Questions about partial differential equations of elliptic type. Often used in combination with the top-level tag ap.analysis-of-pdes.

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3
votes
0answers
181 views
+50

Elliptic PDE with exponential nonlinearity in 2D

Let $\Omega \subset R^2$ be a bounded open region and $u_i$ ($i=1,2$) be smooth solutions of $\Delta u+e^u=f(x)\geq 0$, in $\Omega$ with $u_2>u_1$ in $\Omega$ and $u_1=u_2$ on $\partial \Omega$. ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

$L^2$ bound on solution of PDE in terms of $L^2$ norm of initial value

Let $u \in H^1((0,T)\times S)$ be the unique solution of $$u_{tt} + \Delta u =0$$ $$u|_{t=0}= u_0$$ $$u|_{t=T}=0$$ where $u_0 \in H^{\frac 12}(S)$ and $S$ is some Euclidean hypersurface without ...
3
votes
0answers
124 views

Moser estimates?

Consider $u$, an $L^2$ solution to the uniformly elliptic equation $(\partial_t^2 + L)u = 0$ on a ball $B_1$ of radius 1 centered at $(t_0, x_0)$, say, where $t$ can be treated as a "time" variable. I ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

An interesting semi-linear PDE problem [closed]

Assume $u\in H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ has compact support, and assume that it is a weak solution of the semi linear equation $$ -\Delta u+c(u)=f\;\;\text{in}\;\mathbb{R^n} $$ where $f\in ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Does this linear elliptic equation have a weak solution?

Let $Q = \Omega \times (0,C)$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded domain, write $(x,y) \in Q$ for $x \in \Omega$ and $y \in (0,C)$. Is the problem $$\Delta_{(x,y)}v = 0\quad\text{in $Q$}$$ $$\frac{\partial ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

About a classic result from Han and Lin's PDE book

Let $A=a_{ij}$ be an $n \times n $ a symmetric matrix where the coeficients are in $L^{\infty}(B_r(0))$ and satisfies $$ \lambda |\xi|^2 \leq a_{ij}(x)\xi_i\xi_j \leq \alpha |\xi|^2, \ x \in ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Laplacian on non-compact domains

I consider non-compact domains $\Omega$ with cylindrical ends. For example, $\Omega$ has a cover $\Omega_0 \cup (0,\infty) \times M$, where $\Omega_0$ has finite measure and $M$ is a compact manifold. ...
2
votes
2answers
156 views

“C^0 estimate for solutions to $\Delta(u)+e^{-u} \geq 0$”

Let $u: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}.$ Suppose I have a solution to the equation $$\Delta(u)+e^{-u} \geq 0$$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let r be the radial coordinate on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Suppose that $$lim_{r ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Nontrivial solutions of a semilinear elliptic equation

What is known, for $N\geq3$, about the existence of nontrivial real-valued solutions $u=u(x)$ of the following semilinear elliptic equation: $$ \left\{ \enspace \begin{aligned} &\Delta u = f(u) ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

regularity of non-local linear elliptic equation

$\alpha\in (0,1)$, $u$ satisfies: \begin{equation*} b\cdot \nabla u(x)+\sum_{i=1}^d \int_{R} \left[u(x+se_i)-u(x)-s\mathbb{I}_{\{|s|\leq ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Localized eigenfunctions of drift Laplacians

I am looking for literature which discusses localization of eigenfunctions of drift Laplacians, i.e. $L\underline u=-\Delta \underline u+\underline{v}.\nabla \underline u$ in 2D/3D domains with ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

maximum principle on compact manifolds with boundary

Let us consider the equation $Lu + f(u) = 0$ on a compact manifold $\overline{M} = M \cup \partial M$ with boundary, with Dirichlet boundary conditions. $L$ is a linear elliptic operator, and $f$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
135 views

Analysis of Sobolev spaces [closed]

I just wanted to know wthether the following is OK or not. Let $X$ be $H_0^1(\Omega)\bigcap L^{\infty}(\Omega)$, thought of as a subspace of $H^1_0(\Omega)$ and endowed solely with the usual $H^1$ ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Sobolev space for manifold with boundary

For an compact manifold $M$ without boundary, we consider the eigenfunctions $(f_1,f_2,\ldots)$ of some elliptic operator (e.g $\Delta$) with eigenvalue $\lambda_{1},\lambda_{2},\ldots$. To define ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Control of Hessian by its trace in a bounded domain

We know if $u:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth function with compact support, then we can show, via integration by parts, that $$ \|\Delta u\|=\|\nabla^2u\| \tag 1 $$ where $||\cdot||$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Schauder estimate on a bounded domain

We know if $u:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth function with compact support, then we can show, via integration by part, that $$ ||\Delta u||=||{\nabla}^2u|| $$ where $||\cdot||$ is the ...
-1
votes
1answer
97 views

Analytic extension of the exterior Newtonian potential into the domain

I just want to know for a domain with smooth boundary whether exterior Newtonian potential has singular analytic extension into the domain or into a part of the domain. Definition of Newtonian ...
5
votes
3answers
338 views

Structure of sign changes under the heat flow

Let $f$ be a smooth function on $R^2$, and define $N_f$ to be the set of points $p$ such that the nodal set of $f$ ($\{x\in R^2: f(x)=0\}$) divided every neighborhood of $p$ into four regions. Indeed, ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Uniqueness affine curvature

Let $\gamma_1,\gamma_2: \mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be two smooth, closed, convex curves that their (special)affine curvature, $\mu_1,\mu_2$ are equal, that is $\mu_1(\theta)=\mu_2(\theta)$, for ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Harmonic functions subject to orthogonality condition

Suppose $(\bar{\Omega},g)$ is a Riemannian manifold with the metric being smooth where $\bar\Omega \subset \mathbb{R^3}$ is a compact domain with smooth boundary. Let $\Omega \subset \bar\Omega$. ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

How do solutions of a PDE depend on parameters?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded smooth domain and $\sigma_1,\sigma_2:\Omega\to(c^{-1},c)$ measurable (for some constant $1<c<\infty$). Let $f\in ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

global bi harmonic functions in a riemannian manifold

Any help will be appreciated thanks! Consider $(\mathbb{R^n},g)$ to be a Riemannian manifold. For simplicity we can assume the manifold to be asymptotically euclidean outside a compact domain ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Schauder-type estimates for polyharmonic operators in a smooth domain of $R^N$

Let $L$ be an elliptic operator of the form $$ Lu := (-1)^m \sum_{|\alpha|=2m} a_\alpha(x) D^\alpha u + \sum_{|\alpha|\leq 2m-1} b_\alpha (x) D^\alpha u $$ with smooth coefficients and $u$ defined ...
3
votes
2answers
243 views

Boundary Value Problem in the space of Distributions

I will not be rigirous cause my question does not require this. It is well known how to treat the solution (for example) of the problem $\Delta u=f$ in $\Omega$ and $u=g$ on $\partial \Omega$ by the ...
2
votes
3answers
464 views

Elliptic theory on compact manifolds

Maybe this is silly. On a bounded set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ consider the equation $$ \Delta u=f \quad\text{ in $\Omega$}$$ $$ u=0\quad\text{ on $\partial\Omega$}.$$ One has the following ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

probabilistic interpretation of elliptic equation with mixed boundary condition

I would like to understand the probabilistic interpretation of the following elliptic problem with mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions: Let $B := \{ x \in \mathbb{R}^n, \quad \| x \|_2 \leq 1 ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

2D semilinear elliptic PDE

This is the simplest equation arising from a fascinating (to me) and obscure vector field theory of mathematical physics first developed in 1962, and for which no solutions have ever been found. ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Density of restrictions of $p$-harmonic functions on a hypersurface

Let $\omega,\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$, $n\geq2$, be bounded smooth domains so that $\bar\omega\subset\Omega$. Let $1<p<\infty$. Define the boundary space $B=W^{1,p}(\omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\omega)$; ...
1
vote
1answer
294 views

Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Let $X$ be a non vanishing vector field on a compact manifold $M$. The only differential operator associated with $X$ which I am aware of, is the derivational operator $D(g)=X.g$. Unfortunately ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

the most natural approach to solve an elliptic PDE in R^n [closed]

Let $n \geq 1, \lambda >0, f \in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $b: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ a vector field satisfying $\mbox{div}(b) \in L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$. What would be the most natural ...
7
votes
1answer
137 views

Mountain Pass theorem for minimization problems with constraints

Let $I[u]$ be a functional on a (possibly infinite dimensional) Hilbert space. Then, under some conditions, the Mountain Pass theorem guarantees the existence of a saddle point (see ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Showing existence of positive weak solution of a PDE by CoV

Given the following PDE $$ \begin{cases} -\Delta u+\alpha=u^q &x\in\Omega\\ u=0 &x\in\partial\Omega \end{cases} $$ where $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^3$ is open bounded with smooth boundary, ...
2
votes
0answers
215 views

A integral equation with Discrete to result by inverse problem

Problem I asked a question at Math.SE last year and later offered a bounty for it, but it remains unsolved even in the simplest case. So I finally decided to repost this case here, (I know the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Oblique derivative smoothness of harmonic functions

Let $Q$ be a domain in the half-space $\mathbb R^n\cap\{x_n>0\}$ and part of its boundary is a domain $S$ on the hyperplane $x_n=0$. Let $u\in C(\bar Q)\cap C^2( Q)$ satisfy $\Delta u=0$ in $Q$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Method of proving the regularity of the minimizer of geometric variational problems

Recall the proof of the $(\Lambda,r_0)$-perimeter minimizer. We say that $E$ is a $(\Lambda,r_0)$-perimeter minimizer in an open set A provided $sptD\chi_E=\partial E$ and there exist two constants ...
4
votes
0answers
192 views

Characterization of kernel of Bianchi operator

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold, $\mathcal{S}=\Gamma(\odot^2T^*M)$ the Frechet space of symmetric $2$-covariant tensors, and $\mathcal{M}=\Gamma(\odot^2_+T^*M)$ the Frechet manifold of metrics on ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Space of p-harmonic functions

Let $\Omega \subset\mathbb{R}^d$, $d \geq 2$, be a sufficiently nice set to make the following question meaningful. I am interested in the space of p-harmonic functions on $\Omega$; that is, the ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

$\lVert u\rVert_{W^{2,p}}$ is bounded above by $\lVert \Delta_p u\rVert_{L^2}$ for $u \in W^{1,p}_0 \cap W^{2,p}$?

I work on a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $p \geq 2$ and the operator $\Delta_p u = \nabla \cdot (|\nabla u |^{p-2}\nabla u)$. Does the following inequality (or something similar hold) for ...
12
votes
2answers
395 views

Does the Legendre-Hadamard condition imply a generalized Gårding inequality?

For simplicity, we restrict to constant coefficients. Let $A^{ij}_{ab} \in \mathbb{R}$, $1 \le i, j \le n$ and $1 \le a, b\le m$, satisfy the Legendre-Hadamard condition: $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

What is the limit of the derivative of the harmonic extension/Dirichlet solution in $C^{1,\alpha}$ cases?

Let $f:\mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{S}^1$ be an orientation-preserving homeomorphism. Denote by $H(f)$ the complex harmonic extension/solution in $\mathbb{D}$ to the Dirichlet problem with boundary data ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

The level set of convolution

Suppose $u\in C^2(\bar \Omega)\cap C^\infty(\Omega)$ is a function which is compact supported on $\Omega$ with $u\equiv 0$ at $\partial\Omega$, and $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^3$. We also assume that ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Linking theorem, elliptic pde

I am trying to solve some linear system of the form $$ \Delta \phi +p v(r)^{p-1} \psi = -f, \qquad \Delta \psi + qu(r)^{q-1} \phi =g $$ in $ \mathbb{R}^N$ where $ f,g$ are given and $ \phi,\psi$ are ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Regularity of solutions of strongly elliptic system: how smooth must the boundary be?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a bounded domain with the boundary of class $C^{1,1}$. Let $A$ be a selfadjoint operator acting in $L^2(\Omega;\mathbb{C}^n)$. The operator $A$ is given by the ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Elliptic operator on non compact manifolds with ends of the type $\Omega\times (r,\infty)\times\mathbb{R}$

A smooth manifold $M$ is a manifold with a cylindrical end if there exists a compact subset $K\subset M$ such that $M\backslash K$ is diffeomorphic to $\Omega\times (r,\infty)$ where $\Omega$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Local Biot-Savart law in $B(x_o,r) \subset \mathbb R^2$

Let $u: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ and let $\omega = \text{curl } u$ be the 2D vorticity of $u$, where $u, \omega \in L^2(\mathbb R^2)$ and $\nabla \cdot u = 0$. The classical Biot-Savart law states ...
4
votes
0answers
63 views

A “gradient” weak Harnack inequality for quasilinear elliptic equations

Suppose we are in the following loosely described setting: we have a non-negative supersolution $h$ of the following elliptic equation: \begin{equation} \Delta h + \|\nabla h\|^2 + f(x) \geq 0 ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Implicit function theorem for elliptic partial differential equations

Consider the elliptic equation $-\Delta u=\alpha f(u)$ in $R^n$ and assume that for some $\alpha^* \in R$ it has a bounded smooth solution $u^*$ in $R^n$ ($f$ is a nice smooth function). Under what ...
6
votes
2answers
148 views

Is there a maximum principle for stress in continuum mechanics?

I'm working with the equilibrium equations in linear elasticity, which I have not worked with in the past. My engineering colleagues seem to "know" that the maximum Von Mises stress occurs on the ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Moser's iteration for non homogeneous quasilinear elliptic PDE

I want to know some reference of Moser's iteration for non homogeneous quasilinear uniformly elliptic PDE, in particular, $u_{ij}(\delta_{ij}+u_iu_j|\nabla u|^2)=0$. I want to know how to deal with ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Continuously dependent on parameters [closed]

How do we check whether the solution is continuouly dependent on parameters? Let $\Omega$ be a domain with smooth boundary. Say $f$ and $h$ are smooth. Assume that for each $\theta\in (0, 1]$, the ...