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4
votes
2answers
131 views

Bound on Minimal Length of Vectors in Lattice and its Dual Lattice

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\Lambda^\ast$ its dual lattice. Let $d=\min_{v\in\Lambda} (v,v)$ and $d^\ast =\min_{v\in\Lambda^\ast} (v,v)$ be the minimal squared lengths of vectors ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

The number of different lattice triangles

Two convex lattice polygons are equivalent if there is a lattice-preserving affine transformation mapping one of them to the other. Equivalent polygons have the same area. Let $H(A)$ denote the number ...
4
votes
2answers
174 views

Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question. For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

On one class of Euclidean lattices

Let $\Lambda\subset \mathbb Z^3$ be 3D lattice with a basis $$a_1=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{11} \\ a_{21}\\ a_{31} \end{smallmatrix}\right),a_2=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{12} \\ a_{22}\\ a_{32} ...
9
votes
0answers
150 views

Multiplicity of ball covering

Background. My questions are motivated by the following: A. Conway and Sloane in "On the covering multiplicity of lattices" (Discrete and Computational Geometry, 8 (1992) 109-130) considered the ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Lattices achieving best density

Let $\Lambda \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an Euclidean lattice with generator matrix $B$. Define the center density $\delta(\Lambda)$ in the usual way as $\delta(\Lambda) = \rho^n/|\det{B}|$, where $\rho$ ...
34
votes
3answers
1k views

What fraction of the integer lattice can be seen from the origin?

Consider the integer lattice points in the positive quadrant $Q$ of $\mathbb{Z}^2$. Say that a point $(x,y)$ of $Q$ is visible from the origin if the segment from $(0,0)$ to $(x,y) \in Q$ passes ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Lattice-point-free buffers around circles

Let $C(r)$ be the origin-centered circle of radius $r$, and let $\beta(r)$ be the exterior buffer around $C(r)$: the distance from $C(r)$ to the closest lattice point exterior to $C(r)$: ...
7
votes
0answers
142 views

Lattice radial-step (ratchet) spirals

(30Oct13: Now solved; see Addendum.) Define a curve, a ratchet spiral, $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ as follows, where $r_0 > 0$ and $\epsilon < 1$.     $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ begins with the arc ...
6
votes
2answers
407 views

Is there a 3d equivalent of this picture?

This question arises apropos of an earlier question I asked that was (VERY!!!) helpfully answered by Anton Petrunin: Fitting a mesh to a density function The picture below is the image of a regular ...
8
votes
4answers
468 views

Applications of n-dimensional crystallographic groups

I would like to know what are the applications of the theory of $n$-dimensional crystallographic groups (aka space groups) 1) in mathematics 2) outside of mathematics, besides the applications to ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

Primitive orthogonal vectors/Unimodular matrices

Primitive sets of vectors are very important in the theory of point lattices, since they constitute the sets of vectors that are part of a basis for the lattice. A set of integer vectors ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

The right conformal map to make a certain picture

This is a follow-up to a question I asked a year ago, which was helpfully answered by Anton Petrunin: Fitting a mesh to a density function I am trying to come up with a way to make a picture of an ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

A non-commutative ring from SU(2)

$SU(2)$, which will be regarded here as the group of unit quaternions under multiplication, has 3 conjugacy classes of finite subgroups which don't have cyclic subgroups of index 1 or 2. They are: ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

upper bound on the size of sumset of lattice points

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice (discrete additive subgroup) in $\mathbb R^n$ ($n\geq 2$). In my problem, $\Lambda$ lies in a $k$ dimensional ($1< k\leq n$) subspace of $\mathbb R^n$. Let $A\subset ...
3
votes
2answers
237 views

Empty lattice simplex or White's theorem

White has proved (White, G. K. Lattice tetrahedra -- Canad. J. Math. 16 1964 389–396.) the following theorem: If $T$ is a closed tetrahedron and $\Lambda$ is a lattice which contains the vertices of ...
10
votes
1answer
244 views

Identifying lattices

I wrote a program that numerically searches for lattices in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with high sphere packing densities. As I have been running the program, it has been able to find, in addition to well-known ...
5
votes
2answers
178 views

Doubly covering an even lattice

I have read that there is a way to construct a group which is a double cover of an even lattice. The very tantalizing thing about this is that if the even lattice is chosen to be the Leech lattice, ...
7
votes
2answers
438 views

Fitting a mesh to a density function

Suppose I have a probability density function defined on a region in the plane (in my case, the pdf is of the form $f(x) = \alpha\|x\|^{-\beta}$, and the region is the unit disk). For large $N$, is ...
0
votes
0answers
151 views

Quadratic forms and 0-1 points.

I have a quadratic form $Q(u) = \langle Du , u \rangle = 0$, where $D$ is circulant-symmetric from $\mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ $D$ has all entries $0$ or $1$ except the diagonal which a negative real ...
5
votes
1answer
410 views

A 'generalized Four Squares Theorem'?

The $4$-dimensional lattice $\mathbb{Z}^{4}$ has vectors of length $\sqrt{n}$ for any positive integer $n$ by the Four Squares Theorem, but this need not be true for higher-dimensional integral, ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

A bounded function of the packing and covering density of lattices

Given a (finite-dimensional) lattice $L$ of an Euclidean vector-space, the function $$L\longmapsto -\log(\hbox{packing density of }L)/ \log(\hbox{covering density of }L)$$ is bounded and bounded away ...