The etale-cohomology tag has no wiki summary.

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### Is there a deep relationship between models and étale cohomology ? If so, why, and is it made precise somewhere ?

Let me recall two theorems :
Let $K$ be a field, $\overline{K}$ be
a separable closure of $K$ with
absolute Galois group
$G_K:=Gal(\overline{K}/K)$, and let
$\ell$ be a prime that is ...

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**1**answer

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### 2d Weil conjecture

Does there exist a two variable analogue of the Weil conjecture?
What I mean is that the usual Weil involves a one-variable zeta-function which you get by using numbers $V_n = V ( GF(p^n))$ of points ...

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### Does every hyperbolic curve over a finite field have an etale cover with a real Frobenius eigenvalue?

More precisely: let X/F_q be a smooth projective algebraic curve of genus at least 2. Does there always exist a curve Y/F_{q^d} with a finite etale projection Y -> X, such that one of the Frobenius ...

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### weight 4 eigenforms with rational coefficients---is it reasonable to expect they all come from Calabi-Yaus?

A weight 2 modular form which happens to be a normalised cuspidal eigenform with rational coefficients has a natural geometric avatar---namely an elliptic curve over the rationals. It seems to be a ...

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### Why does the naive definition of compactly supported étale cohomology give the wrong answer?

Illusie's article about étale cohomology available here (in French) mentions that the standard definition of compactly supported cohomology (and higher direct images with compact support) does not ...

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### Cohomology of sheaves in different Grothendieck topologies

Suppose I have a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on the (small) étale site over $X$. By restriction, $\mathcal{F}$ is also a sheaf on $X$ (with the Zariski topology). When is it that the sheaf cohomologies (i.e. ...

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### Intuition behind the Eichler-Shimura relation?

The modular curve $X_0(N)$ has good reduction at all primes $p$ not dividing $N$. At such a prime, the Eichler-Shimura relation expresses the Hecke operator $T_p$ (as an element of the ring of ...

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### An example computation of etale cohomology

(edited for clarity)
In a comment on a response to this question, moonface states the following: "Even if you tried to compute H^2 [etale with Z/5Z-coefficients] of a surface fibered in genus 2 ...

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### etale fundamental group and etale cohomology of curves

Given a curve $C$. Is there any relation between the etale fundamental group $\pi_1(C)$ and the first etale cohomology of the constant sheaf , say $Z/nZ$, on $C$ ?
For example, if $C$ is a complex ...

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### Applications of étale cohomology

It is well-known that étale cohomology is used in the proof of Weil conjectures and that SGA 4.5 is devoted to it. Also it seems(from a brief perusal of Milne's notes) that it is a kind of Galois ...

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### Motivation for the étale topology over other possibilities

In the search for a Weil cohomology theory $H$ over a field $K$ (with $\text{char}(K)=0$) for varieties in characteristic $p$, a classical argument by Serre shows that the coefficient field cannot be ...

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### étale cohomology with G_m coefficients

Most calculations of étale cohomology in Milne's book deal with constructible or torsion sheaves. Are there references where the cohomology of varieties with $\mathbf{G}_m$ coefficients are ...

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**1**answer

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### Flat cohomology and Picard groups

Let $(R,m)$ be a local complete intersection of dimension $3$. Let $X=Spec(R)$ and $U=Spec(R) -\{m\}$ be the punctured spectrum of $R$. I am trying to understand the following comment by Gabber (see ...

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### A hypersurface with many points

Ok, it's time for me to ask my first question on MO.
Consider the affine curve $Y+Y^q=X^{q+1}$ over the finite field $\mathbf{F}_q$. It's interesting because it has the largest number of points over ...

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### Etale cohomology and l-adic Tate modules

$\newcommand{\bb}{\mathbb}\DeclareMathOperator{\gal}{Gal}$
Before stating my question I should remark that I know almost nothing about etale cohomology - all that I know, I've gleaned from hearing off ...

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### intuition about the “section after base-change” for flat descent and exactness of the Amitsur complex

Suppose $A \rightarrow B$ is a faithfully flat map of rings. Then the Amitsur complex is exact:
$0 \rightarrow A \rightarrow B \rightarrow B \otimes_A B \rightarrow \dots$
(the second map is $id ...

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### When can cohomology be calculated on the coarse moduli space?

Suppose $\cal{X}$ is a DM-stack, and X its coarse moduli space. Let F be a sheaf on $\cal{X}$, and $\pi : \mathcal{X} \to X$ the projection. In all examples I have seen, it has been true that
...

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### Etale cohomology — Why study it?

I know (at least I think I know) that some of the main motivating problems in the development of etale cohomology were the Weil conjectures. I'd like to know what other problems one can solve using ...

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### Do quotients of representable sheaves represent quotients?

Here's the context for the question: Proposition 4.6 of Freitag and Kiehl's book on etale cohomology shows that a sheaf (of sets) $\mathcal{F}$ (on the site Et(X)) is constructible if and only if it ...

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### Various Cartan's Lemmata

I am a bit amazed by "Cartan's Lemma".. I have so far seen it in :
Algebraic Geometry sources:
Look at Proposition 2.9 of Freitag and Kiehl's Étale Cohomology where he used étale morphism to describe ...

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### Etale covers of the affine line

In characteristic p there are nontrivial etale covers of the affine line, such as those obtained by adjoining solutions to x^2 + x + f(t) = 0 for f(t) in k[t]. Using an etale cohomology computation ...

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### cohomology of moduli spaces

Does anyone know if there's any reference on the $\ell$-adic cohomology of some simple moduli spaces/Shimura varieties, like Siegel moduli varieties $A_{g,N}$ of genus $g$ and level $N,$ for small $g$ ...

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### roots of analytic functions

Let $z$ be a complex variable and $f(z)$ be a formal power series with rational coefficients (an element in $\mathbb Q[[z]]$), with a finite radius of convergence, and assume $f(z)$ has a meromorphic ...

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### Equivalent Statements of Riemann Hypothesis in the Weil Conjectures

In the cohomological incarnation, the Riemann hypothesis part of the Weil conjectures for a smooth proper scheme of finite type over a finite field with q elements says that: the eigenvalues of ...