Dynamical systems on measure spaces, invariant measures, ergodic averages, mixing properties.

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1answer
341 views

is the limit of ergodic functions still ergodic?

under what conditions is the limit of a sequence of ergodic functions still ergodic? are there simple counter-examples to this general statement?
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2answers
304 views

What time does it take for irrational rotations to hit an interval?

Hi, Consider $\theta_n = (\theta_0 + n \theta) \mod 1$, $\theta$ being an irrational number, and $\theta_0$ an uniform random variable in $(0,1)$. Is there any estimates for the time it will take ...
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1answer
245 views

Stationary, ergodic measures from the structuralist point of view

Stationary, ergodic measures are a class of objects very familiar to probabilists. In a sense, these are the weakest generalization of the classic case of independent, identically distributed random ...
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3answers
482 views

Ergodic action of a subgroup

Are there any examples of $H < G$ such that for any pmp ergodic action of the group $G$ on a standard proba space $(X,\mu)$ there exists a set $A$ of $\mu(A)>C$ such that the action of the ...
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1answer
220 views

Entropy of inverse map for endomorphism case on surfaces

Hi, I know that in the diffeomorphism case the measure entropy of the T:M^{2}-->M^{2} (M smooth Rimannian surface) will be the same as the measure entropy of T^{-1}. But i need to know about the ...
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2answers
428 views

proofs of ergodicity of Sl(2, Z) action on R^2 without using duality

The group $ G=SL(2, R)$ acts linearly on $\mathbb R^2$. The Lebesgue measure of $\mathbb R^2$ is invariant and ergodic for $G$. There is a proof using duality theorem: Let $U$ be the upper triangular ...
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99 views

Is it a known example of adic transformation ? (2)

Please apologize: the Bratelli-Vershik graph in which I'm interested is not this one but this one: At level $n$ there are $n$ vertices, there is one edge from each of the first $n-1$ vertices to the ...
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2answers
381 views

Is it a known example of adic transformation ? (1)

Here is a Bratelli-Vershik graph: This graph should (I do not master this topic) define a Vershik adic transformation $T$ on its path space. What are the invariant measure(s) on the path space ...
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1answer
269 views

Ruelle inequality on a noncompact space

Does someone have a reference where the Ruelle inequality would be proved in the following context. Let $M$ be a non compact smooth manifold, and $f:M\to M$ be a $C^1$-diffeomorphism (or $C^2$, ...
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1answer
395 views

Aproximating dynamical systems by intrinsically ergodic systems

Let $X$ be a compact metric space and $f:X \to X$ a continuous map. We say that $(X,f)$ is approximated from below by a sequence of compact metric spaces $(X_i)_{i \geq 1}$ and a sequence of ...
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2answers
537 views

Invariant measures and recurrent sets.

Suppose $T:X \to X$ is a homeomorphism of a compact metric space. The recurrent set is the set of all points $x \in X$ such that for every $\epsilon>0$ there exists an $n\in \mathbb{Z}$, $n \ne 0$, ...
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137 views

Entropy of factors of Bernoulli schemes

Let $X$ be a Bernoulli scheme. A factor $\psi: X \to Y$ is finitary if for almost every $x \in X$ there exist integers $m \leq n$ such that the zero coordinates of $\psi(x)$ and $\psi(x')$ agree for ...
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0answers
202 views

On the set of infinite measures

My question is about the structure of the set of infinite Borel measures on compact metric spaces invariant with respect to a homeomorphism. Let $T$ be a homeomorphism of a compact metric space $X$ ...
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0answers
177 views

Generating stationary, ergodic random fields on a homogeneous space

Consider a homogeneous space $M$, which for the sake of concreteness, let's take to be $M = \mathbb R^d$. Fix some space $A$, and consider the space of functions $X = C(M,A)$, along with its Borel ...
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3answers
357 views

Equidistibution of horocycles through Hecke eigenvalues of Maass cusp forms

At the end of this very nice post: http://blogs.ethz.ch/kowalski/2012/05/21/who-needled-buffon/ E. Kowalski talks about the equidistribution of the points $\frac{j+i}{N}$ when $j=1,\dots,N$ and $N$ ...
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186 views

The ergodic theorem and Lorentz norms

Let $\Omega$ be a probability space, and $\{ \tau \}_{y\in \mathbb R^d}$ an ergodic group of measure-preserving transformations, $\tau_y:\Omega \to \Omega$. The ergodic theorem says that if $f \in ...
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204 views

Can invariant means be really considered as the generalization of the uniform measure?

I am writing a paper for game theorists where I use (countable) amenable groups to do some things. So I am writing up a preliminary section about countable amenable groups whose main purpose is to ...
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196 views

Understanding a proof that the simplex of shift invariant probability measures on $\{0,1\}^\mathbb{Z}$ is Poulsen?

This is a question on the proof of this fact in chapter 3 of the book "Functional Analysis: Surveys and Recent Results II". There at the end the proof is outlined as follows: Let $\mu$ be a shift ...
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217 views

resampling over Bowen balls

Hello MO World I'm working on a paper involving embedding your favourite measure-preserving transformation into a topological model (think Krieger generator theorem: embedding in a full shift) and ...
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0answers
157 views

Entropy of Bernoulli walks on semi-groups.

Consider the Fibonacci semi-group $<L,R|LRR=RLL>$ with a Bernoulli walk $P(R)=p, P(L)=1-p$. Is the entropy $H(p)$ an unimodal function with maximum at p=0.5? Is this true for all finitely ...
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1answer
142 views

ergodicity of the group of transformations preserving a partition

Let $X=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$ and $\theta$ be the partition of $X$ induced by the equivalence relation $x \sim x'$ when $x$ and $x'$ differ only at a finite number of coordinates (see this related ...
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1answer
114 views

intersection partition as an orbital partition

Let $X=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$ and $\xi_n$ be the partition of $X$ defined by the equivalence relation $x \sim_n x' \Leftrightarrow (x_{n}, x_{n+1}, \ldots) = (x_{n}', x_{n+1}', \ldots)$. The sequence ...
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1answer
278 views

functions whose average along orbits is zero or a constant

Is there some name in ergodic theory or integrable systems theory for a function whose average value on every orbit is zero? (Of course when I say "every orbit" in the context of ergodic theory I ...
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2answers
434 views

Generalization(s) of Subadditive Ergodic Theorems

I am interested in dynamical gadgets which can be described by sampling along the orbits of points in some ergodic system $(\Omega,\mu,T)$. When $\mu$ is a probability measure, the theory of such ...
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3answers
632 views

Looking for at least one beautiful and not too technical result in asymptotic group theory

We have a student seminar devoted to the problems of asymptotic group theory with some connections to ergodic theory and measure theory in general. Each talk concerns one of the problems of this ...
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2answers
725 views

De Finetti's theorem, the pointwise ergodic theorem, and reverse martingales

De Finetti's theorem says that an exchangeable sequence of random variables $X_i$ is a mixture of i.i.d. random variables. In other words, if $\mu$ is a measure on $\mathbb{R}^\infty$ that is ...
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2answers
479 views

“Uncertainty principle” for self-adjoint operators in a finite von Neumann algebra

Let $M\subset B(\mathcal H)$ be a finite von Neumann algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$., let $P\in M$ be a self-adjoint operator with a pure-point spectrum (for example a ...
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0answers
229 views

weak mixing and spectral theorem

I'm trying to prove an equivalent statement about weak mixing transformations that relies on the spectral theorem, but I can't find a reference to fill in the last details. A hint for solving it or ...
3
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1answer
308 views

algebraic VS topological ergodicity

Let A be a $C^*$-algebra with unit $I$, and G a locally compact (Hausdorff) group. An action $\alpha$ of G on A is a strongly continuous homomorphism of G into Aut(A), the group of *-automorphisms of ...
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78 views

adic periodic approximation of a dynamical system

Let $P$ be the Pascal adic transformation. The cutting and stacking construction of $P$ corresponds to a ``Pascal periodic approximation'' of $P$: a sequence $(P_n)$ of periodic automorphisms strongly ...
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216 views

What is the adic realization of a Bernoulli shift ?

Roughly speaking, a theorem by Vershik says that every ergodic invertible measure-preserving transformation is isomorphic to some "adic" transformation on the spaces of paths of a Bratelli-Vershik ...
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171 views

Ergodicity of non-homogeneous “rotations”

It is well known that a rotation $f(z)=e^{i\theta}z$ of the unit circle, is ergodic if and only if $e^{i\theta}$ is not a root of unity. Now, what happens if we let $\theta$ depend on $z$ (say, ...
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471 views

Centralizers of group actions

Let a locally compact group $G$ act on a probability space $(X,\mu)$. Define the centralizer by $C(G)=\{\Delta\in Aut(X,\mu)\mid \Delta(gx)=g\Delta(x)\text{ almost everywhere}\}$. $Aut(X,\mu)$ denotes ...
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2answers
357 views

partition into the orbits of a dynamical system

Let $T$ be a measure-preserving invertible transformation of a Lebesgue space, and let $P$ be the partition of the Lebesgue space into the orbits of $T$. 1) Is it true that $P$ is nonmeasurable (in ...
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1answer
256 views

Limits of intrinsically ergodic systems

Let $(X_i)$ be a sequence of compact metric spaces and $(f_i)$ a sequence of transitive transformations $f_i:X_i \to X_i$ with $0 < h_{top}(f_i) < \infty$. The sequence of dynamical systems ...
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1answer
275 views

Recurrence for sets of finite measure on infinite measure space

Thanks to your helpful feedback, I have made my claim more precise. Claim Given an infinite measure space $\left( X,\mathcal B, \mu\right)$ and an ergodic, invertible, measure preserving and ...
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1k views

Category Theory and Ergodic Theory

I am very much interested in finding out about any category theoretical work on dynamical systems and on ergodic theory. On the face of it, it seems that a categorical language can go a long way, at ...
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405 views

Density of strictly ergodic measures in the d-bar topology

I am currently studying a problem which deals with cocycles of highly noncompact operators on Hilbert space, with the base transformation being the full shift on two symbols. In my particular ...
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211 views

weak star density of atomic invariant measures ?

Let us consider expanding maps $E_m: x\mapsto mx$ on the circle written additively. If we consider the set of all $E_2$ invariant probability Borel measures then the convex hull of atomic measures ...
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1answer
474 views

Shift invariant measures that are(n't) convex combinations of ergodic measures

Let $X=2^\omega = \lbrace 0,1 \rbrace^{\mathbb{N}}$ and $T\colon X \to X$ the (left) shift map. The space $\mathcal{M}$ of $T$-invariant Borel probability measures is convex with $\mathcal{M}^e$, the ...
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708 views

Connectedness of space of ergodic measures

Let $X = \Sigma_p^+ = \{1,\dots,p\}^\mathbb{N}$ and let $f=\sigma\colon X\to X$ be the shift map. Let $\mathcal{M}$ be the space of Borel $f$-invariant probability measures on $X$ endowed with the ...
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1answer
269 views

Measure of large cylinder sets

Given an ergodic measure m on a shift space, by Shannon-Mcmillan-Breiman Theorem, up to at most an $\epsilon$-portion, all cylinder sets of length $n$ (large enough) have $m$-measure between ...
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247 views

Cesaro bounded Operator which is not power bounded

Good evening! Let X be a banachspace and T a bounded linear operator on X. The cesaro avearges of T are defined as: $A_n:=\frac{1}{n} \sum\limits_{j=0}^{n-1}T^j $ We call T cesaro bounded if: ...
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1answer
216 views

The average recurrence time

As seen on wikipedia, given a measure space $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ with $\mu(X) < \infty$ and a measure preserving transformation $T: X \mapsto X$. Let $A \subset X$ be a set of positive measure. Define ...
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1answer
302 views

locally-free Lie group action not preserving any measure

I'd like to know if there exists a connected Lie group $G$ and a closed manifold $M$ such that there is a locally-free smooth action $G\times M\to M$ (i.e. the stabilizer of any point of $M$ is a ...
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2k views

Book recommendation for ergodic theory and/or topological dynamics?

Hello, I'd like to hear your opinion for ergodic theory books which would suit a beginner (with background in measure theory, real analysis and topological groups). I am looking for something well ...
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0answers
402 views

Virtual nilpotent ergodic average

In a recent paper of Miguel N. Walsh,"Norm convergence of nilpotent ergodic averages"(http://arxiv.org/abs/1109.2922v2),the author gives a proof of the fact that multiple polynomial ergodic averages ...
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2answers
1k views

Shannon-McMillan-Breiman Theorem

Does anyone know of an easy proof of Shannon-McMillan-Brieman Theorem? Thanks
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3answers
476 views

non-integrable subadditive ergodic theorem

Dear MO_World, I have (another) question about relaxing the assumptions in the sub-additive ergodic theorem. Apologies if this is something I should know already... There are a number of statements ...
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718 views

Fourier transform of x2 invariant measure

Let $T:\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ be the map defined by $T(x)=2x$, and suppose that $\mu$ is a $T$ invariant and ergodic Borel probability measure on the space, which is ...