An elliptic curve is an algebraic curve of genus one with some additional properties. Questions with this tag will often have the top-level tags nt.number-theory or ag.algebraic-geometry in addition; note also the tag arithmetic-geometry as well as some related tags such as rational-points, ...

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Algebraic operations with memory hardness properties

In cryptography, there are password hash functions like scrypt and argon2 for which the fastest known algorithms employ large ...
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Uniform bounds on the number of integer points on a family of elliptic curves

Let $P(x,y)$ be a binary cubic polynomial with integer coefficient. Let $n$ be an integer. Suppose the (complex) curve $P(x,y)=n$ is nonsingular, so is an elliptic curve. Is there any bound on the ...
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Parametrizing binary quartic forms with the kernel of obstruction map

This is my first post, so I apologize beforehand if my questions are too elementary for this site. In this paper by Fisher https://www.dpmms.cam.ac.uk/~taf1000/papers/testeqtc.pdf it is explained ...
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What are the elements of endomorphism ring of an elliptic curve? [closed]

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve which is defined over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_{p^r}$. It is well known that $E$ has complex multiplication which is an order in a quadratic imaginary field or an order ...
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287 views

The Sato-Tate conjecture (Frobenius eigenvalues)

Another question crossed my mind. In the statement of the Sato-Tate conjecture, one usually assumes that the elliptic curve has no CM. But, I read the Morita's paper for the BSD in the CM case and ...
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392 views

Curves of higher genus

I saw the question: Abelian varieties with CM and though I know that there are rare CM elliptic curves, I wonder what kind of curves with higher genus have the CM Jacobians?
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1answer
77 views

isogeny based cryptography

Isogeny based cryptography is one of the newest post-quantum cryptography. Hardness of this system is based on finding isogeny between two elliptic curves. Also this is theorem: Elliptic curves ...
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lower bound for solve ECDLP

Let $P$ and $Q$ are two points of NIST elliptic curve $E$ (defined over $F_{2^m}$ with prime $m$) and $k$ is a private key such that $k.P=Q$. Suppose $\ell$ be the number of bits in $k$, and let $k_i$ ...
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2answers
492 views

Abelian varieties with CM

In this site, I looked at a paper of Kazuma Morita claiming the BSD conjecture for the CM case posted on his homepage (he made a mistake three years ago for full BSD). But, I am interested in this ...
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277 views

Lifting a real quadratic twist of an Elliptic Curve to the modular curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve of conductor $N\cdot p^2$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, defined by the equation $$y^2=x^3+p^2b\cdot x + p^3\cdot c$$ and parametrized by a map $$X_{0}(N\cdot {p}^{2})\rightarrow E$$ ...
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Why do the $2$-Selmer ranks of $y^2 = x^3 + p^3 $ and $y^2 = x^3 - p^3 $ agree?

I was playing around with sage, when I found that the ranks (over $\mathbf{Q}$) of the elliptic curves $y^2=x^3+p^3$ and $y^2=x^3-p^3 $ almost always agree, for $p$ prime. The first few exceptions ...
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Estimating the size of solutions of a diophantine equation

A. Is there natural numbers $a,b,c$ such that $\frac{a}{b+c} + \frac{b}{a+c} + \frac{c}{a+b}$ is equal to an odd natural number ? (I do not know any such numbers). B. Suppose that $\frac{a}{b+c} + ...
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1answer
174 views

Is there $t\in\operatorname{Gal}(\overline{K}/K)$ s.t. $\operatorname{rank}_{\mathbf{Z}_p}((t-1)E_{p^\infty}(\overline{K}))=1$?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$, let $$K:=\varinjlim_{k\in\mathbb{Q}[\mu_{p^\infty}]} \mathbb{Q}\left[\mu_{p^\infty},k^{1/p^\infty}\right]$$ and ...
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1answer
270 views

Division by $n$ in elliptic curves

Let $E/\mathbb F_{p^m}$ be an arbitrary elliptic curve over the Galois field $\mathbb F_{p^m}$, and let $$[n]^{-1}(P)\cap E(\mathbb F_{p^m})=\{Q\in E(\mathbb F_{p^m})\mid nQ=P\}.$$ Also let ...
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1answer
473 views

Elliptic curves and prime numbers

Let $p_n$ be the $n^{th}$ prime number. Suppose $E(F_{p_n})$ denotes an elliptic curve over the Galois field $GF(p_n)$ which is defined by $y^2=x^3+ax+b$. Is the below claim true? For each integer ...
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782 views

elliptic curves and group cohomology

Recently, I've been trying to understand Jacob Lurie's 2-equivariant elliptic cohomology a bit better than I had in the past. From what I can tell, the fragment of the story that only deals with ...
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What do we know about the structure of $J_{0}(N)$ over $\mathbb{Q}[{\mu}_{{p}^{\infty}},{{k}}^{\frac{{1}}{{p}^{n}}}])$?

What is known about the structure of $J_{0}(N)$ over $\mathbb{Q}[\mu_{p^{\infty}}]$? More generally, what do we know about $J_{0}(N)$ over $\mathbb{Q}[\mu_{p^{\infty}},k^{1/p^{n}}]$, where ...
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192 views

“High-concept” explanation for proof of a theorem of Ochanine?

See Akhil Mathew's notes on Ochanine's theorem for elliptic genera here and here. Let $\phi: \Omega_{SO} \to \Lambda$ be a genus. We might ask when $\phi$ satisfies the following multiplicative ...
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1answer
392 views

Galois representations for the curve $y^{2} = x^{3} - x$

Let $E / \mathbb{Q}$ be the elliptic curve given by $y^{2} = x^{3} - x$. I would like to know explicitly what the field of all $2$-power torsion looks like, as well as the image in ...
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1answer
232 views

Why are some solutions of these diophantine equations off the usual patterns?

This is inspired by a recent question about complete multipartite integral graphs. I am wondering if more can be said about tripartite integral graphs with block sizes $a<b<c$. It is easy to see ...
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1answer
267 views

What are some open problems regarding elliptic curves in finite fields?

I accept that my question seems so vague and broad, and I already looked into some similar questions in MO. But I would like to learn specifically about some open problems and conjectures regarding ...
3
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112 views

Ranks of elliptic curves over Q(t)

I have an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}(t)$, and I want to compute its rank. Does knowing the rank over $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$ for some prime of good reduction give a bound on the rank over ...
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1answer
344 views

The Weil numbers and modulus of an elliptic curve

I have an ignorant question about elliptic curves which I'll be slightly imprecise about. If I have an elliptic curve $X$ defined over $\mathbb Z$, I can base change to $\mathbb C$, and then ...
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1answer
156 views

Rational maps between elliptic curves [closed]

I am studying Silverman's "The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves" and I got the following question: In the first chapters he defines rational between projective varieties (see the first definition in ...
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1answer
388 views

realizing uniform boundedness of Galois representations associated to elliptic curves

This is less of a direct question and more of an argument that I've been worried about for a while and want to check (apologies for the length and if my writing is unclear). Suppose I have an ...
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4answers
807 views

Deep/precise relationship between two approaches to FLT for polynomials, $n = 3$

David Speyer commented the following here. I saw Brian Conrad give an excellent one hour talk to undergraduates where he proved that there do not exist nonconstant, relatively prime, polynomials ...
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1answer
301 views

Analytic continuation for $L$-functions of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over a number field. When $E$ has no CM and is a $\mathbb Q$-curve (i.e. it is $\overline{\mathbb Q}$-isogenous to all of its conjugates), it is nowadays known that $E$ ...
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2answers
521 views

BSD and congruent numbers

Let $n$ be a positive integer, and let $E_n$ denote the elliptic curve $y^2=x^3-n^2x$. By work of Tunnell, it's known that if $E_n$ satisfies the BSD conjecture, then there is an algorithm to decide ...
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1answer
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Is there an algorithm to find a linear dependence between points on elliptic curves?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ of characteristic $p$. Let $P,Q\in E(\mathbb{F}_q)$, such that $Q=mP+n\tau(P)$, where $\tau$ is the p-th power of frobenious map and $m$ ...
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256 views

Congruent numbers and elliptic curves

Who first explicitly stated the link between $N$ being a congruent number and the existence of rational points of infinite order on $y^2=x(x^2-N^2)$?
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Elliptic curves with potential good reduction over a prescribed extension

Notation: Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be a quadratic number field; let $p\geq 3$ be a rational prime and let $\mathfrak{p}$ denote a prime lying above $p$; let $K_{\mathfrak{p}}$ denote the completion of $K$ ...
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1answer
200 views

Checking whether two rational points of infinite order are generating the torsion free part of an elliptic curve

Let an elliptic curve be given. As the title says I want to know if we can show that two independent points $P$ and $Q$ are generators of the torsion free part of $E$. For instance let ...
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1answer
141 views

Is an Isomorphism from an Abelian variety to a Shimura variety always defined over a solvable extension?

Are there counterexamples to the following: Given two varieties $A$, $\tilde{A}$, both defined over $\mathbb{Q}$, one of which, say $A$, is a Shimura variety. Then, every isomorphism defined over ...
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1answer
231 views

Intuitive reasons for the existence of modular parametrizations

Whenever I encounter anything about modular parametrizations, I have a feeling it is something very unnatural: you have some kind of moduli space and all of a sudden it parametrizes an object ...
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1answer
612 views

Reference to a Don Zagier Result and the Congruent Number Problem

I was looking for a reference/explanation as to how Don Zagier managed to find the side lengths of a rational right triangle with area 157. There have been many literature references to the fact that ...
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Galois cohomologies of an elliptic curve

I asked this question at math stackexchange but did not get any answer and I was suggested to post the question here. I am studying basic theory of elliptic curves. I encountered Galois cohomology. ...
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1answer
780 views

What's wrong with my understanding of the scheme $\text{Isom}(E_\lambda, E_{\lambda'})$?

Let $\mathcal{M}_{1,1}$ be the moduli stack of elliptic curves (over the complex numbers). Define $$\begin{eqnarray*} X &:=& \Bbb{A}^1_{\lambda} - \{0,1\}\\ X' &=& \Bbb{A}^1_{\lambda'} ...
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1answer
581 views

Why are integer points on elliptic curves interesting and useful?

I read some papers which dealed with integer points on elliptic curves. One of these papers are http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.rmjm/1214947612. My question is: Why are integer points on elliptic ...
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332 views

For what integer $n$ are there infinitely many $-a+nb+c = -d+ne+f$ where $a^6+b^6+c^6 = d^6+e^6+f^6$?

(Much revised for clarity.) I was considering the system of equations, $$-a+nb+c = -d+ne+f\tag1$$ $$a+b+c = d+e+f\tag2$$ $$a^2+b^2+c^2 = d^2+e^2+f^2\tag3$$ $$a^6+b^6+c^6 = d^6+e^6+f^6\tag4$$ ...
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Minimal discriminant of an elliptic curve in terms of its Galois representation

From the Galois representation of an elliptic curve $E$ we can read the conductor of $E$, and further some information about the minimal discriminant. So is there any more information about the ...
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Explicit $2$-descent on elliptic curves

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$ and let $$E: y^2 = f(x)$$ be an elliptic curve over $k$, with $\mathrm{deg}(f) = 3$. Kummer theory yields a map $$\varphi:\mathrm{H}^1(k, E[2]) \to ...
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216 views

Integral points on elliptic curves of the form $y^2=x^3+px$

As the title says. Can we determine all the integral points on elliptic curves of the form $$y^2=x^3+px$$ for a prime $p$? If yes, can someone explain me how? A good reference would also be ...
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1answer
204 views

Conductor of a CM elliptic curve and its Grössencharacter

For a CM elliptic curve $E$ and its Grössencharakter, their conductors are both supported on bad primes of $E$. Moreover, by comparing their functional equation, there should be some obvious ...
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Generalized “elliptic integrals”

I am interested in evaluating the following type of integrals. Here we a polynomial $q(x)$ of degree $d \geq 2$ with no non-negative roots. Then is there a name for integrals of the shape ...
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220 views

What is the chromatic number of the “conic hypergraph” on a non-singular plane cubic?

Can we color the points of a complex non-singular plane cubic curve with finitely many colors so that no conic intersects the curve at 6 distinct points of the same color? If so, what is the smallest ...
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2answers
482 views

confounding riddle about fine moduli schemes and twists of elliptic curves

I've encountered a strange situation while thinking about modular curves... Consider the modular curve $Y(3)$ parametrizing elliptic curves with a symplectic basis for their 3-torsion. This curve has ...
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Is an elliptic curve that is isomorphic to its Frobenius conjugate defined over $\mathbb{F}_p$?

Let $p$ be prime and $q = p^n$. Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{F}_q$, and let $E^{(p)}$ be the pullback of $E$ by the $p$-power Frobenius of $\mathbb{F}_q$. If $E$ is isomorphic (over ...
11
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1answer
221 views

$\pi_1$ of the moduli of G-bundles on elliptic curves and the double affine braid group

For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over $\mathbb{C}$, the fundamental group of $\mathfrak{h}_\text{reg}/W$ (where $\mathfrak{h}$ is the Cartan subalgebra, $\mathfrak{h}_\text{reg}$ is the subset ...
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2answers
255 views

What is the fastest algorithm for counting points in elliptic curves mod n?

I need an algorithm for getting the order of the group in random elliptic curves mod n, being n a composite module. As far as I know, usual algorithms like Schoof's algorithm only works with prime ...
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2answers
176 views

Finite orbits on an elliptic curve with two generic involutions

Let $C$ be a (very) general genus 1 curve embedded in $\mathbb{CP}^1\times \mathbb{CP}^1$ as a (2,2)-divisor. Each projection defines $C$ as a double cover of $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and induces an ...