17
votes
2answers
817 views

First occurrence of “by the usual compactness argument”?

In his blog, Jeff Shallit asks, what was the first occurrence of the exact phrase, "by the usual compactness arguments," in the mathematical literature? He reports that the earliest appearance he has ...
9
votes
0answers
432 views

Is there any elementary text unravelling the definitions of 2-category, lax functor and lax transformation, allowing people who do not know in the first place what these things are to really understand the definitions?

The question is in the title. My current research subject is the homotopy theory of $2$-categories. It may be slightly unreasonable to expect my PhD thesis to be read or even looked at by people ...
17
votes
9answers
3k views

General Equilibrium for Mathematicians

I've been reading up a lot on the recent financial crisis, and central to the story is the existence of general equilibrium models in economics, say, as proven by Arrow and Debreu (and MacKenzie?). ...
9
votes
2answers
649 views

Expository treatment of Schubert Cells Paper

I was wondering about the paper by Bernstein, Gel'fand, and Gel'fand on Schubert Cells. This paper is fairly old(and often cited) so I figured someone must have represented this material. In ...
14
votes
4answers
924 views

Introductory text for the non-arithmetic moduli of elliptic curves

I'm looking for an introduction to the non-arithmetic aspects of the moduli of elliptic curves. I'd particularly like one that discusses the $H^1$ local system on the moduli space (whether it's $Y(1)$ ...
2
votes
5answers
863 views

Source needed (at final-year undergrad level) for the double cover of SO(3) by SU(2)

This is a bit of an ill-defined question, and I feel I should have been able to resolve it by combining Google with a few library trips, but I'm having difficulty narrowing down the search results to ...