Questions about partial differential equations of elliptic type. Often used in combination with the top-level tag ap.analysis-of-pdes.

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20 views

Existence of at least one positive solution for semilinear biharmonic equation with critical exponent

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$, $N\geq 5$. Now assume the biharmonic problem with singular term as follow \begin{cases} ‎\Delta^2u=‎‎\lambda ‎‎\dfrac{u}{|x|^4}‎‎+u^{‎p}‎ & ...
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0answers
31 views

Question about “Third existence theorem for weak solutions” in Evans - Partial Differential equations [migrated]

I'm currently studying Evans excellent book "Partial Differential Equations" and I'm a bit stuck in the proof of Theorem 5 in Section 6.2.3 (P. 305, "Third Existence Theorem for weak solutions). What ...
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0answers
43 views

Is there any theory of Hamilton-Jacobi system?

I am curious that is there any theory for (time-dependent) HJ system? I know for HJ equation, we have viscosity solution, which depends heavily on Maximal principle. However, for systems, this seems ...
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1answer
73 views

Cea's lemma and norms

I would like your help understanding this article. Page 239 (3.2 A priori error estimates), I am quickly getting lost because of the type of norm that is always changing. Things I do not ...
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0answers
33 views

Is the heat kernel satisfies the heat equation in viscosity sense?

Let us see the heat kernel \begin{equation} k(x,t)= \begin{cases} (4\pi t)^{-\frac{n}{2}}\exp\{-\frac{1}{4}t^{-1}|x|^{2}\},t>0\\ 0,t\leq0. \end{cases} \end{equation} It is easy to see that $k\in ...
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0answers
155 views

One parameter family of elliptic equations

Consider the following 2nd order nonlinear elliptic equation on $\mathbb{R}^n$: $$-\Delta \varphi + \sum_i a_i(x, \varepsilon)\partial_i \varphi + \varphi = N(\varphi),$$ where $N$ is a smooth ...
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0answers
64 views

Examples for differential operators first order

Currently I am dealing with the problems which involve the general first order differential operator, i.e., for some open domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ with certain regular bondary and a function ...
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0answers
54 views

biharmonic equation with L^1 data and Navier Condition

I am reading an article that, a section of it is mentioned below . I have some question about this section. I will ask my question after the section below. I am thanksed if some one could help me , ...
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2answers
133 views

What can we say about the boundary of the level set of a Sobolev function?

I'm a beginner of the area of free boundary problem. Let me first give some background: $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is an open connected set, and locally $\partial \Omega$ is a Lipschitz graph. ...
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2answers
71 views

References for non-zero boundary value problem

I studied linear elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic PDEs (boundary/initial value problem) in terms of existence, uniqueness and regularity. I studied always, following Evans book "PDE", the case with ...
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0answers
86 views

Regularity of weak solution

I have also posted the question here. Let me explain what difficulties I have. In fact, one may write \begin{equation} \partial_1(f-\partial_1 u)=0 \end{equation} in $\Omega$. Then one may have the ...
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3answers
157 views

Limits for eigenvalues for the Dirichlet Laplacian

If $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $\lambda(\Omega)$ be an eigenvalue of the problem $$ \begin{cases} -\Delta u=\lambda u & \mbox{in }\Omega\\ u=0 & \mbox{on ...
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0answers
74 views

Existence of the solution of a Dirichlet type differential equation

I'm reading the first chapter of the book A geometric approach to free boundary problems by Caffarelli and Salsa, see the PDF here. The question came from Page 14—15. Let me state my question: ...
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0answers
44 views

Monotonic convergence of Newton's method for boundary value problems

I’m interested in solving nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems of the type $$ -a\Delta u + f(u) = 0, $$ $$ u|_\Gamma = u_0 $$ by Newton’s method when its convergence is global and monotonic. ...
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0answers
37 views

Degenerate Carleman Estimate for Laplace Beltrami Operator

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary and that I have been able to prove a Carleman type estimate of the following form for an explicit phase function $\phi$ : $ \| e^ {\tau ...
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1answer
96 views

Square Integrable Harmonic Functions in an Infinite Strip

Suppose $S= \left\{x \in \mathbb{R}^3 : a <x_1< b \right\} $ is an infinite strip the three dimensional Euclidean Space. Is it true that the only $L^2$ harmonic function in this strip is the ...
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2answers
104 views

Operator on a Sobolev space [closed]

I'm studying Sobolev spaces using Evans' PDE book. I can't figure out this simple fact. Let $L$ be an operator in this form: $$Lu= \sum{D_i(a_{ij}D_j(u))+\sum{b_iD_i(u)+cu}}.$$ I can't understand why ...
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1answer
102 views

How to modify a $H^1$ weak convergence sequence so that I have the $L^2$ equi-integrability of gradient?

Assume $u_n\to u$ weakly in $H^1(\Omega)$ where $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open bounded Lipschitz boundary. My goal is to find a new sequence $\bar u_n$ and a new function $\bar u$ such that ...
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1answer
75 views

solvability of linear elliptic pde on a torus

Consider a linear non-divergent form elliptic PDE on a flat torus $\mathbf{T}^n$, $$a_{ij}\partial_{ij}u+b_i\partial_iu=f$$ where all the coefficients and $f$ are smooth. What is the condition that ...
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0answers
69 views

Regularity result for the elliptic equation with Neumann conditions

I am having troubles to justify well some inequalities related with the classical theory of elliptic equations. Let us consider the problem \begin{align*} -\Delta c & =f,\text{ in }\Omega\\ ...
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0answers
74 views

Limit for eigenvalues of the Dirichlet problem

If $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $\lambda(\Omega)$ be an eigenvalue of the problem $$-\Delta\,u=\lambda\,u\,\,\mbox{in}\,\,\, \Omega, \, u=0\,\,\,\mbox{on}\,\,\, ...
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1answer
96 views

Norm equivalent to Sobolev norm? [closed]

On the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$, it is known that the spectrum of the Laplacian satisfies $\text{Spec}(-\Delta) \subset [\frac{(n - 1)^2}{4}, \infty)$. Consider the operator $P = -\Delta + a$, ...
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1answer
94 views

An inequality for eigenvalues of the Dirichlet problem

Is either of these inequalities true? $$\lambda(tA + (1-t)B)\geq t\lambda(A) + (1-t)\lambda(B)$$ or $$\lambda(tA + (1-t)B)\leq t\lambda(A) + (1-t)\lambda(B),$$ where $0\leq t \leq 1$, $A,B$ are ...
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1answer
125 views

Sobolev space for Mixed Dirichlet - Neumann boundary condition

Consider the subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^N$ with boundary $\partial\Omega$ sufficiently regular and let $\Gamma\subset\partial\Omega$ be a $(N-1)$- dimensional submanifold of $\partial\Omega$. ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Uniformly continuity over Nemytskii functional in $D^{1,2}(\mathbb{R}^N)$

recently i am working in the following question: Let $F(x,t)$ a Caratheodory function (i.e. $t \mapsto F(x,t)$ is continuous for all $x$ and $x \mapsto F(x,t)$ is Lebesgue mensurable for all $t$ ) ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Gradient estimate for elliptic equation

Given: 1)a bounded domain $\Omega$ in $\mathbb R^n$ of class $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$ 2) the function $f\in L^{\infty}(\Omega)$ with $\int_{\Omega} f=0$ 3)$g=(g_i,\ldots,g_n)\in ...
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0answers
90 views

Gilbarg-Trudinger's book Theorem 4.13

I am reading Gilbarg-Trudinger's book "Elliptic Partial Differential Equations of Second Order". I do not understand the proof of Theorem 4.13. Theorem 4.13 is a special case of Kellogg's theorem in ...
3
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0answers
95 views

Regularity in PDE theory

I stumbled over this question in the context of PDE theory and thought that maybe somebody here knows whether the following is true or not? Let $U$ be connected,open and bounded in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ...
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0answers
92 views

Asymptotics of “heat” semigroup

Consider a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary. Consider a second order elliptic operator $L$ on $L^2(\Omega)$, defined by either the Dirichlet or Neumann boundary ...
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2answers
149 views

Principal bundles and Subriemannian Geometry

In sub-Riemannian geometry, one considers manifolds $P$ equipped with a subbundle $\mathcal{H}$ of $TP$, the horizontal distribution. One then has a Riemannian metric only on this distribution ...
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54 views

Second derivative estimates for gradient dipendent elliptic equations

Caffarelli in the article " Interior a priori estimates for solutions of Fully non linear Equations" Ann. Math 130,No.1, 1989 proved that a continuous viscosity solution $ u $ of a uniformly elliptic ...
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0answers
128 views

On fundamental solutions to Poisson equation on 3-dimensional manifolds

I am interesting in solutions to Poisson equation $$\triangle \varphi = 4 \pi \rho \qquad (1)$$ defined on 3-dimensional oriented Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, where $g$ is metric and ...
1
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1answer
172 views

Existence and uniqueness of solutions for a nonlinear elliptic PDE

The following nonlinear elliptic PDE arose in my research: $$\Delta f - e^f \partial_s f = E(s,t)\,,$$ where $f : \mathbb R(s) \times \mathbb R/\mathbb Z(t) \to \mathbb R$, $f = f(s,t)$, is the ...
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0answers
30 views

Eigenvalue overdetermined problem

Consider the following overdetermined eigenvalue problem for $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^2$: $$(1) \ \ \ \ \begin{cases} - \Delta u = \lambda u & \text{ in }\Omega \\ u = 0 ...
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0answers
122 views

Elliptic regularity Schauder estimates with Dirichlet/Neumann boundary conditions

Consider the linear elliptic equation $Lu = 0$, where $L$ is a second degree elliptic operator with smooth coefficients on a bounded domain $\overline{\Omega} \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, where $\Omega$ is ...
3
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1answer
286 views

Moser estimates?

Consider $u$, an $L^2$ solution to the uniformly elliptic equation $(\partial_t^2 + L)u = 0$ on a ball $B_1$ of radius 1 centered at $(t_0, x_0)$, say, where $t$ can be treated as a "time" variable. I ...
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0answers
108 views

$L^2$ bound on solution of PDE in terms of $L^2$ norm of initial value

Let $u \in H^1((0,T)\times S)$ be the unique solution of $$u_{tt} + \Delta u =0$$ $$u|_{t=0}= u_0$$ $$u|_{t=T}=0$$ where $u_0 \in H^{\frac 12}(S)$ and $S$ is some Euclidean hypersurface without ...
2
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0answers
95 views

About a classic result from Han and Lin's PDE book

Let $A=a_{ij}$ be an $n \times n $ a symmetric matrix where the coeficients are in $L^{\infty}(B_r(0))$ and satisfies $$ \lambda |\xi|^2 \leq a_{ij}(x)\xi_i\xi_j \leq \alpha |\xi|^2, \ x \in ...
2
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1answer
221 views

Does this linear elliptic equation have a weak solution?

Let $Q = \Omega \times (0,C)$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded domain, write $(x,y) \in Q$ for $x \in \Omega$ and $y \in (0,C)$. Is the problem $$\Delta_{(x,y)}v = 0\quad\text{in $Q$}$$ $$\frac{\partial ...
3
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1answer
98 views

Laplacian on non-compact domains

I consider non-compact domains $\Omega$ with cylindrical ends. For example, $\Omega$ has a cover $\Omega_0 \cup (0,\infty) \times M$, where $\Omega_0$ has finite measure and $M$ is a compact manifold. ...
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1answer
102 views

Nontrivial solutions of a semilinear elliptic equation

What is known, for $N\geq3$, about the existence of nontrivial real-valued solutions $u=u(x)$ of the following semilinear elliptic equation: $$ \left\{ \enspace \begin{aligned} &\Delta u = f(u) ...
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2answers
179 views

“C^0 estimate for solutions to $\Delta(u)+e^{-u} \geq 0$”

Let $u: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}.$ Suppose I have a solution to the equation $$\Delta(u)+e^{-u} \geq 0$$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let r be the radial coordinate on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Suppose that $$lim_{r ...
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0answers
50 views

regularity of non-local linear elliptic equation

$\alpha\in (0,1)$, $u$ satisfies: \begin{equation*} b\cdot \nabla u(x)+\sum_{i=1}^d \int_{R} \left[u(x+se_i)-u(x)-s\mathbb{I}_{\{|s|\leq ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Localized eigenfunctions of drift Laplacians

I am looking for literature which discusses localization of eigenfunctions of drift Laplacians, i.e. $L\underline u=-\Delta \underline u+\underline{v}.\nabla \underline u$ in 2D/3D domains with ...
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0answers
82 views

maximum principle on compact manifolds with boundary

Let us consider the equation $Lu + f(u) = 0$ on a compact manifold $\overline{M} = M \cup \partial M$ with boundary, with Dirichlet boundary conditions. $L$ is a linear elliptic operator, and $f$ ...
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1answer
151 views

Analysis of Sobolev spaces [closed]

I just wanted to know wthether the following is OK or not. Let $X$ be $H_0^1(\Omega)\bigcap L^{\infty}(\Omega)$, thought of as a subspace of $H^1_0(\Omega)$ and endowed solely with the usual $H^1$ ...
2
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0answers
129 views

Sobolev space for manifold with boundary

For an compact manifold $M$ without boundary, we consider the eigenfunctions $(f_1,f_2,\ldots)$ of some elliptic operator (e.g $\Delta$) with eigenvalue $\lambda_{1},\lambda_{2},\ldots$. To define ...
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57 views

Control of Hessian by its trace in a bounded domain

We know if $u:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth function with compact support, then we can show, via integration by parts, that $$ \|\Delta u\|=\|\nabla^2u\| \tag 1 $$ where $||\cdot||$ is ...
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0answers
101 views

Schauder estimate on a bounded domain

We know if $u:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth function with compact support, then we can show, via integration by part, that $$ ||\Delta u||=||{\nabla}^2u|| $$ where $||\cdot||$ is the ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Uniqueness affine curvature

Let $\gamma_1,\gamma_2: \mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be two smooth, closed, convex curves that their (special)affine curvature, $\mu_1,\mu_2$ are equal, that is $\mu_1(\theta)=\mu_2(\theta)$, for ...