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### Boomerangs in Polya's orchard

Polya's orchard problem asks for what radius $r$ of trees
at each lattice point within a distance $R$
of the origin block all lines of sight to the exterior of the orchard.
The answer is known; $r$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Writing integers in ring of integers of number fields

Given $a,b\in\Bbb N$, we can write $a=a_tb^t+a_{t-1}b^{t-1}+\dots+a_1b+a_0$ where $t=\lceil\log_ba\rceil$ and $a_i<b<a$.
(1) Supposing if $b\in\mathcal{O}_K$ where $\mathcal{O}_K$ is ring of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Listing all Lattice Points in a Box

Let $B := [-1,1]^n$ be an $n$-dimensional box. Moreover, let $v_1,\ldots,v_n \in \mathbb{R}^n$ form a basis of $\mathbb{R}^n$, where the entries of the $v_i$ are explicitly irrational. We can assume ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Enumerating 1-Lipschitz functions on an integer grid

Let $G$ denote an integer grid consisting of $\{0,\dots,m\}\times\{0,\dots,n\}$. An integer-valued function $f:G\to\mathbb{Z}$ is said to be 1-Lipschitz if it satisfies $|f(x) - f(y)| \leq \| x-y ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Upper bound for the number of integral points in a convex set

Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a bounded convex set such that the points with integer
coordinates in $K$ are not all coplanar. Is it true that $|K \cap \mathbb{Z}^3| \leq 6{\rm Vol}(K) + 3$?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

238 views

### Number of lattice points in a given triangle

Given a triangle with real coordinates, does anybody know how to find the number of lattice points contained within it? What if the points are only rational? I know Pick's formula can be used for the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

432 views

### Probability that a self-avoiding walk on $\mathbb{Z}^3$ closes to a polygon

The probability that a random walk on $\mathbb{Z}^3$ returns to the origin is about 34%.
This is (part of)
Pólya's theorem.
I have been looking for an analogous (numerical) result for the probability
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### Given a positive-definite integral unimodular Gram matrix, how to find a basis of the associated lattice (over $\mathbf Q$)?

Let $G$ be a $n\times n-$symmetric matrix with integral coefficients and determinant $1$ (i.e. unimodular) such that the associated quadratic form is positive-definite.
I am interested in having an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Covering points with a shortest lattice spiral

Let $S$ be a finite set of lattice points in $\mathbb{Z}^2$.
My question is, roughly:
Q. How can a shortest lattice spiral that passes through
every point of $S$ be found?
A lattice spiral (my ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### A random variation on Polya's orchard problem

Polya's orchard problem is as follows:
"How thick must the
trunks of the trees in a regularly spaced circular orchard grow if they are
to block completely the view from the center?"
See, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

180 views

### Covolume of the row span of a matrix and of the kernel of a matrix

Let $L$ be a $k$-dimensional lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The covolume
$\hbox{CoVol}(L)$ of $L$ is the $k$-dimensional volume of a
fundamental domain for $L$, i.e., the volume of the parallelopiped
...

**28**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Can we find lattice polyhedra with faces of area 1,2,3,…?

I asked this question two months ago on MSE, where it earned the rare
Tumbleweed badge for garnering zero votes, zero answers, and 25 views over 61 days.
Perhaps justifiably so! Here I repeat it with ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Bound on Minimal Length of Vectors in Lattice and its Dual Lattice

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\Lambda^\ast$ its dual lattice. Let $d=\min_{v\in\Lambda} (v,v)$ and $d^\ast =\min_{v\in\Lambda^\ast} (v,v)$ be the minimal squared lengths of vectors ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### The number of different lattice triangles

Two convex lattice polygons are equivalent if there is a lattice-preserving affine transformation mapping one of them to the other. Equivalent polygons have the same area. Let $H(A)$ denote the number ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

232 views

### Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question.
For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### On one class of Euclidean lattices

Let $\Lambda\subset \mathbb Z^3$ be 3D lattice with a basis
$$a_1=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{11} \\ a_{21}\\
a_{31}
\end{smallmatrix}\right),a_2=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{12} \\ a_{22}\\
a_{32}
...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

213 views

### Multiplicity of ball covering

Background. My questions are motivated by the following:
A. Conway and Sloane in "On the covering multiplicity of lattices" (Discrete
and Computational Geometry, 8 (1992) 109-130) considered the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Lattices achieving best density

Let $\Lambda \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an Euclidean lattice with generator matrix $B$. Define the center density $\delta(\Lambda)$ in the usual way as $\delta(\Lambda) = \rho^n/|\det{B}|$, where $\rho$ ...

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votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What fraction of the integer lattice can be seen from the origin?

Consider the integer lattice points in the positive quadrant $Q$ of $\mathbb{Z}^2$.
Say that a point $(x,y)$ of $Q$ is visible from the origin if the
segment from $(0,0)$ to $(x,y) \in Q$ passes ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

140 views

### Lattice-point-free buffers around circles

Let $C(r)$ be the origin-centered circle of radius $r$,
and let $\beta(r)$ be the exterior buffer around $C(r)$:
the distance from $C(r)$ to the closest lattice point exterior to $C(r)$:
...

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votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Lattice radial-step (ratchet) spirals

(30Oct13: Now solved; see Addendum.)
Define a curve, a ratchet spiral, $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ as follows, where $r_0 > 0$ and $\epsilon < 1$.
$S(r_0,\epsilon)$ begins with the arc ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

530 views

### Is there a 3d equivalent of this picture?

This question arises apropos of an earlier question I asked that was (VERY!!!) helpfully answered by Anton Petrunin:
Fitting a mesh to a density function
The picture below is the image of a regular ...

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votes

**4**answers

597 views

### Applications of n-dimensional crystallographic groups

I would like to know what are the applications of the theory of $n$-dimensional crystallographic groups (aka space groups)
1) in mathematics
2) outside of mathematics,
besides the applications to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

270 views

### Primitive orthogonal vectors/Unimodular matrices

Primitive sets of vectors are very important in the theory of point lattices, since they constitute the sets of vectors that are part of a basis for the lattice.
A set of integer vectors ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

315 views

### The right conformal map to make a certain picture

This is a follow-up to a question I asked a year ago, which was helpfully answered by Anton Petrunin:
Fitting a mesh to a density function
I am trying to come up with a way to make a picture of an ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### A non-commutative ring from SU(2)

$SU(2)$, which will be regarded here as the group of unit quaternions under multiplication, has 3 conjugacy classes of finite subgroups which don't have cyclic subgroups of index 1 or 2. They are:
...

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votes

**0**answers

158 views

### upper bound on the size of sumset of lattice points

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice (discrete additive subgroup) in $\mathbb R^n$ ($n\geq 2$). In my problem, $\Lambda$ lies in a $k$ dimensional ($1< k\leq n$) subspace of $\mathbb R^n$. Let $A\subset ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

288 views

### Empty lattice simplex or White's theorem

White has proved (White, G. K. Lattice tetrahedra -- Canad. J. Math. 16 1964 389–396.) the following theorem:
If $T$ is a closed tetrahedron and $\Lambda$ is a lattice which contains the vertices of ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Identifying lattices

I wrote a program that numerically searches for lattices in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with high sphere packing densities. As I have been running the program, it has been able to find, in addition to well-known ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

212 views

### Doubly covering an even lattice

I have read that there is a way to construct a group which is a double cover of an even lattice. The very tantalizing thing about this is that if the even lattice is chosen to be the Leech lattice, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

517 views

### Fitting a mesh to a density function

Suppose I have a probability density function defined on a region in the plane (in my case, the pdf is of the form $f(x) = \alpha\|x\|^{-\beta}$, and the region is the unit disk). For large $N$, is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Quadratic forms and 0-1 points.

I have a quadratic form $Q(u) = \langle Du , u \rangle = 0$, where $D$ is circulant-symmetric from $\mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ $D$ has all entries $0$ or $1$ except the diagonal which a negative real ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

434 views

### A 'generalized Four Squares Theorem'?

The $4$-dimensional lattice $\mathbb{Z}^{4}$ has vectors of length $\sqrt{n}$ for any positive integer $n$ by the Four Squares Theorem, but this need not be true for higher-dimensional integral, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

120 views

### A bounded function of the packing and covering density of lattices

Given a (finite-dimensional) lattice $L$ of an Euclidean vector-space, the function
$$L\longmapsto -\log(\hbox{packing density of }L)/
\log(\hbox{covering density of }L)$$
is bounded and bounded away ...