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4
votes
1answer
323 views

The Gauss-Bonnet theorem for Sheaves

Euler Characteristic of Sheaves and the Generalized Gauss-Bonnet Theorem Consider a sheaf $\mathscr{F}$ over a site $\mathscr{(C,J)}$, where $\mathscr{C}$ is a small category with a coverage ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Euler number for base change of a K3 surface

Suppose you have a K3 surface $S$ containing a smooth rational curve $C$ and suppose you have an elliptic fibration $S \rightarrow \mathbb P^1$ that restricts to a morphism $C \rightarrow \mathbb P^1$ ...
6
votes
1answer
220 views

Are there perverse sheaves on abelian varieties with small Euler characteristic?

Let $A$ be a simple abelian variety of dimension $g$. Let $K$ be an irreducible perverse sheaf on $A$. We know that $\chi(A,K)\geq 0$. (Corollary 1.4 of Franecki and Kapranov.) How small can ...
5
votes
0answers
152 views

Is Euler-characteristic of a simplicial complex on $n$ vertices and $f$ facets at most $n^{O(\log f)}$?

(Definition: Facet = Maximal Face) This question is a continuation of the previous one that I had asked a couple of years ago: Is Euler characteristic of a simplicial complex upper bounded by a ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

What kinds of manifolds admit non-vanishing vector fields defining convergent congruences?

One of the corollaries of the Poincaré–Hopf index theorem is that a closed, connected manifold $M$ admits non-vanishing vector fields iff its Euler characteristic is zero; i.e. $\chi(M) = 0$. I am ...
29
votes
3answers
3k views

Did ancient mathematicians know Euler's characteristic for convex polyhedra?

The formula $V-E+F=2$ is so simple that I can't believe that it was really Euler (or perhaps Descartes) who first observed it (I mean the formula itself in some generality, not necessarily a valid ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

How to show the Euler Characteristic is equal to self-intersection number of zero-section [duplicate]

myThe definition of the Euler characteristic (given in Guillemin and Pollack's "Differential Topology") of a compact oriented manifold $X$ is the self-intersection number of the diagonal $\Delta$ in ...
13
votes
0answers
402 views

Status of the Euler characteristic in characteristic p

In the introduction to the Asterisque 82-83 volume on `Caractérisque d'Euler-Poincaré, Verdier writes: Enfin signalons que la situation en caractéristique positive est loin d'être aussi ...
10
votes
2answers
473 views

When does an even-dimensional manifold fiber over an odd-dimensional manifold?

Are there simple necessary and sufficient conditions for an (oriented) even-dimensional compact smooth manifold to fiber over an (oriented) odd-dimensional manifold (with oriented fibers)? For ...
12
votes
1answer
388 views

Chern numbers via Euler characteristics?

Let $X$ be a space good enough to have a fundamental class, and $E$ a complex vector bundle on $X$. Let $P$ be some polynomial expression, and say I want to evaluate $P(c_i(E)) \cap [X]$. Is ...
6
votes
0answers
133 views

“Mathai-Quillen-type” form on $M\times M$?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact, oriented, $(2n)$-dimensional Riemannian manifold. I'm wondering whether there is a "canonical" construction of a $(2n)$-form $\eta_g$ on $M\times M$, such that $\eta_g$ is ...
5
votes
2answers
404 views

Top chern class under finite, unramified, dominant morphism

Situation: Let $\Bbbk$ be an algebraically closed field. Assume that $\pi:Y\to X$ is an finite, dominant, unramified morphism between nonsingular varieties of dimensions $n$. Let $d=\deg(\pi)$. What ...
3
votes
1answer
249 views

Euler characteristics and the difference bundle construction

I am reading on K theory in Lawson and Michelson (Spin Geometry). One has the "exact sequence spaces" $L(X,Y)$ and there is the theorem that there is a unique equivalence of functors $\chi$ between ...
2
votes
1answer
305 views

Higher Euler characteristics (possible generalizations)

Let $X$ be projective and Gorenstein (over $\mathbb{C}$), of dimension $n$, then $\chi(\mathcal{O}_X)=(-1)^n\chi(w_X)$. Hence a "generalization": $\chi(w^{\otimes k}_X)$. I'd like something of this ...
0
votes
1answer
336 views

The query concerning the Euler-Poincare formula’s generalizations

Euler's equation for polyhedral, Euler's polyhedral formula, V – E + F = 2, where V, E, and F, are the number of points, edges and faces, was discovered by Leonhard Euler in 1752. However, the basic ...
15
votes
3answers
981 views

Is Euler characteristic of a simplicial complex upper bounded by a polynomial in the number of its facets ?

What is the best upper bound known on the (absolute value of) the Euler characteristic of a simplicial complex in terms of the number of its facets ? In particular, I am interested in proving or ...
7
votes
2answers
488 views

Is the Euler characteristic of aspherical connected 2-complexes at most 1? (No!) What can be said about subcomplexes of 2-complexes deformation retractible onto graphs.

I have several related questions, i do not know which one is more important to me, i think it would depend on their answers. Is it true that the Euler characteristic of a finite connected aspherical ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

non degenerate quadratic form on the group of correspondences on an algebraic curve?

Hi, Given two (smooth, projective) curves $X$ and $Y$ over a field $k$, define a correspondence to be a line bundle $L$ on $X\times Y$. A trivial correspondence is a correspondence of the form ...
7
votes
1answer
466 views

Multiplicativity of Euler characteristic for non-orientable fibrations

Let $E\to B$ be a fibration with fiber F, and assume for simplicity that B is connected. Suppose moreover that B and F have Euler characteristics (perhaps they are manifolds). Then often, one can ...
3
votes
0answers
231 views

Combining Lefschetz numbers with Euler classes

Given an $n$-manifold $M$ (say), we can talk about its Euler characteristic $\chi(M)$. This can be generalized to the Euler number of any $n$-dimensional bundle ${\mathcal V}$. Or indeed, the Euler ...
6
votes
0answers
615 views

Euler Characteristic of a Variety

Let $Y$ be a "nice" scheme. I am thinking projective varieties over an algebraically closed field, for now, but I am open to more general results. In terms of singular homology ...
12
votes
2answers
936 views

Spaces that are both homotopically and cohomologically finite

Is it true that every connected space with 1) just finitely many nontrivial homotopy groups, all finite, and 2) just finitely many nontrivial rational cohomology groups, all finite rank, is ...
2
votes
0answers
149 views

Is there some short formula for the “defect” of Hilbert function

Let $X\subset\Bbb P^n_{\Bbb C}$ be a connected, Cohen Macaulay sub-scheme. (Possibly singular, reducible or non-reduced.) For $k\gg0$ the numbers $h^0(\mathcal{O}_X(k))$ depend polynomially on $k$. ...
3
votes
1answer
500 views

Behaviour of euler characteristics in characteristic p for finite etale covers

Let $k$ be an algebraic closure of a finite field of characteristic $p$. Fix an integer $l\neq p$. For a separated $k$-scheme $X$ of finite type, we define the (compactly supported) Euler ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Euler Characteristic of a manifold with non-vanishing vector field,

A friend of mine recently asked me if I knew any simple, conceptual argument (even one that is perhaps only heuristic) to show that if a triangulated manifold has a non-vanishing vector field, then ...
5
votes
3answers
541 views

How to construct a vector fields with isolated zeros?

The Poincare-Hopf theorem tell us that the sum of the indices of a vector field at isolated zeros on a compact, oriented manifold is the same as the Euler characteristic of the manifold. But how to ...
8
votes
2answers
859 views

For which classes of topological spaces Euler characteristics is defined?

I would like to know something more than what is written on wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euler_characteristic What would be some large (largest?) class of topological spaces for which ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the Euler characteristic a birational invariant

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are smooth projective varieties which are birationally equivalent. I would like to have that $$\textrm{deg} \ \textrm{td}(X) = \textrm{deg} \ \textrm{td}(Y).$$ Invoking the ...
12
votes
2answers
648 views

What's the cell structure of K(Z/nZ, 1)? Does it let me sum this divergent series? What about other finite groups?

The Eilenberg-Maclane space $K(\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}, 1)$ has a particularly simple cell structure: it has exactly one cell of each dimension. This means that its "Euler characteristic" should be ...
4
votes
3answers
824 views

Morse theory and Euler characteristics

Suppose we have a space M with a real-valued, differentiable function F on M. Under what conditions on F will the Euler characteristic of M be expressed as a (signed) sum of Euler characteristics of ...
5
votes
2answers
896 views

Relating Euler characteristic, intersection product, Morse theory (plus SU(2) and 3-manifolds)

Suppose we have a (closed, oriented) 3-manifold M with a Heegard surface F of genus g. Let F* denote F with a puncture. Then the space H of representations of pi_1(F*) on SU(2) is just SU(2)^2g, and ...
9
votes
1answer
307 views

cardinality of final coalgebras in Top

Let P be a polynomial functor from Top to Top, by which I mean a functor of the form P(X) = ∐i ≥ 0 Si × Xi where the Si are finite sets, all but finitely many of which are empty. ...
14
votes
5answers
954 views

Is there a topological description of combinatorial Euler characteristic?

There are a collection of definitions of "combinatorial Euler characteristic", which is different from the "homotopy Euler characteristic". I will describe a few of them and give some references, and ...
2
votes
1answer
630 views

“Wick rotation” of tropical geometry

This question is related to my earlier, even more open-ended question on tropilcalization. I will give some background and ask my question at the end. On R, consider the family of commutative, ...
10
votes
2answers
769 views

What is the size of the category of finite dimensional F_q vector spaces?

The size of a finite skeletal category C in the sense of Leinster is defined as follows: Label the objects of C by integers 1,2,...,n and let aij be the number of morphisms from i to j (for i and j ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

Spectrum of the Grothendieck ring of varieties

Here's a problem that may ultimately require just simple algebraic-geometry skills to be solved, or perhaps it's very deep and will never be solved at all. From the comments, some literature and my ...