An elliptic curve is an algebraic curve of genus one with some additional properties. Questions with this tag will often have the top-level tags nt.number-theory or ag.algebraic-geometry in addition; note also the tag arithmetic-geometry as well as some related tags such as rational-points, ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
1answer
235 views

Rank growth of elliptic curves after cubic extensions

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve and let $N_E(3,X)$ denote the number of cyclic cubic extensions $K/\mathbb{Q}$ of conductor no more than $X$ for which $rank~E(K)> ~rank~ E(\mathbb{Q})$. ...
4
votes
2answers
375 views

Are there Heronian triangles that can be decomposed into three smaller ones?

Is there anything known about the existence of Heronian triangles ABC (i.e. with rational side lengths and rational area) that can be decomposed into three Heronian triangles ABD, BCD, CAD? ...
6
votes
0answers
283 views

elliptic curves over function fields

Let $K$ be a number field, $E$ an elliptic curve over $K$, and $p$ an odd prime. If $v$ is a place of $K$, we know by the Kummer injection that $E(K_v)/pE(K_v) \hookrightarrow H^1 (K_v, E[p])$ for ...
2
votes
2answers
279 views

Supersingular Elliptic Curves with rational isogeny?

Let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve over a number field, and $\mathfrak{p}$ a prime of good supersingular reduction. Let $p$ be the prime below $\mathfrak{p}$. I believe that the following is true, but I ...
3
votes
0answers
283 views

Rational points and Tesla cards

I'm rapidly approaching 300,000 curves in my ongoing search for Mordell curves of rank >=8. Currently I'm finding that I have a bottleneck in the code that locates rational points on these curves. ...
0
votes
2answers
276 views

The origin of the root number $w(C/ℚ)=±1$ (the sign of the functional equation)

The motivation for this question is the same as in my previous question in MO: http://mathoverflow.net/questions/115179/real-root-1-of-the-hasse-weil-l-function-of-c-over I am just curious to know ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

complex multiplication

For an abelian variety $A$, it is said to be have $complex \ multiplication$ if $\mathrm{End}(A) \otimes_{\mathbb{Z}} \mathbb{Q}$ contains a number filed $F$ of degree $2 \cdot \mathrm{dim} (A)$. ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

Torsion of elliptic curves is finite

Let $S$ be an integral 1-dimensional scheme with function field $K$. Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $K$. The torsion of $E$ over $K$ is not necessarily finite. As an example consider an elliptic ...
12
votes
0answers
231 views

For how many primes does an elliptic curve over a totally imaginary field have supersingular reduction?

An elliptic curve over a finite field, $k$, of characteristic p is called supersingular if it has no $p$-torsion over $k^{\mathrm{alg}}$, or equivalently, if $\mathrm{End}(E)$ is an order in a ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Kernel of powers of Frobenius on supersingular elliptic curves

I am trying to understand some things related to elliptic curves and finite flat group schemes but I am a little bit confused. Let $A$ be a supersingular elliptic curve over an algebraically closed ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Extending cohomology classes to compactifications of Kuga varieties

I am trying to understand the proof of lemma 3 in the paper "Algebraic cycles and the Hodge structure of a Kuga fiber variety" by B. Brent Gordon, available at ...
10
votes
3answers
373 views

The boundedness of the rank of twists of a fixed curve.

It is conjectured that there are elliptic curves over $\mathbb Q$ of arbitrarily high rank. I was wondering wether someone made a similar conjecture if one restricts to a fixed $j$-invariant. If there ...
14
votes
11answers
2k views

Fastest way to factor integers < 2^60

I've been running a search for Mordell curves of rank >=8 for about 12 months and have identified approximately 280,000 curves in our archivable range, amongst many millions that aren't. For this ...
10
votes
2answers
671 views

Surjectivity of reduction maps of elliptic curves over Q

Let $E/\mathbf{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of rank $>0$. It is easy to see that there is a positive-density set of primes $p$ such that the reduction map $\mathrm{red}_p : E(\mathbf{Q}) \rightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
395 views

David Hilbert on Complex Multiplication [closed]

I have tried vainly to understand the significance of the following statement attributed to David Hilbert: The theory of complex multiplication is not only the most beautiful part of mathematics ...
1
vote
3answers
320 views

Express Weierstrass' g_2 and g_3 in terms of theta-functions of the periods

If E is a complex elliptic curve defined as the quotient of C over a lattice generated by w_1 and w_2, then it can be also written in Weierstrass form y^2=4*x^3-g_2*x-g_3. The coefficients g_2 and g_3 ...
9
votes
3answers
581 views

What CASes say about the analytic rank of rank 8 elliptic curve '457532830151317a1'

For the rank $8$ elliptic curve with a-invariants $(0, 0, 1, -23737, 960366)$ sage 5.3 reports analytic rank $4$ in about 2.4 hours. Almost sure this a bug, so I am interested what other CAS say on ...
0
votes
0answers
142 views

elliptic curves in form $y^2=x^3+p^2x$ where p is prime with rank 0

We Know that from a conjecture by Goldfeld says that half of all elliptic curves have rank zero. Are there any known infinite families of elliptic curves in form $y^2=x^3+p^2x$ where p is prime with ...
4
votes
0answers
230 views

Abelian cubic extensions of Q[i],

Recently I was considering cubic extensions $K/Q$ that have discriminant negative of a perfect square. Classifying these curves reduces to solving a Diophatine equation of the form $4a^3+27b^2=c^2$ ...
3
votes
1answer
237 views

Hilbert scheme of 2 points on an elliptic curve

The Hilbert scheme of 2 points on an elliptic curve $C$, $Hilb^2(C)$, has a natural structure of ruled surface, given by the map $f:Hilb^2(C) \to C$ such that $f(P,Q)=P+Q$. What can we say about the ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Curve C of genus 2 whose equation satisfies equation in Igusa invariants, but where Jac(C) does not split

The background question is: Let $C$ be a curve of genus $2$ over a field $k$. When is there a degree $2$ morphism from $C$ to an elliptic curve (and therefore an isogeny from the Jacobian ...
2
votes
0answers
345 views

Kernel of an \'etale isogeny of prime degree $\ell$ between elliptic curves

I recently try to read Vatsal's paper ``Multiplicative subgroups of $J_0(N)$ and applications to elliptic curves.'' He seemed to use the following fact freely: Let $E$ be a semistable elliptic ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Neighbours of division polynomials over finite field

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{F}_p$. The n-th division polynomial is $\psi_n$. Given points $P=(x_P,y_P)$, $Q=k P$ (where $k$ is unknown) and $\psi_k(x_P,y_P)$, can one efficiently find ...
6
votes
1answer
236 views

The existence of an elliptic curve with a specific Galois representation induced by a character

In Kevin Buzzard's survey article on potential modularity Buzzard writes: Let us say that we have an elliptic curve $E$ over a totally real field $F$, and we want to prove that $E$ is ...
10
votes
0answers
1k views

Why doesn't functoriality immediately imply the modularity theorem?

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve. By the modularity theorem, the prime indexed coefficients of its $L$-function agree with those of a weight $2$ cusp eigenform $f$ with integer coefficients. ...
1
vote
0answers
178 views

Canonical forms for elliptic fibrations with Mordell-Weil group of rank 1 and zero torsion

Consider an elliptic fibration given by the following Weierstrass model: $$ E: y^2 + a_1 x y + a_3 y =x^3 + a_2 x^2 + a_4 x + a_6,\quad a_6=a_2 a_4. $$ ( I work with characteristic zero). With the ...
20
votes
1answer
806 views

Do all curves have Néron models

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $K$. Assume that $g\geq 2$. Does there exist a Néron model $\mathcal X$ for $X$ over $O_K$? By a Néron model, I mean ...
5
votes
1answer
456 views

Heegner Points and Binary Quadratic Forms

I've been trying to read Gross' paper on Heegner points on $X_0(N)$ and I am stuck on a few details. The definition he is working with is that a heegner points is a pair $y=(E,E')$, where $E$ and $E'$ ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

What is the reduction of this hyperelliptic curve

Let $K$ be a number field and $E/K$ an elliptic curve with equation $Y^2Z = X^3 +AXZ^2+BZ^3$ in $\mathbf{P}^2_K$, where $A,B\in K$. Let $S$ be non-empty finite set of finite places of $K$ and suppose ...
4
votes
0answers
270 views

What is the status of the equidistribution root numbers of elliptic curves' L-functions

In Section 7 of Alice Silverberg's Rank "Cheat Sheet", Silverberg stated The Bhargava Conjecture: For each $n > > 1$ the average size of $S_{n}(E/\mathbb{Q})$ is ...
6
votes
3answers
319 views

Example of a diophantine application of an open image theorem

I'm an applied model theorist, and open image theorems are important in the mathematical structures I study (they limit the number of types of elements being realised, and therefore keep things model ...
3
votes
3answers
425 views

Another question related to the isogeny theorem for elliptic curves

I was reading the following question: About isogeny theorem for elliptic curves and was interested in the following statement at the end of Torsten Ekedahl's answer: "Note also that the situation is ...
3
votes
1answer
371 views

Imaginary quadratic field contained in Hecke orbit field?

Let $\tau$ in the upper half plane lie in an imaginary quadratic field $K$. Then is $K \subset \mathbb{Q}(\{j(g \tau) \ | \ g \in GL_2^+(\mathbb{Q}) \})$? (here $j$ is the modular $j$-function, and ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

The significance of modularity for all Galois representations

On pg. 1 of the slides of a talk, Henri Darmon wrote: Question: What is an interesting Diophantine equation? A “working definition”. A Diophantine equation is interesting if it reveals or ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Over which fields does the Mordell-Weil theorem hold?

According to a well-known theorem of Mordell, the group of rational points $E(\mathbf{Q})$ of an elliptic curve $E/\mathbf{Q}$ is finitely generated. Weil generalized this theorem to abelian varieties ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

Modern proof of Serre's open image theorem?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over a number field $K$ without complex multiplication. Serre's open image theorem (which appears in his book 'Abelian $l$-Adic Representations and Elliptic ...
4
votes
2answers
398 views

What does this quotient of the upper half plane parametrize?

Let $G(N)$ be the congruence subgroup $\big\{ \begin{pmatrix} a&b \\ c&d \end{pmatrix} \in SL_2(\mathbb{Z}) \ \ | \ \ a \equiv d \mod N \textrm{ and } b \equiv c\equiv 0 \mod N \big\}$. ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Efficiency in deriving differences of divisor pairs

I have a computational problem where I need to derive the differences in divisor pairs in as few cpu cycles as possible. In particular I am interested in divisors of numbers of the form ...
4
votes
2answers
346 views

Intersection of Hilbert class fields of imaginary quadratic fields

In this question Hilbert class field of Quadratic fields it is mentioned that if $d\equiv 1 \mod 4$ then the Hilbert class field of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-d})$ contains $\mathbb{Q}(i,\sqrt{d})$. Could ...
1
vote
0answers
134 views

$K$-groups and dual graphs of special fibers

Let $p$ be a prime number, let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Let $\mathcal{E}_p$ be the special fiber of the Néron model of $E$ over $\mathbb{Z}_p$ and let ...
5
votes
2answers
809 views

Isogeny classes of elliptic curves

Let $E \subset \mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^2$ be an elliptic curve. If $E$ has complex multiplication (by anything) then the theory of complex multiplication in particular tells us that if $\sigma \in ...
5
votes
2answers
488 views

12 descent scripts for pari/gp

I'm looking around for scripts to facilitate 12 descent on Mordell curves, preferably in Pari/gp. I understand that Magma implements this feature, but unfortunately this software isn't available to ...
2
votes
1answer
346 views

reduction of elliptic curves

Let $X$ be an elliptic curve over a complete local field. The definition of semi-abelian reduction is: "the Neron model of $X$ is a semi-abelian scheme". On the other hand, the definition of ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

$T^2$-fibered K3 surface with involution

Let $S$ be a K3 surface and $f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ a $T^2$-fibration (not necessarily holomorphic, I have a special Langrangian fibration in mind). Assume there is a $k$-section, then a fiber ...
0
votes
0answers
327 views

Linking L function dynamics with behavior close to s = 1 ?

A division, found on a sample set of semi-stable elliptic curves, calls for interpretation regarding the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture and the dynamic behavior of the L functions involved. ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

A question regarding the j-function

Consider $\tau$ and $\tau'$ in the upper half plane such that $j(g \tau) = j(g \tau')$ for all $g \in GL_2^{+}(\mathbb{Q})$, where $j$ is the modular $j$-function and $GL_2^{+}(\mathbb{Q})$ acts as ...
5
votes
1answer
503 views

Must the $j$-invariant of an elliptic curve with an isogeny be integral?

Let $K$ be a quadratic field, and $E/K$ a non-CM elliptic curve with a $K$-rational $p$-isogeny, for $p$ a prime. I would like to say the following: For large enough $p$, the $j$-invariant $j(E)$ ...
3
votes
3answers
483 views

elliptic curves with and without CM

Let $E/\mathbb C$ be an elliptic curve. It is known that if $E$ has CM, then $j(E)$ is an algebraic integer. My first question is: what about the converse? Is there a way to identify the subset of ...
11
votes
2answers
857 views

Elliptic Curves with CM and Class Field Theory

Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field with Hilbert class field $H$, and let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $H$ with complex multiplication by the ring of integers $O_K$ of $K$. It is known ...
6
votes
1answer
264 views

E an elliptic curve over Z[1/N], how many p such that E(Z/p^2) = (Z/p)^2?

For a fixed elliptic curve $E$ over $\mathbb{Z}[1/N]$, is there a non-trivial upper bound in terms of $x$ for the number of primes $p \leq x$ with $p \nmid N$ for which $E(\mathbb{Z}/p^2\mathbb{Z}) ...