The examples tag has no usage guidance.

**8**

votes

**3**answers

532 views

### May integration spoil real-analyticity?

Is there an example of a function $f:(a,b)\times(c,d)\to\mathbb{R}$, which is real analytic in its domain, integrable in the second variable, and such that the function
$$ g:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R},\qquad ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Roller's problem on median groups

At the end of his dissertation Poc Sets, Median Algebras and Group Actions, Martin Roller asks
A group $G$ is called median if it acts freely and transitively on a median algebra. This is ...

**110**

votes

**56**answers

23k views

### What are your favorite instructional counterexamples?

Related: question #879, Most interesting mathematics mistake. But the intent of this question is more pedagogical.
In many branches of mathematics, it seems to me that a good counterexample can be ...

**204**

votes

**67**answers

98k views

### Proofs without words

Can you give examples of proofs without words? In particular, can you give examples of proofs without words for non-trivial results?
(One could ask if this is of interest to mathematicians, and I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Examples of (non-normal) unibranched rings?

For a local integral domain $R$ the following are equivalent:
a) The integral closure of $R$ in its fraction field (i.e., the normalization of $R$) is again local.
b) The henselization of $R$ is ...

**136**

votes

**27**answers

16k views

### What are some reasonable-sounding statements that are independent of ZFC?

Every now and then, somebody will tell me about a question. When I start thinking about it, they say, "actually, it's undecidable in ZFC."
For example, suppose A is an abelian group such that every ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Example of 4-manifold with $\pi_1=\mathbb Q$

This might be well known for algebraic topologist. So I am looking for an explicit example of a 4 dimensional manifold with fundamental group isomorphic to the rationals $\mathbb Q$.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Example of a specific manifold

I want to find a example of a manifold that has positive scalar curvature but is not half conformally flat.
Does there exists such manifolds?
Thanks.

**6**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Satellite knot example

Can someone provide me with an example of a satellite knot with symmetry group which is neither cyclic nor dihedral?

**16**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Example of fiber bundle that is not a fibration

It is well-known that a fiber bundle under some mild hypothesis is a fibration, but I don't know any examples of fiber bundles which aren't (Hurewicz) fibrations (they should be weird examples, I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Example of a triangulable topological manifold which does not admit a PL structure

I know there are some examples of manifolds which don't admit a PL structure (combinatorial triangulation), and that it has been recently proven that in dimension $n\geq5$ there are manifold which are ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Good examples of random variables whose image is not a measurable set?

Are their simple/natural examples of real-valued Borel-measurable random variables whose image is not a Borel set? Something that occurs "naturally"?
I am teaching Doob's lemma (for two real-valued ...

**60**

votes

**32**answers

10k views

### What notions are used but not clearly defined in modern mathematics?

"Everyone knows what a curve is, until he has studied enough mathematics to become confused through the countless number of possible exceptions."
Felix Klein
What notions are used but not ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

172 views

### system with solutions $\{x-a:0\leqslant a\leqslant z-1\}$ [closed]

What must be $F$ there where $0=F(1,x,0)=F(x-0,x,z)=F(x-1,x,z)=F(x-2,x,z)=F(x-3,x,z)=$ $\dots$ $=f(x-z-1,x,z)=0$?
Define $F$ in the domain where a continuous function exists that behaves so for ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Non-field example of a commutative, local, dual ring with nilradical $N$ such that $ann(N)\nsubseteq N$

I asked this question on math.stackexchange a month ago with no progress, even after a bounty. I hope to eliminate one if the other receives a satisfactory answer.
For an ideal $I\lhd R$ in a ...

**23**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What manifolds are bounded by RP^odd?

Real projective spaces $\mathbb{R}P^n$ have $\mathbb{Z}/2$ cohomology rings $\mathbb{Z}/2[x]/(x^{n+1})$ and total Stiefel-Whitney class $(1+x)^{n+1}$ which is $1$ when $n$ is odd, so it follows that ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Is the long line paracompact?

A manifold is usually defined as a second-countable hausdorff topological space which is locally homeomorphic to Rn. My understanding is that the reason "second-countable" is part of the definition is ...

**35**

votes

**22**answers

3k views

### What are examples of good toy models in mathematics?

This post is community wiki.
A comment on another question reminded me of this old post of Terence Tao's about toy models. I really like the idea of using toy models of a difficult object to ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### What's the role of $H^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ in modern (harmonic) analysis?

The classical theory of $H^p$,due to it's heavy dependence on the complex function theory(such as Blaschke products), seemed to have an insurmountable obstacle barrying its extension to several ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Linear vs smooth actions of finite groups on spheres, euclidean spaces and closed disks

I would like to know examples (with references, if possible) of the following:
(1) a finite group $G$ acting effectively and smoothly on a sphere $S^n$ (any $n$) but admitting no effective linear ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Images of interval edge coloring

I found out the definition of interval edge colorings, concept put by Kamalian in various papers but could not find a graph depicting an example. Where can I find pictures of explicit examples of ...

**22**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Failure of smoothing theory for topological 4-manifolds

Smoothing theory fails for topological 4-manifolds, in that a smooth structure on a topological 4-manifold $M$ is not equivalent to a vector bundle structure on the tangent microbundle of $M$. Is ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### what's the idea behind Carleman estimate

A standard Carleman-type estimate is of the form
$$
\sum_{|\alpha|<m}{\tau^{2(m-|\alpha|-1)}\int{|D^{\alpha}u|^{2}e^{2\tau\phi}}dx}\leq K\int{|Pu|^{2}e^{2\tau\phi}dx},\quad u\in C_{0}^{\infty}
$$
...

**46**

votes

**45**answers

16k views

### An example of a beautiful proof that would be accessible at the high school level?

The background of my question comes from an observation that what we teach in schools does not always reflect what we practice. Beauty is part of what drives mathematicians, but we rarely talk about ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Example of a torsionfree group satisfying a cohomological condition

Let us call a finitely generated group $G$ cohomologically rich if for each $k \geq 0$, we can find a subgroup $G'$ and a prime $p$ such that $H^k(G';\mathbb F_p) \neq 0$. Examples which come to mind ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### Examples of TVS with no non-trivial open convex subsets

I give here the classical example of the space $E = L^p([0,1])$ which has no open convex subsets apart from $\emptyset$ and $E$. Consequently, there is no non-trivial continuous linear form on $E$.
...

**71**

votes

**25**answers

26k views

### What are the most misleading alternate definitions in taught mathematics?

I suppose this question can be interpreted in two ways. It is often the case that two or more equivalent (but not necessarily semantically equivalent) definitions of the same idea/object are used in ...

**37**

votes

**26**answers

7k views

### Examples of seemingly elementary problems that are hard to solve?

I'm looking for a list of problems such that
a) any undergraduate student who took multivariable calculus and linear algebra can understand the statements, (Edit: the definition of understanding here ...

**100**

votes

**59**answers

17k views

### Jokes in the sense of Littlewood: examples? [closed]

First, let me make it clear that I do not mean jokes of the
"abelian grape" variety. I take my cue from the following
passage in A Mathematician's Miscellany by J.E. Littlewood
(Methuen 1953, p. 79):
...

**33**

votes

**21**answers

7k views

### Nontrivial question about Fibonacci numbers?

I'm looking for a nontrivial, but not super difficult question concerning Fibonacci numbers. It should be at a level suitable for an undergraduate course.
Here is a (not so good) example of the sort ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Variation of Hodge structures associated to a hermitian symmetric domain

Let $D$ be an irreducible hermitian symmetric domain. Then there exists a variation of Hodge structures $(h_s)_{s\in D}$ on a vector space $V$ satisfying specific conditions which depend on $D$ such ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

245 views

### Example s.t. the unbased loop-space is not $\Omega X \times X$

For a connected pointed CW-complex $X$, let us write (as usual) $\Omega X$ for the space of based loops at $X$. I am looking for an example where the space $\Omega' X$ of all (unbased) loops in $X$ is ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

819 views

### Is $\mathbb{A}²$ the universal smooth scheme which is a finite cover of $\mathbb{A}²/μ₂$?

One very handy (counter)example I often think about is the scheme $Spec(k[a,b,c]/(ab-c^2))$ (where $k$ is a field), which you may also know as $Spec(k[x^2,xy,y^2])$, as $\mathbb A^2/\mu_2$, or as the ...

**131**

votes

**132**answers

29k views

### Fundamental Examples

It is not unusual that a single example or a very few shape an entire mathematical discipline. Can you give examples for such examples? (One example, or few, per post, please)
I'd love to learn about ...

**62**

votes

**34**answers

6k views

### books well-motivated with explicit examples

It is ultimately a matter of personal taste, but I prefer to see a long explicit example, before jumping into the usual definition-theorem path (hopefully I am not the only one here). My problem is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Bialgebras with Hopf restricted duals

It is known from the general theory that, given a bialgebra (over a field $k$)
\begin{equation}
\mathcal{B}=(B,\mu,1_B,\Delta,\epsilon)
\end{equation}
the Sweedler's dual $\mathcal{B}^0$ (called also ...

**120**

votes

**76**answers

39k views

### Best online mathematics videos?

I know of two good mathematics videos available online, namely:
Sphere inside out (part I and part II)
Moebius transformation revealed
Do you know of any other good math videos? Share.

**0**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Intuitions/connections/examples for “eigen-*”

There are many concepts in mathematics that begin with the German word "eigen": eigenvector, eigenvalue, eigenspace, eigenstate, eigenfunction, eigensystem etc. (to name just the most important (?) ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

719 views

### Does the “continuous locus” of a function have any nice properties?

Suppose f:R→R is a function. Let S={x∈R|f is continuous at x}. Does S have any nice properties?
Here are some observations about what S could be:
S can be any closed set. For a closed set ...

**60**

votes

**34**answers

9k views

### Experimental Mathematics

I would like to ask about examples where experimentation by computers have led to major mathematical advances.
A new look
Now as the question is five years old and there are certainly more examples ...

**30**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Are there pairs of highly connected finite CW-complexes with the same homotopy groups?

Fix an integer n. Can you find two finite CW-complexes X and Y which
* are both n connected,
* are not homotopy equivalent, yet
* $\pi_q X \approx \pi_q Y$ for all $q$.
In Are there two ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

668 views

### “A theory of generalized Donaldson-Thomas invariants” by Joyce & Song

Is anyone else working through this paper: A theory of generalized Donaldson-Thomas invariants, by Dominic Joyce, Yinan Song? I am trying to verifying example 6.2 (m=2 for simplicity) using only the ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

357 views

### Need examples of homotopy orbit and fixed points

I am no expert in equivariant homotopy theory. Let's say, I am planing to give a talk on homotopy fixed points and orbits. My audience will be graduate students who are doing algebraic topology or ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### A Hausdorff atom in lattice of group topologies

Do you have an example of an infinite Hausdorff nonabelian topological group $(G,\mathcal T)$ such that for any nontrivial group topology $\mathcal S$ on $G$ with $\mathcal S\subseteq \mathcal T$ we ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### kernel lattice example

Could anyone give an example of the following?
Suppose that $A \in \mathbb{Z}^{m\times n}$, where $m \leq n^{1-\epsilon}$ for some $\epsilon > 0$. The entries of $A$ have size $poly(n)$, meaning ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

150 views

### An example of two cofibrant dg categories whose tensor product is not cofibrant

I have been reading the paper by Toën "The homotopy theory of dg categories and derived Morita theory" where in chapter 4 it is stated that the tensor product of two cofibrant dg categories $C$ and ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

442 views

### Can one check formal smoothness using only one-variable Artin rings?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of schemes over a field $k$. Can one check that $f$ is formally smooth using only Artin rings of the form $k^{\prime}\left[t\right]/t^{n}$, where $k^{\prime}$ is ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

643 views

### If $\Omega_{X/Y}$ is locally free of rank $\mathrm{dim}\left(X\right)-\mathrm{dim}\left(Y\right)$, is $X\rightarrow Y$ smooth?

Suppose I have a morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$ such that the relative sheaf of differentials $\Omega_{X/Y}$ is locally free. Does it follow that $f$ is smooth?
The answer is no, but for a silly reason. ...

**104**

votes

**81**answers

80k views

### Do good math jokes exist? [closed]

Have a good joke? Share.
I know this is subjective, but the principle "should be of interest to mathematicians" trumps. (I hope.)

**6**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### An example of a simple infinite 2-group

I've asked this question before on Mathematics, and they suggested me to ask here (Link).
Is there an example of a simple infinite $2$-group?
Informations
If a $2$-group is Artinian I know that ...