The duality tag has no wiki summary.

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### The concept of Duality

I have been thinking for sometime about asking this question, but because I did not want to have two "big-list" questions open at the same time, I did not ask this one. Now its time has come.
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### Classification of rings satisfying $a^4=a$

We have the famous classification of rings satisfying $a^2=a$ (for each element $a$) in terms of Stone spaces, via $X \mapsto C(X,\mathbb{F}_2)$. Similarly, rings satisfying $a^3=a$ are classified by ...

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692 views

### Frobenius upper shriek/flat of a dualizing complex

Let $X$ be a separated connected scheme of characteristic $p > 0$. I am going to assume that $F : X \to X$ (the absolute Frobenius) is a finite map. This condition is called being $F$-finite.
...

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**1**answer

313 views

### What would be an infinity-groupoid analogue of the duality between sets and complete atomic boolean algebras?

Consider the object classifier of the $\infty$-topos of $\infty$-groupoids. For the role it plays in homotopy type theory as the type of types, let’s denote it as $Type = \coprod_{[F]} B Aut(F)$, the ...

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361 views

### Which categories are the categories of models of a Lawvere theory?

Background: a Lawvere theory $T$ is a category with finite products such that each object is a power of a fixed object $x$. Given a Lawvere theory $T$, the category $\text{Mod}_T$ of models of $T$ is ...

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**1**answer

194 views

### Looking for concrete description of a category derived from abelian groups

The category of abelian groups $\mathsf{Ab}$ is the $\mathcal{Ind}$-completion of the full subcategory of finitely presentable abelian groups $\mathsf{Ab}_{fp}$. This is not so special, since the ...

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**1**answer

882 views

### Questions about spectra of rings of continuous functions

I have been thinking a bit about rings of continuous functions of various kinds -- how they motivate the more modern notion of the Zariski topology on the prime spectrum as well as how they fit into a ...

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**2**answers

348 views

### Is there any relationship between the topologies of the clique complex and the independence complex?

Let $G$ be a simple graph on a finite vertex set. The clique complex $X(G)$ is the simplicial complex whose faces are complete subgraphs of $G$, and the independence complex $I(G)$ is the simplicial ...

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489 views

### Duality between K-theory and K-homology in the non-spin^c case.

I posted this question on Math.SE (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/409444/), but got no answer. So I repost it here.
Let M be a closed manifold. Then there is a cap product $K^\ast(M) \times ...

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**2**answers

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### Characterizing the Dual of $W_0^{s,p}$

I am interested in literature/results characterizing the dual of the fractional Sobolev space $W^{s,p}(\Omega)$, where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is open, bounded, and smooth, $0< s<1$, and ...

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260 views

### Twisted duality in a symmetric monoidal category

I would like to know if the following definition is already known or even well-known. Is there a reference in the literature? Do you know prominent examples?
Definition. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a ...

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**5**answers

458 views

### Dualizable classifying spaces

If $G$ is a finitely generated free group, then its classifying space $B G$ can be presented as a finite CW complex (a finite bouquet of circles), and therefore is Spanier-Whitehead dualizable. Are ...

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**1**answer

157 views

### Dual of Banach-valued $L^p$ [duplicate]

Let $X$ be an infinite-dimensional Banach space and let $p\in(1,+\infty)$. We may define $L^p(\mathbb R;X)$. Is it always true that the topological dual of $L^p(\mathbb R;X)$ is $L^{p'}(\mathbb ...

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**1**answer

104 views

### Elementary proof of a triangular grid lemma

I am looking for an elementary proof of the following lemma, which concerns what Green and Tao call "triangular grids" (see arXiv:1208.4714).
Let $a_1$, $a_2$, $a_3$, $a_4$, $b_1$, $b_2$ be six ...

**6**

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**3**answers

468 views

### Do any Stone-like dualities have some self-dualities hidden inside them?

This question originated from the observation that in most cases when one has duality of structured sets induced by a dualizing set-with-two-structures $D$, both sides of the duality are substructures ...

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112 views

### Duality between large and small scale structures

A rather immediate reaction to seeing the definition of a coarse structure, at least to me, is to be reminded of a uniform structure. The axioms for a coarse structure $\mathcal{C}$ (defined by a ...

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630 views

### opposite category

In the 2-category Cat of small categories, for each category $C$ (an object of Cat) there is also the dual category (I dare not write "dual object") $C^{op}$.
Is ${op}$ the instance in Cat of a more ...

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291 views

### Why are possibility and necessity dual?

Hello,
Recently, I'm studying modal logic for my master's thesis, and my research background is category theory.
So, I naturally have a question that why it is said that necessity (box) and ...

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**4**answers

662 views

### Existence of dominating measure for weak*-compact set of measures

I have posted the following question also here a longer time ago, but due to no answers I thought it might fit better to MO.
Let $(\Omega,\mathcal F)$ be a measurable space and $\mathcal P$ a ...

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**2**answers

386 views

### A name for a weak topology

Let $V$ be a real vector space and let $V'$ be the algebraic dual of $V$, i.e. the space of all the linear functionals $V\to\mathbb{R}$. Then there exists the weakest topology $\tau$ which makes all ...

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**1**answer

135 views

### Dual cell structures on manifolds

Suppose that $M$ is a compact manifold without boundary (smooth if you like), and suppose further that $M$ is equipped with a regular CW-complex structure. Denote the face poset of this CW-complex by ...

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**1**answer

732 views

### connections between Grothendieck's and Serre's duality

Hi,
I would like to show that
if $f: X \rightarrow Y=Spec \, \mathbb{C}$, where $X$ is a nonsingular complex projective variety, is the projection to a point, then the complex $f^! \mathcal{O}_Y$, ...

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**1**answer

388 views

### Base change of trace for Gorenstein or Cohen-Macaulay morphisms

This is basically a question of functoriality for base change of CM morphisms.
EDIT: $\text{ }$ Brian Conrad sent me an email explaining the that this is indeed true, and follows from his book. ...

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433 views

### Is there a direct way to compute the higher derived image sheaves of a family of $\mathbb{P}^n$s?

Let $V\rightarrow Y$ be a vector bundle of rank $n+1$ over $Y$, with $Y$ reasonably nice (I care about the case of smooth, irreducible affine). Let $X=\mathbb{P}(V)$ be the projectivization of $V$, so ...

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**2**answers

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### Examples for “nice” Boolean algebras that are not complete or not atomic

A Boolean algebra may, or may not, be complete (i.e, any set of elements has a sup and an inf) or atomic (i.e., every element is a sup of some set of atoms).
Boolean Algebras that are complete as ...

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457 views

### Tensor and Hom objects for finite flat group schemes

Is the category of finite flat group schemes equipped with "tensor products" and Hom-objects, encoding bilinear maps? I'm aware that the Cartier dual is $Hom(\mathbb{G}, \mathbb{G}_m)$, and want to ...

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**1**answer

219 views

### Equivalent Norms for the Dual of Sobolev / Bessel Spaces

Using standard notation, we refer to $H^s(\mathbb R) = W^{s,2}(\mathbb R)$ to be the Sobolev Hilbert spaces. As is often the case, it's natural to then consider properties of functions in $H^s(\mathbb ...

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**1**answer

119 views

### Self-dual surfaces in $\mathbb P^3$ with isolated singularities

I am aware of the following examples of normal surfaces in $\mathbb P^3$ that are projectively isomorphic to their dual varieties:
the smooth quadric;
Kummer surfaces;
The surface with the equation ...

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**1**answer

181 views

### Profinite completion of a partial order

In Johnstone's Stone Spaces it is proved that the category of profinite partial orders is (equivalent to) the category of ordered Stone spaces (also called Priestley spaces) and that the obvious ...

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### Topological Problems Solved by Lattice Duality

It is well known the success of lattice dualities (as Pontryagin duality for abelian groups, Stone duality for Boolean algebras and Priestley duality for distributive lattices) to solve algebraic ...

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437 views

### Continuous Transportation Problem

Hi all, I'm trying to formulate an infinite linear program to prove optimality (via duality) for the Continuous Transportation Problem, e.g. the Kantorovich-Wasserstein distance. This is the ...

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### Unique representability of bounded distributive lattices

Priestley Duality assigns to every bounded distributive lattice $L$ a compact totally order-disconnected topological space $P(L)$, also called a Priestley space.
A poset $(P,\leq)$ is called ...

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190 views

### Does GKZ's reflexivity theorem imply the Plucker formula?

Let $S\subset\mathbb{P}^n$, Gelfand-Kapranov-Zelevinsky defined its dual variety $S^\vee\subset\mathbb{P}^{n^\ast}$. In this paper (http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0111179v1.pdf), the author obtained the ...

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### Duality between K-theory and K-homology in the non-compact, spin$^c$ case

Let $M$ be a compact spin$^c$ manifold, so that it has a fundamental class $[M] \in K_n(M)$. It is well-known that the cap product with $[M]$ induces Poincare duality isomorphisms $K^\ast(M) \cong ...

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264 views

### Dual of a weighted projective space

I have a fairly good understanding of what the dual of a projective space is. I am currently interested in weighted projective space but I haven't found anything on the construction of its dual space ...

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### Is it possible to solve the argument maximization problem $\arg\max_x \langle x,l \rangle −f_1(x)−f_2(x)$ via convex duality?

I am attempting to solve the argument maximization problem
$$\arg\sup_x \{ \langle x,l \rangle − f_1(x)−f_2(x) \} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$
where the functions $f_1$ and $f_2$ are concave but ...

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506 views

### Alexander duality theorem for CW-complexes and stable homotopy theory

In Adams, J.F. Infinite Loop Spaces Princ. Univ. Press. page 9 he states Alexander duality theorem
Theorem:[Alexander Duality] $$ H^r(X,G)=H_{n-r+1}(S^n-X,G)$$
for finite CW-complexes with a "nice ...

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561 views

### Does equality of Hodge star and symplectic star imply Kähler structure?

Question
The question asked is:
On a manifold $M$ equipped with a Riemann metric $g$ and a symplectic structure $\omega$, with $\ast$ the Hodge star and $\ast_s$ the symplectic star, does ...

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269 views

### Electromagnetic duality symmetry

This question arose while reading http://prd.aps.org/abstract/PRD/v13/i6/p1592_1 (Duality transformations of Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields, by Stanley Deser and Claudio Teitelboim). It is well ...

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235 views

### Grothendieck duality for stacks

Let $\mathcal{X}$ be a smooth, proper and separated Deligne-Mumford stack and let $\pi:\mathcal{X}\rightarrow X$ be its coarse moduli space. Does Grothendieck duality hold for the morphism $\pi$ ?
In ...

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### Is the isomorphism between $BMO/\mathbb{R}$ and $(H^1(\mathbb{R}^n))^{\star}$ isometric?

Let $BMO$ the space of bounded mean oscillation functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ equipped with the Lebesgue measure. If $Q\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ a cube, let $m_Q f$ the average of a function $f\in ...

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### Infinite Linear Programming

I'm trying to prove optimality for a continuous linear program. That is, I have a linear program with an uncountable number of variables and constraints. I'm not sure how to demonstrate feasibility ...

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**1**answer

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### Simultaneously extending the functionals of a subspace of a Banach space to the whole space

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $Y$ a closed subspace of $X$. If $\varphi\in Y^*$, then Hahn-Banach allows us to extend $\varphi$ to a $\tilde\varphi\in X^*$, such that $\|\tilde\varphi\|=\|\varphi\|$. ...

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### Why is the norm map dual to restriction under Tate local duality?

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension of nonarchimedean local fields, and let $A$ and $A^t$ be dual abelian varieties over $K$. Tate local duality tells us that $A^t(K)$ and $H^1(K, A)$ are ...

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400 views

### A category being self-dual vs. it being a groupoid

What is the relationship between self-duality and groupoid-ness? Does any condition imply the other? Is there an example which helps understand the difference?
To go from a self-duality $F$ on a ...

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### Predual of a subspace

Let $E$ be a Banach space, let $d\ge 1$ be an integer. Let $\mathcal G$ be a weakly closed subspace of
$(E^*)^d$ with finite codimension.
I would like know if the space $\mathcal G$ is a dual space ...

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192 views

### What is a de Vries algebra?

I've come across a set of slides by Guram Bezhanishvili where he claims the category of compact hausdorff spaces is related by duality to de Vries algebras. What are they?

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### Dual Norm For Sum of 2-Norms

What is the dual of a norm that is the sum of two-norms? Specifically, say we have the following norm for $\mathbf{x}\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $\mathbf{A}_i \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$
$\|\mathbf{x}\| = ...

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**1**answer

259 views

### What is the dual of a pre-injective map?

In [M. Gromov, Endomorphisms of symbolic algebraic varieties, J. Eur. Math.
Soc. (JEMS) 1 (1999), 109–197], Gromov introduces the notion of pre-injective map. Recasting this notion in the setting of ...

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### How do you compute the dual norm of an induced norm on a subspace of a finite-dimensional Lp-normed vector space?

Say you have a finite-dimensional vector space $V$ with an $L^p$ norm on it. In general, the norm induced on a subspace $V_s$ of doesn't have to be another $L^p$ norm, so the unit sphere in $V_s$ ...