**3**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Group of Lie type as expanders: explicit estimates

In a paper Finite simple groups as expanders by M. Kassabov, A. Lubotzky and N. Nikolov there is a theorem, stating that there exists $\varepsilon>0$ and $k\in\mathbb{N}$, such that for every non-...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Does anyone have a reference for a proof of expansion for this construction?

http://people.seas.harvard.edu/~salil/pseudorandomness/expanders.pdf
"Construction 4.26: p-cycles with inverse chords.... The proof of expansion relies on the “Selberg 3/16 Theorem” from number ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### Non-Cayley expander graphs

When I search about expander graphs in google I see a lot of articles about expander Cayley graphs. Now my questions are as follows:
Are all expander regular graphs are Cayley, or there is a special ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

304 views

### Groups without property (T) but all finite quotients are expanders

What is an example of a group $G$ which
1- is finitely generated by $S$,
2- does not have property (T),
3- admits infinitely many finite quotients which do not factor through an homomorphism $G \...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Cheeger Numbers for 3-regular Graphs

A student wanted a challenging Graph Theory programming project and I had
him try to determine the maximum value of the Cheeger number (isoperimetric number) among all 3-regular graphs of order $n$, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

137 views

### How does one calculate/estimate/guarantee the girth of a non-Abelian Cayley graph?

This question is in reference to this other question,
Can someone point out references (or explain!) which give techniques of being able to prove for any Cayley graph this property of having a girth ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Probabilistic proof for expander existence [closed]

I am new to probabilistic proofs and trying to understand them better. Apparently, a common probabilistic proof focuses on the existence of expanders (eg. vertex expanders).
I've been using the search ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### How many edges guarantee an expander?

Complete graphs are good expanders. Deleting few edges from a complete graph leaves a good expander. What's the proportion of edges that one needs to remove to make the graph a bad expander? Or, is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### A particular argument in the review on expanders by Hoory-Linial-Wigderson

I am thinking about the third bullet point on page 455 here, http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/2006-43-04/S0273-0979-06-01126-8/
Can someone explain what is the argument there which seems to conclude ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### Constructing Ramanujan graphs from elliptic curves

Is there an exposition which explains how to do this step-by-step? (I see stray references and allusions to such a thing being possible but can't locate anything concretely)
Something to do with ``...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

422 views

### When are (Abelian) Cayley graphs also expanders?

I want to ask the question in two parts,
(1)
Is there some fundamental distinguishing property between Abelian and non-Abelian Cayley graphs? (say some specific proof technique which distinguishes ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

189 views

### Matching polynomials and Ramanujan graphs

Is it purely coincidental that the same number $2\sqrt{d-1}$ appears in these two following apparently disparate concepts?
A $d-$regular graph is said to be called Ramanujan if its adjacency ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### The Bilu-Linial conjecture and Ramanujan graphs

The Bilu-Linial conjecture claims that every $d-$regular graph has a $2-$lift such that for the signing matrix has its eigenvalues between $[-2\sqrt{d-1},2\sqrt{d-1}]$ (the ``signing matrix" is the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Are there two-sided $\varepsilon$-expanders with independent sets of size $(1-\varepsilon)n$?

Terry Tao's notes on expander graphs has the following exercise:
Exercise 13 Let $G$ be a $k$-regular graph on $n$ vertices that is a two-sided $\epsilon$-expander for some $n > k \geq 1$ and $\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### Expanding graphs from iterated zig-zag product

Let $\Gamma \, zz\, G$ denote the zig-zag product of graphs $\Gamma$ and $G$.
Reingold, Vadhan, and Wigderson proved that the second largest eigenvalue of the normalized adjacency matrix of the zig-...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### Asymptotic results in unbalanced left $d$-regular expander graphs

Let $U = [n]$ and $V = [m]$ be sets of nodes with $n > m$ and $E = U\times V$ be a set of edges. Let $\mathcal{N}(S)$ be the set of neighbors of a subset $S$ from $U$ or $V$.
Call a graph $G = (U, ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

392 views

### Connections between Riemann hypothesis for curves over finite fields and Ramanujan property for graphs

this question relates to the beautiful construction of expander graphs using Cayley graphs of $PGL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$, as exposited by Davidoff-Sarnak-Valette in their book, Elementary Number Theory, ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

472 views

### Embedding expanders in CAT(0) spaces

It is well-known that expanders are hard to embed into Hilbert (or $\ell^p$) spaces - any embedding of an expander with $n$ vertices has distortion $\Omega(\log n)$.
Can anyone provide a reference (...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### What are the best bounds to date on the maximum girth of a cubic graph?

The girth of a graph is the length of its smallest cycle. Studying the maximum possible girth for a $k$-regular graph on $n$ vertices is a very well-studied problem.
In the 1988 paper "Ramanujan ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Do there exist “expanding” $1$-skeletons of simple $4$-polytopes?

Let $\{ G_n \}_{n \ge 1}$ be a sequence of graphs such that the number of vertices of $G_n$ tends to $\infty$ as $n \to \infty$. We say that $\{ G_n \}_{n \ge 1}$ is an expander family if
$\lambda_2( ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Variant of an Expander graph: Probability that S random points cast a shadow/projection of size at most S/2 on each face of a cube.

Consider an integer cube of size $\sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k}$, where $k$ is an asymptotically large perfect square number. Place k points in this cube at uniformly random locations, i.e.,...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

398 views

### More expanders?

Having received several exhausting answers to my recent question about
the expansion properties of a certain graph, I now wonder whether anything is
known on the following graphs of a similar nature:
...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

581 views

### An expander (?) graph

For a prime $p$, consider the graph on the vertex set ${\mathbb F}_p$, in
which every vertex $z$ is adjacent to $z\pm 1$ and also to $z^{-1}$ (unless
$z=0$). I was told that this graph is known to be ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

373 views

### Constructing expanders in Z/pZ

Fix a positive integer $k>0$. For $p>k$ a prime, let $A_p$ be a subset of the finite field $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ of size $k$ which contains a primitive element.
Define $G_p$ to be the (di)...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

769 views

### Could unramified Galois groups satisfy a version of property tau?

This is an experiment: there is a question I want to mention in an article I'm writing, and I am not sure it's a sensible question, so I will ask it here first, in the hopes that if it's insensible ...