**19**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Convergence of finite element method: counterexamples

There are many known results proving convergence of finite element method for elliptic problems under certain assumptions on underlying mesh [e.g., Braess,2007]. Which of these common assumptions are ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

404 views

### Does a Riemannian manifold with bounded geometry admit an isometric proper embedding into Euclidean space with uniformly thick tubular neighborhood

Suppose $(M,g)$ is an open Riemannian manifold with bounded geometry, i.e., the injectivity radius is $\ge \epsilon>0$ and each iterated covariant derivative of curvature is bounded with respect to ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

350 views

### How to define the square root of $1-\Delta $?

If $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with $\Delta $ its Laplacian, how can we define $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$?
The book I am reading says that $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$ is an invertible first-order pseudo-differential ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Yau's conjecture for positive Chern class

I heard in a conference that Yau's conjecture is open for positive Chern class. I read in an article that talked about some stability conditions necessary in this case. So I want to know if this ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

245 views

### Fredholm alternative result for general elliptic system?

Now I have known that Fredholm alternative result is valid for the strong elliptic system. But I'm not sure that is it still valid for the general elliptic system, in which the second-order heading ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

910 views

### Betti number and harmonic forms

Dear Experts,
On a compact, boundless, Riemannian manifold, the dimension of the space of harmonic k-forms is equal to the k-th Betti number. Is this correct (by Hodge theory)? For example, on the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

540 views

### Moser regularity proof avoiding John-Nirenberg lemma

I heard a rumor that there exists a proof by Moser-style iteration of the $C^{0,\alpha}$-regularity for $W^{1,2}$-solutions $u$ to elliptic equations with measurable coefficients which does not rely ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

164 views

### Stability of the spectrum for perturbations of the boundary

Consider the Laplace operator on a smooth bounded open set with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I need some result of the following type: if one perturbs the boundary in a suitable sense to be ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Reference Request: Elliptic differential operators in the Fréchet setting

Normally the theory of (elliptic) differential operators between vector bundles (or $\mathbb{R}^n$) is presented in the language of Sobolev spaces. I'm searching for a book (or something similar) ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

473 views

### Possible mistake in De Giorgi's paper on Holder's regularity

$\mu_{n-1}$ is the $n-1$ dimensional measure and $\operatorname{meas}$ is the $n$-dimensional one.
$I(\varrho)$ is the ball of radius $\varrho$ around a fixed point $y$ in the domain $\Omega\subset ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

358 views

### Divergence form Elliptic PDE Removable Singularity/Regularity Question

Idea
Given a $W^{1,2}$ solution to a linear divergence form uniformly elliptic pde with bounded coefficients, standard De Giorgi-Nash-Moser theory tells us that the solution is infact (Holder) ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

926 views

### Integration by parts for a general negative-definite self-adjoint operator.

I suspect I am asking a very stupid question.
Suppose you have self-adjoint negative-definite operator $L$ densely defined on a space $L^2(\pi)$, with $Lf = \nabla \cdot ( A(x)\nabla f)$, for some ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

824 views

### Estimates on the Green function of an elliptic second order differential operator.

Let $D$ be a linear differential elliptic operator of second order
with infinitely smooth coefficients acting on real valued functions
on a compact manifold $M$. Let us assume that $D$ has no free ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

355 views

### A moving boundary in rock mechanics

I'm concern a moving boundary problem in rock mechanics.
We consider a problem of unsaturated flow of an in-compressible fluid in a
porous medium(rock) like D. Moreover suppose that support of a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

268 views

### Laplacians associated to symplectic cohomologies

I am reading the paper"cohomology and Hodge theory on symplectic manifolds I" by Tseng and Yau. In this paper they consider several cohomologies on symplectic manifolds $(M,\omega)$based on the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

617 views

### elliptic regularity on manifolds

Hello!
I'm reading the book of T. Aubin Some nonlinear problems in Riemannian geometry. In chapter 3 he introduces elliptic operators on manifolds, but then he gives regularity results for elliptic ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Moser iteration for elliptic systems

I heard that De Giorgi-Nash-Moser type regularity arguments fail for elliptic systems, but do not know where to start looking for more substantial information. Why does the regularity fail? Is there ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

225 views

### T. Carleman's method on eigenvalues asymptotics

What is the best available less or more modern introduction to the subject?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

173 views

### First order Elliptic operator

Assume that there exists a first order elliptic operator $D$ acting on functions from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to some vector space $V$. What can we conclude about $V$?
For example, is the dimension of $V$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

323 views

### Can the solution of an elliptic operator with smooth coefficients have zeros of infinite order?

I've been told that the answer is no, but I'm having a hard time finding a reference. More precisely, I'm interested in the following. Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bonded open connected set, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

526 views

### Nash's paper on parabolic equations.

I am currently studying the paper "CONTINUITY OF SOLUTIONS OF PARABOLIC AND
ELLIPTIC EQUATIONS" by John Nash (cf. American Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 80, 1958). The author there establishes some a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Simplicity of eigenvalues of an elliptic operator under a symmetry assumption

A striking difference in the spectral analysis of 2nd order elliptic boundary-value problems between one and several space dimensions is the following. In one space dimension, the eigenvalues are ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Does Hölder continuity imply smoothness for the CMC equation: $u:D^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$, $\Delta u = 2H\partial_xu\times\partial_yu$, $H$ constant?

Context: I am currently reading through the freely available lecture notes from Tristan Riviere (here) on the applicability of integration by compensation in the analysis of various geometrically ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Please recommend some literature on the systematical theory of the elliptic systems!

Now I'm interested in the theory of elliptic systems, for example, both the linear and nonlinear case, the exsitence and regularity results, and is there a Fredholm alternative result for the linear ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Green's function for *GJMS* operator

Consider a Riemannian manifold $(M^n, g)$ of dimension $n$ with a metric $g$. We assume $M$ to be closed (compact without boundary). Let's not assume any hypothesis on the Yamabe invariant of the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### What's wrong with the Courant nodal domain theorem

The Courant nodal domain theorem (for Neumann boundary conditions) says that the $n$-th eigenfunction has at most $n$ nodal domains (connected components where the eigenfunction has the same sign. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

527 views

### regularity of solutions of fractional laplacian

Hello, I am looking for boundary regularity of solutions of $(-\Delta)^s u= f(x)$ in $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions and where $f $ is nice enough say $f\in C^{1,\alpha}(\overline\Omega)$. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### introduction books for Dynamic systems of discrete Schrodinger operator for beginner

In this semester, I study in a class of dynamic system. recently the French professor turn to the dynamic system of discrete operator. I find it is difficult to find a book in English. (I have found ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Linearizing and solving a nonlinear PDE numerically

Im trying to solve the following (transport & diffusion) nonlinear PDE numerically (via finite volume on a cuboid region. Some Material gets cooled down, s.t. in some areas the material becomes ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

311 views

### Do there exist generalized conformal maps that preserve elliptic measure?

Let $D_1$ and $D_2$ be two bounded simply connected Jordan domains in $\mathbb{R}^2$. By CarathÃ©odory's Theorem there exists a homeomorphism $f:\bar{D}_1 \to \bar{D}_2$ such that the restriction ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

668 views

### Maximum Principle fails when uâˆ‰C²(Î©)? Can't find example.

I would like an example where the maximum principle fails in a bounded smooth domain $\Omega$ where one has a solution which is not $C^2(\Omega)$ to $Lu=0$ where $L$ is elliptic and linear. This ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

716 views

### The Hölder continuity condition of the Schauder estimates

The classical Schauder estimates (see the link)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schauder_estimates
Requires $f\in C^\alpha$ in order to get a solution $u\in C^{2+\alpha}$ of the equation
$$\Delta u=f$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Caccioppoli-Leray Inequality for De Giorgi's theorem proof

I am studying De Giorgi's proof of Holder continuity of solutions of elliptic equations with bounded measurable coefficients.
This is the translation of the original paper
De Giorgi paper
At page ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### why is it called the diamagnetic inequality?

How is the Diamagnetic inequality born? Why is it call this name?
Diamagnetic inequalityï¼š $\big|\nabla|u|(x)\big|\leq \big|(\nabla+iA)u(x)\big|$.

**3**

votes

**2**answers

305 views

### Schauder estimates for higher order linear elliptic operator on manifold

Hi!
Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth compact riemannian manifold without boundary. Let $L$ be a linear elliptic operator on $M$ of order $2k$ with smooth coefficients. Suppose i have $u\in W^{2k,2}(M)$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### A question about the $C^{2,\alpha}$ regularity of concave fully nonlinear uniformly elliptic equation

While reading Theorem 6.6 of Chapter Six of "Fully nonlinear elliptic equation" by Luis A. Caffarelli and Xavier Cabre in the American mathematical society colloquium publications vol. 43, I get two ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

251 views

### Non symmetric coefficient matrix for elliptic PDE

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a domain and consider the PDE in divergence form
$$ D_i(a_{i,j}D_ju)=0 \tag{1}$$
where $a_{i,j}(x)$ are measurable and satisfly the uniform ellipticity ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### What can we say about the left inverse of the Green's function?

Let $\mathbb{D}$ be an self-adjoint elliptic operator of a compact manifold and $G(x,y)$ the Green's function of $\mathbb{D}$. By definition $G(x,y)$ is the right inverse of $\mathbb{D}$ in the sense ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### A question about solutions to Floer's equation which are asymptotic to a stationary point

Let $M$ be a compact symplectic manifold and $H$ a time independent Hamiltonian on $M$. Let $\alpha$ be a solution to Floer's equation
$$ u(t,s): S^1 \times \mathbb{R} \to M$$
$$(du+X_H\otimes ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### Does the operator $\mathrm{id}-t\Delta$ or its Green's function have a name?

Consider a Riemannian manifold and let
$\mathrm{id}$ be the identity operator, let
$\Delta$ be the scalar, negative-semidefinite Laplace-Beltrami operator, and let
$t > 0$ be a parameter.
Does ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Upper bounds for the solution of an elliptic PDE depending on a parameter.

Suppose I have the following PDE on $[0,1]^n$
$$\mathcal{L}u = -\nabla \cdot \left(a(x, r)\nabla u\right) = f(x,r), \qquad x\in [0,1]^n,$$
with periodic boundary conditions and $\int f(x) dx =0$ . ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

485 views

### Elliptic regularity on bad domain

Let $\Omega \subset R^n$ be an open bounded set. Consider the Dirichlet problem
$$
-\triangle u = 0, x \in \Omega, \quad u = \varphi, x \in \partial \Omega.
$$
If $\varphi$ is a continuous function, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Hopf Lemma for strong solutions

The Hopf lemma still holds for strong solutions? Let $u\in W^{2,p}(\Omega)\cap W_0^{1,p}(\Omega)$ with $p>n$ such that $\Delta u + c(x) u\le 0$. If $u(x)>0$ for all $x\in\Omega$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Failure of Fredholm property of elliptic PDE systems

Roughly speaking, a PDE operator satisfies the Fredholm property if its principal symbol is elliptic and the information provided on the boundary satisfies the Shapiro-Lopatinskii condition.
What can ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

335 views

### problem with non linear pde

I have the following pde which i cannot solve. any suggestions, tips on how to approach a solution?
$$\left(1-x^3 \frac{\partial y}{\partial x} \partial_{y}\right) f(y(x))-1/4 \left(1-\frac{1}{x^3 ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

360 views

### How to solve the $C^\alpha$ Poisson equation on closed Riemannian manifolds?

To be specific, suppose $M$ is a closed oriented manifold, $g$ is a Riemannian metric of $M$.
Let $\Delta_g$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator w.r.t. $g$.
Prove: Suppose $f\in C^\alpha(M)$ satisfies ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

619 views

### Trace space and Neumann boundary condition

In which sense is it possible to solve $\Delta u=0$, $\partial_\nu u=\phi$, for $\int\phi=0$ on a closed domain, say a ball $B^3\subset\mathbb R^3$?
For example would a $\phi\in L^p(\partial B^3)$, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

116 views

### Let $\mathrm{div}\,(A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u) + b u = f$. Is $(A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u)$ weakly differentiable?

Let us consider the basic linear elliptic PDE
$$
\mathrm{div} (A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u) + bu = f,
$$
with $f\in L^p,$ $A,b$ uniformly bounded. Do we have, for a weak solution $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega')$,
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### A property of weakly harmonic functions

Let $u$ be a distribution in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $\Delta u$=0 in the distributional sense. In addition $u\in L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$, $p>1$, then can we conclude that $u$ is zero almost everywhere ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### When does $\{u\in H^1_0: \Delta_{\mu}u\in L^2\}=H_0^1\cap H^2$.

Let $(M,\mu)$ be a weighted Riemannian manifold. In Grigorâ€™yan's book, he proves that the Dirichlet Laplacian $\Delta_{\mu}$ is self-adjoint on the set $u\in\{u\in H^1_0(M): \Delta_{\mu}u\in L^2\}$. ...