**2**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Extremal combinatorics on bipartite graphs

One open question in extremal graph Theory is the so-called Zarankiewicz problem
(see for instance the wikipedia page), which ask for the maximum number of edges in a bipartite graph with a fixed ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

262 views

### extremal bipartite graph

I'm facing the following question:
Given a bipartite graph $G = (L \cup R, E)$.
Let $n = |L|$, $m = |R|$, and a parameter $k \in \mathbb{N}$, $n > m > k$.
What is a minimal possible number ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Forbidden Tripartite Graphs

I was looking at extremal graph theory. I have understood the proofs of upper bounds for the Zarankiewicz problem which basically states: What can you say about the edges of a graph with $n$ vertices ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Even cycle constrained edge coloring

Is minimum colors needed to assign colors to edges of complete graph $K_n$ so that every $2t$ simple cycle where $t\in\Big\{1,\dots,2\Big\lfloor\frac{n}2\Big\rfloor\Big\}$ contains atleast $t+1$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Maximum cardinality general factor of a graph

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a set of integers $B(v)$ associated to each vertex, a general factor of $G$ is a set of edges $F\subseteq E$ such that the degree of each vertex $v\in V$ in the graph $(V, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

115 views

### What are constructions for induced $C_5$-free graphs?

During a recent workshop, the question came up whether there are some constructions for graphs that are induced $C_5$-free, but they contain "everything else," so we don't want to forbid $C_5$'s, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

426 views

### Embedding of planar graphs

I've recently come across the following lemma.
Lemma (Valiant): A planar graph $G$ with maximum degree $4$ can be embedded in the plane using $O(|V|)$ area in such a way that its vertices are at ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### Vertex expansion of the Hamming graph

Let $G$ be a graph, and for every $S \subseteq V$, let $N(S)$ denote the neighborhood of $S$. The vertex expansion of $G$ is
$$ \min_{S\subseteq V, |S|\le |V|/2} \left\{ \frac{|N(S)|}{|S|} ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

616 views

### How many simple cycles can a graph with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges have?

I am mainly interested in the smallest number of simple cycles a graph with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges must have.
For example, if $m\le n-1$, this number is $0$, then if $n\le m \le 3(n-1)/2$, it is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Edge-disjoint cycles in graphs

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a fixed integer $k$ are there any algorithms known which would find the maximum number of edge-disjoint cycles of length $k$ in $G$? If not is there a proof that this ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Complete k-partite graph covers all K_k of a graph

Suppose that we have a complete graph $G$ of $n$ vertices. What is the minimum number of complete $k$-partite graph (subgraph of $G$) that covers all the complete graph of $k$ vertices of $V(G)$? Are ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Maximum degree and matching number

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite graph. We write $\nu(G)$ for the matching number of $G$. Is there $\varepsilon > 0$ such that we have $$\frac{\nu(G)+\Delta(G)}{V(G)} \geq \varepsilon$$ for all finite ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

790 views

### Cauchy-Schwarz proof of Sidorenko for 3-edge path (Blakley-Roy inequality)

Is there a "Cauchy-Schwarz proof" of the following inequality?
Theorem. Given $f \colon [0,1]^2 \to [0,1]$, one has
$$
\int_{[0,1]^4} f(x,y)f(z,y)f(z,w) \, dxdydzdw \geq \left(\int_{[0,1]^2} f(x,y) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### On the maximum number of $t$-subset of $\{1,\ldots, n\}$ having pairwise singleton or empty intersections

Let $n$, $t \in \mathbb N$ two natural numbers such that $0<t<n$, and let $A$ be a set of $n$ elements.
We call a quasi-partition or q-p of $A$ a subset $W \subset \mathcal P(A)$ such that we ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

345 views

### Smallest Connected Graph for Given Degree Sequence

For a given integer sequence $(d_1, d_2,...,d_n)$, a natural question is if such a sequence is graphical, i.e. is a degree sequence of some graph. According to Erdős–Gallai theorem, A sequence of ...

**24**

votes

**3**answers

741 views

### Removal of non-isomorphic edges results in the same graph

There exists a (simple unlabeled) graph on 6 nodes with a pair of non-isomorphic edges (i.e., there is no graph automorphism that sends one edge into the other) such that removal of either of them ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

238 views

### Algorithms for computing the Resilience of Graphs

The definition of resilience with a graph $G$ w.r.t to a monotone property $\mathcal{P}$ is well known.
(Global resilience) Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an increasing monotone property. The global ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Spectral lower bounds on the diameter of a graph

There is such a bound, due to Mohar and McKay, using the second-smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian $\lambda_{2}$:
$$Diam \geq \lceil \frac{4}{n\lambda_{2}} \rceil.$$
This bound is very elegant but ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Can I weaken the minimum degree hypothesis in Nash-Williams' triangle decomposition conjecture?

In what follows, all graphs $G$ are $K_3$-divisible (all degrees even, number of edges a multiple of three) on $n$ vertices, where $n$ is not too small.
The famous Nash-Williams conjecture claims ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Are all almost regular graphs obvious?

Let the maximum and minimum degress of a graph be denoted (as usual) by $\Delta$ and $\delta$ respectively.
A graph is almost regular if $\Delta-\delta=1$.
Now, here is a simple way to generate ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Extremal graph theory for directed graphs

In extremal graph theory, there are results such as
$$t(C_4,G)\geq t(K_2,G)^4,$$
where $G$ is an undirected graph, $C_4$ is a cycle graph on 4 nodes, $K_2$ is a complete graph of $2$ nodes, and ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

369 views

### Extremal examples for a folklore lemma on subgraphs of large minimum degree

It's a well known fact that a graph $G$ of average degree $d$ has a subgraph $G'$ of minimum degree at least $d/2$ and that the constant $1/2$ cannot be improved. The proof I know, which proceeds by ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

858 views

### Determine or estimate the number of maximal triangle-free graphs on $n$ vertices

Among the collections of the open problems of Paul Erdős on the website of
Professor Fan Chung, there is one called "number of triangle-free graphs".
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Hamiltonicity criteria for sparse graphs

Given a sparse graph, how can one go about proving that it is Hamiltonian? (Assuming it actually is, of course).
There are three main classes of criteria for Hamiltonicity that I am aware of:
...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

460 views

### Strongly connected directed graphs with large directed diameter and small undirected diameter?

This question is an attempt to make progress on domotorp's interesting challenge. This question was originally asked in two parts; the former of which was answered by Ilya Bogdanov, and the latter of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

298 views

### Extremal functions for tournaments

We are looking at directed graphs with no loops or parallel edges, but given two vertices $x$ and $y$, we allow the presence of both the edge $(x, y)$ and $(y, x)$. Thus, if $G$ is a directed graph ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### Efficient isomorphic subgraph matching with similarity scores

I'm a computer vision PhD student, and I'm looking for an efficient approximation to the following problem, which could end up helping in image to image matching. Failing that, pointers to relevant ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### The Turán problem for graphs with given chromatic number

The ordinary Turán problem for graphs asks, "Given a graph $H$, if $G$ is an $H$-free graph on $n$ vertices, what is the largest number of edges that $G$ can have?" As is well known, if $\chi(H) = r ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

390 views

### On Turan's theorem

Turan's theorem provides minimum number of edges of a graph on $n$ vertices to surely contain a clique of a prescribed size. This has been generalized to regular graphs.
What additional ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

525 views

### No big clique minor but a big grid minor

I was wondering if the following result is known (or if there's a nice short proof without treewidth/brenchwidth related theorems): as the title says, suppose you have a graph without a big clique ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

188 views

### How many n/2-cycles can a cubic graph have

Given a simple cubic graph with $n$ vertices (which implies that $n$ is even), what is a good upper bound on the number of cycles of length $n/2$ it can have?
A random cubic graph has ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Bipartite independence number

Consider a balanced bipartite graph $G=(U,V,E)$, i.e., a bipartite graph with $|U|=|V|$. An independent set $I$ of $G$ is balanced if $|I \cap U| = |I \cap V|$.
The bipartite independence number of ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

487 views

### Minimal graphs of prescribed girth and chromatic number

The well known result of Erdős, states that
Given integers $g > 2$ and $k > 1$ there exist a graph $G$ with $\chi(G) \geq k$ and girth at least $g.$
What I am wondering is
When can we ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

397 views

### How to find or constrain “particularly good” (two-sided) spectral expanders?

I'm new to graph theory, but a response to a question I asked a while ago introduced me to the concept of expander graphs.
A k-regular graph (henceforth "graph") on n nodes has eigenvalues k = λ1 ≥ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### Random graphs require O(n log(n)) edges until they are almost certainly fully connected - what are more concrete boundaries ?

As far as I understand my literature, the probability of a random graph being fully connected tends toward one as the number of edges approaches a value of size $O(n \log(n))$
The way I read this, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

368 views

### Complete Bipartite Subgraph of Dense Bipartite Subgraph

Q1: Consider a $2^n$ by $2^n$ bipartite graph with at least $(1-\epsilon)2^{2n}$ edges. For any $\epsilon > 0$ and $n$ large enough, is it always possible to find a $2^{(1-f(\epsilon))n}$ by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

119 views

### Distribution of Induced Subgraphs of Extremal Ramsey Graphs

Choose $k$. Let $G = (V,E)$ be a graph on $n = R(k,k)-1$ vertices (that is, $G$ is an extremal example for $R(k,k)$, and $g : E \to \{r, b\}$ be an edge 2-coloring such that there is no monochromatic ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

395 views

### Maximum number of edges $f(n,k)$ in a graph on $n$ vertices with no $k$-core?

The $k$-core of a finite graph is defined as follows. Delete all vertices of degree $< k$ and repeat until there are no such vertices left. If there is a nonempty subgraph remaining, necessarily ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

165 views

### Have you come across this kind of “degree” concept?

Let $A \subseteq V(G)$ be a set of vertices in a graph $G$ and let $v \in V(G)$ be some vertex. Define $d_{A}(v)$ as the number of neighbours of $v$ inside $A$.
Now suppose you have a graph whose ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

509 views

### 6-regular bipartite graphs with no 8-cycles

I'm looking for simple 6-regular bipartite graphs with no 8-cycles, as small as possible. It doesn't matter if there are 4-cycles or 6-cycles, provided there are no 8-cycles. Such graphs must exist ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Number of trees with the same matching number

Let $\sigma(n,m)$ be the number of trees with $n$ vertices $\{ v_1, \dots, v_n \}$ such that the matching number (the size of a maximum matching) is $m$.
I have been trying to compute the value of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Maximal class of simple graphs of order $n$ with mutually distinct numbers of spanning trees

This problem in some ways related to this post.
Let $A_n$ be the set of all integers $x$ such that there exist a connected simple graph of order $n$ having precisely $x$ spanning trees. Study the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### Is there a polynomial upper bound for number of holes over following class of graphs?

A hole is chordless cycle that length of the cycle is four or more.
In this post I asked: What is the maximum number of holes that a simple graph on n vertices can have?
Gil Kalai answered that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Help on the following extremal problem?

An induced cycle is a cycle that is an induced subgraph of G; induced cycles are also called chordless cycles or (when the length of the cycle is four or more) holes.
Can anyone please tell me what ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

900 views

### Largest graphs of girth at least 6

Let $e_6(n)$ be the greatest number of edges in a simple graph with $n$ vertices and girth at least 6.
Let $G_6(n)$ be the set of simple graphs of order $n$ with girth at least 6 and $e_6(n)$ edges.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

259 views

### graphs with maximal number of paths of given length

Hi,
For a given number of edges, the non directed graph which maximises the number of paths of length 2 is the quasi-star or the quasi-complete graph.
Does anyone know :
1- what is the non directed ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

823 views

### Minimal graphs with a prescribed number of spanning trees

As its long ago since Erdős died and mathoverflow is the second best alternative to him (for discussing personal problems), I'd like to start a fruitful discussion about the following problem ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### Degree conditions for k-factor

I am looking for a simple degree conditon that ensures the existence of a k-factor in a graph. The k is supposed to be relatively high and I don't mind the condition being a bit strict. Ideally, ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

213 views

### Almost all graphs have a subgraph from a large class of graphs with constant order

I will pose the question in relation to trees but the more general question that can be deduced from the title of this post is also very interesting.
I suspect the question might have a very trivial ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

465 views

### Induced Paths of Order 4

In a graph $G=(V,E)$ of order $n$, what fraction of the $\binom{n}{4}$ $4$-subsets of $V$ can induce the path of order four?
I looked at this question 30 years ago and was never able to come up with ...