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Etale local isomorphism to the tangent cone

Let $X$ be a scheme and $p\in X$ a closed point. We say that $(X,p)$ is etale locally isomorphic to $(Y,q)$ if there exists an etale neighborhood of $p$ in $X$, and etale neighborhood of $q$ in $Y$, ...
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question about the induced homomorphism of etale fundamental groups

Background/Setup For any connected scheme $S$, let $\text{FEt}_S$ denote the category of finite etale $S$-schemes. Let $f : X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of connected schemes, then for any finite ...
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Descend of etale morphism

I am not sure whether the title is appropriate for this question or not. I am sorry if there is anyone who is confused with the title and the contents. What I want to ask is the following: let $k$ be ...
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Which algebras can be presented as filtered colimits of f.g. regular ones with smooth connecting morphisms?

Let $R$ be a regular (commutative associative unitial) algebra over a prime field $F$ (i.e. $F=F_p$ or $F=\mathbb{Q}$); assume that it is noetherian excellent (and even of Krull dimension $1$). What ...
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A question regarding etale descent

We will always work with finite-type, smooth schemes over a field $k$. Let $\pi: Y \to X$ be an etale map of $k$-schemes. Let $Z$ be another $k$-scheme admitting a morphism $f: Y \to Z$. Suppose ...
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Example: Principal G bundle that is not Zariski locally trivial, G not finite and G simply connected

Let $G$ be an affine algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$. It is well known that when working with principal $G$ bundles it is too restrictive to require bundles to be locally trivial in the Zariski ...
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homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group

I have been trying to understand the homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group which says  1 \rightarrow \pi_1 (\bar{X},\bar{x_0})\rightarrow \pi_1 (X,x_0)\rightarrow Gal(k)\...
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Henselian couples and finite etale morphisms

Let $S$ be a scheme and $S_0 \subset S$ a closed subscheme. Then $(S, S_0)$ is said to be a Henselian couple if for every finite $X \rightarrow S$, setting $X_0 := X\times_S S_0$, the natural map from ...
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branch locus of the discriminant map $\overline{\mathcal{H}}_{g',r} \to \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ be the moduli space of pointed, stable, genus $g$ curves. Let $\overline{\mathcal{H}}_{g',r}$ be the hurwitz space of cyclic covers of degree $r$ of genus $g$ curves ...
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Étale covers and birationality of varieties

All varieties are assumed to be projective over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $f_1: Y \to X$ and $f_2: Y' \to X$ be étale morphisms with same finite Galois groups (to be honest, I don't know what does Galois ...
Let $f:X\to B$ be a smooth projective morphism of complex algebraic varieties. If $f$ is of relative dimension zero, i.e., $f$ is a finite etale cover, then the image of the topological fundamental ...