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### Status of the Euler characteristic in characteristic p

In the introduction to the Asterisque 82-83 volume on `Caractérisque d'Euler-Poincaré, Verdier writes:
Enfin signalons que la situation en caractéristique positive est loin
d'être aussi ...

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### “Mathai-Quillen-type” form on $M\times M$?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact, oriented, $(2n)$-dimensional Riemannian manifold. I'm wondering whether there is a "canonical" construction of a $(2n)$-form $\eta_g$ on $M\times M$, such that
$\eta_g$ is ...

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### Is Euler-characteristic of a simplicial complex on $n$ vertices and $f$ facets at most $n^{O(\log f)}$?

(Definition: Facet = Maximal Face)
This question is a continuation of the previous one that I had asked a couple of years ago: Is Euler characteristic of a simplicial complex upper bounded by a ...

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### Euler Characteristic of a Variety

Let $Y$ be a "nice" scheme. I am thinking projective varieties over an algebraically closed field, for now, but I am open to more general results.
In terms of singular homology ...

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### Combining Lefschetz numbers with Euler classes

Given an $n$-manifold $M$ (say), we can talk about its Euler characteristic
$\chi(M)$.
This can be generalized to the Euler number of any $n$-dimensional
bundle ${\mathcal V}$. Or indeed, the Euler ...

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### What kinds of manifolds admit non-vanishing vector fields defining convergent congruences?

One of the corollaries of the Poincaré–Hopf index theorem is that a closed, connected manifold $M$ admits non-vanishing vector fields iff its Euler characteristic is zero; i.e. $\chi(M) = 0$.
I am ...

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### Is there some short formula for the “defect” of Hilbert function

Let $X\subset\Bbb P^n_{\Bbb C}$ be a connected, Cohen Macaulay sub-scheme. (Possibly singular, reducible or non-reduced.) For $k\gg0$ the numbers $h^0(\mathcal{O}_X(k))$ depend polynomially on $k$. ...

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### The Euler characteristic of Hilbert series

The Hilbert series of a graded vector space $V=\bigoplus_{n\mathbb Z}V_n$ is the (ordinary) generating function of the dimensions of its homogeneous components, $h_V(t)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}t^n\dim ...