**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Does the collection of algebraic/number-theoretic methods applied to Euclidean Geometry have a name?

I am currently writing an essay on the history of geometry. To educate myself on the subject, I sometimes read the following Wikipedia article on the history of Euclidean Geometry. It seems to me that,...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### The geometric median of a solid triangle

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^n$ be a compact subset of dimension $n$. Define the geometric median on $\Omega$ as the point $m_{\Omega}\in \mathbb R^n$ such that the integral $\int_{\Omega}|x-m_{\Omega}...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Optimal instructions for the modular construction of rectlinear Lego structures

Let $X$ be a compact (or periodic) union of integer translates of unit cubes such that the interior of $X$ is connected. (If it makes any difference, suppose that the dimension $n$ of $X$ is 3.) I am ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Law of sines for tetrahedra

Wikipedia gives a generalization of the law of sines to higher dimensions, as defined in F. Eriksson, The law of sines for tetrahedra and n-simplices. However, this generalization misses an important ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Pasch axiom and Pythagorean field condition?

I am looking for a reference for the claim that the Pasch axiom is equivalent to the Pythagorean field condition, and with respect to what base theory this should be true.
Since posting the question, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

63 views

### Set of General Linear Position with Nonzero Measure

I came to the following question, but I don't have quite a good idea how to approach.
Can a set $A\subset \mathbb{R}^n , n\ge 2$ with nonzero measure be in a general linear position?
I believe that,...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Understanding sphere packing in higher dimensions

In a recent publication by the Ukrainian mathematician Maryna Viazovska the Kepler problem for dimension $8$ and $24$, namely the densest packing of spheres, was solved.
Admittedly it is very ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

165 views

### A chain of six circles associated with six points on a circle (in Mobius plane) [closed]

I found a conjecture: A chain of six circles associated with six points on a circle (in Mobius plane).
This is a generalization of the last my previous question in Three chains of six circles. (...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### A conjecture on six planes [closed]

When I read Cox's Theorem, and Clifford's Circle Theorem and Miquel six circles theorem, I found the conjecture as folowing. And I checked the conjecture by the Geogebra sofware, the conjecture is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Conjecture generalization of Feuerbach theorem and somes another theorems

My question: I am looking for a solution of a conjecture generalization of the Feuerbach theorem in the end of the topic. But I think, I should let you know why I found this conjecture. I thank to You ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Paradoxical spherical caps

All spherical caps (i.e. sets $C_L:=\{(x,y,z)|x^2+y^2+z^2=1, z\geq L\}$) admit a paradoxical decomposition in the sense of Banach-Tarski, meaning $C_L \tilde{} 2C_L$; here $\tilde{}$ stands for the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Relation of some Euclidean geometry theorems and more conjecture generalizations

In this topic I want to share relation of the Pythagorean theorem, the Stewart theorem and the British Flag theorem, the Apollonius' theorem and the Feuerbach-Luchterhand. Since that I posed two ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

572 views

### Dao's theorem on six circumcenters associated with a cyclic hexagon

This questions from Ngo Quang Duong's paper
In 2013, O. T. Dao published without proof a theorem with title Another seven circles theorem in Cut the Knot, a free site for popular expositionsof many ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

179 views

### Conjectute: no exist an equilateral triangle such that all vertices are integer numbers [closed]

I am looking for a solution for a conjecture as follows.
In Cartesian plane, no exist an equilateral triangle such that three vertices are integer numbers.
I hope that you like the question ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Sixteen points circle - A conjecture on Möbius plane

The conjecture refer the reader about the Bundle's theorem configuration. (This conjecture from a note)
Consider the Bundle theorem configuration :
Points $A_1, A_2, A_3, A_4$ lie on a circle,
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

25 views

### Statistics of Length Eccess in Shortest Path Calculations

I am trying to quantify the error that arises in the following problem:
let $\mathcal{T}$ be a tiling of the plane and the task is to calculate shortest paths in the network $\mathcal{N}$ of the union ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

166 views

### Inequality from a point in plane to a triangle OR Inequality on a quadrilateral

If points $A$, $B$, $C$ form a triangle in euclidean space and $D$ is another point in the plane of the triangle, the problem is to show that :
$\frac{AB}{DA + DB} + \frac{BC}{DB + DC} \ge \frac{AC}{...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Which Coxeter groups can be realized as affine reflection groups?

Every affine reflection group has a Coxeter presentation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reflection_group#Relation_with_Coxeter_groups). How do you tell which Coxeter presentations arise from affine ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

232 views

### Generalization of Stewart's theorem?

I'm curious about the generalization of Stewart's theorem to more dimensions. MathWorld mentions that there is a generalization done by Bottema, but I could not find much information on it. All I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Existence or otherwise of a set of “sufficiently intricate” open sets

Fix $d \in \mathbb{N}$. Do there exist mutually disjoint connected open sets $V_1,\ldots,V_n \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ and $\mathbf{v} \in \mathbb{R}^d$ such that
$\mathbb{R}^d \setminus (\bigcup_{i=1}^...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

829 views

### Probability of two vectors lying in the same orthant

Let $S^{d-1} = \{x \in \mathbb R^d: \|x\| = 1\}$ denote the unit sphere in $\mathbb R^d$. Let $v$, $w$ be drawn uniformly at random from $S^{d-1}$, conditioned on their inner product being equal to $\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### Is every complex rational algebraic variety simply connected for the Euclidean topology?

Is it true that every quasi-projective rational irreducible algebraic complex variety is simply connected for the Euclidean topology?
Of course, this is false if we replace "complex" with "real" or ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Maximum value of linear function on the intersection of a parametrized family of balls

Let $C$ be a (nonempty) closed convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $a, b \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Using the normal cone characterization of the euclidean projection operator $\mathrm{proj}_C$ (recall that $\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Equidistribution of Brillouin zones

Answering the question about Limiting shape for Brillouin zones Victor Kleptsyn proved that $N$th Brillouin zone is very close to a circle of radius $c\sqrt N$ (you can find all necessary definitions ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

357 views

### Limiting shape for Brillouin zones

Is it true that the limiting shape for Brillouin zones (for any lattice) is a circle?
You can find the definition and the step by step construction of Brillouin zones here. This picture is taken from ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### what's the formula of the inradius of a general simplex? [closed]

As the title, I just want to know whether there is a general formula for calculating the inradius of a n-simplex. Thank you!

**7**

votes

**2**answers

310 views

### Closed curve whose neighborhood is as large as possible

Let $C$ be a closed curve in the plane and let $N_\epsilon(C)$ be an $\epsilon$-neighborhood of $C$, like this:
(ignore the fact that the "curve" is polygonal in this picture, I drew it in MATLAB)
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Determining N d-points yielding equal sums of Euclidean distances from M s-points

Given M source points (s-points), determine N, the number of destination points (d-points), and their locations (coordinates), such that the sum of the N Euclidean distances from each source point to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Is it possible to construct an isosceles triangle by using a ruler and without using a pair of compasses?

It is well known that on Euclidean plane one can construct an isosceles triangle on given straight line by using a ruler and a pair of compasses.
Also it is possible to construct straight line ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

735 views

### A problem in elementary geometry

Let us have a triangle ABC in the Cartesian plane and consider the following transformation of this triangle:
On the ray AB starting at A, select a point B' so that so that |AB'|=|AC|. Likewise,
...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

478 views

### Maximal Number of Pairs of Orthogonal vectors in a set of $n$ vectors in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Suppose you are given a set of $n$ non-zero vectors in $\mathbb{R}^3$. What is the maximum number of pairs of them that are orthogonal? The current guess is $\le 2n$.
EDIT: I forgot to add that no ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

351 views

### Terminology for polygons

As you may know term "polygon" might mean few different things
and its meaning has to guessed from context.
By some reason I have to use few of these meaning in one place.
So I converge to the ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

104 views

### Pairwise distance distribution for point clouds (normal distribution) [closed]

I have a point cloud (2D for now) of $N$ normally distributed points (with a certain $\sigma$).
My first question would be how the pairwise distance distribution looks (just by chance I discovered a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Equality of Euclidean numbers / constructible numbers

Euclidean numbers are those real number that can be constructed from the natural numbers by a finite chain of +,-,*,/ and $\sqrt{}$. They are also called Constructible Numbers.
I am now interested in ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Elementary proof of a triangular grid lemma

I am looking for an elementary proof of the following lemma, which concerns what Green and Tao call "triangular grids" (see arXiv:1208.4714).
Let $a_1$, $a_2$, $a_3$, $a_4$, $b_1$, $b_2$ be six ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Penrose tiling substitution is bijective

Let $\mathcal{P}$ a Penrose tiling built by a substitution $\omega$ with two triangles.
It is claimed, for instance, in the article of Anderson and Putnam "Topological invariants for substitution ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

616 views

### Explicitly describing the region of the plane “outward of” a simple, open, oriented, cubic curve $c:(0,1)\to\mathbb{R}^2$

Some Context:
I'm working with some data given in the form of Bezier curves. I need to sort these (partially ordered) Bezier curves by "outwardness" (described below) and have come across an ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Projecting a convex partition onto a convex set

Say that $X$ and $Y$ are two convex regions in the plane, and suppose that $X \subset Y$. Further suppose that $Y$ is partitioned into disjoint convex subsets $Y_1 ,\dots, Y_n$. Is there a way of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

396 views

### What sort of models did Bolyai and Lobachevsky use to demonstrate the consistency of their models of non-Euclidean Geometry?

As is well-known, in the 1820s both Bolyai and Lobachevsky showed, at long last, the independence of the Parallel Postulate from the rest of the axioms of Euclidean geometry by developing what we now ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### What is the distribution of the maximum nearest-neighbor distance of a point cloud sampled from a solid body like?

Let $\mathcal{B} \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be an $n$-dimensional solid body. Assume that we sample $N$ points, say $S = \{ x_1, ..., x_N \}$, from $\mathcal{B}$ uniformly at random. Consider the ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Dividing a convex region to minimize average distances

Let $C$ be a convex region in the plane with area 1 that contains distinct points $p_1,\dots,p_n$. Say I'd like to divide $C$ into $n$ pieces $C_1,\dots,C_n$, each of area $1/n$, and I'd like to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Segments on a family of parallel lines

Let $\{l_i:i\in I\}$ be a family of parallel lines on the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$. Suppose for each $i\in I$ there is a closed segment $s_i\subset l_i$. Moreover, for each triple $i_1,i_2,i_3$ there ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### How large can a set of nearly equidistant points be?

Suppose that $D$ is a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^{k}$ such that all pairwise distances between them belong to $[1,1+\epsilon]$.
It seems that such a set cannot be very large and that its ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Angle subtended by the shortest segment that bisects the area of a convex polygon

Let $C$ be a convex polygon in the plane and let $s$ be the shortest line segment (I believe this is called a "chord") that divides the area of $C$ in half. What is the smallest angle that $s$ could ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Did Lucas discover Lucas circles?

MathWord's article on Lucas circles traces the name to a little-known 1973 publication. These interesting circles have found their way into several 21st century publications, including the online ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Ricocheting pinball-like shot: Complexity?

Suppose one has $n$ perfect two-sided mirror segments in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$.
The segments are open, excluding their endpoints.
They are disjoint as closed segments, i.e., no pair shares an ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Geometric realization of an abstract triangulation of the plane

Can every abstract simplicial complex whose geometric realization is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^2$ be realized by a rectilinear triangulation of the Euclidean plane? Alternatively put, can a curvy (...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Examples of Geometric Constructions in Higher Dimensions

The classical problem of geometric construction seems to be restricted to planar Euclidean Geometry with straight edge and compass as the only admissible "construction-tools".
I would like to know,...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

614 views

### Focus of parabola using only a ruler

It is an easy exercise that using ruler and compass one find the focus of a given parabola.
Can one do the same using only a ruler? -- if not, why?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Measuring the Randomness and Statistics of Convex Polygons

How can I tell, how likely it is, that a given convex polygon with a sufficiently high number of edges is random and, if so, what kind of randomness it is (e.g. white noise)?
What is known about ...