# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**2**answers

100 views

### elementwise functions of positive definite matrix

The fact that the Schur (that is, element wise) product of two positive definite (symmetric) matrices is positive definite immediately implies (using the convexity of the positive semi definite cone) ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

230 views

### Relationship between largest eigenvalue of a positive matrix $A$ and $A∘A^T$

I'm wondering whether there is certain relationship between the largest eigenvalue of a positive matrix(every element is positive, not neccesarily positive definite) $A$, $\rho(A)$ and that of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Comparing Krein-Rutman theorem and Perron–Frobenius theorem

Krein–Rutman theorem is a generalization of Perron–Frobenius theorem, I know that things could be more subtle in infinite dimension, yet there's an important result in Perron–Frobenius that's missing ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Method to Generate Random Mutually Orthogonal Unitary Matrices

The title says it all, I'd like to know if such a method exists to generate random mutually orthogonal unitary matrices. If so, any supplementary references would be very much obliged. Thanks again!

**6**

votes

**2**answers

304 views

### $\|T\|_2 \le \sqrt{\|T\|_1\|T\|_\infty}$

Let $T$ be a linear operator acting on a finite-dimensional real or complex
vector space. As a direct consequence (or rather a particular case) of the
Riesz-Thorin theorem, we have
$$ \|T\|_2 \le ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Hilbert Schmidt Operators and the Conditional Expectation Operator

Consider the function $\text{E}_W: L_2(\mathbb{R},P_X) \mapsto L_2(\mathbb{R},P_W)$ where $P_X$ and $P_W$ are two different probability measures. They are related in such a way that if $f_X$, $f_W$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Characterization(?) of coersive(?) elements in the special linear group

Take your favorite matrix norm $\|\bullet\|$ (my favorite is the Frobenius norm $\|A\| = \sqrt{\operatorname{tr} A A^t}$). Now consider the set $S_x$ of matrices $A,$ such that
$\|A\| < x$ and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Bounding Rayleigh quotioent for stochastic matrix

Suppose you have an irreducible, stochastic matrix $A$ with left Perron-Frobenius eigenvector $v$ (corresponding to the eigenvalue $1$), and suppose the next largest eigenvalue for $A$ is $\lambda$. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### dual space of the quotient space of some locally convex topological space

I would like to a classical result about dual space. Let $E$ be a locally convex space and $F$ its closed linear subspace. If $E^{\ast}$ is the dual space of $E$, could some one affirm me that the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Groups of operators between local unitaries and full unitaries

Consider the group $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ of "local unitary" operators acting on the complex space $\mathbb{C}^{d_1} \otimes \mathbb{C}^{d_2}$ (i.e., $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ is the group of unitary ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

718 views

### Example of a space for which $V \cong Hom(V,V)$

Let $V$ be a topological linear space, and let $\operatorname{Hom}(V,V)$ be the space of continuous linear maps from $V$ back to $V$, equipped with a suitable topology.
Is there a non-trivial ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

160 views

### A linear algebraic q-difference equation [SOLVED]

I would like to solve the following algebraic linear q-difference equation:
\begin{equation}
a\left(x\right)f\left(x\right)=f\left(qx\right)
\end{equation}
The parameter $q$ is real, positive and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### System of 2 linear q-difference equations with singular matrix

I would like to solve the following algebraic linear system of q-difference functional equations:
\begin{cases}
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Weak ergodicity of nonhomogenous products of 0-1 matrices

Here is a question which probably has a negative answer, but I couldn't find any literature directly on it.
Let $(A_n)$ be a sequence of rectangular 0-1 matrices (that is, the entries are restricted ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Trouble with Jordan form of the truncated Carleman-matrix for $\sin(x)$ as size $n$ goes to infinity

I'm currently trying to get familiar with the Jordan normal form for matrices; and after some example I ask for the possible Jordan-form for the Carleman matrix for the function $f(x) = \sin(x)$ when ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Interpret some coefficients in algebras

Let $A$ be a real vector space equipped with a scalar product $\langle \,,\,\rangle$, and assume moreover that a multiplication is define on it so that becomes an algebra (e.g. polynomials with the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

463 views

### A question on Grassmannian

Let $V$ be the space of $4$ by $4$ Hermitian matrices, that
is a vector space of dimension $16$ over $\mathbb{R}$. Is the uniform
measure of
$$
\left\{ W\in Gr\left(5,V\right):W \text{contains no ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Closed-form expressions for dual norms of real normed vector spaces

Didn't get any biters over at MSE, so I figure this place might be more appropriate...
Say that $V$ is a finite-dimensional real normed vector space, where for some $v \in V$ the norm is notated by ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Existence of an “Orthogonalizing” Operator

I was wondering if it was possible to prove existence of a unitary operator $A$ such that:
$\langle Au,u\rangle=0$ for all $u$.
In 2-dimensions it clearly is (just a 90 degrees rotation) and similarly ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Are dual spaces barreled?

Let $X$ denote a topological affine space (with no additional assumptions). Let $X^*$ denote its dual space of continuous affine functionals, equipped with the weak-$*$ topology. It is easy to see ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Isomorphisms between topological vector spaces [closed]

Let $f : X \to Y$ be a continuous map of complete topological vector spaces. Suppose that $A \subseteq X$ and $B \subseteq Y$ are proper, dense linear subspaces, and that the restriction map $f : A ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### Cauchy-Schwarz inequality for bilinear forms valued in an abstract vector space

I previously posted this question on Math.SE but didn't receive an answer. It is perhaps a little vague; part of what I want to know is what question I should ask.
First, consider the following form ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Algebraic conditions of separability

Let $X$ be a real vector space (without any norm), and $Y$ be a convex subset of $X$, $0\notin Y$. The goal is to find a hyperplane $L$ passing through 0 such that $Y$ lies in a closed halfspace ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### Existence of a projection operator onto a classical set of density matrices

I have a Hilbert space of quantum density matrices written in the Glauber-Sudarshan P representation - ie. we have coherent states $|\alpha \rangle$ and we write density matrices as
$$ \rho = \int ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Schur product, partial order

Let $A, B$ be positive definite matrices. Then $A^r\circ B^r \le (A\circ B)^r$ for $0\le r\le 1$, where $\circ$ is Schur product. Here the inequality is in the sense of Loewner partial order.
How to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Coercive Symmetric Bilinear form on a Hilbert space

I need to show one of the two following equivalent results. If true, it must be a simple proof but I do not seem to be able to make it work. Thank you in advance.
1) Consider a continuous symmetric ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### lipschitz constant of a multivariate function

I have a function $f:\mathbb{R}^{50} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and I need to compute the Lipschitz constant of $f$ to solve an optimization problem using a specific algorithm. Does any one have ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### All and the only algebraically closed fields s.t. any regular n-by-n matrix has a k-th root for every k

The title has it all. I'm looking for a proof/disproof of the fact that an algebraically closed field, say $\mathbb K$, has characteristic zero iff the following property (R) holds: For all $n,k \in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Extending a Hilbert space isometrically

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, and let $X$ be a topological vector space.
Under what conditions on the topologies of $X$ and $H$ does there exist an injective, continuous linear map $f : H \to X$?
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

487 views

### When is spectral norm of AB equal to that of BA?

I have $A^{1/2} B A^{1/2} \preceq I$ for two PSD matrices $A$ and $B$, and I'd like to know if that implies $\|AB\|_2 \leq 1.$
The argument I was using to show this is that for any two square ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Factorization of bivariate polynomial

Let $q(y, z) = u_1 + u_2y + u_3 z + u_4y^2 + u_5yz + u_6z^2 + u_7y^3 + u_8y^2z + u_9yz^2 +$ $\hspace{2.55cm}u_{10}y^3z + u_{11}y^2z^2 + u_{12}y^3z^2$
Can $q(y, z)$ be factorized as
...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

357 views

### Rescaling positive definite matrices to force a unit eigenvector

Hello,
Let $X'X$ be a positive definite matrix and let $\mathbf{1}$ denote the vector of ones.
I'm hoping to construct a positive, diagonal matrix $W$ such that
$$(W X'X W) \mathbf{1} = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Decomposing bilinear forms in Hilbert spaces

You are given a complex Hilbert space $H$ with two equivalent Hilbert space structures $<,>$ and $<,>'$. Define $<,>''=<,> + <,>'$ to be the sum of our two scalar ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

437 views

### Relating a Polynomial equation to the characteristic equation of a Hermitian matrix

This question arose out of mere curiosity. Given a polynomial equation and I happen to know that its roots are real (but not the roots itself). Does it mean it is the characteristic equation of a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Checking whether this would be bounded

It may be better to post this question here. Assume that $M$ is an $m$ by $m$ ($m$ is an even number) symmetric
positive-semi-definite matrix with exactly $m/2$ positive eigenvalues
and every entry of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Positive definite Hermitian matrices of countable rank

Say that a $\omega\times \omega$ Hermitian matrix $A$ is positive semidefinite of rank $n$ if there exists a $\omega\times n$ complex matrix $B$ such that $A=B B^\dagger$ where $^\dagger$ denotes the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Norm estimate for Moore-Penrose pseudo-inverse of $i^\ast T i$

Let $G$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces, let $i : G \rightarrow H$ be an isometric inclusion (so $G$ is a subspace of $H$) and let $T : H \rightarrow H$ be a bounded linear operator with closed range.
That ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### reference for perturbation of projection result

Let $A$ and $B$ have the same rank and dimensions. If $P_A$ denotes the projection onto the range space of $A$, then
$$
\|P_A - P_B\|_2 \leq \|A - B\| \cdot \min (\|A^\dagger\|_2, \|B^\dagger\|_2).
$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### The ratio of two strictly increasing functions

Given:
\begin{equation}
f_1(a)=\sum_{i=1}^{k^*-1} \left(\begin{array}{c}
K \\\
i \\
\end{array} \right) \left(-1-\frac{1}{ar}\right)^i
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
f_2(a)=\sum_{i=1}^{k^*-1} ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

357 views

### polynomials with minimal $L_\infty$ norm on multiple disjoint intervals

It is well-known that Chebyshev polynomials are the polynomials of minimal $L_\infty$ norm on [-1,1] with leading coefficient 1. But what if you want the minimal $L_\infty$ polynomial on two disjoint ...

**22**

votes

**16**answers

2k views

### functions satisfying “one-one iff onto”

Hello Everybody.
I need some more examples for the following really interesting phenomenon:
A function from the class ... is one-one iff it is onto.
Some ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Spectral Properties of $A(I-A)^{-1}$

I am working with a class of matrices $A$ which are non-negative-definite, not symmetric, and have maximum eigenvalue less than 1. I am interested in the spectral properties of the matrix $H = A(I - ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

189 views

### references for families of conditionaly negative definite matrices

We say that a matrix $A\in M_n(\mathbb{C})$ is a conditionaly negative definite matrix if it is hermitian and if for all complex numbers $c_1,\ldots,c_n$ such that $c_1+\cdots +c_n=0$ we have
$$
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

717 views

### Decomposition of positive definite matrices.

It is known that a $n^2 \times n^2$ positive semidefinite matrix $A$ cannot always be written as a finite sum
$$
A=\sum_{j} B_j \otimes C_j
$$
with $B_j$ and $C_j$ positive semidefinite matrices (of ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Matrix inequality $(A-B)^2 \leq c (A+B)^2$ ?

Let A and B be positive semidefinite matrices. It is not hard to see that $(A-B)^2 \leq 2A^2 + 2B^2$. In fact, $2A^2 + 2B^2 - (A-B)^2 = (A+B)^2$ is positive semidefinite.
My question is: Is there a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Maximal length vector under constraints

Consider a criculant symmetric $M$ an $n \times n$ matrix with $0$ and $1$ entries and $r$ entries of $1$ in each row with the diagonal values taken as $1$. I am looking for a $0-1$ vector $v$ with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### positive hermitian elements in $M_n(\mathbb{C})$

Elements of the set $P$ of positive hermitian $n×n$ matrices over complex numbers
have some special properties:
(i) they are closed under sum,
(ii) they are closed under multiplication by positive ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Characterizing invertible nonnegative matrices with bounded sums

Almost a year ago, I asked in this question about obtaining a tight bound on the sum of the entries of the inverse of a strictly positive definite matrix. Denis Serre gave a nice counterexample ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

336 views

### Commutative *-subrings of the noncommutative C*-algebra $B(l^2)$

A $\star$-ring is a ring with an involutive anti-automorphism. The simplest example of a noncommutative $\star$-ring is perhaps $B(l^2)$, the ring of bounded linear functions on the sequence space ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

828 views

### trace norm inequality for positive matrices

If $A, B$ are positive $n \times n$ complex matrices, $n$ some integer, then obviously \begin{equation*} \|ABA\|_\text{tr} = tr(ABA) = tr(A^2 B). \end{equation*}
But can we say there is a constant ...