Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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3answers
68 views

Positivity of the top Lyapunov exponent

I have a general question about the Oseledets Multiplicative Ergodic Theorem. In the context of the MET I'd like to know if there is some reasonably general sufficient condition which implies that the ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

Interpolation between $L_p$ and $B^s_{q,q}$

I am looking for a reference or a direct argument that shows the real interpolation space between $L_p$ and $B^s_{q,q}$ is $B^\alpha_{r,r}$, with the usual conditions on the indices. This result is ...
7
votes
1answer
198 views

Homotopy groups of Fredholm operators

If $X$ is separable complex Hilbert space and $\mathcal{F}$ the topological space of Fredholm operators on $X$, then it is well-known, that $$ \pi_0(\mathcal{F}) = \mathbb{Z}\, , $$ i.e. the connected ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

Power law distribution with support in x=0

Let $f_\epsilon$ be a probability measure with density $f_\epsilon(x)$ depending regularly on a parameter $\epsilon$, such that in the limit $\epsilon \to 0$ its support concentrates at $x=0$, i.e. ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Regularity of finite variation kernels in the (intersection) of the semimartingale spaces $H^p$

Suppose you have a continuous semimartingale $S_t=M_t + A_t$ where $A_t$ is the continuous finite variation part which has the form $A_t = \int_0^t b_s \, \mathrm{d} s$, where $\int_0^{\infty} |b_s| ...
5
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3answers
212 views

Invertible operator with countable spectrum

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and $A$ is an invertible bounded operator on $H$. Can we approximate $A$ with an invertible operator $B$ such that $sp(B)$ is a countable set? Motivation: ...
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0answers
31 views

Transferring locally uniformly convex norm by bounded linear operator from one Banach space to another

I'm trying to find a simple proof this theorem Let $Y$ be a locally uniformly convex Banach space and $X$ be a Banach space and let $T$ be a bunded linear operator from $X$ into $Y$ such that for ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Fractional Brownian motion via Hilbert space

The Brownian motion has the following (Levy-Ciesielski?) construction via Hilbert space isomorphisms: Let $\{ Z_i \}_{i \in \mathbb{Z}}$ be i.i.d. $N(0,1)$ random variables defined on $(\Omega, ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Can't figure out “standard application” of the Garsia-Rodemich-Rumsey Lemma

I'm currently reading the paper http://arxiv.org/abs/0908.2473 and can't figure out what they call a "standard application" of the Garsia-Rodemich-Rumsey lemma (see p.8). Summed up, they have a ...
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1answer
116 views

Weak solution of a heat equation is zero?

I work on a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $u \in H^1(0,T;H^{-1})\cap L^2(0,T;H^1)$ be a solution of the heat equation: $$\langle u', v \rangle + \int \nabla u \nabla v = 0$$ for each test ...
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0answers
55 views

for x is an arbitrary realnumber, and realnumber a>0, if |x+1/a|+|x-a| >=2 ? [closed]

this is a math question of high question: for x is an arbitrary realnumber, and realnumber a>0, and is there a solution to find: |x+1/a|+|x-a| >=2 ?
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0answers
50 views

application of functional analysis in the field of Stochastic Approximation/Optimization [closed]

This question is not a technical one. Sorry for that. I want to know about the application of functional analysis in the field of Stochastic Approximation/Optimization.
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0answers
80 views

Relation between modulus of smoothness and reflexivity

Baillon proved that if $X$ is a Banach space with $\rho'_X(0)<\frac{1}{2}$, then $X$ has the fixed point property (by $\rho_X(t)$ we denote the modulus of smoothness). My questions are as ...
6
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1answer
188 views

Ultracoproducts and Cartesian products

Let $X$ be a metrizable compact topological space, let $\mathcal U$ be an ultrafilter, and denote by $X^{\mathcal U}$ the ultracopower of $X$ with respect to $\mathcal U$. As a C$^*$-algebraist, I ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Is the ideal of functions vanishing at a set complementable in $C(X)$?

Let $X$ be a compact Hausdorff topological set, and $Y$ be its closed subset. Is the ideal of functions vanishing on $Y$ $$ I=\{f\in C(X):\ \forall y\in Y\ f(y)=0\} $$ complementable (as a closed ...
3
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2answers
154 views

How do functions operate in a Sobolev space $H^{s}$?

Let $s>\frac{1}{2};$ and define a Sobolev space as follows: $$H^{s}(\mathbb R)=\{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R):[\int_{\mathbb R} |\hat{f}(\xi)|^{2}(1+|\xi|^{2})^{s}d\xi]^{1/2}<\infty \}.$$ Fact: Let $m$ ...
0
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0answers
67 views

Reference request: density of $C_c^{\infty}(\mathbb R^d)$ in $L^2(\mathbb R^d,d\rho)$

My question is motivated by an optimal transportation approach to PDE's and gradient flows in metric spaces (see e.g Otto's geometry of dissipative evolution equations: the porous media equation and ...
1
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0answers
79 views

Homological properties with discontinuity

I am trying to find information about modeling discontinuous fields over a manifold. In particular, I have a manifold that may change its homology class, for instance I can have a growing circular ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

A question on unbounded operators

Assume that $H$ is a separable Hilbert space. Is there a polynomial $p(z)\in \mathbb{C}[x]$ with $deg(p)>1$ with the following property?: Every densely defined operator $A:D(A)\to ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

$R$ is a right multiplier and $R(a)b=a\overset{?}{\implies} A$ is unital

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, and $R:A\to A$ its right multilplier. Is it true that $$ \exists b\in A\quad \forall a\in A \quad R(a)b=a\qquad $$ implies $A$ is unital. I know this is true if A is a ...
1
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1answer
108 views

Perturbation theory of eigenvalues - Effects of degeneracy/ multiplicity

In Quantum mechanics Schrödinger's perturbation theory is very important (see Wikipedia) which deals with perturbation of the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator. Where can I find a ...
2
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0answers
136 views

Two Definitions of Non-commutative $L^p$ space

Throughout, let $(\mathcal{M},\tau)$ be a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$, acting on a Hilbert space $H$, with normal semifinite faithful trace $\tau$. In the survey article by Pisier and Xu, the ...
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0answers
148 views

Is there an asymptotic bound for this oscillatory integral?

I have an oscillatory integral: $$ \int u(x,y) e^{i\lambda f(x,y)} dx $$ with $f(x,y)\in \mathbb{C}^{\infty}$ a complex-valued function in a neighborhood of $(0,0)$ satisfying: $$ \text{Im} f \geq ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Alike looking matrices imply convergence of eigenvalues?

This is a question about convergence of eigenvalues which essentially came up in studying the spectrum of St.-Liouville operators. We want to look at matrices that agree in most of their entries and ...
7
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0answers
259 views

The Banach space of bounded functions with countable support

Let $X$ be a set of cardinality $\aleph_1$ and consider the Banach space $\ell_\infty^c(X)$ of all scalar-valued bounded functions on $X$ which are non-zero only for countably many elements of $X$ ...
6
votes
1answer
183 views

Spectrum of this ODE

I noticed something interesting studying this Sturm-Liouville Problem: $$ \frac{d}{dx}\left(\sqrt{(1-x^{2})}\frac{df}{dx} \right)+\frac{\left(n \alpha x+\alpha^2 x^{2} + ...
0
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0answers
88 views

Equivalence of Positive Matrix in Infinite Dimensional Vector Space

What is the corresponding linear operator on an infinite dimensional vector space, say a Banach space or Hilbert space, to the nonnegative matrix on a finite dimensional vector space? What is the ...
0
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0answers
89 views

Existence of the Dirichlet heat kernel for arbitrary open subsets?

consider first of all an open and bounded subset $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, s.t. the boundary $\partial \Omega$ is a manifold of class $C^2$. Then I know that there exists a Dirichlet heat kernel, ...
1
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1answer
145 views

${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{C} \Rightarrow \mathcal{A}' \cap \mathcal{B}'$ hyperfinite?

Let $\mathcal{A} , \mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}', \mathcal{B}' $ are also a ${\rm II}_1$-factors. Question: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = ...
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0answers
93 views

Compact embedding

Let $\Omega$ be a domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$ (not necessarily bounded, no regularity assumption) and $K \subset \Omega$ a compact. Is it true that the embedding $H^1_0(\Omega) \rightarrow ...
1
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1answer
120 views

Weak convergence of a sequence

I have a sequence $(u_k) \in L^2_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^+; H^1_0(\Omega) )$ and $u \in L^2_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^+\times \Omega )$ such that for any $T >0$ and any compact $K \subset \Omega$ we have : ...
2
votes
1answer
309 views

Are all linear transformations measurable?

Let $V$ and $W$ be topological vector spaces over $\mathbb{F}$ (with $\mathbb{F}=\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$), and let $T:V \to W$ be a linear transformation. It is well-known that $T$ is not ...
2
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0answers
106 views

Are open immersions in analytic geometry transverse?

lately I have been interested in functional analysis, especially with a view towards its applications in the world of (complex) analytic geometry. I have been using R. Taylor's book Several complex ...
4
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1answer
222 views

Spectral multipliers vis-a-vis Differential geometry

Let us mention two papers for examples: this one by Seeger and Sogge and this by Cheeger, Gromov and Taylor. One can also mention papers by Stein, for example, this one. There are also many others of ...
2
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2answers
210 views

${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant and trivial intersection generate $B(H)$?

Let $H$ be an $\infty$-dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Let $\mathcal{A}$, $\mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}'$, ...
6
votes
1answer
182 views

Horn's inequalities for n matrices

Where I can find necessary and sufficient conditions on eigenvalues of Hermitian matrices with the relation $$A_1 + A_2 + ... + A_n = A_0 ,$$ i.e. Horn's inequalities for n matrices? Can such ...
5
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0answers
185 views

Are inclusions from spaces of $C^\infty$ sections into spaces of $C^k$ sections homotopy equivalences?

[EDIT: The answer to my original question was obviously no, as user56365 pointed out. Here is what I should have asked.] For finite-dimensional smooth manifolds $E,M$, let $E\to M$ be a smooth fibre ...
3
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1answer
156 views

Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Bochner's theorem for measures of positive type

Is there a version of Bochner's theorem characterizing measures of positive type on a locally compact group? By a measure of positive type on the group $\Gamma$, I mean a measure $\mu$ satisfying ...
1
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0answers
50 views

A Density Problem

Let $ \mathscr{D}=\mathscr{D}(\mathbb{R}^n - {0}) $ be the space of all smooth functions with compact support in $ \mathbb{R}^n - {0} $ topologized by the standard Schwartz topology and let $ ...
11
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0answers
301 views

Homotopy equivalence vs weak homotopy equivalence in Gromov's h-principle

My question concerns Gromov's h-principle for open diffeomorphism-invariant partial differential relations on open manifolds; see e.g. Eliashberg/Mishachev: Introduction to the h-principle, §6.2.A and ...
2
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0answers
114 views

Error in trace of operator

Imagine you have a Schroedinger operator $H:=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+V$ with $V \in C[a,b]$ on some compact interval $[a,b]$. The boundary conditions are supposed to be taken in such a way that this ...
1
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1answer
133 views

Linear map with two “incompatible” representations

Let $K$ be a field and let $V$ be the set of sequences $\{v_1,v_2,\dots\}$ of elements of $K$. If $A=\{a_1,a_2,\dots\}$ is also a sequence of elements of $K$, then it defines an endomorphism of $V$ ...
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0answers
39 views

Representation of piecewise functions using variational inequalities

I need some help about how to represent piecewise smooth functions defined over N subintervals by using variational inequalities. From a paper I'm analyzing I get: "If we can find a function ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Topology on the dual of a Frechet space

If $F$ is a Frechet space, is there any locally convex space topology on the dual $F'$, such that for each local diffeomorphism $f$ from an open subset $U$ of $F$ to $F$, the map $U \times F' ...
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0answers
79 views

On existence of right units with control of their norms

Does, there exist a Banach algebra with a family of right units with norms converging to 1, but without right unit of norm 1?
2
votes
3answers
267 views

Cardinality of $C^*([0,1])$ [closed]

What is the cardinality of the continuous dual of $C([0,1])$ (the set of continuous functions from $[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$)?
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49 views

Approximation of bounded continuous functions by Lispschitz bounded functions

Let $H$ be an Hilbert space and $f : H \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a continuous and bounded by $M>0$ function. Is it possible to construct a sequence of functions $f_n$ Lipschitz uniformly bounded by ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

BMO spaces on the torus

I was reading BMO spaces (John-Nirenberg) on wikipidia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bounded_mean_oscillation. There they define BMO norm as $$sup_{Q}\frac{1}{Q}\int_Q |u(y) - u_Q|dy$$ where $u_Q$ is ...
6
votes
2answers
176 views

elementwise functions of positive definite matrix

The fact that the Schur (that is, element wise) product of two positive definite (symmetric) matrices is positive definite immediately implies (using the convexity of the positive semi definite cone) ...