinite function? It turns out to be psd function when ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Separating duality for TVS?

What is the modern concept (term) for "separating duality" (dualité séparante in french) in the sense of Bourbaki (TVS Ch II § 6) as explained in the following ? ...
2
votes
1answer
264 views

Operator norm vs spectral radius for positive matrices

I believe the following statement should be true but somehow I don't see an argument: For every integer $d>1$ there exists a constant $C=C(d)>1$ such that whenever $A$ is a $d \times d$ matrix ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Alike looking matrices imply convergence of eigenvalues?

This is a question about convergence of eigenvalues which essentially came up in studying the spectrum of St.-Liouville operators. We want to look at matrices that agree in most of their entries and ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

Equivalence of Positive Matrix in Infinite Dimensional Vector Space

What is the corresponding linear operator on an infinite dimensional vector space, say a Banach space or Hilbert space, to the nonnegative matrix on a finite dimensional vector space? What is the ...
6
votes
1answer
184 views

Horn's inequalities for n matrices

Where I can find necessary and sufficient conditions on eigenvalues of Hermitian matrices with the relation $$A_1 + A_2 + ... + A_n = A_0 ,$$ i.e. Horn's inequalities for n matrices? Can such ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Linear map with two “incompatible” representations

Let $K$ be a field and let $V$ be the set of sequences $\{v_1,v_2,\dots\}$ of elements of $K$. If $A=\{a_1,a_2,\dots\}$ is also a sequence of elements of $K$, then it defines an endomorphism of $V$ ...
6
votes
2answers
200 views

elementwise functions of positive definite matrix

The fact that the Schur (that is, element wise) product of two positive definite (symmetric) matrices is positive definite immediately implies (using the convexity of the positive semi definite cone) ...
2
votes
2answers
246 views

Relationship between largest eigenvalue of a positive matrix $A$ and $A∘A^T$

I'm wondering whether there is certain relationship between the largest eigenvalue of a positive matrix(every element is positive, not neccesarily positive definite) $A$, $\rho(A)$ and that of ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Comparing Krein-Rutman theorem and Perron–Frobenius theorem

Krein–Rutman theorem is a generalization of Perron–Frobenius theorem, I know that things could be more subtle in infinite dimension, yet there's an important result in Perron–Frobenius that's missing ...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Method to Generate Random Mutually Orthogonal Unitary Matrices

The title says it all, I'd like to know if such a method exists to generate random mutually orthogonal unitary matrices. If so, any supplementary references would be very much obliged. Thanks again!
6
votes
2answers
307 views

$\|T\|_2 \le \sqrt{\|T\|_1\|T\|_\infty}$

Let $T$ be a linear operator acting on a finite-dimensional real or complex vector space. As a direct consequence (or rather a particular case) of the Riesz-Thorin theorem, we have $$ \|T\|_2 \le ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Hilbert Schmidt Operators and the Conditional Expectation Operator

Consider the function $\text{E}_W: L_2(\mathbb{R},P_X) \mapsto L_2(\mathbb{R},P_W)$ where $P_X$ and $P_W$ are two different probability measures. They are related in such a way that if $f_X$, $f_W$ ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Characterization(?) of coersive(?) elements in the special linear group

Take your favorite matrix norm $\|\bullet\|$ (my favorite is the Frobenius norm $\|A\| = \sqrt{\operatorname{tr} A A^t}$). Now consider the set $S_x$ of matrices $A,$ such that $\|A\| < x$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Bounding Rayleigh quotioent for stochastic matrix

Suppose you have an irreducible, stochastic matrix $A$ with left Perron-Frobenius eigenvector $v$ (corresponding to the eigenvalue $1$), and suppose the next largest eigenvalue for $A$ is $\lambda$. ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

dual space of the quotient space of some locally convex topological space

I would like to a classical result about dual space. Let $E$ be a locally convex space and $F$ its closed linear subspace. If $E^{\ast}$ is the dual space of $E$, could some one affirm me that the ...
4
votes
0answers
81 views

Groups of operators between local unitaries and full unitaries

Consider the group $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ of "local unitary" operators acting on the complex space $\mathbb{C}^{d_1} \otimes \mathbb{C}^{d_2}$ (i.e., $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ is the group of unitary ...
18
votes
3answers
982 views

Example of a space for which $V \cong Hom(V,V)$

Let $V$ be a topological linear space, and let $\operatorname{Hom}(V,V)$ be the space of continuous linear maps from $V$ back to $V$, equipped with a suitable topology. Is there a non-trivial ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

A linear algebraic q-difference equation [SOLVED]

I would like to solve the following algebraic linear q-difference equation: \begin{equation} a\left(x\right)f\left(x\right)=f\left(qx\right) \end{equation} The parameter $q$ is real, positive and ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

System of 2 linear q-difference equations with singular matrix

I would like to solve the following algebraic linear system of q-difference functional equations: \begin{cases} ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Weak ergodicity of nonhomogenous products of 0-1 matrices

Here is a question which probably has a negative answer, but I couldn't find any literature directly on it. Let $(A_n)$ be a sequence of rectangular 0-1 matrices (that is, the entries are restricted ...
9
votes
1answer
250 views

Trouble with Jordan form of the truncated Carleman-matrix for $\sin(x)$ as size $n$ goes to infinity

I'm currently trying to get familiar with the Jordan normal form for matrices; and after some example I ask for the possible Jordan-form for the Carleman matrix for the function $f(x) = \sin(x)$ when ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Interpret some coefficients in algebras

Let $A$ be a real vector space equipped with a scalar product $\langle \,,\,\rangle$, and assume moreover that a multiplication is define on it so that becomes an algebra (e.g. polynomials with the ...
4
votes
1answer
463 views

A question on Grassmannian

Let $V$ be the space of $4$ by $4$ Hermitian matrices, that is a vector space of dimension $16$ over $\mathbb{R}$. Is the uniform measure of $$ \left\{ W\in Gr\left(5,V\right):W \text{contains no ...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

Closed-form expressions for dual norms of real normed vector spaces

Didn't get any biters over at MSE, so I figure this place might be more appropriate... Say that $V$ is a finite-dimensional real normed vector space, where for some $v \in V$ the norm is notated by ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Existence of an “Orthogonalizing” Operator

I was wondering if it was possible to prove existence of a unitary operator $A$ such that: $\langle Au,u\rangle=0$ for all $u$. In 2-dimensions it clearly is (just a 90 degrees rotation) and similarly ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Are dual spaces barreled?

Let $X$ denote a topological affine space (with no additional assumptions). Let $X^*$ denote its dual space of continuous affine functionals, equipped with the weak-$*$ topology. It is easy to see ...
4
votes
1answer
254 views

Isomorphisms between topological vector spaces [closed]

Let $f : X \to Y$ be a continuous map of complete topological vector spaces. Suppose that $A \subseteq X$ and $B \subseteq Y$ are proper, dense linear subspaces, and that the restriction map $f : A ...
4
votes
1answer
393 views

Cauchy-Schwarz inequality for bilinear forms valued in an abstract vector space

I previously posted this question on Math.SE but didn't receive an answer. It is perhaps a little vague; part of what I want to know is what question I should ask. First, consider the following form ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Algebraic conditions of separability

Let $X$ be a real vector space (without any norm), and $Y$ be a convex subset of $X$, $0\notin Y$. The goal is to find a hyperplane $L$ passing through 0 such that $Y$ lies in a closed halfspace ...
2
votes
2answers
215 views

Existence of a projection operator onto a classical set of density matrices

I have a Hilbert space of quantum density matrices written in the Glauber-Sudarshan P representation - ie. we have coherent states $|\alpha \rangle$ and we write density matrices as $$ \rho = \int ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Schur product, partial order

Let $A, B$ be positive definite matrices. Then $A^r\circ B^r \le (A\circ B)^r$ for $0\le r\le 1$, where $\circ$ is Schur product. Here the inequality is in the sense of Loewner partial order. How to ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Coercive Symmetric Bilinear form on a Hilbert space

I need to show one of the two following equivalent results. If true, it must be a simple proof but I do not seem to be able to make it work. Thank you in advance. 1) Consider a continuous symmetric ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

lipschitz constant of a multivariate function

I have a function $f:\mathbb{R}^{50} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and I need to compute the Lipschitz constant of $f$ to solve an optimization problem using a specific algorithm. Does any one have ...
0
votes
1answer
243 views

All and the only algebraically closed fields s.t. any regular n-by-n matrix has a k-th root for every k

The title has it all. I'm looking for a proof/disproof of the fact that an algebraically closed field, say $\mathbb K$, has characteristic zero iff the following property (R) holds: For all $n,k \in ...
3
votes
0answers
150 views

Extending a Hilbert space isometrically

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, and let $X$ be a topological vector space. Under what conditions on the topologies of $X$ and $H$ does there exist an injective, continuous linear map $f : H \to X$? ...
4
votes
2answers
500 views

When is spectral norm of AB equal to that of BA?

I have $A^{1/2} B A^{1/2} \preceq I$ for two PSD matrices $A$ and $B$, and I'd like to know if that implies $\|AB\|_2 \leq 1.$ The argument I was using to show this is that for any two square ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Factorization of bivariate polynomial

Let $q(y, z) = u_1 + u_2y + u_3 z + u_4y^2 + u_5yz + u_6z^2 + u_7y^3 + u_8y^2z + u_9yz^2 +$ $\hspace{2.55cm}u_{10}y^3z + u_{11}y^2z^2 + u_{12}y^3z^2$ Can $q(y, z)$ be factorized as ...
8
votes
2answers
366 views

Rescaling positive definite matrices to force a unit eigenvector

Hello, Let $X'X$ be a positive definite matrix and let $\mathbf{1}$ denote the vector of ones. I'm hoping to construct a positive, diagonal matrix $W$ such that $$(W X'X W) \mathbf{1} = ...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

Decomposing bilinear forms in Hilbert spaces

You are given a complex Hilbert space $H$ with two equivalent Hilbert space structures $<,>$ and $<,>'$. Define $<,>''=<,> + <,>'$ to be the sum of our two scalar ...
8
votes
3answers
443 views

Relating a Polynomial equation to the characteristic equation of a Hermitian matrix

This question arose out of mere curiosity. Given a polynomial equation and I happen to know that its roots are real (but not the roots itself). Does it mean it is the characteristic equation of a ...
0
votes
0answers
239 views

Checking whether this would be bounded

It may be better to post this question here. Assume that $M$ is an $m$ by $m$ ($m$ is an even number) symmetric positive-semi-definite matrix with exactly $m/2$ positive eigenvalues and every entry of ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Positive definite Hermitian matrices of countable rank

Say that a $\omega\times \omega$ Hermitian matrix $A$ is positive semidefinite of rank $n$ if there exists a $\omega\times n$ complex matrix $B$ such that $A=B B^\dagger$ where $^\dagger$ denotes the ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

Norm estimate for Moore-Penrose pseudo-inverse of $i^\ast T i$

Let $G$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces, let $i : G \rightarrow H$ be an isometric inclusion (so $G$ is a subspace of $H$) and let $T : H \rightarrow H$ be a bounded linear operator with closed range. That ...
5
votes
0answers
125 views

reference for perturbation of projection result

Let $A$ and $B$ have the same rank and dimensions. If $P_A$ denotes the projection onto the range space of $A$, then $$ \|P_A - P_B\|_2 \leq \|A - B\| \cdot \min (\|A^\dagger\|_2, \|B^\dagger\|_2). $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
169 views

The ratio of two strictly increasing functions

Given: \begin{equation} f_1(a)=\sum_{i=1}^{k^*-1} \left(\begin{array}{c} K \\\ i \\ \end{array} \right) \left(-1-\frac{1}{ar}\right)^i \end{equation} \begin{equation} f_2(a)=\sum_{i=1}^{k^*-1} ...
7
votes
2answers
371 views

polynomials with minimal $L_\infty$ norm on multiple disjoint intervals

It is well-known that Chebyshev polynomials are the polynomials of minimal $L_\infty$ norm on [-1,1] with leading coefficient 1. But what if you want the minimal $L_\infty$ polynomial on two disjoint ...
22
votes
16answers
2k views

functions satisfying “one-one iff onto”

Hello Everybody. I need some more examples for the following really interesting phenomenon: A function from the class ... is one-one iff it is onto. Some ...
4
votes
1answer
255 views

Spectral Properties of $A(I-A)^{-1}$

I am working with a class of matrices $A$ which are non-negative-definite, not symmetric, and have maximum eigenvalue less than 1. I am interested in the spectral properties of the matrix $H = A(I - ...