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2
votes
0answers
57 views

Estimating the growth rate of nondeterministic finite automata

Given a nondeterministic finite automaton $\mathcal{A}$ (or a regular expression, or a regular grammar), can we efficiently compute the number $|L_k(\mathcal{A})|$ of accepted words of length $k$? ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Picking codewords that are close

I posted this question in http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1142698/picking-codewords-that-are-close a week back. Let $[n,k,d]$ be a linear code over $\Bbb F_q$ with minimum distance $d$ and ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Number of degree $k$ functions [closed]

Given a Boolean function $f:\{0,1\}^n\rightarrow\{0,1\}$, there is a real multivariate multilinear polynomial that is associated with in through interpolation. Example: ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Is the stationary distribution of this Markov chain uniform?

First, a little bit of background: Since 2012, Canada has decided to phase out the penny for its coinage system. Product prices may still use arbitrary cents, especially since prices do not typically ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Distinct determinants of circulants

If $M$ is a circulant integer matrix of size $n\times n$ whose entries are randomly chosen from $\{0,1\}$ value, how many different determinants does $M$ possibly take value in? For $n=1,2,3,4$, I ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

A recurrence relation on Catalan numbers

In the classical problem of bracketing $n$ numbers, I know the reponse is $C_{n-1}$. I find this $$C_{n-1}=\sum_{i=1}^{\left\lfloor\frac{n}{2}\right\rfloor}(-1)^{i+1}\binom{n-i}{i}C_{n-1-i}$$ but I ...
1
vote
2answers
225 views

On the number of monic polynomials

Let $a,b,c,d\in\Bbb N$ with $c<b$. Let $N_+(a,b,c,d)$ be the number of monic polynomials $f\in \Bbb Z[x]$of degree $d$ with non-negative coefficients such that $$f(a)=b$$ $$f(0)=c$$ What is the ...
7
votes
1answer
232 views

Number of median graphs?

What is the number of $n$-vertex median graphs? These graphs generalize hypercubes and trees, and have many applications. It seems unlikely that a closed form expression is known, so I would also be ...
2
votes
0answers
129 views

combinatorial rectangles

Consider the set $S$ of all $m\times m$ matrices with $0-1$ entries with exactly $T$ combinatorial rectangles of all $0$s or all $1$s that partition each matrix in a non-overlapping manner. Is there ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Coupled recurrence relations for generating functions, involving squared arguments

I'm trying to find a solution for the following system of three equations in terms of three bivariate generating functions. $G(x,y)=b(x,y) \cdot \left( G(x,y^2) + I(x,y^2) \right) +y ;$ $H(x,y)=x ...
6
votes
1answer
261 views

A parity counting problem for subsets over finite fields

Let ${\mathbb F}_p$ be the prime field of $p$ elements and $b$ be an element in ${\mathbb F}_p$. For a subset $T\subseteq {\mathbb F}_p$, define $$Bias(T)=|N_e( {\mathbb F}_p,b)-N_o( {\mathbb ...
10
votes
1answer
681 views

Two to the power of a triangular number: bijections

The numbers $2^{n(n+1)/2}$ come up in various enumerative contexts. In addition to the trivial example (bit-strings of length $n(n+1)/2$) and the old example of domino tilings of Aztec diamonds ...
8
votes
1answer
122 views

Exact enumerations from two-dimensional stat mech models

Exact enumerations corresponding to the dimer model on a hexagonal grid, the dimer model on a square grid, and the four-vertex (aka square ice) model on a square grid are known, namely: lozenge ...
13
votes
1answer
487 views

Are the asymptotics of A003238 known?

Sequence A003238 of the OEIS counts ``rooted trees with $n$ vertices in which vertices at the same level have the same degree.'' The sequence, $a$, begins 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 16, ... and it is ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Truncated sums of symmetric polynomials; reference request for an algebraic derivation

EDIT: This is a case of being too wrapped up in a formulation ($e_j,p_i,$ and the like) to try something simple. It did not occur to me to pull exp to the outside in the weeks I have stared at this. ...
5
votes
2answers
220 views

Number of unlabelled planar graphs

What are the best known bounds on the number of non-isomorphic (unlabelled) planar graphs on $n$ vertices? Is there a simple proof that this number is at most exponential in $n$?
10
votes
0answers
340 views

“Special” meanders

One of the open problems in combinatorics is enumeration of meanders. Here on MO I only could find them under the heading not-especially-famous-long-open-problems-which-anyone-can-understand. Since ...
1
vote
2answers
421 views

Enumeration of labeled connected bipartite graphs given partite sets

What would be the closed-form expression defining number of all possible labelled connected bipartite graphs given $\mid X \mid = m, \mid Y \mid = n - m $?
3
votes
2answers
352 views

Counting polynomials with same coefficient sum and a given value at a point

Call an univariate polynomial $f(x) = \sum_{i=0}^{n}a_{i}x^{i} \in \Bbb{Z}[x]$ symmetric if $a_{i} = a_{n-i}$ and $a_{0} = a_{n} > 0$. For a given $\sum_{i=0}^{n}a_{i}$ and $a_{i} \geq 0$, how ...
0
votes
2answers
358 views

Morse matching with 0-cells and (n-1)-cells

Suppose one has a Morse matching (acyclic matching) of a poset $P$ of rank $n$ in which the only unmatched cells are 0-cells and $(n-1)$-cells, the same number $k$ of each one. If $P$ is connected ...
3
votes
1answer
184 views

bounded partitions and bounded signed partitions of integers

Define a bounded signed partition of length $m$ and of bounded height $h$ of an integer $n$ by a relation: $$n = \pm a_{1} \pm a_{2} \pm a_{3} \pm \dots \pm a_{m}$$ where each $a_{i}$ is a integer in ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Statistics on partitions equidistributed with number of even parts

Fix a positive integer $n$. For a partition $λ$ of $n$, let $e(λ)$ be the number of even parts in $λ$. Using bijections, we can show the statistic $e(λ)$ is equidistributed on the set of partitions of ...
17
votes
2answers
899 views

Is this similar to a known combinatorial identity?

(Apologies if this is too obscure.) In joint work with Izzet Coskun we came across the following kind of combinatorial identity, but we weren't able to prove it, or to identify what kind of identity ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

Enumerating 0-1 finite boxes without null rays.

Here rays are called lines. Call $M(a_1,a_2)$ the number for matrices of length $a_1$ and height $a_2$, made of $0$ and $1$, having neither null vector nor null co-vector. In other words any line (row ...
23
votes
3answers
1k views

What can be proved about the Ramanujan conjecture using elementary means?

The Ramanujan conjecture states that the coefficients $\tau(n)$ in the identity $$q\prod_{m=1}^\infty(1-q^m)^{24}=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\tau(n)q^n$$ satisfy the inequality $|\tau(n)|\leq d(n)n^{11/2}$, ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Statistics on Lehmer codes

I am looking at words $\alpha_1 \ldots \alpha_n$, where $\alpha_j \in \{ 1, \ldots, j \}$. Thinking of $\alpha_j$ as a height, these words can be interpreted as left-to-right paths on the positive ...
17
votes
1answer
441 views

Salié permutations and fair permutations

In October 2010, I published a Monthly problem that introduced the concept of a fair permutation, which is a permutation $\pi$ such that for every $i$, either $\pi(i) > i$ and $\pi^{-1}(i) > i$, ...
4
votes
0answers
161 views

When can we determine an $f$-vector or rank-generating function from its unordered list of coefficients?

Let $f_i$ be the number of $i$-dimensional faces in a $d$-dimensional simplicial complex $\Delta $. Recall that the $f$-vector of $\Delta $ is the vector $(f_{-1},f_0,f_1,\dots ,f_d)$ where ...
10
votes
6answers
643 views

max # of words with restricted total content

This is the sort of problems in combinatorics with a rather innocent look that turn out to be quite challenging - at least for a bunch of physicists! :) Suppose we have a multiset $\mathbf{M}$ on a ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Enumeration of quadrangulations with a boundary and simple faces.

I wish to enumerate all quadrangulations of a $2p$ gon with $n$ internal vertices. Quadrangles are required to have simple faces. Simple face means all four vertices of each quadrangle are distinct. ...
5
votes
0answers
137 views

How does the number of self-avoiding paths between two points scale, in a square/cubic lattice?

Consider two different infinite graphs, whose vertices are drawn from $\mathbb Z^2$ or $\mathbb Z^3$. Let $P_d : \mathbb Z^d \times \mathbb N \to \mathbb N$ for $d \in \{2,3\}$ be the function such ...
12
votes
5answers
889 views

Is the following invariant of rooted trees a complete invariant?

Recall that rooted trees may be generated by starting with a trivial rooted tree (just a vertex), along with the operations of grafting a number of trees (identify their roots) and adding a new vertex ...
26
votes
6answers
1k views

Combinatorial Morse functions and random permutations

This question has its origin in combinatorial topology. In the 90s R. Forman proposed a discrete counterpart of Morse theory. In his case, a Morse function on a triangulated space is a function ...