The etale-cohomology tag has no wiki summary.

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### Cohomologie Etale

Is there an English translation available for Deligne's Cohomologie Etale (Arcata) that is now part of the SGA 4 1/2 ?? Atleast for the first two sections - Grothendieck Topologies and Etale Topology.
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### loaclly constant constructible sheaves and finite etale coverings

Maybe it is well known to experts or maybe it is just a stupid idea, but I will ask any way.
We know that if $X$ is a topological space, then there is an equivalence of categories between the ...

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### The category of l-adic sheaves

I'm currently trying to understand the construction of the category of l-adic constructible sheaves as in SGA5, and it seems that quite a lot of machinery (the MLAR condition, localization of the ...

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### Galois action on the derived category of $l$-adic sheaves

Hi,
Suppose that $G$ is a group acting on a scheme $X$, and $F$ is an $l$-adic sheaf on $X$ EDIT: with an action of $G$ (thanks Torsten).
Is it true that $R\Gamma(X,F)$ is well-defined as an object ...

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### global complete intersection and independence of $l$

Hello,
I remember reading that if $X/\mathbf F_q$ is a projective smooth global complete intersection, then the characteristic polynomial of the $\mathbf F_q$-linear Frobenius of $X$
on ...

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### Additive form of Hilbert 90 for schemes?

First, I am by no means well-versed on cohomology so I apologize if this is too elementary.
I have been going through some basics of etale cohomology, with my ultimate goal being an understanding of ...

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### Can proper-smooth base change be used to show that varieties cannot be lifted to characteristic zero?

Recall the following corollary to the proper and smooth base change theorems:
Let $\pi: X \to S$ be a proper, smooth morphism. Then the direct images $R^i \pi_* \mathcal{F}$ are locally constant ...

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### Serre and Tate's conjectures on étale cohomology

In the appendix of Serre and Tate "Good Reduction of Abelian Varieties" [Annals of Mathematics 88 (1968), 492-517], the authors make the following conjectures.
Suppose that $X$ is a smooth proper ...

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### Special case of Leray spectral sequence

I am looking for a reference for what is stated in Srinivasan's book "Representations of Finite Chevalley Groups", which is apparently a special case of Leray spectral sequence. I'll quote the ...

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### For an l-adic sheaf (F_n), why is the complex F_n of finite Tor dimension?

Let $X$ be a variety and let $\mathcal{F}=(\mathcal{F}_n)_{n\geq 0}$ be a (constructible) $\ell$-adic sheaf on $X$. Let $K_n$ be the object in the derived category $D(X,\mathbf{Z}/\ell^{n+1})$ of ...

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### structure of $T_\ell A$ for $A/\mathbf{F}_q$ an abelian variety

Can someone give me references for the structure of the $G_{\mathbf{F}_q}$-module $T_\ell A$, $A/\mathbf{F}_q$ an abelian variety?

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### Galois descent for K-groups (or for étale cohomology groups)

Let $F/K$ be a Galois extension of number fields with Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal{O}_F$ and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the associated rings of integers, and let $n\geq 1$.
When is
$$
...

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### How is etale cohomology of integer rings related to Galois cohomology?

In the paper of Bloch and Kato in the Grothendieck Festschrift, and some other papers relating to the Bloch-Kato conjecture and the ETNC, the cohomology groups
$H^i_{\mathrm{et}}(\operatorname{Spec} ...

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### Twisted forms and $\check{H}^1$

I am reading Milne's Étale cohomology, III.4.
A twisted form of an object $Y$ (a scheme, a sheaf of modules, of algebras...) over a scheme $X$ is an object $Y'$ such that there exists a covering in ...

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### how to find the varieties whose cohomology realizes certain representations?

The cohomology of Shimura varieties and Drinfeld shtukas is conjectured to realize the representations sought for in the Langlands programme/conjectures, the cohomology of Deligne-Lusztig varieties ...

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### Definition of etale neighbourhood

In Milne's EC, he defines an etale neighbourhood of a point $x \in X$ by a pair $(Y,y)$ with an etale morphism $f: Y \to X$ where $f(y) = x$, such that $k(x) = k(y)$.
What I don't understand is this ...

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### Galois cohomology groups given by étale cohomology

What are cases when Galois cohomology groups are given by étale cohomology?
Example: $S = Spec(K)$ the spectrum of a field, $F \in Sh(K)$, then $H^p(K, F) = H^p(G_K, F_{\bar{K}})$.
What if $G = ...

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### prove statement in Galois cohomology by étale cohomology

According to Milne's Arithmetic Duality Theorems, Proposition I.6.4: $0 \to H^1(G_S, A[m]) \to H^1(K, A[m]) \to \oplus_{v \not\in S}H^1(K_v, A)$ for an abelian variety $A$ and a nonempty set of primes ...

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### When inverse image is conservative; a reference or a generalization?

I am interested in the following question: for $f$ being a morphism of schemes, which conditions ensure that $Rf^*_{et}$ is conservative? This is true if $f$ has a section or if $f$ is an \'etale ...

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### Do all the main properties of constructible and perverse sheaves (in an 'arithmetic' situation) follow from results of Gabber?

This question is a continuation of Bad behaviour of perverse sheaves over 'general' bases?
Let $S$ (for example) be a finite type separated scheme over $\mathbb{Z}$. I would like: (1) to ...

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### Stalks of etale sheaves

Let $\pi:X \rightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism of schemes and $\mathfrak{F}$ be an etale sheaf on $X$. Then for a $y \in Y$ we have the stalk ...

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### Bad behaviour of perverse sheaves over 'general' bases?

Could one define $\mathbb{Q}_l$-perverse etale sheaves over more or less general (excellent, separated) base scheme by combining the results of Gabber and Ekedahl? Would their functoriality properties ...

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### Concrete interpretations of higher (sheaf) cohomology groups

$H^1$ has an interpretation as torsors. But what about the higher $H^i$ (in the setting of algebraic geometry, and étale or flat cohomology)? For example $H^2(X, \mathbf{G}_m)$ is (often) isomorphic ...

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### If one wants to work with $Q_l$-adic sheaves, should the scheme be of finite type over a 1-dimensional one?

In section 6 of his 'Adic Formalism' T. Ekedahl states that $l$-adic sheaves 'behave nicely' for finite type separated schemes over $S$ that is regular of dimension $\le 1$. Is the dimension ...

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### Could the Kunneth decomposition of a motif depend on the choice of $l$?

Suppose that over some (algebraically closed) field $K$ of characteristic $p>0$ we have: numerical equivalence of cycles coincides with homological one with respect to ${\mathbb{Q}}_{l}$ and ...

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### If the numerical equivalence of cycles coincides with the homological one, does the Hodge standard conjecture follow?

Suppose that over an algebraically closed field $K$ of finite characteristic the numerical equivalence of cycles relation (for algebraic cycles of smooth projective varieties) coincides with the ...

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### Do $Q_l$-etale Euler characteristics of Chow motives coincide for all $l$?

I am interested in (Chow) motives over (algebraically closed) characteristic $p>0$ fields. For $H$ being $\mathbb{Q}_l$-adic cohomology, one can consider $Ch_l(M)=\sum (-1)^i\dim_{\mathbb{Q}_l} ...

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### Locally constant sheaves for the étale topology, lack of intuition about “étale-localness”

I have started studying some étale cohomology and I am trying to build up some intuition about the concept of local for the étale topology. I can understand some nice examples (like Kummer exact ...

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### Questions on standard (motivic) conjectures

Over an (algebraically closed) characteristic $p$ field, is it known that the cohomological equivalence of cycles relation (with respect to $\mathbb{Q}_l$-adic \'etale cohomology) does not depend on ...

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### Does one need l to be invertible in S in order to consider the l-adic cohomology of S-schemes and motives?

When Ivorra defines the $l$-adic realization of $S$-motives (i.e. of Voevodsky's motives over a scheme $S$) he demands $l$ to be invertible in $S$. Is this condition really necessary? What happens ...

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### Motivic cohomology with finite coefficients for singular varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over a field $K$ whose characteristic does not divide a positive integer $m$. Then the motivic cohomology of $X$ with coefficients in $\mathbb Z/m(j)$ can be computed in ...

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### comparison of de Rham cohomology and etale cohomology

I have a basic question concerning comparison of different cohomology theories. Let $X$ be a projective smooth (or just proper smooth) variety over a separably closed field $k$ of characteristic $p,$ ...

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### Universal homeomorphisms and the étale topology

Let $f:X\to S$ be a universal homeomorphism of schemes. Assume $X(S')\neq\emptyset$ for some étale surjective $S'\to S$. Does $f$ have a section?
The answer is yes if $S$ is reduced, by descent. ...

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### Is there a Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch type of theorem generalizing Grothendieck's Lefschetz trace formula

Grothendieck deduced that the L-function of a (constructible) $\ell$-adic sheaf on a variety over $\mathbf{F}_p$ is rational from the generalized trace formula.
My first question is based on the ...

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### Can one compare integral structures on de Rham and crystalline cohomology?

Suppose $\mathfrak{X}$ is a smooth projective scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{Z}_p$, with generic fibre $X$. Then there are comparison theorems relating de Rham and crystalline cohomology,
...

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### A silly question: is the number of points on a Jacobian (of a curve, over a finite field) known?

In a cryptography book I read that people does not known how to compute the number of points on a Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $C$ over a finite field $F_q$? Is this true? It seems easy to ...

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### On 'graded polarizable' triangulated categories; are there any mixed Galois module analogues known? Also on mixed realizations

There is a construction by Beilinson (in section 3 of "Notes on absolute Hodge cohomology") of the derived category of graded polarizable mixed Hodge complexes; he also proved that this category is ...

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### Another stupid question on l-adic sheaves: does a generically zero constructible sheaf vanish on an open subvariety?

Suppose that the stalk of a constructible l-adic ($\mathbb{Z}_l$-adic or $\mathbb{Q}_l$-adic) etale sheaf $S$ over a generic (Zariski) point of a variety $V$ is zero. Does this imply that $S$ vanishes ...

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### Zariski sheaves lifted to etale topology

Let $X$ be a "reasonable" scheme (I am particularly interested in smooth algebraic varieties over a field). Let $Zar_X$ denote the (small) Zariski site of (open subschemes of) $X$ and $Et_X$ denote ...

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### Which pure categories related with Weil cohomology theories are semi-simple?

As far as I understand, the category of pure polarizable Hodge modules is semi-simple, whereas the cohomology of the corresponding schemes is graded polarizable. Is it true that one doesn't have any ...

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### Etale cohomology of regular local rings

Let $R$ be a regular local ring (I am particularly interested in the case when $R$ is the local ring of a point on a smooth scheme of finite type over a field). Let $G$ be the etale fundamental group ...

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### Behaviour of euler characteristics in characteristic p for finite etale covers

Let $k$ be an algebraic closure of a finite field of characteristic $p$. Fix an integer $l\neq p$. For a separated $k$-scheme $X$ of finite type, we define the (compactly supported) Euler ...

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### cohomological dimension of the push-forward functor

Let $\ell$ be a prime number and let $f:X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes of finite type over the complex numbers (or a regular scheme of dimension at most 1, in which $\ell$ is invertible). How to ...

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### Characteristic Complexes in Iwasawa theory

For all that follows, $p$ is a fixed odd prime. In the formulation of the Noncommutative Main Conjecture of Iwasawa theory one uses étale cohomology to define an algebraic object analogous to Iwasawas ...

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### Comparing cohomology over ${\mathbb C}$ and over ${\mathbb F}_q$

I have the following (probably well-known) question: let $X$ be a regular scheme over
$\mathbb Z$. Let $p$ be a prime and Let us denote the reduction of $X$ mod $p$ by $X_p$.
Let also $X_{\mathbb ...

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### When do two elliptic curves have equivalent small etale toposes?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be elliptic curves over an algebraically closed field $K$. If the characteristic of $K$ is nonzero, assume both curves are ordinary or both are supersingular. Does it follow that $X$ ...

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### When is the base change morphism an isomorphism?

This is a rewrite of a previous question, which was in turn a follow up question to Leray-Hirsch principle for étale cohomology The motivation is to clarify some points in Torsten Ekedahl's ...

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### Exact sequence in étale cohomology related with proper birational morphism

Let f:X→Y be proper birational morphism between two quasi-projective varieties over an algebraically closed field $k$. I am particularly interested in the case where the characteristic of $k$ is ...

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### Étale cohomology of linear groups

This is in a sense a follow up question to the answer here Analytic tools in algebraic geometry
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic and let $R$ be the result of ...

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### Relationship between topological cohomology and $\ell$-adic cohomology

Let $\Delta \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an $n$-dimensional integral polytope, let $f$ be a Laurent polynomial in $n$-variables with coefficients in an extension of the integers and Newton polytope ...