An elliptic curve is an algebraic curve of genus one with some additional properties. Questions with this tag will often have the top-level tags nt.number-theory or ag.algebraic-geometry in addition; note also the tag arithmetic-geometry as well as some related tags such as rational-points, ...

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Tate module of CM elliptic curves

This is an exercise in Silverman's book "the arithmetic of elliptic curves". Ex 3.24, page 109. E/K CM elliptic curve, Prove for $\ell \neq char(K)$, the action of $Gal(\bar{K}/K)$ on $T_{\ell}(E)$ ...
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1answer
183 views

Derivatives of theta functions at zero

Let $L$ be a line bundle over complex elliptic curve, $\deg L = k>0$. Theta functions $$ \theta_s(z;\tau)_k=\sum_{r\in \mathbb{Z}} e^{\pi i [(\frac{s}{k} + r)^2 k \tau + 2kz(\frac{s}{k}+r)]}, ...
3
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1answer
231 views

Nearest trio of neighbours for non-intersecting ellipses

I'm working on a problem which is to find the closest trio of neighbours for a set of arbitrarily placed non-intersecting ellipses. As a new user I'm not allowed to include image tags but I've ...
3
votes
2answers
260 views

Is it normal surface of general type to have infinitely many positive rank elliptic curves?

Cross-posted from MSE. I am not good at algebraic geometry and almost surely am misunderstanding something. Got an alleged argument against Bombieri-Lang conjecture and would like to know what the ...
12
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3answers
654 views

Are there nonisotrivial elliptic curves over $\mathbb{G}_m$?

Is there an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{C}[t, t^{-1}]$ that has a nonconstant $j$-invariant? What is an equation for such a curve, if it exists?
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0answers
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Help for reference of moduli stack of fake elliptic curve

I see everywhere says the following: Let $B$ be an indefinite quaternion algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ of discriminant $D$, $\mathcal{O}_B$ be a maximal order, $N$ be an positive integer coprime to $D$. ...
4
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0answers
174 views

On $a+b+c= abc = n$, elliptic curves, and solvable Galois groups

Solving $a+b+c = abc = 6$ in the rationals entails solving, $$-24a+36a^2-12a^3+a^4=z^2\tag1$$ which is birationally equivalent to an elliptic curve. It can be shown that if $a$ is a solution, then ...
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66 views

Polynomial identities for congruent numbers and Bunyakovsky's conjecture

Bunyakovsky's conjecture states that polynomial with integer coefficients takes infinitely many prime values unless there are obvious reasons not to. It appears to imply something about polynomial ...
2
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0answers
67 views

Number of CM lifting of an ordinary elliptic curve

Before asking my questions I will start with an example: There are two CM elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ with CM field $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-7})$, whose $j$-invariants are $-3^3.5^3$ and $3^3. 5^3. ...
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3answers
583 views

Ranks of elliptic curves depend only on the field?

Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be an algebraic extension, and let $E_1,E_2/\mathbb{Q}$ be elliptic curves. Is it possible that the Mordell-Weil rank of $E_1(K)$ is finite while that of $E_2(K)$ is infinite?
2
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1answer
205 views

Congruence Number of 197A1

It is reported in this paper by Zagier, as well as in Sage, that the elliptic curve $E=197A1$ has congruence number 10. (Since $E$ has prime conductor, a theorem of Ribet ensures that the congruence ...
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0answers
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An elliptic curve trivial over any extension unramified outside 7 and infinity?

Is there an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $E(K)$ is trivial for every finite extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ with discriminant a power of $7$ ?
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0answers
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Possible counterexample to a conjecture of Granville about automorphisms of twists of hyperelliptic curves

This might be a counterexample to a conjecture of Granville about automorphisms of twists of hyperelliptic curves. In this paper, the quadratic twist of $f(x)=y^2$ is denoted by $C_d : d y^2=f(x)$ ...
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201 views

Is the compositum of all quadratic extensions of the rationals an ample field?

Let $K$ be the compositum of all quadratic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$, that is $$K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d} \ : \ d \in \mathbb{Q}).$$ Is there a (geometrically irreducible) smooth variety ...
3
votes
4answers
461 views

Integral points on a particular family of curves

This is a follow-up to this question (and comments thereon). Namely, it follows from Felipe Voloch's comment that for any $n>2$ there is a finite set of integral $(x, y),$ such that $$ ...
0
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1answer
220 views

A particular interesting elliptic curve

Given the elliptic curve $E:y^2=x^3-4x+4$. (a) How to prove that the group of rational points $E(\mathbb{Q})$ is generated by $P=(2,2)$. (b) If we consider the piece of curve on the region ...
4
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1answer
488 views

Weierstrass form of genus one $y^{10} z^{30} - 8000 y^{4} z^{20} + 12800000 z^{20} + 1600 y^{2} z^{10} - 64=0$

Related to the n-conjecture. We are looking for Weierstrass form and map from it of the genus one curve: $$ y^{10} z^{30} - 8000 y^{4} z^{20} + 12800000 z^{20} + 1600 y^{2} z^{10} - 64=0 $$ It is ...
8
votes
1answer
573 views

Remark 4.23.4 in Hartshorne

Crosspost from math.stackexchange, since it's quite possible I might not get a response there. Remark 4.23.4 in Chapter IV of Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry references a paper by Elkies that ...
13
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2answers
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More elliptic curves for $a^4+b^4+c^4+d^4 = (a+b+c+d)^4$?

(Note: See also the $a^4+b^4+c^4 = 1$ version in this old MSE post.) The equation discussed in a paper by Jacobi and Madden, $$a^4+b^4+c^4+d^4 = (a+b+c+d)^4 = z^4\tag1$$ or equivalently, $$(p-2q + ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

Equidistribution of representations by a binary cubic form

Let $f(x,y)\in\mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ be a binary cubic form with nonzero discriminant, and for a positive integer $m$ consider the integral representations $f(x,y)=m$. Assume that the number of ...
14
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1answer
301 views

Why there are only finitely many $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$-isomorphism classes of elliptic curves with CM by $\mathcal{O}$?

For someone who does not have a very extensive knowledge of number theory, what is a good intuitive explanation as to why there are only finitely many $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ isomorphism classes of ...
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Result of Deuring, intuitive way to see it's true/quickest way to prove?

There is the following result of Deuring that goes as follows: Let $E/L$ be an elliptic curve defined over a number field $L$ with complex multiplication by an order $\mathcal{O}$ in an imaginary ...
6
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1answer
155 views

Question on paper of Stewart and Top about ranks of elliptic curves over Q(t)

I'm reading "On Ranks of Twists of Elliptic Curves and Power-Free Values of Binary Forms" by Stewart and Top, and struggling to understand the argument on pg 962 which shows that the rank of a ...
2
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1answer
141 views

isogeny clases of CM abelian varieties

Let $A$ be an abelian variety defined over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ and with complex multiplication by a CM field $K$. Looking at the action of $K$ on $H^0(A, \Omega^1_A)$ one gets a CM type of $K$, ...
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0answers
142 views

Conditions for splitting of short exact sequence?

Are there conditions under which the short exact sequence $$0\rightarrow E (K)/mE (K)\rightarrow H^1_{Sel}(K,E_m)\rightarrow \Sha(E|K)_m\rightarrow 0$$ splits? I assume $K $ to be a number field and ...
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0answers
101 views

References for modular curves over finite fields [closed]

I'm looking for a detailed reference for modular curves over finite fields, such as $X(N)$, $X_1(N)$, and $X_0(N)$. There seems to be a lot of literature dealing with them over $\mathbb{C}$, but I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
140 views

Special type Diophantine equations with integer solutions

The following problem on Diophantine equation is still solved or not I don't know. However, I found few solutions by trail and error method. Problem: $X^2 - X = Y^5 - Y$ has integer solutions or not? ...
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1answer
126 views

From an eigenfom with $\mathbf{Q}$-coefficients to $j$-invariants

Given a cuspidal, classical eigenform $f\in S_2(\Gamma_0(N))$ of weight $2$ and with $\mathbf{Q}$-coefficients is there a way of describing the set $J_f$ of $j$-invariants of the elliptic curves lying ...
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0answers
57 views

What is the complexity of finding a generator for the cyclic elliptic curves?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve which is defined over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$, where $p$ is a prime number. If we know that $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$ is cycyclic, is there an algorithm to find its ...
11
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2answers
894 views

Serre's Open Image Theorem Without Shafarevich's Theorem

In Abelian l-adic Representations and Elliptic Curves (1968), J. P. Serre showed that the adelic representation $$\rho_{E}\colon G_K \to \mathrm{GL}(\hat{\mathbb{Z}}^2)$$ associated to an elliptic ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

Secant varieties of curves in $\mathbb{P}^4$

My question is motivated by the following simple observations. By a standard dimensions count in $\mathbb{P}^4$ there should not exist neither an hypersurface of degree $3$ with multiplicity $2$ in ...
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Are the elliptic curve discrete log problem and the elliptic curve Diffie-Hellman problem equivalent?

Suppose that $G=\langle g\rangle$ is a general group of order $p$. Maurer has introduced an algorithm to reduce the discrete log problem to the Diffie-Hellman problem under a conjecture about smooth ...
6
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0answers
67 views

Prime divisors of the norm of the first coefficient of an elliptic newform at width-1 cusps.

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of conductor $N$ and let $f$ be its newform. Suppose $p \geq 5$ is a prime such that $p^2 \mid N$. We assume $f$ is $p$-minimal, which is equivalent to that the ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

On the number of 3-Selmer elements of rational elliptic curves

I am trying to understand a step in the proof of Theorem 39 in the recent work of Bhargava and Shankar, "Ternary Cubic Forms having bounded invariants, and the existence of a positive proportion of ...
13
votes
2answers
380 views

Elliptic curves and supercuspidal representations of conductor $p^2$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime of additive reduction for $E$. Let $f$ be the newform associated to $E$, and let $\pi$ be the irreducible admissible ...
4
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0answers
195 views

Example of a genus-1 degree-7 plane curve

I am wondering if anyone knows how to construct an explicit example of an irreducible plane curve of degree 7 with 14 double points. Such a curve would have genus 1. One can show that for a general ...
3
votes
2answers
279 views

n torsion groups of quadratic twists of elliptic curves

If $E$ is an elliptic curve over a number field $K$ and $E^{F}$ is a quadratic twist of $E$. Then it is stated in ``Ranks of twists of elliptic curves and Hilbert’s tenth problem" due to Mazur and ...
2
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1answer
358 views

Is the upper half plane an algebraic stack?

Here by algebraic stack I mean an algebraic stack over the etale site $\textbf{Sch}/\mathbb{C}$. So I've read from various nonrigorous sources that the upper half plane $\mathcal{H}$ is a fine moduli ...
13
votes
1answer
536 views

What are the strongest conjectured uniform versions of Serre's Open Image Theorem?

This question concerns the uniform conjectured effective versions and generalizations of these two results of Serre on $\ell$-adic Galois representations $\rho_{E,\ell}$ associated to a non-CM ...
12
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3answers
578 views

Order of torsion group

What can one say about the order of the torsion group of an elliptic curve defined over the compositum of all quadratic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$ ?
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1answer
113 views

Elliptic Curve Multiplication [closed]

What would happen if I performed Elliptic Curve multiplication on some random point within the FiniteField that wasn't actually on the curve? I assume that I would get a point in return but would that ...
11
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0answers
433 views

Why are solutions to $\sqrt[k]{x_1^k+x_2^k+x_3^k+x_4^k}$ for $k=2,3$ curiously smooth?

Given an integer solution $s_m$ to the system, $$x_1^2+x_2^2+\dots+x_n^2 = y^2$$ $$x_1^3+x_2^3+\dots+x_n^3 = z^3$$ and define the function, $$F(s_m) = x_1+x_2+\dots+x_n$$ For $n\geq3$, using an ...
5
votes
2answers
593 views

Mazur's torsion theorem on elliptic curves and its generalisations

I want to study Mazur's torsion theorem for elliptic curves over $Q$ and its generalizations for number fields, i.e., papers by Kamienny, Kenku & Momose, Filip Najman. So please suggest to me what ...
7
votes
1answer
244 views

how do automorphisms of elliptic curves act on the Tate module?

Let $E/k$ be an elliptic curve over some algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p\ge 0$. It's known that $Aut(E)$ acts faithfully on the Tate module $T_\ell(E)$ ($\ell\ne p$) with ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Interpreting Frobenius pullback as an invariant differential in the case of an elliptic curve

Let $S$ be an affine scheme of characteristic $p > 0$, let $E \rightarrow S$ be an elliptic curve over $S$, and let $F$ denote the absolute Frobenius. Since $E$ is its own $\mathrm{Pic}^0$ there is ...
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0answers
147 views

Models for the moduli space $\overline{M}_{1,n}$

Let $\overline{M}_{1,n}$ denote the coarse moduli space of $n$-pointed elliptic curves. Is there an explicit description of these spaces (a la Kapranov's construction) for low $n$? Apparently this ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Re: Mordell's Equation $y^2 = x^3 + k$ and Perfect Numbers

I have already tried a somewhat exhaustive search of the literature, but couldn't find anything close to the problem that I am working on. My question is: When does Mordell's Equation $$y^2 = x^3 ...
3
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0answers
398 views

Automorphisms of the L-function associated to an elliptic $\mathbb{Q}$-curve

Edited after Noam Elkies' comment: From what I understand (very few actually), there exist elliptic curves defined over some number fields $\mathbb{K}$ Galois over $\mathbb{Q}$ which are isogenous to ...
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1answer
134 views

homological invariant of the “universal elliptic curve” over the punctured $j$-line

My question considers the curve $E$ over the affine $j$-line $S$ given by $$Y^2 - (j-1728)XY = X^3 - 36(j-1728)^3X - (j-1728)^5$$ This curve has the property that it's $j$-invariant is $j$ (see ...
15
votes
2answers
781 views

Simple proofs for the existence of elliptic curves having a given number of points

Yesterday, after he gave a nice talk, Dick Gross and I were chatting and he brought up the following annoying problem: suppose that for $p$ a prime that $H_p$ is the "Hasse interval" $[p+1- 2 ...