Questions about partial differential equations of elliptic type. Often used in combination with the top-level tag ap.analysis-of-pdes.

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1answer
321 views

Elliptic Differential Equations with rough boundary data

Question stated roughly: Consider the Dirichlet problem for an elliptic equation on a ball. How much can we say about regularity at the boundary of non-linear elliptic equations? Further, how can one ...
2
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1answer
192 views

Solvability of a nonlinear elliptic equation

Hi, let $\Omega \subset R^3$ be a bounded smooth domain, consider the elliptic equation \begin{equation} -\triangle u + u^2div u = f, \quad x \in \Omega, \quad u\big|_{\partial \Omega} = 0. ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Upper bounds for the solution of an elliptic PDE depending on a parameter.

Suppose I have the following PDE on $[0,1]^n$ $$\mathcal{L}u = -\nabla \cdot \left(a(x, r)\nabla u\right) = f(x,r), \qquad x\in [0,1]^n,$$ with periodic boundary conditions and $\int f(x) dx =0$ . ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the limit of the derivative of the harmonic extension/Dirichlet solution in $C^{1,\alpha}$ cases ?

Let $f:\mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{S}^1$ be an oreintation-preserving homeomorphism. Denote by $H(f)$ the complex harmonic extension/solution in $\mathbb{D}$ to the Dirichlet problem with boundary data ...
1
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1answer
440 views

Is $\int_{t\in S^1} |t-\zeta|^{\alpha}p(z,t) |dt| \leq K|z-\zeta|^{\alpha}, 0< \alpha < 1$ for uniform $K$?

I asked the question before, but didn't get any reply, so I took the liberty to ask again. Let $\zeta\in S^1$(unit circle in the complex plane) and $z\in \mathbb{D}$. Fix $0< \alpha < 1$. Then, ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

Boundary Value Problem in the space of Distributions

I will not be rigirous cause my question does not require this. It is well known how to treat the solution (for example) of the problem $\Delta u=f$ in $\Omega$ and $u=g$ on $\partial \Omega$ by the ...
3
votes
2answers
500 views

Elliptic regularity on bad domain

Let $\Omega \subset R^n$ be an open bounded set. Consider the Dirichlet problem $$ -\triangle u = 0, x \in \Omega, \quad u = \varphi, x \in \partial \Omega. $$ If $\varphi$ is a continuous function, ...
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0answers
126 views

Compactness of solutions of elliptic equation

Consider the following nonlinear elliptic equation $$ -\triangle u + u + u^3 = g, \quad x \in R^3. $$ If $g \in L^2(R^3)$, then the set $Q$ of solutions of above equation is bounded in $H^2(R^3)$, and ...
1
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1answer
178 views

Reference to the Existence and Uniqueness of the PDE system

Hi all I've the following Problem on systems of Partial Differential Equations.I have " N " Physical variables. and Finally I form the equation on a bounded domain having regular boundary in R^d. ...
2
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1answer
218 views

Uniform upper estimate for derivatives of solution of an elliptic PDE

Let for every $i=1,\dots,n$ and $j=1,\dots,n$ be given functions $a^{ij}\colon\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$, $b^{i}\colon\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$, $c\colon\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ from space ...
3
votes
1answer
340 views

Does the operator $\mathrm{id}-t\Delta$ or its Green's function have a name?

Consider a Riemannian manifold and let $\mathrm{id}$ be the identity operator, let $\Delta$ be the scalar, negative-semidefinite Laplace-Beltrami operator, and let $t > 0$ be a parameter. Does ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Harmonic/conformal map composition between manifolds in either order?

Suppose $\mathcal{M}$, $\mathcal{N}$, and $\mathcal{P}$ are Riemannian manifolds (compact and of dimension 2, if it matters). It seems well-known that if $\phi:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow\mathcal{N}$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
698 views

Explicit analytic solution of an 2D Poisson equation

I am not very familiar with analytic solution of PDEs. Here is the problem I don't know how to solve: Let $\Omega$ be the unit square $(0,1)^2$, we consider the elliptic equation $-div(k(x,y) ...
2
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2answers
365 views

How to solve the $C^\alpha$ Poisson equation on closed Riemannian manifolds?

To be specific, suppose $M$ is a closed oriented manifold, $g$ is a Riemannian metric of $M$. Let $\Delta_g$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator w.r.t. $g$. Prove: Suppose $f\in C^\alpha(M)$ satisfies ...
1
vote
1answer
610 views

Extension of harmonic function

Suppose $u$ is a harmonic function of a domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and $u$ is continuous up to the boundary. If $\partial\Omega$ has an open smooth portion, can $u$ be extended to a harmonic ...
0
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1answer
205 views

Boundary regularity of quasiconformal homeomorphisms of the unit disk ?

Hello, I asked this question before, but didn't get any response, so I took the liberty of asking once again , with slightly modified version of the question: Consider an orientation-preserving ...
2
votes
1answer
314 views

A property of weakly harmonic functions

Let $u$ be a distribution in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $\Delta u$=0 in the distributional sense. In addition $u\in L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$, $p>1$, then can we conclude that $u$ is zero almost everywhere ...
6
votes
3answers
169 views

Stability of the spectrum for perturbations of the boundary

Consider the Laplace operator on a smooth bounded open set with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I need some result of the following type: if one perturbs the boundary in a suitable sense to be ...
2
votes
2answers
282 views

Reference for all solutions of homogeneous elliptic and parabolic equations with Hölder continuous coefficients to be classical

Consider a uniformly elliptic equation $$ \sum_{i,j=1}^n a_{ij}(x)\partial_{ij}u+\sum_{i=1}^n b_{i}(x)\partial_{i}u+c(x)u=0 $$ say, in an open ball $B\subset \mathbb R^n$, where coefficients are ...
2
votes
1answer
480 views

Variational formulation for bilaplacian

I am trying to derive a variational formulation for the following problem $$\left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \Delta^2u=f, & \Omega \\ \Delta u+\rho \partial_{\nu}u=0, & \partial \Omega ...
2
votes
2answers
400 views

Smooth Sobolev extension from $W^{1,p}(U)$ to $W^{1,p} (\mathbb{R}^n) $

The question I would be asking is roughly : do the smooth Sobolev functions defined on an open bounded domain extend to smooth Sobolev functions on the Euclidean space ? For detail : Fix $p \geq 1. ...
1
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2answers
837 views

Geometric Mean Value Property

Does anyone know where I could find a proof of a variant of a version of the mean-value property for harmonic functions in Riemannian manifolds? I'm actually more interested in using an elliptic ...
6
votes
3answers
544 views

Moser regularity proof avoiding John-Nirenberg lemma

I heard a rumor that there exists a proof by Moser-style iteration of the $C^{0,\alpha}$-regularity for $W^{1,2}$-solutions $u$ to elliptic equations with measurable coefficients which does not rely ...
1
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0answers
151 views

On explicit eigenfunctions

Given an algebraic surface $S$ defined by an algebraic equation such as $x^{4}+2y^{4}+3z^{4}=1$, how would one find the third smallest eigenvalue $\mu_{3}$ for the differential equation $\Delta ...
2
votes
0answers
181 views

Core of divergence form operator with unbounded coefficient

Consider the unbounded operator $L$ on $L^2(\mathbb{R^d})$ to be the self-adjoint extension of $$Lf := \nabla \cdot \left(a(x) \nabla f(x) \right)$$ on $C^2_c(\mathbb{R^d})$. I also assume that ...
2
votes
0answers
161 views

A first order ODE with Sobolev estimates

Suppose $f: {\mathbb R}\to {\mathbb R}$ is a continuous function satisfying $$f(s) = c_- >0,\forall s<-T; f(s) = c_+<0, \forall s>T.$$ (For simplicity we may even assume that $f$ is ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Convergence of finite element method: counterexamples

There are many known results proving convergence of finite element method for elliptic problems under certain assumptions on underlying mesh [e.g., Braess,2007]. Which of these common assumptions are ...
1
vote
2answers
523 views

Hölder estimates on solutions of non-linear elliptic PDE.

In his book "Some non-linear problems in Riemannian geometry" T. Aubin states the following result (Theorem 3.56): Let $A(u)=F(x,u,\nabla u,\nabla^2u)$ be a non-linear second order differential ...
2
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0answers
264 views

A free boundary problem by finite difference method

I wanna discretize the following free boundary problem Find $u$ and $\Omega$ such that $\Delta u=1-\delta_0$ in $\Omega$ with the conditions $u=|\nabla u|=0$ on $\partial \Omega$. I apply finite ...
2
votes
3answers
460 views

Finding an $H^1$ function given its values on $\partial\Omega$

Background I've met this problem when I was trying to convert a elliptic PDE problem into the corresponding variational problem in order to apply finite element method. The PDE is an elliptic PDE ...
4
votes
1answer
532 views

regularity of solutions of fractional laplacian

Hello, I am looking for boundary regularity of solutions of $(-\Delta)^s u= f(x)$ in $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions and where $f $ is nice enough say $f\in C^{1,\alpha}(\overline\Omega)$. ...
5
votes
1answer
356 views

A moving boundary in rock mechanics

I'm concern a moving boundary problem in rock mechanics. We consider a problem of unsaturated flow of an in-compressible fluid in a porous medium(rock) like D. Moreover suppose that support of a ...
3
votes
2answers
724 views

The Hölder continuity condition of the Schauder estimates

The classical Schauder estimates (see the link) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schauder_estimates Requires $f\in C^\alpha$ in order to get a solution $u\in C^{2+\alpha}$ of the equation $$\Delta u=f$$ ...
5
votes
2answers
832 views

Estimates on the Green function of an elliptic second order differential operator.

Let $D$ be a linear differential elliptic operator of second order with infinitely smooth coefficients acting on real valued functions on a compact manifold $M$. Let us assume that $D$ has no free ...
5
votes
3answers
928 views

Integration by parts for a general negative-definite self-adjoint operator.

I suspect I am asking a very stupid question. Suppose you have self-adjoint negative-definite operator $L$ densely defined on a space $L^2(\pi)$, with $Lf = \nabla \cdot ( A(x)\nabla f)$, for some ...
4
votes
2answers
327 views

Can the solution of an elliptic operator with smooth coefficients have zeros of infinite order?

I've been told that the answer is no, but I'm having a hard time finding a reference. More precisely, I'm interested in the following. Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bonded open connected set, ...
4
votes
0answers
312 views

Do there exist generalized conformal maps that preserve elliptic measure?

Let $D_1$ and $D_2$ be two bounded simply connected Jordan domains in $\mathbb{R}^2$. By Carathéodory's Theorem there exists a homeomorphism $f:\bar{D}_1 \to \bar{D}_2$ such that the restriction ...
1
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0answers
195 views

References? Stability of the Cauchy problem for elliptic and backward-parabolic operators.

Dear community. I'm looking for survey articles about recent and old results about stability for the elliptic and backward-parabolic Cauchy problem. For example: Take $\partial_t u + ...
2
votes
0answers
250 views

Is the complex harmonic extension of a $\mathcal{C^r}$ map from $S^1$ to $\mathbb{C}$ is smooth upto the boundary ?

Suppose we have a map $ h : S^1\to \mathbb{C} $ that we know is a $\mathcal{C^r} $ map ( in the sense of a map between 1-manifold ( or in the sense of a $2\pi$ periodic map from $\mathbb{R}\to ...
2
votes
1answer
379 views

orthonormal basis of eigenvectors for laplacian on a concave polygon

I am interested in the Laplace operator $\Delta$ on a concave polygon. When the polygon is convex, it is known that $\Delta: H^2(\Omega) \rightarrow L^2(\Omega)$ is boundedly invertible. In addition, ...
3
votes
0answers
337 views

problem with non linear pde

I have the following pde which i cannot solve. any suggestions, tips on how to approach a solution? $$\left(1-x^3 \frac{\partial y}{\partial x} \partial_{y}\right) f(y(x))-1/4 \left(1-\frac{1}{x^3 ...
1
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3answers
307 views

another solution to PDE possible?

hi there, i have the following pde: $$(\partial_x x^4 \partial_x - \partial_t^2)y(x,t)=0$$ and found the solution $$y=a+t^2-1/x^2$$, with a a constant. Is this solution unique? Does anyone know of any ...
2
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0answers
286 views

Vanishing solution of the Poisson equation at infinity

Hi, I am interested in finding some vanish bahavior at infinity of the solutions of this kind of equations: $-\Delta\phi+a(x)\phi=b(x)$ where $a(x), b(x)\in L^{p}$ with $1\leq p\leq 3$. Besides ...
2
votes
2answers
446 views

smoothness of solution for second order elliptic problem

Hello all, could someone point me to a reference that ties the smoothness of the solution $u$ to the classical elliptic problem $\nabla \cdot ( q \nabla u ) = f \;,\; x \in \Omega$ $u = g \;,\; x ...
4
votes
1answer
319 views

Does Hölder continuity imply smoothness for the CMC equation: $u:D^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$, $\Delta u = 2H\partial_xu\times\partial_yu$, $H$ constant?

Context: I am currently reading through the freely available lecture notes from Tristan Riviere (here) on the applicability of integration by compensation in the analysis of various geometrically ...
2
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0answers
273 views

Poisson problem with a “scaled” Laplacian.

Let $d_1$ and $d_2$ be positive constants. I'm considering a 2D Poisson-like problem of the form $$ d_1\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_1^2} + d_2\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_2^2} = f$$ in the ...
1
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1answer
696 views

Laplace equation over concentric spheres

Is there a closed formula for the solution of Dirichlet problem ($\Delta u=0$) for annulus $r <|x| < R$, $x \in R^n$ (n>2), with two given boundary value functions, $f$ over $|x|=r$ and $g$ over ...
6
votes
3answers
924 views

Betti number and harmonic forms

Dear Experts, On a compact, boundless, Riemannian manifold, the dimension of the space of harmonic k-forms is equal to the k-th Betti number. Is this correct (by Hodge theory)? For example, on the ...
1
vote
1answer
851 views

Poisson equation with special Neumann BC

Hi Consider Poisson equation with Neumann boundary condition but the right hand side of boundary condition is in term of the unknown function $u$. How we can solve it? $\Delta u(x) = f(x)\quad in~ ...
2
votes
2answers
622 views

Trace space and Neumann boundary condition

In which sense is it possible to solve $\Delta u=0$, $\partial_\nu u=\phi$, for $\int\phi=0$ on a closed domain, say a ball $B^3\subset\mathbb R^3$? For example would a $\phi\in L^p(\partial B^3)$, ...