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22
votes
1answer
540 views

Does $E_8$ know $Spin(7)$?

One way to define the compact group $Spin(7)$ is as the stabilizer of a certain 4-form on Euclidean $\mathbb R^8$ (see e.g. this MO question). This 4-form can be defined in various ways. For example,...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

How to count the number of shortest paths in a 2x2 grid? [closed]

Say that we have a 2x2 regular grid or network. We label the nodes 0 to 3 row-wise. Then, for each node, we want to compute the number of shortest paths that pass through them. I have a Python code ...
16
votes
2answers
350 views

what is the equivalent of the Euler constant for higher dimensional lattices

Let $\Lambda$ be a unimodular lattice in $\mathbb R^d$. Then there are constants such that $$\sum_{\substack{\gamma\in \Lambda\\0<|\gamma|<R\\}} \frac{1}{|\gamma|^d} = c_1 \log R + c_2 + o(1).$$...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Lattice points with next-largest norm [closed]

In a 2D integer grid, the points in increasing distance from the origin are: $(0,0)$ $(\pm1,0)$ and $(0,\pm1)$ $(\pm1,\pm1)$ etc By symmetry we need only consider one-eighth of the lattice, $x\ge0$ ...
8
votes
0answers
120 views

Boomerangs in Polya's orchard

Polya's orchard problem asks for what radius $r$ of trees at each lattice point within a distance $R$ of the origin block all lines of sight to the exterior of the orchard. The answer is known; $r$ ...
0
votes
0answers
158 views

Writing integers in ring of integers of number fields

Given $a,b\in\Bbb N$, we can write $a=a_tb^t+a_{t-1}b^{t-1}+\dots+a_1b+a_0$ where $t=\lceil\log_ba\rceil$ and $a_i<b<a$. (1) Supposing if $b\in\mathcal{O}_K$ where $\mathcal{O}_K$ is ring of ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Listing all Lattice Points in a Box

Let $B := [-1,1]^n$ be an $n$-dimensional box. Moreover, let $v_1,\ldots,v_n \in \mathbb{R}^n$ form a basis of $\mathbb{R}^n$, where the entries of the $v_i$ are explicitly irrational. We can assume ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Enumerating 1-Lipschitz functions on an integer grid

Let $G$ denote an integer grid consisting of $\{0,\dots,m\}\times\{0,\dots,n\}$. An integer-valued function $f:G\to\mathbb{Z}$ is said to be 1-Lipschitz if it satisfies $|f(x) - f(y)| \leq \| x-y \|$...
7
votes
1answer
231 views

Upper bound for the number of integral points in a convex set

Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a bounded convex set such that the points with integer coordinates in $K$ are not all coplanar. Is it true that $|K \cap \mathbb{Z}^3| \leq 6{\rm Vol}(K) + 3$?
0
votes
0answers
338 views

Number of lattice points in a given triangle

Given a triangle with real coordinates, does anybody know how to find the number of lattice points contained within it? What if the points are only rational? I know Pick's formula can be used for the ...
6
votes
3answers
497 views

Probability that a self-avoiding walk on $\mathbb{Z}^3$ closes to a polygon

The probability that a random walk on $\mathbb{Z}^3$ returns to the origin is about 34%. This is (part of) Pólya's theorem. I have been looking for an analogous (numerical) result for the probability ...
6
votes
1answer
402 views

Given a positive-definite integral unimodular Gram matrix, how to find a basis of the associated lattice (over $\mathbf Q$)?

Let $G$ be a $n\times n-$symmetric matrix with integral coefficients and determinant $1$ (i.e. unimodular) such that the associated quadratic form is positive-definite. I am interested in having an ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

Covering points with a shortest lattice spiral

Let $S$ be a finite set of lattice points in $\mathbb{Z}^2$. My question is, roughly: Q. How can a shortest lattice spiral that passes through every point of $S$ be found? A lattice spiral (my ...
10
votes
1answer
287 views

A random variation on Polya's orchard problem

Polya's orchard problem is as follows: "How thick must the trunks of the trees in a regularly spaced circular orchard grow if they are to block completely the view from the center?" See, e.g....
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Covolume of the row span of a matrix and of the kernel of a matrix

Let $L$ be a $k$-dimensional lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The covolume $\hbox{CoVol}(L)$ of $L$ is the $k$-dimensional volume of a fundamental domain for $L$, i.e., the volume of the parallelopiped ...
38
votes
2answers
1k views

Can we find lattice polyhedra with faces of area 1,2,3,…?

I asked this question two months ago on MSE, where it earned the rare Tumbleweed badge for garnering zero votes, zero answers, and 25 views over 61 days. Perhaps justifiably so! Here I repeat it with ...
4
votes
2answers
204 views

Bound on Minimal Length of Vectors in Lattice and its Dual Lattice

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\Lambda^\ast$ its dual lattice. Let $d=\min_{v\in\Lambda} (v,v)$ and $d^\ast =\min_{v\in\Lambda^\ast} (v,v)$ be the minimal squared lengths of vectors ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

The number of different lattice triangles

Two convex lattice polygons are equivalent if there is a lattice-preserving affine transformation mapping one of them to the other. Equivalent polygons have the same area. Let $H(A)$ denote the number ...
4
votes
2answers
251 views

Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question. For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...
11
votes
0answers
238 views

Multiplicity of ball covering

Background. My questions are motivated by the following: A. Conway and Sloane in "On the covering multiplicity of lattices" (Discrete and Computational Geometry, 8 (1992) 109-130) considered the ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Lattices achieving best density

Let $\Lambda \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an Euclidean lattice with generator matrix $B$. Define the center density $\delta(\Lambda)$ in the usual way as $\delta(\Lambda) = \rho^n/|\det{B}|$, where $\rho$ ...
37
votes
3answers
2k views

What fraction of the integer lattice can be seen from the origin?

Consider the integer lattice points in the positive quadrant $Q$ of $\mathbb{Z}^2$. Say that a point $(x,y)$ of $Q$ is visible from the origin if the segment from $(0,0)$ to $(x,y) \in Q$ passes ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

Lattice-point-free buffers around circles

Let $C(r)$ be the origin-centered circle of radius $r$, and let $\beta(r)$ be the exterior buffer around $C(r)$: the distance from $C(r)$ to the closest lattice point exterior to $C(r)$:   &...
7
votes
0answers
177 views

Lattice radial-step (ratchet) spirals

(30Oct13: Now solved; see Addendum.) Define a curve, a ratchet spiral, $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ as follows, where $r_0 > 0$ and $\epsilon < 1$.     $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ begins with the arc ...
5
votes
2answers
569 views

Is there a 3d equivalent of this picture?

This question arises apropos of an earlier question I asked that was (VERY!!!) helpfully answered by Anton Petrunin: Fitting a mesh to a density function The picture below is the image of a regular ...
9
votes
4answers
619 views

Applications of n-dimensional crystallographic groups

I would like to know what are the applications of the theory of $n$-dimensional crystallographic groups (aka space groups) 1) in mathematics 2) outside of mathematics, besides the applications to $...
2
votes
2answers
311 views

Primitive orthogonal vectors/Unimodular matrices

Primitive sets of vectors are very important in the theory of point lattices, since they constitute the sets of vectors that are part of a basis for the lattice. A set of integer vectors $v_1,\ldots,...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

The right conformal map to make a certain picture

This is a follow-up to a question I asked a year ago, which was helpfully answered by Anton Petrunin: Fitting a mesh to a density function I am trying to come up with a way to make a picture of an ...
2
votes
0answers
143 views

A non-commutative ring from SU(2)

$SU(2)$, which will be regarded here as the group of unit quaternions under multiplication, has 3 conjugacy classes of finite subgroups which don't have cyclic subgroups of index 1 or 2. They are: ...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

upper bound on the size of sumset of lattice points

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice (discrete additive subgroup) in $\mathbb R^n$ ($n\geq 2$). In my problem, $\Lambda$ lies in a $k$ dimensional ($1< k\leq n$) subspace of $\mathbb R^n$. Let $A\subset \...
3
votes
2answers
307 views

Empty lattice simplex or White's theorem

White has proved (White, G. K. Lattice tetrahedra -- Canad. J. Math. 16 1964 389–396.) the following theorem: If $T$ is a closed tetrahedron and $\Lambda$ is a lattice which contains the vertices of $...
10
votes
1answer
284 views

Identifying lattices

I wrote a program that numerically searches for lattices in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with high sphere packing densities. As I have been running the program, it has been able to find, in addition to well-known ...
5
votes
2answers
218 views

Doubly covering an even lattice

I have read that there is a way to construct a group which is a double cover of an even lattice. The very tantalizing thing about this is that if the even lattice is chosen to be the Leech lattice, ...
7
votes
2answers
538 views

Fitting a mesh to a density function

Suppose I have a probability density function defined on a region in the plane (in my case, the pdf is of the form $f(x) = \alpha\|x\|^{-\beta}$, and the region is the unit disk). For large $N$, is ...
0
votes
0answers
161 views

Quadratic forms and 0-1 points.

I have a quadratic form $Q(u) = \langle Du , u \rangle = 0$, where $D$ is circulant-symmetric from $\mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ $D$ has all entries $0$ or $1$ except the diagonal which a negative real ...
5
votes
1answer
444 views

A 'generalized Four Squares Theorem'?

The $4$-dimensional lattice $\mathbb{Z}^{4}$ has vectors of length $\sqrt{n}$ for any positive integer $n$ by the Four Squares Theorem, but this need not be true for higher-dimensional integral, ...
1
vote
0answers
120 views

A bounded function of the packing and covering density of lattices

Given a (finite-dimensional) lattice $L$ of an Euclidean vector-space, the function $$L\longmapsto -\log(\hbox{packing density of }L)/ \log(\hbox{covering density of }L)$$ is bounded and bounded away ...