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0
votes
2answers
42 views

Connectivity of weighted graph and zero Laplacian eigenvalues

Given an undirected graph $G$, and let $V$ denote its set of vertices and $E$ its set of edges. Suppose that there are no edges connecting the same vertex, and no more than one edge connecting any ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Eigenvalues of the sum of two matrices, where one is $B=\operatorname{diag}(1, 0,\dots,0)$

I know that given two matrices $A$ and $B$, estimating the eigenvalues of $A + B$ by the eigenvalues of $A$ and $B$ is generally a non-easy problem. In particular, there are some results for matrices ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Eigenvalue Problem — prove eigenvalue for A^2 + I [migrated]

This is a proof I've been trying to figure out since the problem was presented to me. We are given that $\lambda$ is an eigenvalue for a matrix $A$ and the vector $u$ is the eigenvector corresponding ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Find motivation for calculating $\int_{2}^{X} A^2(t) A(\alpha t)dt$

I read a thesis of Kong Kar Lun (student of Tsang K.M) about the some mean value theorems for certain errors terms in analytic number theory and in which he gave the asymptotic formulas of the ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

Possible values of eigenvalues of Hadamard product of Hermitian matrices

One of the most important (and very well-known) result in the study of the spectrum of Hermitian matrices is Horn's conjecture (or theorem?), which provides a complete answer to the following problem: ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Interpreting (Fiedler) spectral bisectioning

I would appreciate help on how to interpret the results of spectral bisectioning of a graph. Given a $G=(V,E)$ with size $N$ represented by $Q$ its Laplacian matrix where the eigenvalues are ordered ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Asymptotic behavior of the minimum eigenvalue of a certain Gram matrix with linear independence

Consider the density matrices with the following spectral decompositions: $$\rho=\lambda_1|\nu_1\rangle+\lambda_{2}|\nu_2\rangle$$ and $$\sigma=\gamma_1|\omega_1\rangle+\gamma_2|\omega_2\rangle$$ such ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Weighted Perturbation Bound for Polar Decomposition

Setup: Let $X\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times r}$ be a matrix with orthogonal columns, with $\Sigma = X^TX$, and assume that $\Sigma$ is invertible (note, $\Sigma$ is not necessarily the identity). Suppose we ...
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Can I find the gap between the two least eigenvalues of this special matrix A(t)?‎

I am interested in finding the gap between the two least eigenvalues of $A(t)$, a Hermitian $N\times N$ sparse ‎matrix whose diagonal elements are $a_it+b_i\,(1\leq i\leq N)$, and all off-diagonal ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Extracting information from a differential equation if the zero eigenvalue eigen-function is known

Given the second order linear homogeneous differential equation $$ -\dfrac{d^2}{dx^2}\psi_m(x) + V(x)\psi_m(x)=E_m\psi_m(x) $$ with eigen-functions $\psi_m(x)$ and eigenvalues $E_m$, what information ...
7
votes
7answers
569 views

Semicircle law universality elsewhere

Wigner's semicircle distribution is: $$f(x)=\frac{1}{2 \pi}\sqrt{4-x^2}, \ \ -2\leq x\leq 2.$$ Under reasonable conditions, the rescaled eigenvalue density of random symmetric matrices $M_n$ follows ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Determinant of a Certain Positive-Definite Block Matrix

Is there a lower bound for the determinant or minimum eigenvalue of the following $d$ by $d$ matrix in terms of $d$? $$\Gamma=\left( {\begin{array}{cc} I & B \\ B^{*} & I \\ \end{array} ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Bounds on the smallest eigenvalue of a Hankel matrix

Let $H=H_n$ be a positive definite Hankel matrix of size $n$ with $\lambda_n$ is it's smallest eigenvalue. What bounds are known on $\lambda_n$ in terms of the entries on $H$. I can see some results ...
4
votes
3answers
207 views

How networks with high largest eigenvalues are more robust?

In the literature, it is sometimes indicated that network with high value of largest eigenvalue (either adjacency matrix or its Laplacian counterpart) are more robust against link/node removals. ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Lower bound on Spectral Gap of Rank one + Diagonal

For some $x\in\mathbb{R}^n, \|x\|_2^2=1$ and $\alpha\geq 0$, consider the positive semi-definite matrix $$ X_\alpha := xx^T + \alpha\sum_{k=1}^nx_k^2e_ke_k^T. $$ Suppose for simplicity that the ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Limit for eigenvalues of the Dirichlet problem

If $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $\lambda(\Omega)$ be an eigenvalue of the problem $$-\Delta\,u=\lambda\,u\,\,\mbox{in}\,\,\, \Omega, \, u=0\,\,\,\mbox{on}\,\,\, ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Perturbation of eigenvalues of some special matrices

In perturbation theory of linear operators, one major question is how the eigenvalues of a linear operator $A$ change under a small perturbation, $A(x) = A + xP$, with $x\in\mathbb{R}$. For instance, ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

An inequality for eigenvalues of the Dirichlet problem

Is either of these inequalities true? $$\lambda(tA + (1-t)B)\geq t\lambda(A) + (1-t)\lambda(B)$$ or $$\lambda(tA + (1-t)B)\leq t\lambda(A) + (1-t)\lambda(B),$$ where $0\leq t \leq 1$, $A,B$ are ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Bounds on the spherical measure of sub-level sets of quadratic forms

I'm wondering if there are any bounds on the spherical measure of sets of the form $$ \mu_n\left(\{y\in S^{n-1} : \frac{y_1^2}{y_2^2} < \alpha\}\right) \leq f(\alpha) $$ where $\alpha$ is some ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Epsilon-net of operator norm ball around Identity

Suppose I look at the set of matrices which are invertible and satisfy $$ \left\|A-Id\right\|_{op}<r $$ for some $r<1$, where $Id$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix. An $\epsilon$-net of such ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Eigenvectors as continuous functions of matrix - diagonal perturbations

The general question has been treated here, and the response was negative. My question is about more particular perturbations. The counterexamples given in the previous question have variations not ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Neumann eigenvalues of quotients of manifolds with boundaries

I was wondering what is generally known about Neumann eigenvalues of Laplacian of $M/G$ where, $M$ is a manifold with boundary and $G$ is acting freely discontinuously on $M$? I understand that $M/G$ ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Is there a general way to determine the Laplacian of the eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix? [closed]

I have a real symmetric $3\times3$ matrix $\mathbf{M}(\mathbf{r}$) which depends on $\mathbf{r} \in \mathbb{R}^3$. Each eigenvalue can be considered a scalar field $e_i(\mathbf{r})$ over ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Eigenvalue overdetermined problem

Consider the following overdetermined eigenvalue problem for $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^2$: $$(1) \ \ \ \ \begin{cases} - \Delta u = \lambda u & \text{ in }\Omega \\ u = 0 ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Proof of eigenvalue stability inequality via Courant-Fischer min-max theorem

Dr. Tao in his notes on eigenvalue inequalities uses Courant-Fischer min-max theorem to prove the eigenvalue stability inequality. Specifically, I am looking for proof of Eq. (13) where Dr. Tao ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

On the least singular value of a random matrix and its minors

Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ random matrix with entries i.i.d from the continuous uniform distribution U([-1,1]). Is it true that the least singular value of $A$ and all its minors is greater than ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

Bounding the largest Singular value

D is a $n \times n$ diagonal matrix whose diagonal entries lies in $(0,1]$. B is any $n \times n$ n.n.d. matrix. What will be the sharpest upper bound on the largest eigenvalue of: ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

On the least singular values

Let $A$ be a square matrix of size $n \times n$ ($n>2$) and let $B$ be $A$ if we delete the last row and column (size $(n-1) \times (n-1)$). Let $\sigma (A)$ be the least singular value of $A$ and ...
6
votes
5answers
386 views

The maximal eigenvalue of a symmetric Toeplitz matrix

Let $0\le x\le 1$ be a real number. Denote by $A_n(x)=(a_{ij})$ the $n$ by $n$ matrix such that $a_{ij}=x^{|i-j|}$ and let $\lambda_n(x)$ be the maximal eigenvalue of $A_n(x)$. Is there any ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Reducing eigenvalues of symmetric PSD matrix towards 0: effect on ratios of original matrix elements?

Let $\boldsymbol{S}$ be $k \times k$ positive semi-definite real symmetric matrix with eigen decomposition $\boldsymbol{S} = \boldsymbol{X} \boldsymbol{\Lambda} \boldsymbol{X}'$ ...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

Bound on the ratio of top 2 eigenvalues

Let $P$ be a $(n+1) \times (n+1)$ stochastic matrix such that $P_{ij}=\tau$ if $i \neq j$ and $P_{ii} = (1 - n\tau)$ where $0<\tau < \frac{1}{n+1}$. It is clear that the largest eigenvalue of ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

the impossibility of exactly computing eigenvalues [closed]

I is well known that there is no explicit formula for the eigenvalues of a general matrix (see e.g. Wikipedia). This result is a consequence of (1) Abel's theorem, stating that there is no explicit ...
3
votes
1answer
542 views

Why are 1 and -1 eigenvalues of this matrix?

This is a subject I've been working on for a very long time now, but still did not manage to fully understand the interesting properties of this matrix $\mathbf{A}$. First, let's define two matrices: ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Characterisation of a matrix ordering property

Let $n$ be a positive integer; we consider all matrices mentioned henceforth to be $n$-by-$n$ matrices. Let $A$ and $B$ be matrices wherein all entries are nonnegative (such matrices will be called ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Matrices with real spectrum

Assume you have a non-symmetric real square matrix of all whose eigenvalues are real. Can anything be said about it? Is it unitarily equivalent to a symmetric matrix? EDIT: Is it at least similar to ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Eigenvalue of product of self adjoint compact operators

Suppose A is a self adjoint $m \times m$ real matrix with eigenpairs $\{e_j, \lambda_j\}$ such that $\lambda_j > \lambda_{j + 1}$. Let $B$ be another self adjoint real $m \times m$ matrix such that ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Multiplicity of Ritz eigenvalues

Consider a Krylov subspace $K_m=\mathrm{span}\{v,Pv,...,P^{m-1}v\}$, for $P$ a square matrix and a nonzero vector $v$. Let $H_m$ represent the projection of $P$ (seen as an application) restricted to ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

An exact fraction of a matrix

Let $A$ be a $n \times m$ real matrix with $n<<m$ and of rank $r<n$. It is known that $A$ has exactly two distinct non-zero singular values: $\sigma_{\max}$ and $\sigma_{2}$, and also that ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Separating Two Groups of Data using Fisher's Linear Discriminant

I found an article (starting on page 8) that gives a neat method for finding the line/plane/hyperplane that maximizes the separation between two groups of data points in n-dimensions. It uses Fisher's ...
0
votes
3answers
130 views

Simple Spectrum of Jacobi matrices

I want to call a matrix a Jacobi matrix (cause there may be different notions of Jacobi matrices) if it is a tridiagonal matrix with positive off-diagonal entries. Now, I read that the spectrum of ...
5
votes
0answers
76 views

Eigenvalues of Random Regular Bipartite Graphs

I am looking for a way of getting a good estimate of the eigenvalues of random bipartite d-regular graphs. The literature has very precise values the proofs of which are very involved and since I am ...
5
votes
0answers
207 views

Existence of a matrix product from its eigenvalues

Let A and B be two positive definite, real, symmetric matrices. The eigenvalues of A, B and AB, denoted by $\lambda(X)$, obey the relation (from Bhatia): $$ \lambda^\downarrow(A) \cdot ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

Determinant of the sum of a psd (Kronecker) matrix and a diagonal matrix?

Let $K = K1 \otimes K2$ where $K1$ and $K2$ are positive semidefinite matrices. Let $W$ be a diagonal matrix with positive entries. (Everything is real-valued.) I want to calculate or bound $\det ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Eigenvalue problem (finite difference operator)

Consider an arbitrary elliptic (perhaps, degenerate) finite difference operator $$L_{i,j,k}=-\Delta_{i,j,k}+\alpha_{i,j,k}\frac{\partial}{\partial x}_{i,j,k}+\beta_{i,j,k}\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Bounds on smallest Eigenvalue of the Sum of a Standard Laplacian and a Diagonal Matrix

I'm trying to find upper boundaries on the smallest Eigenvalue $\lambda_1$ of $L + E$, where $L$ is a standard Laplacian of an unweighted digraph, with $\lambda_1(L) = 0$ and $E \in \{0,1\}^{n \times ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

Question about majorization of eigenvalues after conjugation

Let $A$ and $B$ be $n \times n$ positive semidefinite matrices with eigenvalues $\alpha_1 \ge \alpha_2 \ge \ldots \ge \alpha_n$ and $\beta_1 \ge \beta_2 \ge \ldots \ge \beta_n$ respectively. ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Spectral radius of a time-varying matrix with strictly positive increment of the matrix's entry

Consider a time varying non-negative matrix $A(t)$ and its spectral radius $\rho(A(t))$ being the largest eigenvalue of $A(t)$ and $t$ denotes the time. If $A(t)$ changes over time with each time a ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

An inequality concerning restricted isometry property

Let $A\in \mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ be a matrix and let us denote by $A_S$ the submatrix of $A$ with the columns restricted to a set $S\subset [n]:=\{1,2,\cdots, \ n\}$. Then one says that the matrix ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

when can I say that $UV^T$ is a permutation matrix? [closed]

suppose we have two p.s.d matrices A and B: so we can diagonalize them like this: A= $UΛU^T$ and $B=VΣV^T$ 1: on what condition for $A$ and $B$ I can say that $UV^T$ is a permutation matrix? 2: how ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Dipole Transition Integrals - Acceleration Form, What's Wrong?

I should have posted this question in a physics forum, but I think by posting in MathOverflow I may get more responses. The following question may sound stupid, since I'm sure I was wrong somewhere, ...