**21**

votes

**5**answers

6k views

**22**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Intuition behind the Eichler-Shimura relation?

The modular curve $X_0(N)$ has good reduction at all primes $p$ not dividing $N$. At such a prime, the Eichler-Shimura relation expresses the Hecke operator $T_p$ (as an element of the ring of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### A nice explanation of what is a smooth (l-adic) sheaf?

I would like to understand this concept. It seems to be important (for the theory of perverse sheaves), yet I don't know any nice exposition of the properties of smooth sheaves.

**17**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Etale cohomology with coefficients in the integers

Here is a basic question. When does $H^1_{et}(X,\mathbb{Z})$ vanish? Using the exact sequence of constant etale sheaves $0\rightarrow\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}\...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

876 views

### Cohomological dimension-doubling

I'm sure this is a question which has been asked many times, if not necessarily on this site:
Why does a (smooth, projective) scheme over a field, with dimension d, behave as though it were a ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

993 views

### locally constant constructible sheaves and finite etale coverings

Maybe it is well known to experts or maybe it is just a stupid idea, but I will ask any way.
We know that if $X$ is a topological space, then there is an equivalence of categories between the ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Example of non-projective variety with non-semisimple Frobenius action on etale cohomology?

This question was motivated by a more general question raised by Jan Weidner here. In general one starts with a variety $X$ (say smooth) over an algebraic closure of a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

845 views

### Semisimplicity of Frobenius operation on etale cohomology?

Let $X_0$ be a variety defined over a finite field of characteristic $p \neq l$.
Is it true, that the action of the frobenius on the l-adic cohomology $H_l^*(X)$ is semisimple (say for smooth $X_0$)? ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

321 views

### L-Functions of Varieties, Zeta Functions of Their Models

Let $k$ denote a number field, with algebraic closure $\bar{k}$. Take a smooth, projective variety $X$ over $k$. If $\mathfrak{p}$ is a prime of $k$, and $l$ is a rational prime different to the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

812 views

### Galois cohomology groups given by étale cohomology

What are cases when Galois cohomology groups are given by étale cohomology?
Example: $S = Spec(K)$ the spectrum of a field, $F \in Sh(K)$, then $H^p(K, F) = H^p(G_K, F_{\bar{K}})$.
What if $G = \...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

820 views

### The Gysin long exact sequence for the complement of the zero section of a line bundle over a (possibly) singular base

Let $pr:X\to Z$ be a line bundle of (possibly) singular varieties (that could be reducible) over a characteristic $p$ field ($p$ could be zero); $U$ is the complement to the zero section $Z\to X$. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

385 views

### Functoriality properties of the perverse $t$-structure for torsion (constructible complexes of) sheaves

I would like to apply the usual 'functoriality properties' of the perverse $t$-structure to torsion (constructible complexes of) sheaves (I am in the algebraic setting, so these are etale sheaves, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

524 views

### Twisted forms and $\check{H}^1$

I am reading Milne's Étale cohomology, III.4.
A twisted form of an object $Y$ (a scheme, a sheaf of modules, of algebras...) over a scheme $X$ is an object $Y'$ such that there exists a covering in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

722 views

### A Kunneth formula for the etale cohomology of the product of ('simple') varieties over not (necessarily) algebraically closed field

If $X$ and $Y$ are varieties over an algebraically closed field, then in the corresponding derived category of complexes we have $RH_{et}(X\times Y,\mathbb{Z}/l^n\mathbb{Z})\cong RH_{et}(X,\mathbb{Z}/...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### An $\ell$-adic local system which is trivial on every fiber of a morphism

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a morphism with connected fibers, where $X, Y$ are smooth algebraic varieties (I am specifically interested in the case when $f$ is a Zariski locally trivial fibration with ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Compute higher direct image for Gm under open embedding

Let $U \subset \mathbb P^1$ be an open subset of projective line (over $\mathbb C$) after removing $r$ points and $j: U\hookrightarrow \mathbb P^1$ an open immersion. How do I compute $R^1j_*\mathbb ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

437 views

### Is the Weil–Deligne representations coming from $\ell$-adic cohomology independent of $\ell$?

Let $F$ be a $p$-adic field. Let $(G_{F}, W_{F}, I_{F})$ denote the (absolute Galois group, Weil group, inertia group) of $F$.
Let $X/F$ be a proper smooth variety. Let $\ell$ be a prime number $\ne p$...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

317 views

### commutative diagram with Yoneda pairing, Weil pairing and edge morphism

Why does the following diagram commute?$\require{AMScd}$
\begin{CD}
H^0(X,\mathscr{A}) \times \mathrm{Ext}^2_X(\mathscr{A},\mu_{\ell^n}) @>>> H^2(X,\mu_{\ell^n}) \\ @VVV @| \\
H^1(...