The extremal-combinatorics tag has no usage guidance.

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171 views

### Given k, what is the minimum n such that n choose n/2 is greater than k? [closed]

I'm not an expert in combinatorics, but it sometimes comes up in my research with students in computer science (which is already pretty far away from my speciality of abstract homotopy theory). I just ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Combinatorics-the maximum number of subsets with a given property

Let $X$ be a set with $n$ elements. I would like to know the maximum number of subsets of $X$ such that the number of elements in the symmetric difference between any two of these subsets is at most ...

**3**

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51 views

### What is the maximal number of partitions with this maximal intersection property?

Let $X = \{ 1, \dots, n = sk \}$ be a finite set. Let $\mathscr P, \mathscr Q$ be equi-partitions of $X$ into $k$ sets of size $s$. Denote by $V(\mathscr P, \mathscr Q)$ the maximum size of ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

275 views

### What is the maximum size of a set system where the intersection of any two incomparable members is not in the set?

Let the set $\mathcal{F}$ consist of subsets of $[n]$. Suppose that for any incomparable $A$ and $B$ in $\mathcal{F}$, we have $A \cap B \notin \mathcal{F}$. What is the largest possible size of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Maximal number of subsets in $\{1,\dots,n\}$ such that neither is contained in a union of two others

What are known estimates for maximal $M$ for which their exists subsets $A_1,\dots,A_M$ in $\{1,\dots,n\}$ such that there do not exist different indexes $i,j,k$ for which $A_i\subset A_j\cup A_k$?
...

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votes

**2**answers

341 views

### Worst case difference in rank by column-row swapping

Given a matrix $m\in\{-1,+1\}^{n\times n}$. Consider $m^\sigma$ to be collection of all matrices obtained from $m$ by permuting rows and columns.
Consider $\mathscr{M}[m^\sigma]$ to be collection of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Largest symmetric matrix given rank

Let $\mathscr{M}[n,d]$ be collection of $n\times n$ symmetric matrices with real entries from $\{0,1\}$ such that every row/column is distinct with sum of every row/column being $d$.
What is minimum ...

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votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Minimum rank of certain matrices

Let $\mathscr{M}[n]$ be collection of $n\times n$ matrices with real entries from $\{0,1\}$ such that every row is distinct and every column is distinct.
What is minimum real rank of matrices in ...

**2**

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**0**answers

59 views

### Euclidean minimum spanning trees intersecting each unit square

The recent question "Euclidean Minimum Spanning Trees Restricted to One Vertex Per Grid Cell" can be restated in terms of "minimum spanning trees intersecting each (closed) lattice square of an ...

**31**

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950 views

### Random sequence of integers in $\{1, 2, \dots, n \}$ which is “everywhere probably increasing” - how long can it be?

Let $D=(d_1,d_2,\dots,d_k)$ be a sequence of correlated random variables. $D$ is "everywhere $r$-probably increasing" if the event $d_j > d_i$ has probability $\geq r$ for all $j > i$.
Fix $r ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Minimal family of k-sets containing all t-sets

Let $n \ge k \ge t \in \mathbb{N}$, and consider a universe $U$ of size $n$. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a family of $k$-subsets of $U$, such that every $t$-subset of $U$ is contained in at least one member ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

213 views

### Number of subsum of a given set of integers

I am asking myself for few days the following but I can't find any references, although I am pretty sure this was already studied, because it seems quite natural:
Given n integers $(e_i)$ chosen ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Rank changes with matrix edits

Assume we have rank $r$ real matrix $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ (not constrained to symmetric).
Assume $W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ is rank $1$ real matrix.
Case $1$: $M+W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$.
Could ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

195 views

### Probabilistic statement on matrix ranks

Given $A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ with $\operatorname{rank}(A)=r=2^{O((\log_2n)^{\frac{1}{c+1}})}$.
Denote $\mathsf{1_n}\in\{0,1\}^n$ as vector with $1$s.
Does
...

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votes

**0**answers

86 views

### On subset of Deterministic games

Denote strings $u,v$ from $\{0,1\}^n$.
Denote concatenated pair $[uv]$.
Denote
$$[uv]_{1}=\{[uv]\oplus e_i\}_{i=1}^{2n}$$
collection of pairs with Hamming distance $1$ from $[uv]$ string ...

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51 views

### Number of faces of polytope projecting to lower dimensional polyhedron

Denote $K=\mathrm{conv}(v_1, \ldots, v_n)\subsetneq\Bbb R^m$ to be convex set spanned by vectors $v_i\in\Bbb R^m$ with $m\leq n$ then what technique could be useful to upper bound minimum number of ...

**6**

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**1**answer

115 views

### Measuring how closely a missing projective plane can be approached by an equivalent structure

It is well known that for a number of structures, their existence is equivalent to the existence of a projective plane for a given order. Some of them depend on more than one parameters, which means ...

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95 views

### Families of Sets with Two Intersection Numbers

Let $k$ and $n$ be natural numbers. Let $I$ be a set of natural numbers. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a family of $k$-element subsets of $\{ 1, \ldots, n\}$ such that $A, B \in \mathcal{F}$, $A \neq B$, ...

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198 views

### On matrix rank inequality

Let $A$ be a $\{0,1\}$ square matrix.
Let $J$ be all $1$ matrix.
Let $\bar{A}=J-A$.
Is it possible for $rk_+(A)\geq c\cdot rk_+(\bar{A})^d-1$ and $rk_+(\bar{A})\geq c\cdot rk_+({A})^d-1$ for some ...

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**1**answer

508 views

### Cauchy-Schwarz proof of Sidorenko for 3-edge path (Blakley-Roy inequality)

Is there a "Cauchy-Schwarz proof" of the following inequality?
Theorem. Given $f \colon [0,1]^2 \to [0,1]$, one has
$$
\int_{[0,1]^4} f(x,y)f(z,y)f(z,w) \, dxdydzdw \geq \left(\int_{[0,1]^2} f(x,y) ...

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votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Minimal “sumset basis” in the discrete linear space $\mathbb F_2^n$

For a set $C\subseteq \mathbb F_2^n$, let $2C=C+C:=\{\alpha+\beta\colon \alpha,\beta\in C\}$.
I want to find $C$ of the smallest possible size such that $2C=\mathbb F_2^n$. Let $m(n)$ be the size of a ...

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**0**answers

147 views

### combinatorial rectangles

Consider the set $S$ of all $m\times m$ matrices with $0-1$ entries with exactly $T$ combinatorial rectangles of all $0$s or all $1$s that partition each matrix in a non-overlapping manner.
Is there ...

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votes

**2**answers

149 views

### Choosing subsets to cover larger sets

Consider the set $S=\{1,2,\ldots, n\}$, and let $a<b<n$. What is the minimum number $f(a,b)$ such that there exist $f(a,b)$ subsets of $S$ of size $a$ for which any subset of $S$ of size $b$ ...

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148 views

### open question on intersecting rectangles - reference request

In the now-inactive (and very nice) "Tricki" website that describes various proof techniques, there is an article (written I think by Timothy Gowers) that describes the following Ramsey-type problem:
...

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votes

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124 views

### Trees with a maximal convex hull: are the only optimal solutions Steiner trees?

For given $n\geqslant 3$, I'm looking for a connected set composed of $n$ equal segments in the plane such that the convex hull of it has maximal area $A(n)$. To simplify notation, we'll take ...

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votes

**1**answer

401 views

### A method for making a graph bipartite

Given any graph $G$, can we find a bipartite subgraph of $G$ with at least $e(G)/2$ edges ($e(G)$ is the number of edges in $G$) by sequentially deleting the edge belonging to the most number of odd ...

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votes

**2**answers

258 views

### A bound on a set

Let $x_1,\cdots , x_n$ be a sequence of real number such that $x_i\geq 1$ for all $1\leq i\leq n$, $S=\{\alpha_1x_1+\cdots +\alpha_nx_n | \alpha_i\in\{0,+1,-1\}\}$ and $I=[a,b)$ be a Interval with ...

**0**

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**1**answer

103 views

### Generalized Helly theorem for $t$-intersecting families

Given a family $\mathcal{F}$ of sets over ground set $X$, let $\tau(\mathcal{F})$ be the transversal number (aka blocking number), that is the cardinality of the smallest set of points $E \subseteq X$ ...

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votes

**3**answers

409 views

### Number of binary vectors of a given Hamming weight in a subspace of the Hypercube

Let $n$ be a natural number.
Let $U \subseteq \mathbb{F}_2^n$ be a linear subspace of dimension $k$.
What is the maximum number of vectors in $U$ of Hamming weight $\ell$?
The case I am specifically ...

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**0**answers

645 views

### What is the best lower bound for 3-sunflowers?

A collection of $t$ sets $A_i$ is called a t-sunflower if $A_i \cap A_j = Z $ for all $i \neq j$ for some fixed $Z$. A well-known conjecture of Erdos and Rado says that there is a constant $C_t$ such ...

**2**

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**1**answer

129 views

### Hitting sets (aka covers aka transversals) of Steiner triple systems

Does there exist a constant $c$ so that the lines of every Steiner
triple system on $v$ points can be covered by $cv$ points?
That is if $D \in STS(v)$ with point set $T=\{1,2,\ldots,v\}$ then ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### 2-neighborhood of a simplex

Let $\Delta$ be an $n-1$-simplex in ${\mathbb R}^{n-1}$. For each vertex $v$ of $\Delta$ let $H_v$ be the hyperplane through $v$ and parallel to the opposite facet. By 2-neighborhood of a simplex I ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Extremal functions for tournaments

We are looking at directed graphs with no loops or parallel edges, but given two vertices $x$ and $y$, we allow the presence of both the edge $(x, y)$ and $(y, x)$. Thus, if $G$ is a directed graph ...

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**1**answer

656 views

### Infinite desert with waterpoints

UPDATE: I created a simple web-application, that allows the user to move waterpoints around, then automatically calculates a maximum set of interior-disjoint squares between the points (the algorithm ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

465 views

### An extremal combinatorics problem over Finite Rings

Cross Posting from: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/462016/a-combinatorics-problem-over-finite-rings
Consider the set $S$ of all non-zero vectors over $\Bbb Z_{q}$ of length $r$ whose ...

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**0**answers

164 views

### Diameter of subset sum graph

We have a finite set $X$, a weight function $w: X\rightarrow \mathbb{Z}^+$, and constants $k\leq c\in\mathbb{N}$.
Let the weight $w(S)$ of a set $S\subseteq X$ be the sum of the weights of its ...

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votes

**4**answers

291 views

### Better bounds for exact-intersection Erdős–Ko–Rado system?

What is the largest possible number of subsets of a $4n$-element set $X$, such that each subset contains precisely $2n$ elements, and such that each of the pairwise intersections of the subsets has ...

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**2**answers

422 views

### Largest number of k-arithmetic progressions without a (k+1)-arithmetic progression

Suppose $A \subseteq \{1,\dots,n\}$ does not contain any arithmetic progressions of length $k+1$. What is the largest number of $k$-term arithmetic progressions that $A$ can have? (one may also wish ...

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**0**answers

74 views

### What are the minimal numbers of $(2\ 2)$-tetrahedra?

This time my question is related to Ramsey number $R(4\ 4; 3) = 13$.
DEFINITIONS: Functions $c : \binom X3\rightarrow \{0\ 1\}$ are called 2-colorings of triangles in ...

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126 views

### $2$-colorings of triangles, resulting in $(2\ 2)$-colorings of all tetrahedra

DEFINITIONS: Functions $c : \binom X3\rightarrow \{0\ 1\}$ are called 2-colorings of triangles in $X$. The $4$-element subsets $A\subseteq X$ are ...

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**0**answers

606 views

### The state of art of the sunflower lemma

I am interesting in the sunflower system and its applications in computer science.
Given a Universe $U$ and a collection of $k$ sets $A_i$ is called a k-sunflower system if $A_i \cap A_j = Y $ for ...

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1k views

### Intersecting Family of Triangulations

Let $\cal T_n$ be the family of all triangulations on an $n$-gon using $(n-3)$ non-intersecting diagonals. The number of triangulations in $\cal T_n$ is $C_{n-2}$ the $(n-2)$th Catalan number. Let ...

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79 views

### min max intersections of finte sets

Let $X=\{1,2,\cdots,n\}$ and $\mathcal{F} \subset 2^X$ so that $\mathcal{F}$ contains sets of given cardinality $k_1,k_2,\cdots, k_N$
(here $|\mathcal{F}| = N)$. Let $\delta(\mathcal{F})$ be the ...

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votes

**1**answer

394 views

### Popular elements in cross-intersecting families

Let $\mathcal{T}$ and $\mathcal{S}$ be two families of subsets of $[n]$ such that for all $T_i\in \mathcal{T}$ and $S_j\in \mathcal{S}$,
$|T_i \cap S_j| \neq\emptyset$
$|T_i| , |S_j| \leq t = ...

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255 views

### An Pure intriguing counting problem of index sets

Hi Guys. The problem here seems like a homework, but I think that it is not that easy.It comes from a theorem I recently proved.The content of the theorem is not important, the issue is that I have no ...

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**1**answer

225 views

### Lower bound of the size of a collection of subsets with a intersecting property

The following question is a open question related to coding theory : What is the maximal size of a collection of $(\frac{n}{2} + 1)$-elements subsets of an n-element set such that each pair of subsets ...

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vote

**2**answers

210 views

### small sums of entries in submatrices - strange phenomenon

Suppose that $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ is a vector of small positive fractions, i.e. $x_{i} \approx \frac{1}{n}$. The exact values are unknown. I form the matrix $M=diag(x)-\frac{xx^{T}}{2}$ which is a ...

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378 views

### Upper bound for the size of a $k$-uniform $s$-wise $t$-intersecting set system

Given integers $n \geq k \geq t \geq 1$ and an integer $s$, let $m(n,k,s,t)$ denote the maximum size of a family $\mathcal F$ of $k$-subsets of $[n]$, i.e. $\mathcal F \subseteq \binom{[n]}{k}$, such ...