**19**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Convergence of finite element method: counterexamples

There are many known results proving convergence of finite element method for elliptic problems under certain assumptions on underlying mesh [e.g., Braess,2007]. Which of these common assumptions are ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

454 views

### Does a Riemannian manifold with bounded geometry admit an isometric proper embedding into Euclidean space with uniformly thick tubular neighborhood

Suppose $(M,g)$ is an open Riemannian manifold with bounded geometry, i.e., the injectivity radius is $\ge \epsilon>0$ and each iterated covariant derivative of curvature is bounded with respect to ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

594 views

### Green's operator of elliptic differential operator

Let $P:\Gamma(E)\rightarrow\Gamma(F)$ be an elliptic partial differential operator, with index $=0$ and closed image of codimension $=1$, between spaces $\Gamma(E)$ and $\Gamma(F)$ of smooth sections ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

373 views

### Does the Legendre-Hadamard condition imply a generalized Gårding inequality?

For simplicity, we restrict to constant coefficients. Let $A^{ij}_{ab} \in \mathbb{R}$, $1 \le i, j \le n$ and $1 \le a, b\le m$, satisfy the Legendre-Hadamard condition:
$$
...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Reference Request: Elliptic differential operators in the Fréchet setting

Normally the theory of (elliptic) differential operators between vector bundles (or $\mathbb{R}^n$) is presented in the language of Sobolev spaces. I'm searching for a book (or something similar) ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

413 views

### How to define the square root of $1-\Delta $?

If $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with $\Delta $ its Laplacian, how can we define $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$?
The book I am reading says that $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$ is an invertible first-order pseudo-differential ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Failure of Fredholm property of elliptic PDE systems

Roughly speaking, a PDE operator satisfies the Fredholm property if its principal symbol is elliptic and the information provided on the boundary satisfies the Shapiro-Lopatinskii condition.
What can ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Yau's conjecture for positive Chern class

I heard in a conference that Yau's conjecture is open for positive Chern class. I read in an article that talked about some stability conditions necessary in this case. So I want to know if this ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

294 views

### Fredholm alternative result for general elliptic system?

Now I have known that Fredholm alternative result is valid for the strong elliptic system. But I'm not sure that is it still valid for the general elliptic system, in which the second-order heading ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Moser iteration for elliptic systems

I heard that De Giorgi-Nash-Moser type regularity arguments fail for elliptic systems, but do not know where to start looking for more substantial information. Why does the regularity fail? Is there ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Betti number and harmonic forms

Dear Experts,
On a compact, boundless, Riemannian manifold, the dimension of the space of harmonic k-forms is equal to the k-th Betti number. Is this correct (by Hodge theory)? For example, on the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

580 views

### Moser regularity proof avoiding John-Nirenberg lemma

I heard a rumor that there exists a proof by Moser-style iteration of the $C^{0,\alpha}$-regularity for $W^{1,2}$-solutions $u$ to elliptic equations with measurable coefficients which does not rely ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### Is there a maximum principle for stress in continuum mechanics?

I'm working with the equilibrium equations in linear elasticity, which I have not worked with in the past. My engineering colleagues seem to "know" that the maximum Von Mises stress occurs on the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

176 views

### Stability of the spectrum for perturbations of the boundary

Consider the Laplace operator on a smooth bounded open set with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I need some result of the following type: if one perturbs the boundary in a suitable sense to be ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

905 views

### Estimates on the Green function of an elliptic second order differential operator.

Let $D$ be a linear differential elliptic operator of second order
with infinitely smooth coefficients acting on real valued functions
on a compact manifold $M$. Let us assume that $D$ has no free ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Mountain Pass theorem for minimization problems with constraints

Let $I[u]$ be a functional on a (possibly infinite dimensional) Hilbert space. Then, under some conditions, the Mountain Pass theorem guarantees the existence of a saddle point (see ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### What is the first eigenvalue of $p$-Laplacian on unit sphere $S^n$?

We know that the first eigenvalue of Laplacian on the Riemannian unit sphere $S^n$ is $n$, then what is the explicit expression for the first eigenvalue of $p$-Laplacian on $S^n$?
The $p$-Laplacian ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Local solvability of nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems

Malgrange proves the following statement regarding local solvability of (determined or underdetermined) nonlinear elliptic systems:
Let $F_i(x,D^\alpha u)=0$ be a nonlinear elliptic system of order ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

674 views

### elliptic regularity on manifolds

Hello!
I'm reading the book of T. Aubin Some nonlinear problems in Riemannian geometry. In chapter 3 he introduces elliptic operators on manifolds, but then he gives regularity results for elliptic ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

500 views

### Possible mistake in De Giorgi's paper on Holder's regularity

$\mu_{n-1}$ is the $n-1$ dimensional measure and $\operatorname{meas}$ is the $n$-dimensional one.
$I(\varrho)$ is the ball of radius $\varrho$ around a fixed point $y$ in the domain $\Omega\subset ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

393 views

### Divergence form Elliptic PDE Removable Singularity/Regularity Question

Idea
Given a $W^{1,2}$ solution to a linear divergence form uniformly elliptic pde with bounded coefficients, standard De Giorgi-Nash-Moser theory tells us that the solution is infact (Holder) ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

954 views

### Integration by parts for a general negative-definite self-adjoint operator.

I suspect I am asking a very stupid question.
Suppose you have self-adjoint negative-definite operator $L$ densely defined on a space $L^2(\pi)$, with $Lf = \nabla \cdot ( A(x)\nabla f)$, for some ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### significance of the Fučík spectrum

The Fučík spectrum seems to gain momentum among people working on spectral theory, with almost 300 articles published on this topic over the last 5 years, according to Google scholar. There exist ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Green's function for *GJMS* operator

Consider a Riemannian manifold $(M^n, g)$ of dimension $n$ with a metric $g$. We assume $M$ to be closed (compact without boundary). Let's not assume any hypothesis on the Yamabe invariant of the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Elliptic operator on non compact manifolds with ends of the type $\Omega\times (r,\infty)\times\mathbb{R}$

A smooth manifold $M$ is a manifold with a cylindrical end if there exists a compact subset $K\subset M$ such that $M\backslash K$ is diffeomorphic to $\Omega\times (r,\infty)$ where $\Omega$ is a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

363 views

### A moving boundary in rock mechanics

I'm concern a moving boundary problem in rock mechanics.
We consider a problem of unsaturated flow of an in-compressible fluid in a
porous medium(rock) like D. Moreover suppose that support of a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

279 views

### Laplacians associated to symplectic cohomologies

I am reading the paper"cohomology and Hodge theory on symplectic manifolds I" by Tseng and Yau. In this paper they consider several cohomologies on symplectic manifolds $(M,\omega)$based on the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

214 views

### A question on certain elliptic PDE

Consider the elliptic PDE "CR"
$$\begin{cases} U_{xx}=V_{yy}\\U_{yy}=-V_{xx} \end{cases}$$
And its consequence "LAP" $$U_{xxxx}+U_{yyyy}=0$$.
Somehow, these equations are similar to the Cauchi ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### T. Carleman's method on eigenvalues asymptotics

What is the best available less or more modern introduction to the subject?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

210 views

### First order Elliptic operator

Assume that there exists a first order elliptic operator $D$ acting on functions from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to some vector space $V$. What can we conclude about $V$?
For example, is the dimension of $V$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Caccioppoli-Leray Inequality for De Giorgi's theorem proof

I am studying De Giorgi's proof of Holder continuity of solutions of elliptic equations with bounded measurable coefficients.
This is the translation of the original paper
De Giorgi paper
At page ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

338 views

### Can the solution of an elliptic operator with smooth coefficients have zeros of infinite order?

I've been told that the answer is no, but I'm having a hard time finding a reference. More precisely, I'm interested in the following. Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bonded open connected set, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

687 views

### Nash's paper on parabolic equations.

I am currently studying the paper "CONTINUITY OF SOLUTIONS OF PARABOLIC AND
ELLIPTIC EQUATIONS" by John Nash (cf. American Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 80, 1958). The author there establishes some a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Simplicity of eigenvalues of an elliptic operator under a symmetry assumption

A striking difference in the spectral analysis of 2nd order elliptic boundary-value problems between one and several space dimensions is the following. In one space dimension, the eigenvalues are ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Does Hölder continuity imply smoothness for the CMC equation: $u:D^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$, $\Delta u = 2H\partial_xu\times\partial_yu$, $H$ constant?

Context: I am currently reading through the freely available lecture notes from Tristan Riviere (here) on the applicability of integration by compensation in the analysis of various geometrically ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Please recommend some literature on the systematical theory of the elliptic systems!

Now I'm interested in the theory of elliptic systems, for example, both the linear and nonlinear case, the exsitence and regularity results, and is there a Fredholm alternative result for the linear ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### $C^0$ estimate for solutions of elliptic PDE with Neumann BC

I am interested in a reference for (or counterexample to) a particular
$C^0$ estimate for solutions of the Laplace equation with Neumann
boundary conditions. More precisely, let $(M,g)$ be a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### What's wrong with the Courant nodal domain theorem

The Courant nodal domain theorem (for Neumann boundary conditions) says that the $n$-th eigenfunction has at most $n$ nodal domains (connected components where the eigenfunction has the same sign. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

565 views

### regularity of solutions of fractional laplacian

Hello, I am looking for boundary regularity of solutions of $(-\Delta)^s u= f(x)$ in $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions and where $f $ is nice enough say $f\in C^{1,\alpha}(\overline\Omega)$. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

188 views

### Characterization of kernel of Bianchi operator

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold, $\mathcal{S}=\Gamma(\odot^2T^*M)$ the Frechet space of symmetric $2$-covariant tensors, and $\mathcal{M}=\Gamma(\odot^2_+T^*M)$ the Frechet manifold of metrics on ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### A “gradient” weak Harnack inequality for quasilinear elliptic equations

Suppose we are in the following loosely described setting:
we have a non-negative supersolution $h$ of the following elliptic equation:
\begin{equation}
\Delta h + \|\nabla h\|^2 + f(x) \geq 0
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### introduction books for Dynamic systems of discrete Schrodinger operator for beginner

In this semester, I study in a class of dynamic system. recently the French professor turn to the dynamic system of discrete operator. I find it is difficult to find a book in English. (I have found ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Hopf Lemma for strong solutions

The Hopf lemma still holds for strong solutions? Let $u\in W^{2,p}(\Omega)\cap W_0^{1,p}(\Omega)$ with $p>n$ such that $\Delta u + c(x) u\le 0$. If $u(x)>0$ for all $x\in\Omega$ and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

402 views

### Linearizing and solving a nonlinear PDE numerically

Im trying to solve the following (transport & diffusion) nonlinear PDE numerically (via finite volume on a cuboid region. Some Material gets cooled down, s.t. in some areas the material becomes ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

324 views

### Do there exist generalized conformal maps that preserve elliptic measure?

Let $D_1$ and $D_2$ be two bounded simply connected Jordan domains in $\mathbb{R}^2$. By Carathéodory's Theorem there exists a homeomorphism $f:\bar{D}_1 \to \bar{D}_2$ such that the restriction ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

679 views

### Maximum Principle fails when u∉C²(Ω)? Can't find example.

I would like an example where the maximum principle fails in a bounded smooth domain $\Omega$ where one has a solution which is not $C^2(\Omega)$ to $Lu=0$ where $L$ is elliptic and linear. This ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

480 views

### Smooth Sobolev extension from $W^{1,p}(U)$ to $W^{1,p} (\mathbb{R}^n) $

The question I would be asking is roughly : do the smooth Sobolev functions defined on an open bounded domain extend to smooth Sobolev functions on the Euclidean space ?
For detail :
Fix $p \geq 1. ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

810 views

### The Hölder continuity condition of the Schauder estimates

The classical Schauder estimates (see the link)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schauder_estimates
Requires $f\in C^\alpha$ in order to get a solution $u\in C^{2+\alpha}$ of the equation
$$\Delta u=f$$
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

653 views

### Trace space and Neumann boundary condition

In which sense is it possible to solve $\Delta u=0$, $\partial_\nu u=\phi$, for $\int\phi=0$ on a closed domain, say a ball $B^3\subset\mathbb R^3$?
For example would a $\phi\in L^p(\partial B^3)$, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### why is it called the diamagnetic inequality?

How is the Diamagnetic inequality born? Why is it call this name?
Diamagnetic inequality： $\big|\nabla|u|(x)\big|\leq \big|(\nabla+iA)u(x)\big|$.