Dynamical systems on measure spaces, invariant measures, ergodic averages, mixing properties.

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Characterizing residually amenable groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. The amenability of $G$ is equivalent to the existence of a certain "weak measure" on $G$. Is there such a characterization for residually amenable groups as ...
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limiting distribution of the random walk from irrational rotation

Motivation: If I recall correctly, the simple symmetric random walk from i.i.d binary steps converges in distribution to the Wiener measure (if scaled with $a_n = \sqrt{n}$). What I am wondering is ...
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Can ergodic theory help to prove ergodicity of general Markov chain?

I am a beginner in ergodic theory. I have read some lecture notes(such as this and this) about it in hope that I could find something which helps to prove the ergodicity of some Markov chain taking ...
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invariant measures of the expanding maps on the circle

I would be very happy to know about original references for the following results; For the expanding map $x \mapsto mx$ on the circle, (with $m$ some integer greater than 1) (1) There exist ...
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Proof that Markov shift is pointwise dual ergodic

I am looking for a reference of the proof that a Markov shift is pointwise dual ergodic, I tried google it but with no success.
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Sectional curvature as a Hamiltonian on the Grassmanization of the tangent bundle

Edit: According to the comments to the previous version of this question, I remove my essential errors in the question. I thank the commenters very much. Let $M$ be a n dimensional manifold. ...
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combinatorial ergodicity and promotion

According to J. Propp, T. Roby, and (I believe) others, a cyclic action on a finite set $S$ given by a bijection $\zeta: S \longrightarrow S$ is said to be ${\it ergodic}$ with respect to a statistic ...
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Topological pressure for subshifts on a countable alphabet

Apologies for asking two similar questions within a week of each other, I had hoped that asking a finite alphabet version of this question would lead to enlightenment but unfortunately it didn't. ...
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Approximating Subshifts From Below

I'm looking to understand how to approximate certain countable alphabet subshifts by Markov shifts, and realised that I don't know how to do it even in the finite alphabet case. My guess is that the ...
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Properties of a function from its pullback

Edit: I have now removed the duplication previously referred to. Thank you. Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth manifolds and $T: M \to N$ be a smooth map. Let $ \mathcal{F}(M,\mathbb{R})$ (resp.$ ...
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Eigenfunction of ergodic skew product fixed by commutator?

Background: Let $(Y, \mathcal{B},\mu,T)$ be an ergodic probability system and let $G$ be a compact metrizable group with compact subgroup $H$. Given a measurable map $\rho:Y \to G$. We may define the ...
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Faithful and weakly-mixing representations of Property (T) groups in relation to left regular rep

Is it known that: Any countable Property (T) group (or more generally, a non-amenable group) has a faithful, weakly-mixing representation which is NOT weakly included in its left regular ...
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Is it possible to define the density of the logistic map for $x<0$?

Probability density functions (PDF's) have inherent connections to the field of Dynamical Systems. The motivation for this question can be found in: ...
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A question regarding Kingman's theorem as described in “Ergodic Theorems” book written by Ulrich Krengel [closed]

Hi so I am reading Ulrich Krengel's book called Ergodic Theorems. And in the proof of Kingman's theorem I don't understand why on page 48 $$d_n(1,1)\leq d_n(r,r)^{-1/(r-1)}$$, how did he get this ...
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Weak Convergence to Lebesgue Measure

I'm trying to understand the proof given by D. Rudolph in his paper "x2 and x3 invariant measures and entropy". I'm particularly trying to undestand the proof of lema 4.4. Let's consider a secuence ...
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Growth in families of trees

I'm hoping that the question below is simple thermodynamic formalism, but I can't quite make it work. Any help would be very welcome. Let $\Sigma:=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb N}$ and let $\Sigma^*$ be the set ...
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Uniform bounds of number of integral points on affine varieties

In Duke-Rudnick-Sarnak 93, Density of integer points on affine homogeneous varieties, one of the consequences is the following, Consider the variety $V_{n,k} = \{A \in Mat_n(\mathbb{Z}): det(A) = ...
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Substitutions and Sturmian sequences

We know that any substitution can generate sequence, for example the Fibonacci substitution: $\sigma(0)=01, \sigma(1)=0$, then we can define a Sturmian sequence $\omega$, i.e., the fixed point of ...
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A question about transitivity

Recently in something that I'm studying, I needed to know if the following map is transitive: $\sigma: M^{\mathbb{N}}\to M^{\mathbb{N}}$ the unilateral shift, where $M$ is a uncountable compact metric ...
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Is there a generalized Birkhoff ergodic theorem?

Is there a Birkhoff ergodic theorem for two measure preserving transformations $T$ and $S$ where $S\circ T= T \circ S$ so that $\frac{1}{n+1}\frac{1}{m+1}\sum_{i=0}^{n}\sum_{j=0}^{m}f \circ T^{i}\circ ...
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Question about B. Host paper 'Nombres, normaux entropie, translations'

I put this question on mathstack but it seems more suitable to put it here: I was reading this paper and I got stuck in a detail left for the reader that I couldn't figure out: Let $X = ...
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Almost periodic sequence

Say that a real sequence ${(x_k)}_{k \in \mathbb{Z}}$ is almost periodic if the set of all its shifted sequences ${\left\{{(x_k)}_{k+n \in \mathbb{Z}}\right\}}_{n \in \mathbb{Z}}$ is relatively ...
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Ferenczi: minimal, uniquely ergodic, sublinear complexity systems are not strongly mixing

The following result is on page 26 of this paper by Ferenczi [PDF]. Corollary 3. A minimal and uniquely ergodic system of sub-affine complexity cannot be strongly mixing (i.e., $\mu(T^nA \cap B) ...
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A doubt on Balaji Meyn's ergodic theorem paper

I have a question regarding the classic paper by Balaji and Meyn: "Multiplicative ergodicity and Large Deviations for an Irreducible Markov Chain". Consider a recurrent aperiodic irreducible Markov ...
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Dynamics in the integers - Floor function

Let $\alpha$ be an irrational with $0<\alpha<1$. Consider the function given by \begin{align*} f: &\mathbb{N}\longrightarrow \mathbb{N}\\ &x\longmapsto [ \alpha\cdot x]\end{align*} where ...
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Stationary distribution of Markov chain

Suppose I have a discrete time Markov chain $\boldsymbol{X}$ with state space $\mathbb{R}^+$. The chain is $\psi$-irreducible, aperiodic, atomless and has an invariant measure $\pi$. If $\pi$ is ...
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139 views

Positivity of the top Lyapunov exponent

I have a general question about the Oseledets Multiplicative Ergodic Theorem. In the context of the MET I'd like to know if there is some reasonably general sufficient condition which implies that the ...
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280 views

Birkhoff Ergodic Theorem and Ergodic Decomposition Theorem for Continuous-Time Markov Processes

I have a couple of questions regarding ergodicity for Markov processes in continuous time. (In particular, the first question seems like it should be particularly basic, and yet I haven't managed to ...
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Do regular conditional distributions almost surely assign trivial measure to all members of the conditioning $\sigma$-algebra?

Let $(X,\Sigma)$ be a standard measurable space, let $\rho$ be a probability measure on $(X,\Sigma)$, and let $\mathcal{E}$ be a sub-$\sigma$-algebra of $\Sigma$. We will say that a stochastic kernel ...
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159 views

Can ergodic theorem be used here [closed]

Suppose I have an ergodic Markov Chain $\{X_n\}$ where $X_n$ are bounded. Now, Can I say anything on the limit $$ \lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{1}{n}\ln E\left[e^{\sum_{i=0}^{n} X_i}\right]$$ I don't ...
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Ergodic theory reference for converging sequences of matrices

I have been told that the following is a well known theorem in ergodic theory & have been given the book by Furstenberg as a reference. However, I cannot find such a statement in it. Would anyone ...
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Are there $0$ entropy non-atomic invariant measures for $2x$ and $3x$ modulo $1?$

This question appears for first time (to my knowledge) in ×2 and ×3 invariant measures and entropy Daniel J. Rudolph Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems / Volume 10 / Issue 02 / June 1990, pp 395 - ...
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Name/terminology for a relationship between group actions

Let $G$ and $H$ be groups, both acting on a set $X$. Suppose that there is a homomorphism $\phi:G\to H$ such that for every $g\in G$ and $x\in X$, $g\cdot x = \phi(g)\cdot x$. Is there a name for this ...
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Measure theoretic entropy

I don't know if this is an elementary question or not. In what follows all maps are continuous Suppose that $P:\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is a complex polynomial of degree $d>1$ and let ...
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Ratner theorem and dense geodesic planes in hyperbolic manifolds

Suppose we have a closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold $M$. For any $x\in M$ and plane $\pi$ in $T_xM$ we consider $P$ the geodesic plane exp$(\pi)$ originating from $\pi$. For any $p\in \pi$ we consider ...
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Equidistribution of double coset

Let $G=PGL_n(\mathbb{R})$, $K=PO_n(\mathbb{R})$ and $X=G/K$. Also suppose $\Gamma=SL_n(\mathbb{Z})$ acts on the left of $X$. We define a typical Hecke operator on $L^2(\Gamma\backslash X)$ by the ...
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Central Limit Theorem(s) for irrational rotation

Let $\alpha$ be irrational and $T: S^1 \rightarrow S^1$ be the rotation by $\alpha$. I'm interested in what type of Central Limit Theorem (if any) can hold for sums $Y_n = ...
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Transversal theory in ergodic theory

I was taking a glance at the original paper by Donald Ornstein, Bernoulli Shifts with the Same Entropy are Isomorphic, and I came across The Marriage Problem and a paper with the same name by P. ...
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Symplectic Koopmanism

Let $(M, \omega)$ be a $2n$-dimensional symplectic manifold and let $L_2(M,|\omega^n|)$ be the Hilbert space of complex-valued functions on $M$ that are square integrable with respect to the Liouville ...
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On the Birkhoff ergodic theorem for geodesic flows

Let $S$ be a closed surface endowed with a Riemannian metric of negative curvature and let $US$ be the unit tangent bundle. Let $\mu$ be the Liouville measure on $US$. Let $f: ...
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Measure Preserving Transformation Induced by a $*$-automorphism on $L^\infty(X,\mu)$

The following excerpt is from Connes' Noncommutative Geometry Let $(X, \mathcal{B}, \mu)$ be a standard Borel space equipped with a probability measure $\mu$, and let $\ T$ be a Borel ...
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Strange definition of ergodicity

I've already asked this question on math.stack a few days ago and haven't received an answer, so I'm asking here. In an engineering course, a stationary process was defined to be ergodic if for all ...
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Pointwise convergence of ergodic averages of unconventional conditional expectations

Let $(X_i,Y_i)_{i\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be a finite-valued stationary process whose $\sigma$-algebra of tail events is trivial. Let $\mathcal{F}_n^m$ be the $\sigma$-algebra generated by $X_n,\dots,X_m$ ...
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“strongly mixing” action on dimers?

In Local Statistics of Lattice Dimers we study a nice familiar object, domino tilings in the plane extending out to infinity. His paper is going to discuss the frequency of various "motifs" in ...
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Non-convergence of ergodic measures with positive entropy

Let $T:X\to X$ be a continuous function on a compact metric space $X.$ Let $\mu$ be a $T$ invariant and ergodic probability measure on $X$ with strictly positive Sinai entropy $h_{\mu}(T).$ Let ...
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Example of non-convergence of iteration of measures

Let $T:X\to X$ be a continuous function on a compact metric space $X.$ Let $\mu$ be a $T$ invariant and ergodic probability measure on $X.$ Let $F:X\to X$ be a continuos transformation that commutes ...
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Natural extensions in ergodic theory / Measurability question

A useful "abstract nonsense" construction in ergodic theory takes a measure-preserving transformation $T$ of a probability space $(X,\mathcal B,\mu)$ and extends it to an invertible measure-preserving ...
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Ergodic decomposition and integral representation of functions that depends on a measure

Let $X$ be a compact metric space, $T:X \to X$ continuous, $M_T(X)$ the set of borel measure that are $T$-invariant and $E_T(X)\subseteq M_T(X)$ the set of ergodic measures. The ergodic decomposition ...
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What good is (strong) mixing in dynamical systems?

For measure-preserving dynamical systems, there exist several notions of mixing. The most basic ones are strong mixing, weak mixing and ergodicity (see the wikipedia page, for instance), asserting ...
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Is an odometer action on a product space always conjugate to its inverse by an involution?

This is a follow on question from Is an non-singualr invertable ergodic transformation on a measure space isomorphic to its inverse? Given a measure $\mu$ on the product space $X = \prod_{i=1}^\infty ...