The eigenvector tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

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### Conditions for continuity of non-simple eigenvectors

Here, http://math.stackexchange.com/a/1146455, it is noted that eigenprojections are continuous, but eigenvectors are not. Are there any conditions where the eigenvalues are not simple, but the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Exact eigenvalues of a specific tridiagonal matrix

I'm studying the following tri-diagonal matrix
$$
X = \begin{pmatrix}
0 & x_0 & 0 & 0 &\cdots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\\
x_0 & 0 & x_1 & 0 &\cdots & 0 & ...

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votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Eigenvalue-related statements [closed]

(I understand this question might not be appropriate for this website, but it has been asked on MathStackexchange and did not receive any replies even with a bounty)
How can I prove that the ...

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votes

**2**answers

242 views

### Derivative of eigenvectors of a matrix with respect to its components

Suppose that $B$ is a real, positive-definitive symmetric ($3\times3$) matrix (more accurately, $B$ is a tensor) with distinct eigenvalues, and that we can write it as
$$
B= \sum_{i=1}^3 ...

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votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Almost sure convergence of smallest eigenvector of diagonal matrix

I have that a sequence of random matrices, $M_n$, converges almost surely to a diagonal matrix, $D$, with finite real entries on its diagonal. During convergence, the off-diagonals are not necessarily ...

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33 views

### Probability distribution/ Statistics of noise Eigenvectors

What is the distribution of noise Eigenvectors of the sampled covariance matrix? For the signal Eigenvectors the expressions are well defined which approach infinity in the noise Eigenvectors case; ...

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votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Sum of the absolute eigenvalues of A>=B

Kindly help me to prove/disprove the following statement.
Let $A$ be a symmetric matrix of order $n \times n$ with all the diagonal entry equal to $0$, and other non-diagonal entry equal to $k$ ...

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votes

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138 views

### Can a block matrix with at least 3 zero blocks of different size on the diagonal and 1's everywhere else have only integer eigenvalues?

Let $M=\begin{pmatrix}
\begin{array}{cccccccc}
0 & 0 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 &1\\
0 & 0 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 &1\\
1 & 1 & 0 & 0 & ...

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votes

**2**answers

156 views

### Non-asympototic version of Gelfand's formula

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$ matrix. Let $\|A\|$ be the spectral norm of $A$, and $\rho(A)$ be the spectral radius. I am wondering whether the following statement is true.
There exists universal ...

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133 views

### The distribution of the elements of an eigenvector of random matrices

Suppose a random matrix $A$ with its elements following Gaussian distribution with non-zero mean. We know that the eigenvalues of $A$ have two patches: one is at the real axis that is far away from ...

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100 views

### Algorithm for finding eigenfunctions

I have an $ L^2(\mathbb{R}) $ operator that looks like
$$
\Omega = \int \partial\phi(a, b)\ \ |b, a\rangle \langle b, a |,
$$
where $ \langle x | a, b \rangle = f_a(x - b) e^{x^2/2} $ and $ f_a \in ...

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votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Is there an algorithm to test whether a vector is an eigenvector of a power of a matrix?

Given a square matrix $A\in k^{n\times n}$ and a vector $x\in k^n$ over some field $k$, is there an algorithm to test whether there are $s\in\mathbb{N}$ and $\lambda\in k$ such that $A^sx=\lambda x$? ...

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80 views

### Find motivation for calculating $\int_{2}^{X} A^2(t) A(\alpha t)dt$

I read a thesis of Kong Kar Lun (student of Tsang K.M) about the some mean value theorems for certain errors terms in analytic number theory and in which he gave the asymptotic formulas of the ...

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69 views

### Interpreting (Fiedler) spectral bisectioning

I would appreciate help on how to interpret the results of spectral bisectioning of a graph.
Given a $G=(V,E)$ with size $N$ represented by $Q$ its Laplacian matrix where the eigenvalues are ordered ...

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votes

**1**answer

166 views

### XOR circulant matrices?

Take a function $f: Z_N\rightarrow R$. Construct an $N \times N$ matrix where the $(i,j)$th element of the matrix is $f(i-j)$, where $i-j$ is interpreted mod $Z_N$. The resulting matrices are ...

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votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Shared maximum eigenvector

Let us consider two arbitrary Hermitian square matrices $\mathbf{A,B}$ with the same dimension. Given $\mathbf{v}$ the eigenvector associated to the maximum eigenvalue of $\mathbf{A}$:
Are there ...

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votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Concentration and Correlation for Magnitudes of Gaussian Vectors

Suppose we have a large collection of standard normal random variables $a_i\in\mathbb{R}^n$. We know by standard concentration results that if we take $m \geq C\left(t/\epsilon\right)^2n$ samples, ...

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votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Hadamard Product and Eigendecomposition

I just found this related question in here Q1.
Given a positive definite matrix $\mathbf{A}$, consider its eigendecomposition $(\mathbf{A}\mathbf{V} = \mathbf{V}\mathbf{D})$. Consider an arbitrary ...

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vote

**0**answers

76 views

### Epsilon-net of operator norm ball around Identity

Suppose I look at the set of matrices which are invertible and satisfy
$$
\left\|A-Id\right\|_{op}<r
$$
for some $r<1$, where $Id$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix. An $\epsilon$-net of such ...

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votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Eigenvectors as continuous functions of matrix - diagonal perturbations

The general question has been treated here, and the response was negative. My question is about more particular perturbations. The counterexamples given in the previous question have variations not ...

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votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Is there a general way to determine the Laplacian of the eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix? [closed]

I have a real symmetric $3\times3$ matrix $\mathbf{M}(\mathbf{r}$) which depends on $\mathbf{r} \in \mathbb{R}^3$. Each eigenvalue can be considered a scalar field $e_i(\mathbf{r})$ over ...

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votes

**2**answers

489 views

### Derivative of an eigenvector with respect to his own 3x3 real symmetric matrix

$\mathbf{C}$ is a real, positive-definitive 3x3 symmetric matrix (I am thinking about the right Cauchy-Green tensor in solid mechanics). We perform eigendecomposition and get:
$$\mathbf{C} = ...

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votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Reducing eigenvalues of symmetric PSD matrix towards 0: effect on ratios of original matrix elements?

Let $\boldsymbol{S}$ be $k \times k$ positive semi-definite real symmetric matrix with eigen decomposition $\boldsymbol{S} = \boldsymbol{X} \boldsymbol{\Lambda} \boldsymbol{X}'$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

645 views

### Why are 1 and -1 eigenvalues of this matrix?

This is a subject I've been working on for a very long time now, but still did not manage to fully understand the interesting properties of this matrix $\mathbf{A}$.
First, let's define two matrices:
...

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168 views

### Reference: Continuity of Eigenvectors [closed]

I am looking for an appropriate reference for the following fact. I already posted on math.stackexchange, but got no answer.
For each $X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}_{\text{sym}}$ (symmetric ...

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146 views

### Eigenvalue of product of self adjoint compact operators

Suppose A is a self adjoint $m \times m$ real matrix with eigenpairs $\{e_j, \lambda_j\}$ such that $\lambda_j > \lambda_{j + 1}$. Let $B$ be another self adjoint real $m \times m$ matrix such that ...

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votes

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109 views

### Separating Two Groups of Data using Fisher's Linear Discriminant

I found an article (starting on page 8) that gives a neat method for finding the line/plane/hyperplane that maximizes the separation between two groups of data points in n-dimensions. It uses Fisher's ...

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votes

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223 views

### Simple Spectrum of Jacobi matrices

I want to call a matrix a Jacobi matrix (cause there may be different notions of Jacobi matrices) if it is a tridiagonal matrix with positive off-diagonal entries. Now, I read that the spectrum of ...

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112 views

### when can I say that $UV^T$ is a permutation matrix? [closed]

suppose we have two p.s.d matrices A and B: so we can diagonalize them like this:
A= $UΛU^T$ and $B=VΣV^T$
1: on what condition for $A$ and $B$ I can say that $UV^T$ is a permutation matrix?
2: how ...

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votes

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109 views

### Eigenvalue problem

I am studying torsional Alfven waves in spicules.
In this concern I have encountered the following equation:
$
\left(1-m^2 e^{-αz}\right)y''(z)+\left(4π i m ...

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votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Compute only selected components of an eigenvector

I am wondering whether it is possible to compute portions of the eigenvectors of a given (possibly very big) matrix. More formally, consider the eigenvalue problem $\mathbf{Ax} = \lambda \mathbf{x}$, ...

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votes

**1**answer

485 views

### Helmholtz equation Poynting vector integral

The Maxwell's equation for harmonic time dependent field in vacuum is
\begin{align}
\nabla \times B + i\omega E &= 0\\
\nabla \times E - i\omega B &= 0 \\
\nabla \cdot B &= 0 \\
\nabla ...

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vote

**1**answer

159 views

### Linear map with two “incompatible” representations

Let $K$ be a field and let $V$ be the set of sequences $\{v_1,v_2,\dots\}$ of elements of $K$. If $A=\{a_1,a_2,\dots\}$ is also a sequence of elements of $K$, then it defines an endomorphism of $V$ ...

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vote

**1**answer

183 views

### True or false: if a set of 2D points has valid symmetry axes, then at least one of them is equal to a principal component vector

I posted this question on math.stackexchange but got no answer, so I decided to post it here instead. Sorry about the impreciness, not professional mathematician here.
Let's assume we have a set of ...

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votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Kneser graphs eigenvalues

Basically, I want to prove that, in the Kneser graph (wikipedia has a good definition),$K_{n, m}$, if $n_{-}(A(G)) $ and $n_{+}(A(G))$ denote the number of negative and positive eigenvalues of A(G) ...

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124 views

### Relationship betwen eigenvectors

Suppose that we have two matrices A and B. Matrix B is taken from A with one row and one column deleted. On the other hand A is n*n matrix and B is (n-1)*(n-1) matrix and is created by deleting last ...

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votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Any generic way to move a psd matrix to its neighbors?

Given a two positive matrices $A,B$. For simplicity, let's assume that $Tr A=Tr B=1$. Assume that $\|A-B\|_1\leq\varepsilon$, for some small $\varepsilon>0$, where $\|\cdot\|_1$ is the $l_1$-norm, ...

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75 views

### Bounding Rayleigh quotient for stochastic matrix

Suppose you have an irreducible, stochastic matrix $A$ with left Perron-Frobenius eigenvector $v$ (corresponding to the eigenvalue $1$), and suppose the next largest eigenvalue for $A$ is $\lambda$. ...

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votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Recovering Spherical Harmonics from Discrete Samples

Consider a collection of $N$ points on the 2-sphere chosen uniformly at random. Let's say that there's an edge between two such vertices if their geodesic distance is less than $r_N$. The resulting ...

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83 views

### interpretation of generalized eigenvalue/vectors in spectral graph theory [closed]

Let us say I have a symmetric graph adjacency matrix A, a degree matrix D, a laplacian L (D-A). I have a generalized eigenvalue equation $Av=\lambda Lv$. Does the eigenvalue/vectors produced in this ...

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### What do we know about the generalized eigenvalue problem involving a projector?

Consider a matrix $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ and a projector $P\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$.
Are there results regarding the generalized eigenpairs $(v,\lambda)$ of the generalized eigenproblem
...

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votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Relationship of eigenvalue/eigenvector of hermitian matrix R and QRQ (Q is diagonal)

For a hermitian matrix R and a diagonal one Q, is there any relationship between eigenvalues/eigenvectors of R and QRQ?
To be specific, assuming the eigenvalue decomposition of R is R=VDV*, then can ...

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votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Is this function of a matrix convex?

Let $\mathcal{N}_{n}$ be the set of symmetric nonnegative irreducible matrices. For a matrix $A \in \mathcal{N}_{n}$ let $v^{A}$ be its Perron vector, normalized so that $||v^{A}||_{2}=1$.
Define the ...

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**1**answer

211 views

### When is this matrix singular?

Consider matrix $A$ with $(j,k)$′th entry $A_{j,k}=\sin(\omega_j t_k+\phi_j),\,\forall j,k\in\{1,2,...,n\}$, where $\omega_j,t_k,\phi_j\in \mathbf R$.
1) For $t_k=k$, what is the condition on ...

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votes

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335 views

### Linear dynamical systems: interpretation of Frobenius eigenvector

Consider a positive linear dynamical system. $\frac{dx}{dt}=Ax$, where $A$ is a quasipositive/Metzler/essentially nonnegative matrix. By its properties, the vector $x$ will remain positive for all ...

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146 views

### Is Rellich's function valued theorem valid for a rank defficient function valued matrix?

Theorem (Rellich). Let $\boldsymbol{A}(t) : \mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$ be a Hermitian matrix function that depends
on $t$ analytically.
(i) The $n$ roots of the characteristic ...

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**1**answer

115 views

### Norm bound on eigen-vector change caused by rank-one update

Suppose $A$ is a positive semi-definite, Hermitian matrix with a unit-norm eigen vector $\textbf{v}$ corresponding to its largest eigen value $\lambda$. Let $B = A + \alpha \textbf{z}\textbf{z}^H$, ...

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1k views

### Frobenius-Perron eigenvalue and eigenvector of sum of two matrices

Suppose that I have two positive matrices, $A$, and $B$, and I know their Frobenius-Perron eigenvalues ($\lambda_A$, $\lambda_B$) and eigenvectors ($v_A$, $v_B$). I'm interested in what I can say ...

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174 views

### Density of odd and even eigenstates of an integral operator

Consider an integral operator $(Kf)(x)=\int_{-1}^{1}K(x-y)f(y)dy$, where the kernel $K(-x)=K(x)$ is an even function.
Let $\lambda_n$ be the ordered eigenvalues of $K$ and $f_n(x)$ the ...

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vote

**1**answer

143 views

### Optimum control of a probabilistic automaton

Suppose we have a probabilistic automaton and we assign a weight to each state. An "interaction strategy" would be a fixed map from states to inputs. Any interaction strategy could be used to ...