The euclidean-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

**13**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Smallest regular simplex containing the unit cube in $R^n$

What is the length $e_n$ of the edge of the smallest $n$-dimensional regular simplex $S_n$ containing the $n$-dimensional unit cube $Q_n$?
In particular, is there $n$ such that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Tetrahedra passing through a hole

Assume a plane $P\subset\mathbb R^3$ has a hole $H$, and that the hole is topologically a compact disc. Being so, $P\setminus H$ does not separate the space. A regular tetrahedron $\sigma^3$ (of ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

640 views

### On maximal regular polyhedra inscribed in a regular polyhedron

Let T, C, O, D, or I be regular tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron, respectively. Suppose that the outer polyhedron have edge-length 1.
For example, it's easy to prove that ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

832 views

### Metrics for lines in $\mathbb{R}^3$?

I seek a metric $d(\cdot,\cdot)$ between pairs of (infinite) lines in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Let $s$ be the minimum distance between a pair of lines $L_1$ and $L_2$.
Ideally, I would like these properties:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

99 views

### Angles and projective metric

Unless I am very wrong, the following seems to be true:
If the angle between two vectors in $\mathbb{R}^{n}_{++}$ is small, then the
value of the Hilbert projective metric between them is also ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Which values can attain the minimum solid angle in a simplex

Given a simplex $S$ with a vertex $v$ by the solid angle at this vertex I mean the value $\hbox{vol}(B \cap S)/\hbox{vol}(B)$ where $B$ is a small enough ball centered at $v$ (for example, in the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Components of Intersection of Ellipsoids

Let $\Sigma$ be an $n-1$ dimensional ellipsoid in $\textbf{R}^{n}$ and $S$ the unit sphere.
I would like to understand the connected components $C$ of the intersection of $\Sigma$ and $S$.
In my ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### Does an origin-centered ellipse in the plane intersect each $L^p$-circle at most 8 times?

The question is in the title: Let $E$ be an origin-centered ellipse in ${\mathbb R}^2$ and let $S$ be an "$L^p$-circle": $S = \{(x,y) : |x|^p + |y|^p = \text{const}\}$, where $1 \leq p \leq \infty$. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### Biggest ball included in an intersection of balls

I would like to prove that for any family of balls $\{B(c_i,r_i)\}_i \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ such that $\{c_1, \dots, c_n\} \subset \bigcap_i B(c_i,r_i) $ and $\forall i, r_i \geq 1$, there exists a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

154 views

### Straight Line Passing Through a Convex Region

Is there any test to tell me whether a straight line in a 3D euclidean space passes through a bounded closed convex region? To focus on a more specialised version of the problem, you can assume that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

95 views

### Boundary surfaces in a 3d Voronoi tessellation with obstacles

Let $x_1,\dots,x_n$ be a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and let $\mathcal{O}_1 ,\dots, \mathcal{O}_m$ denote a set of polyhedral obstacles. What is the name for the surfaces that describe the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Symmetry group for the frame bundle of a G-space

Let $Q$ be a smooth manifold, and let $G$ be a Lie group which acts smoothly on $Q$ on the left.
Question 1: does the group $G$ act naturally on the tangent bundle $TQ \to Q$?
My motivation here ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

483 views

### Applications of n-dimensional crystallographic groups

I would like to know what are the applications of the theory of $n$-dimensional crystallographic groups (aka space groups)
1) in mathematics
2) outside of mathematics,
besides the applications to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Orthogonality between vectors whose components increase

This is a cross-posting of a MSE question (which did not receive any feedback there so far).
Say that a vector $x=(x_1,x_2, \ldots ,x_n)\in {\mathbb R}^n$ is nondecreasing if $x_1 \leq x_2\leq \ldots ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### A little question on certain parallel-lines-preserving maps

Let $\alpha:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$, $n\geq 2$, be a $\mathbb{Q}$-linear bijection with the following properties:
1) $\alpha$ sends straight affine $\mathbb{R}$-lines to straight affine ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### How well do random projections preserve the distance between a point and a linear subspace?

Let $x_1,\ldots,x_k \in \mathbb{R}^d$ be $k$ unit vectors in $d$ dimensional Euclidean space, and let $S = \mathrm{span}(x_1,\ldots,x_k)$ be a linear subspace defined by these points. Let $P \in ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

392 views

### Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square?

A dyadic square is a subset of $R^2$ of the form $x + 2^{-n} [0,1]^2$ with $x \in 2^{-m} Z^2$, for integers $m,n \geq 0$. We say that a set $A$ crosses a square $S$ if there exists a connected subset ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

864 views

### Definition of area

I am looking for an attractive, but rigorous definition of area;
say in Euclidean plane. Probably there is no short definition. It is OK to make it even longer, but can it be built from useful parts ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

341 views

### What is the field generated by an Archimedean Spiral?

Let $F \subset \mathbb R$ be the set of lengths of line segments that one can construct, starting from the points $(0,0)$ and $(1,0)$, using a straightedge, compass, and an Archimedean spiral - the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Length of intersection of intervals

Can anyone prove this statement? It seems true, but I'm finding it tricky to give a concise proof.
Fix $\alpha\in[0,1]$. Let $\mu$ be Lebesgue measure. Define $B(c,r)\equiv[c-r,c+r]$, where $[\cdot, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Series for envelope of triangle area bisectors

The lines which bisect the area of a triangle form an envelope as shown in this picture
It is not difficult to show that the ratio of the area of the red deltoid to the area of the triangle is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

188 views

### Axiomatization of the incidence geometry of the Euclidean plane

There are several well-known axiomatizations of Euclidean plane geometry, the language of which is usually considered to include at least the relations of
incidence (point-line, point-segment, or ...

**18**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Does every ellipse inside a tetrahedron inside a ball fit in a triangle inside the ball?

In three-dimensional euclidean space, consider the closed unit ball $B$. Let $T$ be a tetrahedron, and $E$ an ellipse, with $E \subset T \subset B$. Does there necessarily exist a triangle $T'$ with ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

99 views

### Worst-case nearest-neighbor distances between regions

Suppose that $S_1,\dots,S_n$ is a collection of disjoint shapes in the plane, and let $\mathcal{X}$ denote the set of all $n$-tuples of points $\lbrace x_1,\dots,x_n\rbrace$ such that $x_i\in S_i$ for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

685 views

### Why 2 as an exponent in the euclidean vector space?

Let us develop the question:
Let us focus on finite real vector space, equiped with a norm. A priori, one does not make the hypothesis that the norm is derived from a scalar product.
Which ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Inter-Kissing Number for Non-Spheres

In 3D, the maximum number of spheres which can inter-touch is 5 (mathoverflow.net/questions/106120). This maximum reduces to 4 for unit spheres.
Is there a different shape (e.g., an egg, or a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Inter-Kissing Number for Spheres of Different Sizes

What is the maximum number of spheres that can be placed in 3D such that all inter-touch?
One can of course place four unit spheres tetrahedrally and then add a smaller sphere in the
middle, so this ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

418 views

### sine and Archimedes' derivation of the area of the circle

The elementary "opposite over hypotenuse" definition of the sine function defines the sine of an angle, not a real number. As discussed in the article "A Circular Argument" [Fred Richman, The College ...

**7**

votes

**10**answers

4k views

### College (Euclidean) geometry textbook recommendations

I will be teaching a mid-level undergraduate course in Euclidean geometry this fall. Has anyone taught such a course, who can recommend a good textbook?
My students will mostly be future high school ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Error Metric which incorporates both mean & standard deviation of data in euclidean space

For simplicities sake (the actually problem is more complex)...Let say I have a set of n 3d points, whose position move over time. For all pairs, I have calculated the mean and standard deviation of ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

588 views

### Reconstructing an Euclidean point cloud from their pairwise distances

I have a collection of points $P_1, ..., P_N$ in some Euclidean space $\mathbb R^m$ and the coordinates $x_1, x_2, ..., x_N$ respectively associated with them, where $x_i$ is the usual Cartesian tuple ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Can Morley's theorem be generalized?

Morley's theorem states that in any triangle, the three points of intersection of the adjacent angle trisectors form an equilateral triangle.
In a talk some years ago, David Rusin made the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

631 views

### Quadrature of the Lune

What is a good reference for the following result which I believe is proved by Tchebotarev.
There are exactly 5 types of Lunes that are squarable. (Hippocrates produced three and then two more were ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Flattening a corner in a convex $d$-polytope (into $d-1$ dimensions, without overlap)?

I'm interested in the following question, which seems to be assumed all over the place (at least for 3 dimensions) in convex geometry, and which I cannot find a proof of.
Suppose we have a corner ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### Finite subgroups of the unimodular group

This is related to this MO question (and others as well).
Hoping that this will not turn out to be too broad, I would like to know about the 'state of the art' of:
1) The problem of classifying ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

439 views

### Isomorphic but non-conjugate subgroups of $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$ ?

I've been asked some questions by a friend interested in crystallography, and the following questions (I'm not an expert) came spontaneous to me:
1) Are there two finite subgroups ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Reorienting a ladder among $\mathbb{Z}^2$ poles

Imagine an object, which I'll call a ladder $\cal{L}$, a "racetrack" shape
composed of a rectangle of length $L$ capped at either end by
semicircles of radius $r$; so it is $L+2r$ tip-to-tip.
View ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

620 views

### theorems equivalent to the parallel postulate

Is there a good survey article listing all the theorems of Euclidean geometry that are equivalent to the parallel postulate?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Minimum solid angle and aspect ratio of an $n$-simplex

In computational geometry and other fields, it is of interest to have degeneracy measures for shapes of simplices, which quantitatively seperate the regular simplex from degenerate simplices.
In two ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

298 views

### Triangles with Congruent Corresponding Sides that Cannot fold into a Tetrahedron

I've been trying to find, without much success, 4 triangles whose corresponding sides are congruent that cannot be folded into a tetrahedron.
Anyone has any clue how to approach this problem?

**6**

votes

**0**answers

756 views

### Interpolating points with minimum curvature constraint

I have $n$ points $p_i$ strictly interior to a rectangle $R$,
and I would like to connect them with a curve $C$ whose curvature is as low as possible.
Let $\kappa_\max(C)$ be the sharpest (largest ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

893 views

### Pinball on the infinite plane

Imagine pinball on the infinite plane, with every lattice
point $\mathbb{Z}^2$ a point pin.
The ball has radius $r < \frac{1}{2}$.
It starts just touching the origin pin, and shoots off at angle ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Action of Isometries on a Line in the Plane

I'm trying to determine the stabilizer of a line in a plane when acted upon by the group of isometries of the plane. Please note that I'm using the notation found in the Wikipedia article on Euclidean ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Inertia/Gravity in Distance Geometry

The Cayley-Menger Determinant, D(N), slickly calculates the N-dimensional simplex
volume of any N+1 points. One constraint in our 3D world is that D(4)=0.
Give each point a mass (Mi) and dynamic ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

504 views

### Polygons uniquely inducing arrangements

A beautiful, relatively recent result is that,
Every simple arrangement $\cal{A}$ of $n$ lines in the plane is induced by a simple $n$-gon $P$.
In a simple arrangement, every pair of lines ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

502 views

### Ratio of circumscribed/inscribed $(n{-}1)$-gons

As a discrete analog of the MO question,
"Löwner-John Ellipsoid: incribed and circumscribed,"
I've been wondering what might be the maximum ratio
of this quantity?
Let $P$ be a convex polygon of $n$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### What can be said about number-theoretic properties of the solid angle measures of polytopal cones in the weight lattice of sl(n)?

The following question might be elementary — it is too far from my area of expertise to tell. It has shown up in my research in an interesting way, which I will not go into here, but I'm happy to ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

533 views

### Maximum thickness of three linked Euclidean solid tori

Consider three circles of radius 1 in $\mathbb{R}^3$, linked with each other in the same arrangement as three fibers of the Hopf fibration. Now thicken the circles up into non-overlapping standard ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

749 views

### 3-piece dissection of square to equilateral triangle?

At a workshop it was suggested that it likely remains an open problem
whether or not there is a 3- or 2 -piece
dissection
of a square to an equilateral triangle.
Can anyone confirm that this is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Special functions on the unit disk

Let $\mathbb{D} = \{ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \mid x^2 + y^2 < 1 \}$ be the unit disk.
We say a function $f : \mathbb{D} \rightarrow \mathbb{D}$ is a winner if it satisfies the following:
1) it is a ...