Dynamical systems on measure spaces, invariant measures, ergodic averages, mixing properties.

**14**

votes

**1**answer

884 views

### Rokhlin lemma for arbitrary infinite groups.

Let $G$ be an at most countable discrete group acting freely on a standard probability measure space $X$ in a measure preserving way.
It is well known that if $G$ is a finite group then this action ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Topological weak mixing and $\omega$-linearly-independent sequences generated by composition operators

A research problem on which I am currently working requires a construction in topological dynamics of the following type:
Let $T \colon X \to X$ be a continuous transformation of a compact metric ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

329 views

### Margulis-Ruelle inequality for piecewise continuous interval maps

The Margulis-Ruelle inequality states that measure-theoretic entropy is controlled by Lyapunov exponents; more precisely, if $f$ is a $C^{1+\alpha}$ diffeomorphism on a $d$-dimensional manifold $M$ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

538 views

### Name this periodic tiling

Hello MO,
I've been working on a problem I'm working on in ergodic theory (finding Alpern lemmas for measure-preserving $\mathbb R^d$ actions) and have found some neat tilings, that I presume were ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

95 views

### Finitary factors of Bernoulli schemes that pair duals

This question is related to my question:
entropy preserving finitary factor maps of Bernoulli schemes.
Hopefully, this one is a bit easier.
Let $X=\{0,1\}^\mathbb{Z}$ with measure ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Compact group extension of a zero entropy system.

Suppose $T: X \to X$ is a continuous map
and $\mu$ a $T$-ergodic probability measure over the
Borel sets of $X$.
Now, suppose $K \subset \mathrm{Hom}(X)$ is a compact group
of measure-preserving ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### System with invariant measure, but no ergodic measure.

Question
Examples of continuous transformations $T: X \to X$ such that the family of invariant probability measures $M(T)$ is NOT empty but there is no ergodic measure ($E(T) = \emptyset$).
Notice ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

427 views

### Furstenberg-Zimmer Theorem: non-invertible systems.

Questions
Is there a version of Furstenber-Zimmer Theorem for
non-invertible measure preserving systems?
Where can I find it?
What is the precise statement?
Background
In many works that ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

732 views

### Supremum amongst Kolmogorov-Sinai entropies: ergodic or just invariant measures.

Cases where
$sup_{\mu \in E(T)} h_\mu(T)
\neq
\sup_{\mu \in M(T)} h_\mu(T)$.
Background
For a topological space $X$,
let $T: X \to X$ be a continuous application.
Then, call the set of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Refining ladders and orbit segments - with a picture

I am trying to understand the following paragraph from The Classification of Non-Singular Actions, Revisited, page 5 paragraph 2.
Remember that $S \in [T]$ so that for every $x\in X, S(x) = ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

335 views

### How to detect frequency?

Let $J$ be an arc in $\mathbb{S}^{1}\subset\mathbb{C}$ (no matter open or
closed) and $\alpha\in(0,2\pi)$ be an angle such that $\alpha/\pi$ is
irrational. Consider in $\mathbb{S}^{1}$ the sequence ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Subadditive Kingmans theorem for lattices.

I am looking for a multidimensional version of Kingman's subadditive theorem. I found this but it is not exactely what I need.
I would rather have something like that:
Let us consider ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

657 views

### Different uses of the word “ergodic”

There appear to be two definitions of the word ergodic.
The dynamical systems definition says that a measure space $(X,\mathit B, \mu)$ and measure preserving transformation $T: X \mapsto X$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

397 views

### Example of a measure-preserving system with dense orbits that is not ergodic

Let $X$ be a Borel probability space (i.e. equipped with a measure $\mu$ on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra such that $\mu(X) = 1$) with a measure-preserving transformation $T$ such that every point has a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Accumulation points of the Birkhoff average of $m$

Let $M$ be a closed manifold, $m$ be the normalized volume measure on $M$, and $f:M\to M$ be a $C^2$ transitive Anosov diffeomorphism. Consider the pushforward $f^km$ defined by
...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

841 views

### Applications of and motivation for von Neumann's mean ergodic theorem

I stated von Neumann's mean ergodic theorem (VNMET) in a talk recently and someone in the audience asked what it was good for. The only application I knew of VNMET was to prove Birkhoff's ergodic ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

255 views

### How long does it take a Brownian particle to achieve a uniform probability distribution across a space?

Imagine I have a point-like Brownian particle, with diffusion constant $D$, and I place it at some initial coordinate in a cage of known geometry. Assuming the volume $V$ of the cage is "everywhere" ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

837 views

### Alternative proofs of the Krylov-Bogolioubov theorem

The Krylov-Bogolioubov theorem is a fundamental result in the ergodic theory of dynamical systems which is typically stated as follows: if $T$ is a continuous transformation of a nonempty compact ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

539 views

### A follow up question related to entropy

For a self-map $\varphi:X\longrightarrow X$ of a space $X$, many important notions of entropy are defined through a limit of the form $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{1}{n}\log a_n,$$ where in each ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### Measure conjugacy and ergodic decomposition

Roughly speaking, this question asks whether there is a measure-conjugacy between two transformations if there are measure-conjugacies between their ergodic components.
Suppose $(X,\mu)$ is a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Non-oscillatory behaviour in the subadditive ergodic theorem

I am currently reading an article in which the author goes to certain lengths which could be avoided if the following result were true:
Lemma (proposed): Let $T$ be an ergodic ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

229 views

### Does specification implies that entropy map is upper semicontinuous?

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space and f a continuous transformation on X. f has the specification if one can always find a single orbit to interpolate between different pieces of orbits, up to a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

250 views

### A general Lipschtiz potential can be specified by a Gibbs specification ?

I want to consider one-dimensional system on the lattice $\mathbb{L}=\mathbb{N}$.
Let be $A:(\mathbb{S}^1)^{\mathbb{L}}\to\mathbb{R}$ a lipschtiz potential. Consider the Ruelle operator
$$
...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Proof of Krylov-Bogoliubov Theorem

Where can I find a proof (in English) of the Krylov-Bogoliubov theorem, which states if $X$ is a compact metric space and $T\colon X \to X$ is continuous, then there is a $T$-invariant Borel ...

**31**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Ergodic Theorem and Nonstandard Analysis

Here is a quote from Lectures on Ergodic Theory by Halmos:
I cannot resist the temptation of
concluding these comments with an
alternative "proof" of the ergodic
theorem. If $f$ is a complex ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

829 views

### Billiard dynamics for multiple balls

I am interested to learn to what extent results on billiards
in polygons have been extended to multiple balls.
Assume the balls have equal radii and the same mass,
the same initial speed, and all
...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

298 views

### “topological” conjugacy of group automorphisms

In the paper "Orbit Equivalence and Topological Conjugacy of Affine
Actions on Compact Abelian Groups", S. Bhattacharya shows (Theorem 3) the following:
Theorem. Given two actions $\alpha$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

434 views

### Ergodicity of Convoluted White Noise

I have a question regarding ergodicity in infinite dimensional spaces.
Let $\mathcal{D}$ be the space of distributions on a Schwartz space, and let $\mu$ be the white noise process which exists by ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Multiple ergodic averages with varying number of terms

Hi. I've been stuck on the following question for some time.
Consider a sequence of functions $\left( f_n \right)$ from an ergodic space $\left( \mathsf{X}, \mathsf{S}, \mu \right)$ to $\left[ 0,1 ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

540 views

### Is this ergodic inequality true?

Is anything similar to the following inequality true,
$\displaystyle P\{\max_{n \leq k \leq m} |A_k f - A_n f| > \epsilon\} \leq C \frac{||A_m f - A_n f||_1}{\epsilon}$
where $A_n f = ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

753 views

### Non-integrable ergodic theory

Can anyone help me out with proofs/counterexamples? I'm working on an operator-valued multiplicative ergodic theorem and need what may(?) be a well-known fact. This fact (if true) would help me get ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### trivial map on $\sigma-$algebra $\mod{}0$ is trivial

Hi everyone!
I am currently studying the basic theory of measurable actions and need the following result, which I am not able to prove myself. It is stated without a proof, so probably it should not ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

789 views

### Entropy of first return map and suspension flows

There are some well know formulas of Abramov about derived systems.
Firstly let $(X,\mu,f)$ be a probability preserving system and $A\subset X$ is measurable such that $\bigcup_{n\ge0}f^nA=X$. Let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Picking a representative in a continuous way

I'm hoping for some ideas/pointers here. I'm experimenting with a Livschitz theorem for functions on a locally compact Abelian group, where the periodic orbit sums take values in a closed subgroup.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

675 views

### Given a probability \mu, can we always find a transformation T s.t. \mu is T-invariant?

It is true that, under some conditions, given a measure-preserving transformation $T$, we can always construct a $T$-invariant probability. I am wondering whether we can do a converse. See Parry's ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### amenable equivalence relation generated by an action of a non-amenable group

Question. Give a (possibly elementary) example of a probability measure preserving action $\rho\colon G \curvearrowright X$ of a finitely-generated discrete group $G$ on a standard borel space $X$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

534 views

### Example of a non-normal infinite index subgroup of a non-amenable group with certain properties.

This is an improved version of my previous question, where I forgot to put one of the assumptions.
Question. Let $G$ be a finitely generated non-amenable discrete group, and $H$ be a subgroup of ...

**15**

votes

**11**answers

3k views

### Importance of Poincaré recurrence theorem? Any example?

Recently I am learning ergodic theory and reading several books about it.
Usually Poincaré recurrence theorem is stated and proved before ergodicity and ergodic theorems. But ergodic theorem does not ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

721 views

### [automatic continuity] measurable homomorphisms of (C,+)-->(C,+) or (C,+)-->(C,*) are continuous and admit an explicit description ?

I am interested in generalisation of the following fact [known as automatic continuity, as I have been pointed out below]. I am especially looking for references to papers dating back to 1920s---I ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

271 views

### Entropy of nested compact invariant sets

Let $f$ be a homeomorphism on a compact metric space $X$. $K_1\supset K_2\supset\cdots \supset K$ are compact subsets of $X$ such that $f(K_n)=K_n$ and
$K=\bigcap K_n$. If $h(f, K_1)<\infty$, do we ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

977 views

### Generic points and local entropies

Let $X=\{1,\dots,p\}^\mathbb{N}$ be the space of sequences on a finite alphabet with a metric inducing the product topology, and let $\sigma\colon X\to X$ be the shift map. Let $\mu$ be a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

370 views

### entropy preserving finitary factor maps of Bernoulli schemes

Let $X=\{0,1\}^\mathbb{Z}$ with measure $\mu=(p,1-p)^{\mathbb{Z}}$.
Let $(\phi(x))_i=(x_i+x_{i+1})$mod$2$.
If $p=1/2$, then $\phi(X)=X$. If $p \not = 1/2$, then $\phi(X)$ is not a Bernoulli scheme ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

320 views

### Question about an early result on the mixing of geodesic flows

Let $T_t$ be the geodesic flow on a surface $S$ of constant negative curvature, and let $M(f,t) := \langle \bar f \cdot (f \circ T_t) \rangle$, where $\langle f \rangle := \int_S f(x) d\mu(x)$ and ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Almost periodic functions in Tao's ergodic proof of Szemerédi's theorem

Do we say that a function $f$ is uniformly almost periodic in the aforementioned proof if $f$ is bounded (in the sense that $||f||_{L^\infty}\leq 1$) and that there exists a natural number $d>0$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

715 views

### distribution of {na} when a is irrational number

(by $\{x\}$ I mean the fraction part of the real number $x$)
If $a$ is an irrational number and $n$ is a integral number, what is the distribution of $\{na\}$? I'm asking for some continuous function ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

539 views

### How does the mixing time of a geodesic flow on a surface vary with the genus?

I have been looking at the numerical behavior of a particular quantity (of no direct importance here, though if you must know the gory details start with figure 17 here) associated to the geodesic ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

678 views

### Poincaré recurrence; Time Return

Hello everybody! Recently I start a reading of a survey by Benoit Saussol,
AN INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE POINCARE RECURRENCE IN DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS, I am interested in references (Papers) Basics ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

425 views

### Unique equilibrium states for systems without specification

Let $X$ be a compact metric space and let $f\colon X\to X$ be a continuous expansive map. Let $\mathcal{V}$ denote the space of Hölder continuous potential functions $\phi\colon X\to ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

798 views

### Examples of transformations which are weak-mixing but not strong-mixing

I was reminded of this topic by some of the answers to this question, where it was noted that "typical" measure-preserving transformations are weak-mixing but not strong-mixing for several senses of ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

535 views

### What do singular, atomless invariant measures of $\times d$ look like?

Consider the circle map $\times d:x\mapsto dx \mod 1$. The lebesgue measure is the only absolutely continuous invariant probability measure, but this map has many other invariant measures. Of course, ...