The eigenvalues tag has no wiki summary.

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### Eigenvalues of permutations of a real matrix: can they all be real?

For a matrix $M\in GL(n,\mathbb R)$, consider the $n!$ matrices obtained by permutations of the rows (say) of $M$ and define the total spectrum $TS(M)$ as the union of all their spectra (counting ...

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### Frobenius-Perron eigenvalue and eigenvector of sum of two matrices

Suppose that I have two positive matrices, $A$, and $B$, and I know their Frobenius-Perron eigenvalues ($\lambda_A$, $\lambda_B$) and eigenvectors ($v_A$, $v_B$). I'm interested in what I can say ...

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### Eigenvalues of permutations of a real matrix: how complex can they be?

This is sort of complementary to this thread. I’ll repeat the definitions here:
For a matrix $M\in GL(n,\mathbb R)$, consider the $n!$ matrices obtained by permutations of the rows (say) of $M$ and ...

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### Does small Perron-Frobenius eigenvalue imply small entries for integral matrices?

Suppose that $M$ is an $n \times n$ matrix where each entry is a positive integer. Then $M$ is Perron-Frobenius and so has unique largest real eigenvalue $\lambda_{\textrm{PF}}$.
Does an upper ...

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### Proving that a specific kernel is positive definite

Most theoretical papers concerning kernels assume that they are given a positive definite kernel. In this question, we want to show that a specific kernel is positive definite.
We are interested in ...

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### Toda Flow Embeddings

What are strategies for generating the following types of pictures:
Here's what's going on here. Take a toda flow in 3 variables. The equations of motion are:
...

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votes

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### Anti-bidiagonal matrix with main anti-diagonal {1,2,3,…} and first sub-anti-diagonal {-1,-2,-3,…} has eigenvalues lambda={1,-2,3,-4,…}

Consider the anti-bidiagonal matrix $B_6\in\mathbb{R}^{6\times 6}$, defined along its anti-diagonals as follows
$$
B_6=\begin{bmatrix} & & & & & 6\\
& & & ...

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### Probabilistic Interpretation of First Dirichlet Eigenvalue?

The first Dirichlet eigenvalue of a compact domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary is the smallest positive number for which there exists a non-trivial solution to
$$
-\Delta\psi = ...

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### Separating the spectrum of a Hermitian matrix

Given Hermitian matrix $A$, I would like to perturbate it so that its eigenvalues become well-separated.
Specifically, let $A$ be some Hermitian matrix, and let $G$ be a Gaussian matrix, with each
...

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### Is there an easy way to tell if all eigenvalues of a unitary or self-adjoint matrix only have eigenvalues of multiplicity two?

I am interested in a class of $2n\times 2n$ unitary matrices with complex entries (if you prefer, we can replace "unitary" with "self-adjoint").
I know that all the eigenvalues of matrices in this ...

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### Is this function well studied?

Let $A_1,\dots,A_L$ be $N\times N$ hermitian matrices. Define the simplex
\begin{align}
\mathcal{S}=\left\{[x_1,\dots,x_L]\mid x_i\geq 0,~\sum_{i=1}^{L}x_i=1 \right\}
\end{align}
and consider the ...

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### Lower bounds on matrix eigenvalues

Let $A$ be a real $n\times n$ matrix and let $\mu_1, \dots, \mu_n$ the (generalized, complex) eigenvalues of $A$. Assume that
$$ 0 < \alpha < \mathrm{Re}(\mu_1) < \dots < ...

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187 views

### No Exceptional Eigenvalues of Weight 1/2 Maass Forms on $\Gamma_0(4)$?

Some colleagues and I were wondering if there is a citation out there which shows there are no exceptional eigenvalues, $\lambda$, of classical weight 1/2 Maass forms on $\Gamma_0(4)$, which is to say ...

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### Epidemic threshold

Need some help / ideas to proceed. Stuck for a while on this.
In the literature of epidemic theory, it is found that the epidemic threshold is $1/\lambda_{max}(A)$ where $\lambda_{max}(A)$ is the ...

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### Question about a (relatively simple looking) differential operator and its eigenvalues

A colleague and I are interested in a specific differential operator on the reals. The differential operator L is of the form
$L=-(1+x^{2})\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}+c_{1}x\frac{d}{dx}+c_{2}x^{2}$
for ...

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### A complex sequence with positive values

Let $\lambda_1,\dots,\lambda_d$ be complex numbers that constitute the spectrum of a nonnegative integer matrix, and $P_1,\dots, P_d$ be complex polynoms, such that the sequence $$u_n=\Sigma_{i=1}^d ...

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### Eigenvalues of a Symmetric Positive Semi-Definite (PSD) matrix after rank one update

I have a Symmetric Positive Semi-Definite matrix $A$ which i know its eigenvalue and eigenvectors. let $v$ and $u$ be a random column vector. i want to know if it is possible to have eigenvalues of ...

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351 views

### Prove log of eigenvalues are dense in R?

Suppose you have the set of all possible $n$ x $n$ square adjacency matrices where $n$={1,2,3,4...}. For each matrix, compute the logarithm of the largest eigenvalue. Is it true that the set of ...

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### Matrix norms / eigenvalues / singular values / another thing

OK, here is what is probably a stupid question.
Let $M$ be a non-symmetric real matrix: for example, the shear matrix
$\left( \begin{array}{cc} 1 & 1 \\\ 0 & 1 \end{array} \right)$.
There ...

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### the eigenvalues of a generalized circulant matrix

A $2k\times 2k$ circulant matrix $\ C$ takes the form
\begin{align}
C= \begin{bmatrix} c_0 & c_{2k-1} & \dots & c_{2} & c_{1} \\
c_{1} & c_0 & c_{2k-1} & & c_{2} ...

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### What is known about the spectrum of a Cauchy matrix?

Math people:
A Cauchy matrix is an $m$-by-$n$ matrix $A$ whose elements have the form
$a_{i,j} = \frac{1}{x_i-y_j}$, with $x_i \neq y_j$ for all $(i, j)$, and the $x_i$'s and $y_i$'s belong to a ...

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### Connection between eigenvalues of matrix and its Laplacian.

Hello!
There are two definitions of graph spectrum:
1) Eigenvalues of adjacency matrix $A$.
2) Eigenvalues of Laplacian of adjacency matrix ($L$).
Different sources offer different properties based ...

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### Eigenfunctions to 2nd-order Differential Operators: Relation between Frobenius Series Solution and Eigenfunction Normalised to the Delta Function

Consider the 2nd-order linear ODE $x f^{''}(x) + x (\beta - 2 \alpha x) \kappa / \sigma f^{'}(x) - 1 / \sigma \left[ 2 \alpha \kappa - \lambda^2 (\beta - 2 \alpha x)^2 \right] f(x) = 0$, where ...

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### When is this matrix singular?

Consider matrix $A$ with $(j,k)$′th entry $A_{j,k}=\sin(\omega_j t_k+\phi_j),\,\forall j,k\in\{1,2,...,n\}$, where $\omega_j,t_k,\phi_j\in \mathbf R$.
1) For $t_k=k$, what is the condition on ...

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### Alike looking matrices imply convergence of eigenvalues?

This is a question about convergence of eigenvalues which essentially came up in studying the spectrum of St.-Liouville operators.
We want to look at matrices that agree in most of their entries and ...

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### Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of Tridiagonal matrix with varying diagonal elements

is it possible to analytically evaluate the eigenvectors and the eigenvalues of a tridiagonal $n\times n$ matrix of the form :
\begin{pmatrix}
1 & b & 0 & ... & 0 \\\
b & 2 ...

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### Condition for block symmetric real matrix eigenvalues to be real

I have a (2nx2n) block symmetric matrix that in the simplest case (n=2) looks like:
$$
M_2 = \begin{bmatrix}
a_1 & 0 & b_{1,2} & -b_{1,2}\\\
0 & -a_1 & b_{1,2} & -b_{1,2}\\\
...

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### Classes for which the Spectrum determines a Convex Shape

Given a planar domain $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^2$ bounded and open we can associate to it the spectrum of the Laplace operator with Dirichlet boundary condition. It is known that there are planar ...

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### Eigenvalues vs.matrix sparsity

For an n X n matrix whose entries are constrained to be in some [x,y], is the maximum absolute eigenvalue of the matrix a function of its sparsity?
Is there a closed-form expression that states this ...

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### Non symmetric matrices with real eigenvalues

Consider the following block matrix
$A=\pmatrix{A_1 & A_2\cr kA_2^\top & A_3}$
where $A_1$ is a symmetric matrix, $A_3$ is diagonal matrix and all entries of $A$ are real and non-negative.
...

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434 views

### Trace inequality for matrices with determinant 1

Let $A$ and $B$ be two matrices with $\det(A)=\det(B)=1$. Does it follow that
$\sqrt{\mathrm{tr}(A^TB^TBA-I)}\le\sqrt{\mathrm{tr}(A^TA-I)}+\sqrt{\mathrm{tr}(B^TB-I)}$
I suspect that this can be ...

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270 views

### LU decomposition

Consider a $N \times N$ symmetric real matrix $A$: $A_{ij} = (\sum_{k=1}^N n_{ik}) \delta_{ij} - n_{ij}$, where $n_{ij}$ is a real symmetric matrix whose elements are equal to $1$ or $0$. $A$ has one ...

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188 views

### quadratic programming on hypercube

I want to maximize a quadratic form $\mathbf x^T\mathbf Q\mathbf x$ and also want to find out which vector $\mathbf x$ maximizes the quadratic form when
$\mathbf Q$ is an $n\times n$ positive ...

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364 views

### Analytic perturbation of the eigenvalues/eigenvectors of non-Hermitian matrix

Consider a matrix function $A(x)$, analytically depending on single parameter $x$.
Consider the eigenvalue/eigenvector pair of $A(0)$, namely $\lambda(0)$ and $w(0)$.
The question is whether we can ...

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### When is there a solution to these coupled eigenvalue equations?

I am trying to find the fixed point of a dynamical system, which requires solving two coupled eigenvalue-like equations. These equations are, in general, overconstrained. I'd like to have a simple ...

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271 views

### eigenvalue of Laplacian matrix

If we have a Laplacian matrix $\boldsymbol{A}$ such that
\begin{align}
&A_{ii} >0 \\
&A_{ii}=-\sum_{j\neq i}A_{ij}
\end{align}
with known eigenvalues $\lambda_i$.
Define the matrix ...

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299 views

### Gaussian kernel eigenfunctions

I'm a newbie and may be this question is bit simple for you but pardon me if it's too simple and provide me some references.
What is the eigenfunction of a multivariate Gaussian kernel:
...

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### Is my use of the eigendecomposition correct here?

I'm exploring different techniques to efficiently solve some matrix equations. My situation is that I have a matrix $\textbf{H} = \textbf{J}^T \textbf{J}$, where $\textbf{J}$ is a matrix with no ...

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### Multiple eigenvalues over imperfect fields

Let $K$ be a field. For a matrix $A\in GL_n(K)$ we can find the Jordan normal form $A'$ in $GL_n(\overline{K})$, where $\overline{K}$ is the algebraic closure of $K$. We write $j_\alpha(A)$ for the ...

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### Linearly constrained eigenvalue problem

Suppose I'd like to:
\begin{align}
\mathop{\text{min}}_\mathbf{x} && \mathbf{x}^T\mathbf{A}\mathbf{x} \\
\text{subject to:} && \mathbf{x}^T \mathbf{M} \mathbf{x} = 1\\
&& ...

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### Comparison of the smallest eigenvalues of two tridiagonal matrices

Let $n\geq2$ be an integer and $E_{ii}$ for an integer $2\leq i\leq n$ be the $n\times n$-matrix with its $ii$-entry equal to 1 and remaining entries equal zero. Furthermore, let ...

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### Linear dynamical systems: interpretation of Frobenius eigenvector

Consider a positive linear dynamical system. $\frac{dx}{dt}=Ax$, where $A$ is a quasipositive/Metzler/essentially nonnegative matrix. By its properties, the vector $x$ will remain positive for all ...

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### Dimension independent computational complexity of singular value decomposition

Suppose $X$ is a $m \times n$ real matrix, which has only $k$ number of nonzero elements ($k \ll mn$).
Given a vector $y$, the sparsity of $X$ allows $X y$ to be computed in $O(k)$ time
which is ...

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### Eigenvalues of directed Laplacian matrix $L$ and $DL$, where $D$ is a diagonal matrix with positive entries

I have a weighted Laplacian matrix $L$ of a strongly connected directed graph and a diagonal matrix $D$ with positive entries. Since the graph is directed, $L$ is non-symmetric real. Further, since ...

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### Singular Value Decomposition of Noisy Matrices

I am an engineer who makes measurements of a variable over a grid
of, say, $m\times n$. Since these are actual measurements, the true
values are always corrupted by noise, and what I measure is a ...

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### Eigenvalue problem

I am studying torsional Alfven waves in spicules.
In this concern I have encountered the following equation:
$
\left(1-m^2 e^{-αz}\right)y''(z)+\left(4π i m ...

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### What is the significance of the median eigenvalue?

When I look at the spectral density plots of my (usual) laplacian graphs, they spike at the median eigenvalue. But what significance for the graph/matrix (which originates from a network) does the ...

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### Eigenvalues of this matrix

I have a linear map that is defined by $$T:\text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \rightarrow \text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \text{ with}$$ $$x^k \mapsto 2w(k-m)x^{k+1}+(k^2-k-w^2)x^k-2kwx^{k-1}+(k-k^2)x^{k-2}$$
Let me give a ...

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### Lanczos algorithm with thick restart on a dynamic matrix

currently, I'm working on a way to compute the 2 biggest eigenvalues of a real, symmetric, huge and sparse matrix that changes a few entries from time to time. The problem should be solved using an ...

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### Algorithms to compute largest gap between smallest nonzero eigenvalues of sparse symmetric matrix

I am looking mainly for implementations but also for theoretical algorithms to compute gaps between smallest positive eigenvalues of symmetric, singular matrix or real numbers.
To be precise, I want ...