The examples tag has no wiki summary.

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votes

**1**answer

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### Mumford-Ramanujam examples in characteristic p [and in Arakelov geometry]

For a compact Riemann surface $B$ of genus $\geq 2$, it is a consequence of the Narasimhan-Seshadri theorem that there exist rank-$2$ vector bundles $E \to B$ of degree zero, all of whose symmetric ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

126 views

### Examples of nontrivial local systems in Decomposition Theorem

There is a proper map $f: X \rightarrow Y$ of projective varieties. The Decomposition Theorem of Beilinson–Bernstein–Deligne-Gabber states that
$$Rf∗IC_X \cong \oplus_a ...

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votes

**2**answers

162 views

### How weird can Modular Tensor Categories be over non-algebraically closed fields?

I am trying to understand better the behaviour and character of modular tensor categories over non-algebraically closed fields. How weird can they be?
The reason I am interested in this is that my ...

**92**

votes

**59**answers

15k views

### Jokes in the sense of Littlewood: examples? [closed]

First, let me make it clear that I do not mean jokes of the
"abelian grape" variety. I take my cue from the following
passage in A Mathematician's Miscellany by J.E. Littlewood
(Methuen 1953, p. 79):
...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

518 views

### Are all vector-space valued functors on sets free?

Let $\mathbf{Set}$ be the category of finite sets and functions between them, and let $\mathbf{Vect}$ be the category of finite-dimensional complex vector spaces and linear transformations between ...

**5**

votes

**16**answers

2k views

### Vector spaces without natural bases

Does anyone know any nice examples of vector spaces without a basis that is in some sense "natural".
To clarify what I mean, suppose we look at $\mathbb{R}^2$. We define $\mathbb{R}^2$ as pairs of ...

**56**

votes

**23**answers

21k views

### What are the most misleading alternate definitions in taught mathematics?

I suppose this question can be interpreted in two ways. It is often the case that two or more equivalent (but not necessarily semantically equivalent) definitions of the same idea/object are used in ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

575 views

### Nondifferentiability set of an arbitrary real function

A theorem by Zygmunt Zahorski states that a necessary and sufficient condition for a subset of $\mathbb{R}$ to be the nondifferentiability set of a continuous real function is that it is the union of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### A sequence of subsets of an infinite group

Is there an infinite group $G$ such that there is not any sequence $(A_n)$ of its subsets such that always
$$A_n=A_n^{-1}, \quad A_{n+1}A_{n+1}\subsetneqq A_n$$
?
link

**5**

votes

**2**answers

168 views

### smooth affine surfaces over algebraically closed fields with trivial l-torsion of the Brauer group

I am looking for examples of smooth affine surfaces over algebraically closed fields with trivial $\ell$-torsion of the Brauer group.
Related questions: Schemes with trivial brauer group and Brauer ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Example(s) of monoidal symmetric closed category with NNO without infinite coproducts?

The question is in the title, here is my motivation:
$\require{AMScd}$Let $(\mathcal C,\otimes,I)$ be a monoidal symmetric closed category. Then, the tensor product commutes with colimits, and if ...

**162**

votes

**62**answers

83k views

### Proofs without words

Can you give examples of proofs without words? In particular, can you give examples of proofs without words for non-trivial results?
(One could ask if this is of interest to mathematicians, and I ...

**45**

votes

**27**answers

4k views

### books well-motivated with explicit examples

It is ultimately a matter of personal taste, but I prefer to see a long explicit example, before jumping into the usual definition-theorem path (hopefully I am not the only one here). My problem is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

201 views

### Closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many differentiable structures

I know that $\mathbb{R}^4$ admits uncountably many differentiable structures and I was wandering what happen if we consider closed 4-manifolds. Are there any closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many ...

**6**

votes

**10**answers

821 views

### Examples of “Unusual” Classifications

When one says "classification" in math, usually one of a handful of examples springs to mind:
-Classification of Finite Simple Groups with 18 infinite families and 26 sporadic examples (assuming one ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Homeomorphisms of product spaces: an example

In the first of these lectures (http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/node/4436) given by M. Freedman he says that there exists (compact metric) spaces $X$ and $Y$ such that $X\times S^{1}$ is homeomorphic to ...

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votes

**6**answers

377 views

### Do you have examples of such “transitive” elements?

(I've asked the same question at the MSE, so far with no answers, so I thought I'd try it here as well. If there's some clash with any site rules, please let me know and I'll abide.)
Let $A$ be a set ...

**45**

votes

**28**answers

4k views

### Examples where it's useful to know that a mathematical object belongs to some family of objects

For an expository piece I'm writing, it would be useful to have good examples of the following phenomenon:
(1) ${\cal X}$ is a parameterized family of somethings. (Varieties, schemes, manifolds, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Unravelling some hypotheses on a variety

In Le group de Brauer II, Grothendieck states
Proposition 1.4.- Soit $X$ a préschéma noetherien. Supposon que les anneaux hensélisés stricts des anneaux locaux de $X$ soient factoriels, [...] ...

**66**

votes

**6**answers

6k views

### Mistakes in mathematics, false illusions about conjectures

Since long time ago I have been thinking in two problems that I have not been able to solve. It seems that one of them was recently solved. I have been thinking a lot about the motivation and its ...

**28**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### `Naturally occuring' $K(\pi, n)$ spaces, for $n \geq 2$.

[edited!] Given a group $\pi$ and an integer $n>1$, what are examples of Eilenberg-Maclane spaces $K(\pi, n)$ that can be constructed as "known" manifolds? (or if not a manifold, say some space ...

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votes

**3**answers

135 views

### A model with $\kappa$ many automorphism and a rigid element.

The following should be known, but I could not find an example.
Let $\kappa$ be an uncountable cardinal. Find a model $M$ of size $\kappa$ which has $\ge\kappa$ many automorphisms, but for some $m\in ...

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votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Simple but topologizable [closed]

Do you have an example of an infinite simple group with at least 3 distinct group topologies on it?

**11**

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**7**answers

2k views

### Simple show cases for the Yoneda lemma

I've been given a very simple motivating and instructive show case for the Yoneda lemma:
Given the category of graphs and a graph object $G$, seen as a quadruple $(V_G,\ E_G,\ S_G:E\rightarrow V,\ ...

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votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Examples of groups such that order isomorphism of the subgroups of $G\times G$ and $H\times H$ does not imply isomorphism of $G$ and $H$

Let $G$ and $H$ be groups, $\operatorname{Sub}(G\times G)$ be the set of all subgroups of $G\times G$ and $\operatorname{Sub}(H\times H)$ be the set of all subgroups of $H\times H$. Assume there ...

**53**

votes

**33**answers

8k views

### Experimental Mathematics

I would like to ask about examples where experimentation by computers have led to major mathematical advances.
Motivation
I am aware about a few such cases and I think it will be useful to gather ...

**102**

votes

**75**answers

32k views

### Best online mathematics videos?

I know of two good mathematics videos available online, namely:
Sphere inside out (part I and part II)
Moebius transformation revealed
Do you know of any other good math videos? Share.

**32**

votes

**22**answers

6k views

### Examples of seemingly elementary problems that are hard to solve?

I'm looking for a list of problems such that
a) any undergraduate student who took multivariable calculus and linear algebra can understand the statements, (Edit: the definition of understanding here ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Measures which exhibit the “uncorrelated implies independent” property

Let $X$ be a topological linear space, and let $X^*$ be its dual space. Suppose that $X$ is complete and Hausdorff, and $X^*$ separates points. Let $Y$ be another such space, and let $f : X \to Y$ be ...

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votes

**3**answers

669 views

### Examples of birational equivalence of a variety and a hypersurface

There's an algebraic geometry theorem (I.4.9 in Hartshorne) that says: any variety of dimension r (over an algebraically closed field) is birationally equivalent to a hypersurface in projective space ...

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vote

**0**answers

96 views

### Examples of languages that are in P and are not in CFL [closed]

Any examples of languages that are in P(polynomial time to recognize it) and are not in CFL(context-free language)?The more the better.

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votes

**53**answers

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### What are your favorite instructional counterexamples?

Related: question #879, Most interesting mathematics mistake. But the intent of this question is more pedagogical.
In many branches of mathematics, it seems to me that a good counterexample can be ...

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votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Examples of rational families of abelian varieties.

I'd like to know examples of non-trivial families of abelian varieties over rational bases (e.g. open subschemes of the projective line P^1).
One can generate many examples as Jacobians of rational ...

**116**

votes

**26**answers

13k views

### What are some reasonable-sounding statements that are independent of ZFC?

Every now and then, somebody will tell me about a question. When I start thinking about it, they say, "actually, it's undecidable in ZFC."
For example, suppose A is an abelian group such that every ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Nontrivial upper bounds on proof-theoretic ordinals of strong theories: do we have any?

Motivated by Consistency of Analysis (second order arithmetic) and Proof-Theoretic Ordinal of ZFC or Consistent ZFC Extensions?, I have the following question:
Are there any examples of strong ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

399 views

### Is there a non-trivial example for a 1-homogeneous function satisfying a specific inequality of second order?

Let $\mathbb{R}^n$ be the $n$-dimensional real vector space with Cartesian coordinates $x=(x^1,\ldots, x^n)\in \mathbb{R}^n$. I'm searching for a non-trivial example of a function $A:\mathbb{R}^n ...

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votes

**12**answers

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### What are some fundamental “sources” for the appearance of pi in mathematics?

I thought it might be fun to ask this question as a way of celebrating Pi Day. One way in which people popularize pi is that they say that even though it's defined in terms of properties of a circle, ...

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votes

**3**answers

1k views

### The harmonic (series) beetle: live illustrations of mathematical theorems

In my analysis class I use the following problem to illustrate the divergence
of the harmonic series (consider this as a hint for solving it).
Exercise.
A beetle creeps along a 1-meter infinitely ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

516 views

### Fibrations with isomorphic fibers, but not Zariski locally trivial

(I posted this same question on MSE. Sorry if it is too elementary.)
I am looking for examples of fibrations $f:X\to Y$ where the fibers are all isomorphic, but $f$ is not Zariski locally trivial. In ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Locally compact Hausdorff space that is not normal

What is a good example of a locally compact Hausdorff space that is not normal? It seems to be well-known that not all locally compact Hausdorff spaces are normal (and only a weaker version of ...

**3**

votes

**5**answers

762 views

### Is very ampleness of a divisor on a curve determined entirely by degree and genus?

Edit: Apparently the answer is "no", so what is an example of two curves of genus g, and a divisor of degree d on each, such that one is very ample and the other is not?
Question as originally ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Not quite adjoint functors

What are standard and/or natural examples of pairs of functors $F:C\leftrightarrows D:G$ and unnatural bijections $\hom_D(Fx,y)\to\hom_C(x,Gy)$ for all $x$ and $y$? Can one do this so that the ...

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votes

**6**answers

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### Fundamental group of the line with the double origin.

In the simplest cases, the fundamental group serves as a measure of the number of 2-dimensional "holes" in a space. It is interesting to know whether they capture the following type of "hole".
This ...

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votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Semitransitive relations

By a digraph, let us mean an ordered pair $(X,r)$ with $r : X \times X \rightarrow B,$ where $X$ is a set and $B = \{\mathrm{False}, \mathrm{True}\}.$
Then supposing $\mathbb{X} =(X,r)$ is a digraph, ...

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votes

**4**answers

632 views

### Examples of $G_\delta$ sets

Recall that a subset A of a metric space X is a $G_\delta$ subset if it can be written as a countable intersection of open sets. This notion is related to the Baire category theorem. Here are three ...

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votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Examples of “nice” properties of algebraic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$

I am writing a short survey of some "nice'' properties of algebraic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$. Let's say a property (P) is nice if
every finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ satisfies (P), and
if $K ...

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votes

**9**answers

1k views

### What are your favorite concrete examples of limits or colimits that you would compute during lunch?

(The title was initially "What are your favorite concrete examples that you would compute on the table during lunch to convince a working mathematician that the notions of limits and colimits are not ...

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**67**answers

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### Awfully sophisticated proof for simple facts [closed]

It is sometimes the case that one can produce proofs of simple facts that are of disproportionate sophistication which, however, do not involve any circularity. For example, (I think) I gave an ...

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**5**answers

792 views

### Examples of ubiquitous objects that are hard to find?

I've been wrestling with a certain research problem for a few years now, and I wonder if it's an instance of a more general problem with other important instances. I'll first describe a general ...

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votes

**3**answers

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### Examples of Super-polynomial time algorithmic/induction proofs?

In combinatorics, one can sometimes get an algorithmic proof, which loosely has the following form:
-The proof moves through stages
-An invariant is shown to hold by induction from previous stages
...