An elliptic curve is an algebraic curve of genus one with some additional properties. Questions with this tag will often have the top-level tags nt.number-theory or ag.algebraic-geometry in addition; note also the tag arithmetic-geometry as well as some related tags such as rational-points, ...

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29
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4answers
1k views

Are most cubic plane curves over the rationals elliptic?

%This is a new version of the original question modified in the light of the answers and comments. The word 'most' in the title is ambiguous. The following is one way of making it precise. ...
12
votes
2answers
730 views

Surjectivity of reduction maps of elliptic curves over Q

Let $E/\mathbf{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of rank $>0$. It is easy to see that there is a positive-density set of primes $p$ such that the reduction map $\mathrm{red}_p : E(\mathbf{Q}) \rightarrow ...
47
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there a “Basic Number Theory” for elliptic curves?

Tate's thesis showed how to profitably analyze $\zeta$ functions of number fields in terms of adelic points on the multiplicative group. In particular, combining Fourier analysis and topology, Tate ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a nice proof of the fact that there are (p-1)/24 supersingular elliptic curves in characteristic p?

If $k$ is a characteristic $p$ field containing a subfield with $p^2$ elements (e.g., an algebraic closure of $\mathbb{F}_p$), then the number of isomorphism classes of supersingular elliptic curves ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Generalizations of Belyi's theorem

Belyi's theorem states that the following properties of a nonsingular projective algebraic curve $X$ are equivalent: 1) $X$ is defined over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}};$ 2) There exists a meromorphic ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

Can the number of solutions $xy(x-y-1)=n$ for $x,y,n \in Z$ be unbounded as n varies?

Can the number of solutions $xy(x-y-1)=n$ for $x,y,n \in Z$ be unbounded as n varies? x,y are integral points on an Elliptic Curve and are easy to find using enumeration of divisors of n (assuming n ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

unboundedness of number of integral points on elliptic curves?

If $E/\mathbf{Q}$ is an elliptic curve and we put it into minimal Weierstrass form, we can count how many integral points it has. A theorem of Siegel tells us that this number $n(E)$ is finite, and ...
13
votes
1answer
489 views

components of E[p], E universal in char p.

I have just realised that a group scheme I've known and loved for years is probably a bit wackier than I'd realised. In this question, in Charles Rezk's answer, I erroneously claim that his ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Rational Points on $y^2=x^3-86069^5$

The analytic rank of the Mordell elliptic curve $y^2=x^3-86069^5$ indicates that it has rank 2. However, deriving a set of generators, and hence the regulator, is proving to be a little bit of an ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Is the ABC conjecture known to imply the Riemann hypothesis?

I once heard from a graduate student that the ABC conjecture implies the Riemann hypothesis. I can't find a reference for this, but given the department the student is from I tend to believe he might ...
3
votes
2answers
497 views

About equivalent statements of the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture [closed]

The Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture is well known in the current literature http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birch_and_Swinnerton-Dyer_conjecture My question is about the possible equivalent ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Over which fields does the Mordell-Weil theorem hold?

According to a well-known theorem of Mordell, the group of rational points $E(\mathbf{Q})$ of an elliptic curve $E/\mathbf{Q}$ is finitely generated. Weil generalized this theorem to abelian varieties ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

reduction of CM elliptic curves

Can someone indicate how to prove the following equivalences for a CM elliptic curve $E$: (i) $p$ is inert in End($E$) (ii) $E_p$ is supersingular (iii) The trace of the Frobenius at $p$ is $0$ ...
20
votes
1answer
936 views

Is the Modularity Theorem (currently) effective?

The Modularity Theorem says every elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ can be gotten from the classic modular curve $X_0(N)$ by a rational map. Here $N$ is the conductor, easily calculable from a ...
9
votes
2answers
519 views

Best bounds toward Serre's uniformity conjecture

If $E$ is a non-CM elliptic curve over $Q$, then it is a famous theorem of Serre that there is some integer $M(E)$ such that for any prime $\ell > M(E)$, the image of the Galois representations ...
9
votes
1answer
465 views

Parametric Families for Large Torsion Subgroups

The following are two facts about $\mathbb{Z}/9\mathbb{Z}$, $\mathbb{Z}/10\mathbb{Z}$, $\mathbb{Z}/12\mathbb{Z}$, $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z} \times \mathbb{Z}/8\mathbb{Z}$. (a) According to Andrej ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

A question on K_1 of an elliptic curve

Consider an elliptic curve $E/ \mathbb{Q}$, with a regular model $\mathcal{E} / \mathbb{Z}$. We have (Beilinson regulator) maps $$ K_1(\mathcal{E})^{(2)} \to K_1(E)^{(2)} \to H_D^3(E_{/ \mathbb{R}} , ...
6
votes
0answers
636 views

Can you get Siegel's theorem “for free” from modularity and Mazur's Eisenstein Ideal paper?

There is a well-known theorem of Shafarevich that given a finite set $S$ of primes the number of isomorphism classes of elliptic curves over $\Bbb Q$ with everywhere good reduction outside $S$ is ...
11
votes
2answers
598 views

Simple proofs for the existence of elliptic curves having a given number of points

Yesterday, after he gave a nice talk, Dick Gross and I were chatting and he brought up the following annoying problem: suppose that for $p$ a prime that $H_p$ is the "Hasse interval" $[p - 2 ...
8
votes
2answers
730 views

Extensions of the modularity theorem

In 1995 (if I'm not mistaken) Taylor and Wiles proved that all semistable elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ are modular. This result was extended to all elliptic curves in 2001 by Breuil, Conrad, ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

The existence of elliptic curves with prescribed supersingular primes

For a given infinite set of primes, not too big, eg, satisfying Lang-Trotter conjecture, can we always find an E.C. with supersingular reduction (at least) at these primes? How about E.C. without CM? ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Re: Mordell's Equation $y^2 = x^3 + k$ and Perfect Numbers

I have already tried a somewhat exhaustive search of the literature, but couldn't find anything close to the problem that I am working on. My question is: When does Mordell's Equation $$y^2 = x^3 ...
8
votes
1answer
529 views

how many consecutive integers $x$ can make $ax^2+bx+c$ square ?

The following problem was raised in a Mathlinks thread: If $a,b,c\in\mathbb Z$ such that $a\ne0$ and $b^2-4ac\ne 0$, for how many consecutive integers $x$ can $ax^2+bx+c$ ba a perfect square ? The ...
7
votes
1answer
254 views

Algebraic equations for modular parameterizations

I was wondering if there some place where for some small $N$ I can find explicit modular parameterizations in an algebraic way. One type of model for $X_0(N)$ is just given by a single algebraic ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Real points $a∈ℝ$ such that the equation $f^{(k)}(s)=a$ have a finite number of real solutions $s$ for some $k$

Let $$L(C,s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ be the Dirichlet series of the Hasse--Weil L-function of an elliptic curve $C$ over $ℚ$. The modularity theorem implies that $L(C,s)$ is the ...
1
vote
0answers
249 views

Does the property (P) holds true for the derivatives of $L$?

Let $$L(C,s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ be the Dirichlet series of the Hasse--Weil L-function of an elliptic curve $C$ over $ℚ$. As $s$ takes on real negative values, there are trivial zeros ...
11
votes
1answer
868 views

Fermat's Bachet-Mordell Equation

Fermat once claimed that the only integral solutions to $y^2 = x^3 - 2$ are $(3, \pm 5)$. Fermat knew Bachet's duplication formulas (more precisely, Bachet had a formula for computing what we call ...
4
votes
2answers
230 views

Argument for unboundedness of integral points of elliptic curves over number fields

Probably this is well known to those who know it. Got an argument and numerical support that over number fields elliptic curves in minimal models might have unbounded number of integral points, the ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

a question on CM elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ defined by an equation $y^2=4x^3-g_2x-g_3$ and let $\omega=\int_\gamma \frac{dx}{y}$ be the integral of the regular differential form ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

The relative sizes of coordinates of a point on projective genus 1 curve (second try)

Hopefully this is better than what I asked yesterday and Milton solved. Let $ C : F(x,y,z)=0$ be a projective genus $1$ curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ with no restriction on the degree. Write a point $P = ...
1
vote
1answer
351 views

Determining $\mu$-invariant of elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$

From Pollack's table on his homepage, I have the values of mu invariant of elliptic curves 38B1 & 38B2 (labeled as in Cremona table). But I need to know the values of mu invariants of 38A1, 38A2, ...