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**7**

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### Groups without property (T) but all finite quotients are expanders

What is an example of a group $G$ which
1- is finitely generated by $S$,
2- does not have property (T),
3- admits infinitely many finite quotients which do not factor through an homomorphism $G ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Cheeger Numbers for 3-regular Graphs

A student wanted a challenging Graph Theory programming project and I had
him try to determine the maximum value of the Cheeger number (isoperimetric number) among all 3-regular graphs of order $n$, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

113 views

### How does one calculate/estimate/guarantee the girth of a non-Abelian Cayley graph?

This question is in reference to this other question,
Can someone point out references (or explain!) which give techniques of being able to prove for any Cayley graph this property of having a girth ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Probabilistic proof for expander existence [closed]

I am new to probabilistic proofs and trying to understand them better. Apparently, a common probabilistic proof focuses on the existence of expanders (eg. vertex expanders).
I've been using the search ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

64 views

### How many edges guarantee an expander?

Complete graphs are good expanders. Deleting few edges from a complete graph leaves a good expander. What's the proportion of edges that one needs to remove to make the graph a bad expander? Or, is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### A particular argument in the review on expanders by Hoory-Linial-Wigderson

I am thinking about the third bullet point on page 455 here, http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/2006-43-04/S0273-0979-06-01126-8/
Can someone explain what is the argument there which seems to conclude ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

301 views

### Constructing Ramanujan graphs from elliptic curves

Is there an exposition which explains how to do this step-by-step? (I see stray references and allusions to such a thing being possible but can't locate anything concretely)
Something to do with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

357 views

### When are (Abelian) Cayley graphs also expanders?

I want to ask the question in two parts,
(1)
Is there some fundamental distinguishing property between Abelian and non-Abelian Cayley graphs? (say some specific proof technique which distinguishes ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

159 views

### Matching polynomials and Ramanujan graphs

Is it purely coincidental that the same number $2\sqrt{d-1}$ appears in these two following apparently disparate concepts?
A $d-$regular graph is said to be called Ramanujan if its adjacency ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

212 views

### The Bilu-Linial conjecture and Ramanujan graphs

The Bilu-Linial conjecture claims that every $d-$regular graph has a $2-$lift such that for the signing matrix has its eigenvalues between $[-2\sqrt{d-1},2\sqrt{d-1}]$ (the ``signing matrix" is the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Are there two-sided $\varepsilon$-expanders with independent sets of size $(1-\varepsilon)n$?

Terry Tao's notes on expander graphs has the following exercise:
Exercise 13 Let $G$ be a $k$-regular graph on $n$ vertices that is a two-sided $\epsilon$-expander for some $n > k \geq 1$ and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Expanding graphs from iterated zig-zag product

Let $\Gamma \, zz\, G$ denote the zig-zag product of graphs $\Gamma$ and $G$.
Reingold, Vadhan, and Wigderson proved that the second largest eigenvalue of the normalized adjacency matrix of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

61 views

### Asymptotic results in unbalanced left $d$-regular expander graphs

Let $U = [n]$ and $V = [m]$ be sets of nodes with $n > m$ and $E = U\times V$ be a set of edges. Let $\mathcal{N}(S)$ be the set of neighbors of a subset $S$ from $U$ or $V$.
Call a graph $G = (U, ...

**8**

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**0**answers

328 views

### Connections between Riemann hypothesis for curves over finite fields and Ramanujan property for graphs

this question relates to the beautiful construction of expander graphs using Cayley graphs of $PGL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$, as exposited by Davidoff-Sarnak-Valette in their book, Elementary Number Theory, ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

422 views

### Embedding expanders in CAT(0) spaces

It is well-known that expanders are hard to embed into Hilbert (or $\ell^p$) spaces - any embedding of an expander with $n$ vertices has distortion $\Omega(\log n)$.
Can anyone provide a reference ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### What are the best bounds to date on the maximum girth of a cubic graph?

The girth of a graph is the length of its smallest cycle. Studying the maximum possible girth for a $k$-regular graph on $n$ vertices is a very well-studied problem.
In the 1988 paper "Ramanujan ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Do there exist “expanding” $1$-skeletons of simple $4$-polytopes?

Let $\{ G_n \}_{n \ge 1}$ be a sequence of graphs such that the number of vertices of $G_n$ tends to $\infty$ as $n \to \infty$. We say that $\{ G_n \}_{n \ge 1}$ is an expander family if
$\lambda_2( ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Variant of an Expander graph: Probability that S random points cast a shadow/projection of size at most S/2 on each face of a cube.

Consider an integer cube of size $\sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k}$, where $k$ is an asymptotically large perfect square number. Place k points in this cube at uniformly random locations, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

387 views

### More expanders?

Having received several exhausting answers to my recent question about
the expansion properties of a certain graph, I now wonder whether anything is
known on the following graphs of a similar nature:
...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

494 views

### An expander (?) graph

For a prime $p$, consider the graph on the vertex set ${\mathbb F}_p$, in
which every vertex $z$ is adjacent to $z\pm 1$ and also to $z^{-1}$ (unless
$z=0$). I was told that this graph is known to be ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### Constructing expanders in Z/pZ

Fix a positive integer $k>0$. For $p>k$ a prime, let $A_p$ be a subset of the finite field $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ of size $k$ which contains a primitive element.
Define $G_p$ to be the ...

**17**

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**0**answers

752 views

### Could unramified Galois groups satisfy a version of property tau?

This is an experiment: there is a question I want to mention in an article I'm writing, and I am not sure it's a sensible question, so I will ask it here first, in the hopes that if it's insensible ...