The eigenvalues tag has no wiki summary.

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### Eigenvalues of the sum of two matrices, where one is $B=\operatorname{diag}(1, 0,\dots,0)$

I know that given two matrices $A$ and $B$, estimating the eigenvalues of $A + B$ by the eigenvalues of $A$ and $B$ is generally a non-easy problem. In particular, there are some results for matrices ...

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213 views

### Can I find the gap between the two least eigenvalues of this special matrix A(t)?

I am interested in finding the gap between the two least eigenvalues of $A(t)$, a Hermitian $N\times N$ sparse matrix whose diagonal elements are $a_it+b_i\,(1\leq i\leq N)$, and all off-diagonal ...

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16 views

### Eigenvalue Problem — prove eigenvalue for A^2 + I [migrated]

This is a proof I've been trying to figure out since the problem was presented to me.
We are given that $\lambda$ is an eigenvalue for a matrix $A$ and the vector $u$ is the eigenvector corresponding ...

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69 views

### Find motivation for calculating $\int_{2}^{X} A^2(t) A(\alpha t)dt$

I read a thesis of Kong Kar Lun (student of Tsang K.M) about the some mean value theorems for certain errors terms in analytic number theory and in which he gave the asymptotic formulas of the ...

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88 views

### Determinant of a Certain Positive-Definite Block Matrix

Is there a lower bound for the determinant or minimum eigenvalue of the following $d$ by $d$ matrix in terms of $d$?
$$\Gamma=\left( {\begin{array}{cc}
I & B \\
B^{*} & I \\
\end{array} ...

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42 views

### Possible values of eigenvalues of Hadamard product of Hermitian matrices

One of the most important (and very well-known) result in the study of the spectrum of Hermitian matrices is Horn's conjecture (or theorem?), which provides a complete answer to the following problem:
...

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55 views

### Interpreting (Fiedler) spectral bisectioning

I would appreciate help on how to interpret the results of spectral bisectioning of a graph.
Given a $G=(V,E)$ with size $N$ represented by $Q$ its Laplacian matrix where the eigenvalues are ordered ...

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23 views

### Asymptotic behavior of the minimum eigenvalue of a certain Gram matrix with linear independence

Consider the density matrices with the following spectral decompositions:
$$\rho=\lambda_1|\nu_1\rangle+\lambda_{2}|\nu_2\rangle$$
and
$$\sigma=\gamma_1|\omega_1\rangle+\gamma_2|\omega_2\rangle$$
such ...

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21 views

### Weighted Perturbation Bound for Polar Decomposition

Setup: Let $X\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times r}$ be a matrix with orthogonal columns, with $\Sigma = X^TX$, and assume that $\Sigma$ is invertible (note, $\Sigma$ is not necessarily the identity).
Suppose we ...

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### Eigenvalues of Symmetric Tridiagonal Matrices

Suppose I have the symmetric tridiagonal matrix:
$ \begin{pmatrix}
a & b_{1} & 0 & ... & 0 \\\
b_{1} & a & b_{2} & & ... \\\
0 & b_{2} & a & ... & 0 ...

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129 views

### Simple Spectrum of Jacobi matrices

I want to call a matrix a Jacobi matrix (cause there may be different notions of Jacobi matrices) if it is a tridiagonal matrix with positive off-diagonal entries. Now, I read that the spectrum of ...

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567 views

### Semicircle law universality elsewhere

Wigner's semicircle distribution is:
$$f(x)=\frac{1}{2 \pi}\sqrt{4-x^2}, \ \ -2\leq x\leq 2.$$
Under reasonable conditions, the rescaled eigenvalue density of random symmetric matrices $M_n$ follows ...

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54 views

### Extracting information from a differential equation if the zero eigenvalue eigen-function is known

Given the second order linear homogeneous differential equation
$$
-\dfrac{d^2}{dx^2}\psi_m(x) + V(x)\psi_m(x)=E_m\psi_m(x)
$$
with eigen-functions $\psi_m(x)$ and eigenvalues $E_m$, what information ...

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849 views

### On the spectrum of random regular graph

For a random $d$-regular graph, where $d$ can be fixed or can grow slowly with the size of the graph $n$, what can we say about its spectrum - Do you believe it has simple spectrum?
Thank you,

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### Bounds on the smallest eigenvalue of a Hankel matrix

Let $H=H_n$ be a positive definite Hankel matrix of size $n$ with $\lambda_n$ is it's smallest eigenvalue.
What bounds are known on $\lambda_n$ in terms of the entries on $H$.
I can see some results ...

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202 views

### How networks with high largest eigenvalues are more robust?

In the literature, it is sometimes indicated that network with high value of largest eigenvalue (either adjacency matrix or its Laplacian counterpart) are more robust against link/node removals. ...

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### Lower bound on Spectral Gap of Rank one + Diagonal

For some $x\in\mathbb{R}^n, \|x\|_2^2=1$ and $\alpha\geq 0$, consider the positive semi-definite matrix
$$
X_\alpha := xx^T + \alpha\sum_{k=1}^nx_k^2e_ke_k^T.
$$
Suppose for simplicity that the ...

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71 views

### Limit for eigenvalues of the Dirichlet problem

If $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $\lambda(\Omega)$ be an eigenvalue of the problem
$$-\Delta\,u=\lambda\,u\,\,\mbox{in}\,\,\, \Omega, \, u=0\,\,\,\mbox{on}\,\,\, ...

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### Perturbation of eigenvalues of some special matrices

In perturbation theory of linear operators, one major question is how the eigenvalues of a linear operator $A$ change under a small perturbation, $A(x) = A + xP$, with $x\in\mathbb{R}$. For instance, ...

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93 views

### An inequality for eigenvalues of the Dirichlet problem

Is either of these inequalities true?
$$\lambda(tA + (1-t)B)\geq t\lambda(A) + (1-t)\lambda(B)$$
or
$$\lambda(tA + (1-t)B)\leq t\lambda(A) + (1-t)\lambda(B),$$
where $0\leq t \leq 1$, $A,B$ are ...

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### Eigenvectors as continuous functions of matrix - diagonal perturbations

The general question has been treated here, and the response was negative. My question is about more particular perturbations. The counterexamples given in the previous question have variations not ...

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### Bounds on the spherical measure of sub-level sets of quadratic forms

I'm wondering if there are any bounds on the spherical measure of sets of the form
$$
\mu_n\left(\{y\in S^{n-1} : \frac{y_1^2}{y_2^2} < \alpha\}\right) \leq f(\alpha)
$$
where $\alpha$ is some ...

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### Epsilon-net of operator norm ball around Identity

Suppose I look at the set of matrices which are invertible and satisfy
$$
\left\|A-Id\right\|_{op}<r
$$
for some $r<1$, where $Id$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix. An $\epsilon$-net of such ...

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110 views

### Bounding the largest Singular value

D is a $n \times n$ diagonal matrix whose diagonal entries lies in $(0,1]$.
B is any $n \times n$ n.n.d. matrix.
What will be the sharpest upper bound on the largest eigenvalue of:
...

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### Neumann eigenvalues of quotients of manifolds with boundaries

I was wondering what is generally known about Neumann eigenvalues of Laplacian of $M/G$ where, $M$ is a manifold with boundary and $G$ is acting freely discontinuously on $M$? I understand that $M/G$ ...

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### Is there a general way to determine the Laplacian of the eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix? [closed]

I have a real symmetric $3\times3$ matrix $\mathbf{M}(\mathbf{r}$) which depends on $\mathbf{r} \in \mathbb{R}^3$. Each eigenvalue can be considered a scalar field $e_i(\mathbf{r})$ over ...

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### rank-one perturbation of a matrix corresponding to a specific spectrum

Let $A$ be a real symmetric matrix whose spectrum is $\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\ldots,\lambda_n$.
Let $A'$ be the matrix obtained by adding a perturbation to $A$. The requirement is that only the second ...

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### Eigenvalue overdetermined problem

Consider the following overdetermined eigenvalue problem for $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^2$:
$$(1) \ \ \ \ \begin{cases} - \Delta u = \lambda u & \text{ in }\Omega \\
u = 0 ...

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### Proof of eigenvalue stability inequality via Courant-Fischer min-max theorem

Dr. Tao in his notes on eigenvalue inequalities uses Courant-Fischer min-max theorem to prove the eigenvalue stability inequality. Specifically, I am looking for proof of Eq. (13) where Dr. Tao ...

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### On the least singular value of a random matrix and its minors

Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ random matrix with entries i.i.d from the continuous uniform distribution U([-1,1]). Is it true that the least singular value of $A$ and all its minors is greater than ...

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74 views

### On the least singular values

Let $A$ be a square matrix of size $n \times n$ ($n>2$) and let $B$ be $A$ if we delete the last row and column (size $(n-1) \times (n-1)$). Let $\sigma (A)$ be the least singular value of $A$ and ...

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### The maximal eigenvalue of a symmetric Toeplitz matrix

Let $0\le x\le 1$ be a real number. Denote by $A_n(x)=(a_{ij})$ the $n$ by $n$ matrix such that $a_{ij}=x^{|i-j|}$ and let $\lambda_n(x)$ be the maximal eigenvalue of $A_n(x)$.
Is there any ...

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### Reducing eigenvalues of symmetric PSD matrix towards 0: effect on ratios of original matrix elements?

Let $\boldsymbol{S}$ be $k \times k$ positive semi-definite real symmetric matrix with eigen decomposition $\boldsymbol{S} = \boldsymbol{X} \boldsymbol{\Lambda} \boldsymbol{X}'$ ...

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### Bound on the ratio of top 2 eigenvalues

Let $P$ be a $(n+1) \times (n+1)$ stochastic matrix such that $P_{ij}=\tau$ if $i \neq j$ and $P_{ii} = (1 - n\tau)$ where $0<\tau < \frac{1}{n+1}$. It is clear that the largest eigenvalue of ...

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### the impossibility of exactly computing eigenvalues [closed]

I is well known that there is no explicit formula for the eigenvalues of a general matrix (see e.g. Wikipedia). This result is a consequence of (1) Abel's theorem, stating that there is no explicit ...

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### No Exceptional Eigenvalues of Weight 1/2 Maass Forms on $\Gamma_0(4)$?

Some colleagues and I were wondering if there is a citation out there which shows there are no exceptional eigenvalues, $\lambda$, of classical weight 1/2 Maass forms on $\Gamma_0(4)$, which is to say ...

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### Why are 1 and -1 eigenvalues of this matrix?

This is a subject I've been working on for a very long time now, but still did not manage to fully understand the interesting properties of this matrix $\mathbf{A}$.
First, let's define two matrices:
...

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### Characterisation of a matrix ordering property

Let $n$ be a positive integer; we consider all matrices mentioned henceforth to be $n$-by-$n$ matrices. Let $A$ and $B$ be matrices wherein all entries are nonnegative (such matrices will be called ...

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### Matrices with real spectrum

Assume you have a non-symmetric real square matrix of all whose eigenvalues are real. Can anything be said about it? Is it unitarily equivalent to a symmetric matrix?
EDIT: Is it at least similar to ...

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### Eigenvalue of product of self adjoint compact operators

Suppose A is a self adjoint $m \times m$ real matrix with eigenpairs $\{e_j, \lambda_j\}$ such that $\lambda_j > \lambda_{j + 1}$. Let $B$ be another self adjoint real $m \times m$ matrix such that ...

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### Multiplicity of Ritz eigenvalues

Consider a Krylov subspace $K_m=\mathrm{span}\{v,Pv,...,P^{m-1}v\}$, for $P$ a square matrix and a nonzero vector $v$. Let $H_m$ represent the projection of $P$ (seen as an application) restricted to ...

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### An exact fraction of a matrix

Let $A$ be a $n \times m$ real matrix with $n<<m$ and of rank $r<n$. It is known that $A$ has exactly two distinct non-zero singular values: $\sigma_{\max}$ and $\sigma_{2}$, and also that ...

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### Separating Two Groups of Data using Fisher's Linear Discriminant

I found an article (starting on page 8) that gives a neat method for finding the line/plane/hyperplane that maximizes the separation between two groups of data points in n-dimensions. It uses Fisher's ...

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### Eigenvalues of Random Regular Bipartite Graphs

I am looking for a way of getting a good estimate of the eigenvalues of random bipartite d-regular graphs. The literature has very precise values the proofs of which are very involved and since I am ...

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### Existence of a matrix product from its eigenvalues

Let A and B be two positive definite, real, symmetric matrices. The eigenvalues of A, B and AB, denoted by $\lambda(X)$, obey the relation (from Bhatia):
$$
\lambda^\downarrow(A) \cdot ...

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### Independence of Eigenvalues of Wishart

This question regards a previous post, but it is not immediately obvious the two are related, so I ask it anyways: are the eigenvalues of a Wishart matrix $\mathbf{S}$ $=$ ...

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### Determinant of the sum of a psd (Kronecker) matrix and a diagonal matrix?

Let $K = K1 \otimes K2$ where $K1$ and $K2$ are positive semidefinite matrices. Let $W$ be a diagonal matrix with positive entries. (Everything is real-valued.)
I want to calculate or bound $\det ...

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### Eigenvalue problem (finite difference operator)

Consider an arbitrary elliptic (perhaps, degenerate) finite difference operator
$$L_{i,j,k}=-\Delta_{i,j,k}+\alpha_{i,j,k}\frac{\partial}{\partial x}_{i,j,k}+\beta_{i,j,k}\frac{\partial}{\partial ...

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### Bounds on smallest Eigenvalue of the Sum of a Standard Laplacian and a Diagonal Matrix

I'm trying to find upper boundaries on the smallest Eigenvalue $\lambda_1$ of $L + E$, where $L$ is a standard Laplacian of an unweighted digraph, with $\lambda_1(L) = 0$ and $E \in \{0,1\}^{n \times ...

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### Question about majorization of eigenvalues after conjugation

Let $A$ and $B$ be $n \times n$ positive semidefinite matrices with eigenvalues $\alpha_1 \ge \alpha_2 \ge \ldots \ge \alpha_n$ and $\beta_1 \ge \beta_2 \ge \ldots \ge \beta_n$ respectively. ...