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2
votes
0answers
303 views

Closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many differentiable structures

I know that $\mathbb{R}^4$ admits uncountably many differentiable structures and I was wandering what happen if we consider closed 4-manifolds. Are there any closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many ...
5
votes
0answers
307 views

Homeomorphisms of product spaces: an example

In the first of these lectures (http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/node/4436) given by M. Freedman he says that there exists (compact metric) spaces $X$ and $Y$ such that $X\times S^{1}$ is homeomorphic to ...
7
votes
6answers
451 views

Do you have examples of such “transitive” elements?

(I've asked the same question at the MSE, so far with no answers, so I thought I'd try it here as well. If there's some clash with any site rules, please let me know and I'll abide.) Let $A$ be a set ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

Unravelling some hypotheses on a variety

In Le group de Brauer II, Grothendieck states Proposition 1.4.- Soit $X$ a préschéma noetherien. Supposon que les anneaux hensélisés stricts des anneaux locaux de $X$ soient factoriels, [...] ...
78
votes
6answers
8k views

Mistakes in mathematics, false illusions about conjectures

Since long time ago I have been thinking in two problems that I have not been able to solve. It seems that one of them was recently solved. I have been thinking a lot about the motivation and its ...
4
votes
3answers
150 views

A model with $\kappa$ many automorphism and a rigid element.

The following should be known, but I could not find an example. Let $\kappa$ be an uncountable cardinal. Find a model $M$ of size $\kappa$ which has $\ge\kappa$ many automorphisms, but for some $m\in ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Simple but topologizable [closed]

Do you have an example of an infinite simple group with at least 3 distinct group topologies on it‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌?
0
votes
1answer
222 views

Examples of groups such that order isomorphism of the subgroups of $G\times G$ and $H\times H$ does not imply isomorphism of $G$ and $H$

Let $G$ and $H$ be groups, $\operatorname{Sub}(G\times G)$ be the set of all subgroups of $G\times G$ and $\operatorname{Sub}(H\times H)$ be the set of all subgroups of $H\times H$. Assume there ...
5
votes
1answer
208 views

Measures which exhibit the “uncorrelated implies independent” property

Let $X$ be a topological linear space, and let $X^*$ be its dual space. Suppose that $X$ is complete and Hausdorff, and $X^*$ separates points. Let $Y$ be another such space, and let $f : X \to Y$ be ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Examples of languages that are in P and are not in CFL [closed]

Any examples of languages that are in P(polynomial time to recognize it) and are not in CFL(context-free language)?The more the better.
12
votes
1answer
235 views

Nontrivial upper bounds on proof-theoretic ordinals of strong theories: do we have any?

Motivated by Consistency of Analysis (second order arithmetic) and Proof-Theoretic Ordinal of ZFC or Consistent ZFC Extensions?, I have the following question: Are there any examples of strong ...
3
votes
3answers
739 views

Fibrations with isomorphic fibers, but not Zariski locally trivial

(I posted this same question on MSE. Sorry if it is too elementary.) I am looking for examples of fibrations $f:X\to Y$ where the fibers are all isomorphic, but $f$ is not Zariski locally trivial. In ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

Not quite adjoint functors

What are standard and/or natural examples of pairs of functors $F:C\leftrightarrows D:G$ and unnatural bijections $\hom_D(Fx,y)\to\hom_C(x,Gy)$ for all $x$ and $y$? Can one do this so that the ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Semitransitive relations

By a digraph, let us mean an ordered pair $(X,r)$ with $r : X \times X \rightarrow B,$ where $X$ is a set and $B = \{\mathrm{False}, \mathrm{True}\}.$ Then supposing $\mathbb{X} =(X,r)$ is a digraph, ...
5
votes
1answer
468 views

Examples of “nice” properties of algebraic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$

I am writing a short survey of some "nice'' properties of algebraic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$. Let's say a property (P) is nice if every finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ satisfies (P), and if $K ...
17
votes
9answers
2k views

What are your favorite concrete examples of limits or colimits that you would compute during lunch?

(The title was initially "What are your favorite concrete examples that you would compute on the table during lunch to convince a working mathematician that the notions of limits and colimits are not ...
9
votes
5answers
961 views

Examples of ubiquitous objects that are hard to find?

I've been wrestling with a certain research problem for a few years now, and I wonder if it's an instance of a more general problem with other important instances. I'll first describe a general ...
12
votes
7answers
760 views

Examples of toposes for analysts

I've read that toposes are extremely important in modern mathematics, but I find the definitions and examples given on the nLab page a little too abstract to understand. Can you provide some examples ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Vanishing Cech cohomology

Let $X$ be a manifold such that $dim(X)=n$. It is well-know that if $\mathcal{F}$ is a coherent sheaf $H^m(X,\mathcal{F})=0$ for all $m >n$ (where I denote with $H(-)$ Cech cohomology). But is ...
3
votes
3answers
527 views

A non-trivial probability measure on $2^{\mathbb R}$

Consider the measurable space $2^{\mathbb R}$, equipped with the tensor-product $\sigma$-algebra. Famously, this space has a measurable structure which is not generated by a topology (see this ...
1
vote
1answer
313 views

Examples of Quot schemes

I'm studying Quot schemes, that I denote with $Quot_{N,X,P}$, with $N \in \mathbb{Z}$, $X \subset \mathbb{P}^d$ and $P \in \mathbb{Q}[t]$. So, I'm looking for explicit examples of Quot schemes. Could ...
30
votes
5answers
1k views

are there natural examples of classical mechanics that happens on a symplectic manifold that isn't a cotangent bundle?

I'm curious about just how far the abstraction to a symplectic formalism can be justified by appeal to actual physical examples. There's good motivation, for example, for working over an arbitrary ...
8
votes
2answers
220 views

Natural $\Pi^1_2$ (or worse) classes of structures?

(To clarify, my interest is mainly lightface, that is, $\Pi^1_2$ instead of $\bf \Pi^1_2$, although it doesn't particularly matter.) This is just an idle curiosity. In logic, I find myself frequently ...
14
votes
1answer
960 views

Learning a little Motivic Cohomology

Simply because I find it interesting, I have spent some time studying motivic cohomology from the lectures by Mazza, Voevodsky and Weibel. However, I'm finding it hard to tell if the theory is ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Existence of a moderate uniform structure on $\Bbb R$

A moderate uniform structure $\mathcal U$ on $\Bbb R$ is one for which $\forall U\in \mathcal U, \exists n\in \Bbb N,\quad U^n=\Bbb R^2$ but $ \not\exists n\in \Bbb N,\forall U\in \mathcal U,\quad ...
4
votes
1answer
423 views

Uncountable Reduced ring $R$ with $R[x]$ has only a countable number of maximal left ideals

The question is following: Is there an uncountable reduced ring (i.e., a ring with no non-zero nilpotent element) $R$ (with identity) such that $R[x]$ has only a countable number of maximal ...
12
votes
2answers
570 views

Occurrences of D. H. Lehmer's 10-th degree polynomial

Salem numbers and Lehmer's minimum height problem are venerated not only in number theory and diophantine analysis, where they are considered naturally interesting for their own sake, but also in ...
19
votes
13answers
2k views

An example of a proof that is explanatory but not beautiful? (or vice versa)

This question has a philosophical bent, but hopefully it will evoke straightforward, mathematical answers that would be appropriate for this list (like my earlier question about beautiful proofs ...
6
votes
1answer
341 views

Generating functions with all non-zero coefficients equal to one

Inspired by this question, I have been wondering if there are any useful generating functions with all non-zero coefficients equal to one. Obviously, the trivial generating function $\frac{1}{1-x}$ ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

Example of 4-manifold with $\pi_1=\mathbb Q$

This might be well known for algebraic topologist. So I am looking for an explicit example of a 4 dimensional manifold with fundamental group isomorphic to the rationals $\mathbb Q$.
1
vote
0answers
399 views

Homotopy theory of schemes

I have seen the notion of Homotopy come up in several contexts in schemes. For example, the book "Lectures on Motivic Cohomology" by Mazza, Weibel and Voevodsky uses this language to some extent. I.e. ...
8
votes
4answers
418 views

Order-independent properties arising naturally in mathematics

The motivation for the following question comes from finite model theory, but it is not a technical question about this field, and it is particularly directed at people working in other fields. It ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

A group 3-cocycle, trivial on a pair of generating subgroups?

I'm looking for an example of the following situation: A group $G$ generated by finite subgroups $H$ and $K$, a non-trivial 3-cocycle $\omega \in H^3(G, \mathbb{k}^\times)$ such that the ...
13
votes
1answer
571 views

Examples of polynomial rings $A[x]$ with relatively large Krull dimension

If $A$ is a commutative ring we have the estimate $$ \dim (A)+1 \le \dim (A[x])\le 2\dim (A)+1 $$ for the Krull dimension, with $\dim (A)+1 = \dim (A[x])$ for Noetherian rings. I am looking for nice ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

Satellite knot example

Can someone provide me with an example of a satellite knot with symmetry group which is neither cyclic nor dihedral?
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Gelfand representation and functional calculus applications beyond Functional Analysis

I think it is fair to say that the fields of Operator Algebras, Operator Theory, and Banach Algebras rely on Gelfand representation and functional calculus in a crucial way. I am curious about ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Methods to tell if a magma has idempotents

(Disclaimer: below, when I say "compact" I mean "compact Hausdorff.") I asked a version of this question on math stackexchange ...
2
votes
2answers
303 views

What is a good example of a hyperspace where the base space is non-Hausdorff?

Let $X$ be a topological space, and let $\operatorname{CL}(X)$ be its hyperspace. That is, $\operatorname{CL}(X)$ is the set of closed subsets of $X$, equipped with the minimal topology so that the ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Good examples of random variables whose image is not a measurable set?

Are their simple/natural examples of real-valued Borel-measurable random variables whose image is not a Borel set? Something that occurs "naturally"? I am teaching Doob's lemma (for two real-valued ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Example of fiber bundle that is not a fibration

It is well-known that a fiber bundle under some mild hypothesis is a fibration, but I don't know any examples of fiber bundles which aren't (Hurewicz) fibrations (they should be weird examples, I ...
1
vote
2answers
186 views

Understanding the left-separated spaces

A space $X$ is called left-separated if it can be well-ordered in such a way that every initial segment is closed in $X$. Could someone post some left-separated space to help me understand such ...
4
votes
1answer
269 views

Example of a non-closed cocomplete symmetric monoidal category

Background By a cocomplete symmetric monoidal category $C$ I mean a symmetric monoidal category whose underlying category is cocomplete and such that $- \otimes X : C \to C$ is cocontinuous for all ...
6
votes
1answer
215 views

Hamiltonian polar action with Lagrangian section

I am looking for examples of Hamiltonian polar isometric actions of a compact Lie group on a Kahler-Einstein (or perhaps just Kahler) manifold, that admits a Lagrangian section. Recall that an ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

what's the idea behind Carleman estimate

A standard Carleman-type estimate is of the form $$ \sum_{|\alpha|<m}{\tau^{2(m-|\alpha|-1)}\int{|D^{\alpha}u|^{2}e^{2\tau\phi}}dx}\leq K\int{|Pu|^{2}e^{2\tau\phi}dx},\quad u\in C_{0}^{\infty} $$ ...
8
votes
3answers
829 views

What's the use of Malgrange preparation theorem?

The Malgrange preparation theorem,which is the $C^{\infty}$ version of the classical Weierstrass preparation theorem,says that if $f(t,x)$ is a $C^{\infty}$ function of $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ near ...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

Clarification and intuition request for rationally equivalent algebraic cycles

I am having some difficulty lining up the definition and my intuition for rational equivalence of cycles. My intuition is based off of the idea that two cycles being rationally equivalent is analogous ...
2
votes
2answers
502 views

Function with all but mixed second partial derivatives twice differentiable?

Let $f(x,y)$ be a a real valued function on an open subset of $\mathbf{R}^2$ with continuous partial derivatives $\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial x^2}$ and $\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}$. Is $f$ twice ...
11
votes
1answer
345 views

What's the role of $H^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ in modern (harmonic) analysis?

The classical theory of $H^p$,due to it's heavy dependence on the complex function theory(such as Blaschke products), seemed to have an insurmountable obstacle barrying its extension to several ...
4
votes
0answers
197 views

Interesting commensurated subgroups of countable groups

Let $G$ be a group and let $K$ be a subgroup. Say $K$ is commensurated in $G$ if $gKg^{-1} \cap K$ has finite index in $K$ for all $g \in G$. Commensurated subgroups are an inherent feature of ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

A map inducing isomorphisms on homology but not on homotopy

As a consequence of the Whitehead theorem, Spanier's Algebraic Topology book has on 7.6.25 the following theorem: A weak homotopy equivalence induces isomorphisms of the corresponding integral ...