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3
votes
1answer
536 views

The etale fundamental group and etale cohomology with compact support

Before me, the following was asked: etale fundamental group and etale cohomology of curves However, that question dealt only with projective curves. Question Let $X$ be any scheme (or if you prefer ...
6
votes
1answer
490 views

Basic properties of Nisnevich cohomology; $l'$-topology?

I would like to know more about Nisnevich cohomology (especially, on its properties that could be easily formulated). In particular, I would like to know which of the following statements are true, ...
1
vote
0answers
111 views

reading off invariants of a scheme $X$ from $D^b_c(X, \bar{\mathbf{Q}}_\ell)$

Which invariants of a scheme $X$ can be read off from $D^b_c(X, \bar{\mathbf{Q}}_\ell)$ (the bounded derived category of $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}_\ell$-sheaves on $X$, see e.g. [Kiehl-Weissauer])?
2
votes
0answers
215 views

The restriction of the Gersten resolution (for etale cohomology) onto a closed subvariety.

There is a very important result of Bloch and Ogus: for any smooth variety $X$ and fixed $r\in \mathbb{Z}$, $r\ge 0$, $l$ is prime to the residue field characteristic, the Zariski sheafification of ...
0
votes
0answers
239 views

Ordered Cech(-like) complexes that compute etale cohomology (of fields!)

It is well known (cf. Equivalence of ordered and unordered cech cohomology. ) that for 'usual' topologies one can compute the cohomology of sheaves either using unordered Cech complexes or ordered ...
1
vote
0answers
200 views

On inverse images with respect to Zariski-etale topology.

For a variety $X$ I define its Zariski-etale site as follows: the category is the category of etale $X$-schemes, and the coverings are Zariski ones. Note that this topology is more coarse than the ...
2
votes
0answers
308 views

What are the easiest cases of base change (for sheaves on sites)?

I have a closed embedding of schemes $i:X'\to X$, and for each of them I consider three Grothendieck topologies for the category of the corresponding (relatively) \'etale schemes: the \'etale one, the ...
2
votes
0answers
254 views

Do inverse images respect flabby sheaves?

Let $i:Y\to X$ be a closed embedding of varieties, and let $S$ be a flabby \'etale (or Nisnevich) sheaf of abelian groups on $X$. Is $i^*S$ flabby also? I am mostly interested in the case when ...
8
votes
0answers
371 views

Comparison of etale and formal etale cohomologies for l=p

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q} _p$ with a field of integers $\mathcal{O} _K$. Let $X$ be a semistable proper scheme over $\mathcal{O} _K$, and $\mathcal{X}$ the associated p-adic formal ...
4
votes
1answer
339 views

Functoriality properties of the perverse $t$-structure for torsion (constructible complexes of) sheaves

I would like to apply the usual 'functoriality properties' of the perverse $t$-structure to torsion (constructible complexes of) sheaves (I am in the algebraic setting, so these are etale sheaves, ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

On 'special properties' of various 'sheaf image' functors for a local complete intersection morphism

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a local complete intersection morphism (of schemes or varieties) of (relative) dimension $c$ everywhere. Is it true that $f^!\cong f^*[2c]$ (as a functor between the derived ...
1
vote
2answers
515 views

Finiteness of étale Cohomology Groups

Mr. Milne, in "Étale Cohomology", gives the following proposition (p.224, Corollary VI.2.8): Proposition: Let $F$ a constructible sheaf on $X_{et}$, the small étale site of $X$, $X$ proper over a ...
3
votes
0answers
212 views

On (the cohomology of) Hensel pairs

I would like to study the cohomology of the Henselization $H_X(Z)$ of a closed subvariety $Z$ of a variety $X$. I would like the following facts to be true (and to make sense!:)). a.) The motivic ...
1
vote
0answers
224 views

Can etale $X$-schemes be lifted to $Y$, where $X$ is closed in $Y$?

For a closed embedding (of varieties) $X\to Y$ let $U/X$ be etale. Is is true that there necessarily exists an etale $U'/Y$ such that $U'_X=U$? If this is wrong in general, are there any assumptions ...
2
votes
1answer
506 views

Does one need to sheafify when defining the inverse image of a sheaf with respect to an embedding?

This seems to be a rather simple (stupid?:)) question; yet I was not able to find an answer quickly. For a morphism $f:X\to Y$ of schemes (or topological spaces) and an (etale or topological) sheaf ...
1
vote
0answers
293 views

Does n-multiplication maps of cohomology groups vanish if it vanishes at the 0th cohomology?

In general, we know that a morphism $f=(f ^ {q})$ between universal (cohomological) $\delta$ functors $S=(S ^ {q}),T=(T ^ {q})\ $vanishes if and only if $f ^ {0} \ \colon \ S^{0} \to T^{0}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
526 views

Principal bundles in the etale and Zariski topology and extensions of the structure group

Say $G$ is a reductive group over a field $k$. I usually take $k = \mathbb{C}$ so assume what you want about the field except maybe that its finite. If $X$ is a scheme over $k$ then a principal $G$ ...
3
votes
1answer
720 views

Cohomologie Etale

Is there an English translation available for Deligne's Cohomologie Etale (Arcata) that is now part of the SGA 4 1/2 ?? Atleast for the first two sections - Grothendieck Topologies and Etale Topology. ...
5
votes
2answers
812 views

loaclly constant constructible sheaves and finite etale coverings

Maybe it is well known to experts or maybe it is just a stupid idea, but I will ask any way. We know that if $X$ is a topological space, then there is an equivalence of categories between the ...
23
votes
2answers
1k views

The category of l-adic sheaves

I'm currently trying to understand the construction of the category of l-adic constructible sheaves as in SGA5, and it seems that quite a lot of machinery (the MLAR condition, localization of the ...
2
votes
0answers
220 views

Galois action on the derived category of $l$-adic sheaves

Hi, Suppose that $G$ is a group acting on a scheme $X$, and $F$ is an $l$-adic sheaf on $X$ EDIT: with an action of $G$ (thanks Torsten). Is it true that $R\Gamma(X,F)$ is well-defined as an object ...
1
vote
2answers
297 views

global complete intersection and independence of $l$

Hello, I remember reading that if $X/\mathbf F_q$ is a projective smooth global complete intersection, then the characteristic polynomial of the $\mathbf F_q$-linear Frobenius of $X$ on ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

Additive form of Hilbert 90 for schemes?

First, I am by no means well-versed on cohomology so I apologize if this is too elementary. I have been going through some basics of etale cohomology, with my ultimate goal being an understanding of ...
6
votes
1answer
797 views

Can proper-smooth base change be used to show that varieties cannot be lifted to characteristic zero?

Recall the following corollary to the proper and smooth base change theorems: Let $\pi: X \to S$ be a proper, smooth morphism. Then the direct images $R^i \pi_* \mathcal{F}$ are locally constant ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Serre and Tate's conjectures on étale cohomology

In the appendix of Serre and Tate "Good Reduction of Abelian Varieties" [Annals of Mathematics 88 (1968), 492-517], the authors make the following conjectures. Suppose that $X$ is a smooth proper ...
3
votes
1answer
617 views

Special case of Leray spectral sequence

I am looking for a reference for what is stated in Srinivasan's book "Representations of Finite Chevalley Groups", which is apparently a special case of Leray spectral sequence. I'll quote the ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

For an l-adic sheaf (F_n), why is the complex F_n of finite Tor dimension?

Let $X$ be a variety and let $\mathcal{F}=(\mathcal{F}_n)_{n\geq 0}$ be a (constructible) $\ell$-adic sheaf on $X$. Let $K_n$ be the object in the derived category $D(X,\mathbf{Z}/\ell^{n+1})$ of ...
2
votes
0answers
192 views

structure of $T_\ell A$ for $A/\mathbf{F}_q$ an abelian variety

Can someone give me references for the structure of the $G_{\mathbf{F}_q}$-module $T_\ell A$, $A/\mathbf{F}_q$ an abelian variety?
8
votes
1answer
626 views

Galois descent for K-groups (or for étale cohomology groups)

Let $F/K$ be a Galois extension of number fields with Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal{O}_F$ and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the associated rings of integers, and let $n\geq 1$. When is $$ ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

How is etale cohomology of integer rings related to Galois cohomology?

In the paper of Bloch and Kato in the Grothendieck Festschrift, and some other papers relating to the Bloch-Kato conjecture and the ETNC, the cohomology groups $H^i_{\mathrm{et}}(\operatorname{Spec} ...
4
votes
2answers
494 views

Twisted forms and $\check{H}^1$

I am reading Milne's Étale cohomology, III.4. A twisted form of an object $Y$ (a scheme, a sheaf of modules, of algebras...) over a scheme $X$ is an object $Y'$ such that there exists a covering in ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

how to find the varieties whose cohomology realizes certain representations?

The cohomology of Shimura varieties and Drinfeld shtukas is conjectured to realize the representations sought for in the Langlands programme/conjectures, the cohomology of Deligne-Lusztig varieties ...
6
votes
0answers
545 views

Definition of etale neighbourhood

In Milne's EC, he defines an etale neighbourhood of a point $x \in X$ by a pair $(Y,y)$ with an etale morphism $f: Y \to X$ where $f(y) = x$, such that $k(x) = k(y)$. What I don't understand is this ...
3
votes
1answer
759 views

Galois cohomology groups given by étale cohomology

What are cases when Galois cohomology groups are given by étale cohomology? Example: $S = Spec(K)$ the spectrum of a field, $F \in Sh(K)$, then $H^p(K, F) = H^p(G_K, F_{\bar{K}})$. What if $G = ...
1
vote
1answer
596 views

prove statement in Galois cohomology by étale cohomology

According to Milne's Arithmetic Duality Theorems, Proposition I.6.4: $0 \to H^1(G_S, A[m]) \to H^1(K, A[m]) \to \oplus_{v \not\in S}H^1(K_v, A)$ for an abelian variety $A$ and a nonempty set of primes ...
1
vote
0answers
143 views

When inverse image is conservative; a reference or a generalization?

I am interested in the following question: for $f$ being a morphism of schemes, which conditions ensure that $Rf^*_{et}$ is conservative? This is true if $f$ has a section or if $f$ is an \'etale ...
5
votes
0answers
531 views

Do all the main properties of constructible and perverse sheaves (in an 'arithmetic' situation) follow from results of Gabber?

This question is a continuation of Bad behaviour of perverse sheaves over 'general' bases? Let $S$ (for example) be a finite type separated scheme over $\mathbb{Z}$. I would like: (1) to ...
3
votes
1answer
469 views

Stalks of etale sheaves

Let $\pi:X \rightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism of schemes and $\mathfrak{F}$ be an etale sheaf on $X$. Then for a $y \in Y$ we have the stalk ...
10
votes
1answer
641 views

Bad behaviour of perverse sheaves over 'general' bases?

Could one define $\mathbb{Q}_l$-perverse etale sheaves over more or less general (excellent, separated) base scheme by combining the results of Gabber and Ekedahl? Would their functoriality properties ...
8
votes
2answers
430 views

Concrete interpretations of higher (sheaf) cohomology groups

$H^1$ has an interpretation as torsors. But what about the higher $H^i$ (in the setting of algebraic geometry, and étale or flat cohomology)? For example $H^2(X, \mathbf{G}_m)$ is (often) isomorphic ...
4
votes
2answers
460 views

If one wants to work with $Q_l$-adic sheaves, should the scheme be of finite type over a 1-dimensional one?

In section 6 of his 'Adic Formalism' T. Ekedahl states that $l$-adic sheaves 'behave nicely' for finite type separated schemes over $S$ that is regular of dimension $\le 1$. Is the dimension ...
1
vote
2answers
288 views

Could the Kunneth decomposition of a motif depend on the choice of $l$?

Suppose that over some (algebraically closed) field $K$ of characteristic $p>0$ we have: numerical equivalence of cycles coincides with homological one with respect to ${\mathbb{Q}}_{l}$ and ...
7
votes
1answer
897 views

If the numerical equivalence of cycles coincides with the homological one, does the Hodge standard conjecture follow?

Suppose that over an algebraically closed field $K$ of finite characteristic the numerical equivalence of cycles relation (for algebraic cycles of smooth projective varieties) coincides with the ...
3
votes
1answer
249 views

Do $Q_l$-etale Euler characteristics of Chow motives coincide for all $l$?

I am interested in (Chow) motives over (algebraically closed) characteristic $p>0$ fields. For $H$ being $\mathbb{Q}_l$-adic cohomology, one can consider $Ch_l(M)=\sum (-1)^i\dim_{\mathbb{Q}_l} ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Locally constant sheaves for the étale topology, lack of intuition about “étale-localness”

I have started studying some étale cohomology and I am trying to build up some intuition about the concept of local for the étale topology. I can understand some nice examples (like Kummer exact ...
4
votes
1answer
499 views

Questions on standard (motivic) conjectures

Over an (algebraically closed) characteristic $p$ field, is it known that the cohomological equivalence of cycles relation (with respect to $\mathbb{Q}_l$-adic \'etale cohomology) does not depend on ...
6
votes
0answers
275 views

Does one need l to be invertible in S in order to consider the l-adic cohomology of S-schemes and motives?

When Ivorra defines the $l$-adic realization of $S$-motives (i.e. of Voevodsky's motives over a scheme $S$) he demands $l$ to be invertible in $S$. Is this condition really necessary? What happens ...
13
votes
1answer
723 views

Motivic cohomology with finite coefficients for singular varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over a field $K$ whose characteristic does not divide a positive integer $m$. Then the motivic cohomology of $X$ with coefficients in $\mathbb Z/m(j)$ can be computed in ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

comparison of de Rham cohomology and etale cohomology

I have a basic question concerning comparison of different cohomology theories. Let $X$ be a projective smooth (or just proper smooth) variety over a separably closed field $k$ of characteristic $p,$ ...
15
votes
1answer
991 views

Universal homeomorphisms and the étale topology

Let $f:X\to S$ be a universal homeomorphism of schemes. Assume $X(S')\neq\emptyset$ for some étale surjective $S'\to S$. Does $f$ have a section? The answer is yes if $S$ is reduced, by descent. ...