Use for questions regarding duality of mathematical object, i.e. dual spaces, objects with two possible interpretations etc.

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0
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1answer
78 views

When do two quasi-Banach spaces with identical dual spaces have equivalent norms?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two quasi-Banach spaces such that the dual spaces satisfy $X^*=Y^*$. I want to know if there are some conditions that imply $X=Y$ (in the sense of equivalent norms).
2
votes
1answer
337 views

Matlis' dual of injective modules

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m})$ be a commutative Noetherian complete local rings ($R$ can be regular, if you need). Let $E(R/\mathfrak{p})$ be injective hull of $R/\mathfrak{p}$, if $\mathfrak{p}= \mathfrak{m}...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Dual of colimit in $\text{Ban}_1$

I learned in J. Castillo's Hitchhiker guide to categorical Banach space theory that, by a theorem of Semadeni and Zidenberg, limits and colimits exist in the category $\text{Ban}_1$ of Banach spaces ...
2
votes
2answers
723 views

How do you compute the dual norm of an induced norm on a subspace of a finite-dimensional $\ell^p$-normed vector space?

Say you have a finite-dimensional vector space $V$ with an $\ell^p$ norm on it. In general, the norm induced on a subspace $V_s$ of doesn't have to be another $\ell^p$ norm, so the unit sphere in $V_s$...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

How is the duality pairing of $H^{1/2}$ and $H^{-1/2}$ defined on a subset of the boundary?

Let $\Omega\in \mathbb{R}^d$,for $d\in \{2,3\}$ be a bounded polyhedral set with $n$ boundary faces labeled $\{e_i\}_{i=1}^n$. Let $\vec{q}\in H^{\mathrm{div}}(\Omega).$ Given $u\in H^{1/2}(\...
4
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0answers
646 views

Infinite Linear Programming

I'm trying to prove optimality for a continuous linear program. That is, I have a linear program with an uncountable number of variables and constraints. I'm not sure how to demonstrate feasibility ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Is the biproduct of dualizable objects itself dualizable

In a monoidal category with biproducts, let $A$ and $B$ be objects with right duals. Then does $A \oplus B$ have a right dual? The question is a bit subtle. Suppose I already know that $A \oplus B$ ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Duality of plurisubharmonic functions

Let $F$ be a cone of upper bounded upper semicontinuous functions on a compact set set $X$ containing all the constants. Let $z\in X $ and define a class of positive measure by $$M_z^F=\{ \mu : u(z)...
2
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0answers
64 views

Conditions under which the dual function is self-concordant

Consider the following optimization problem \begin{align} \min_{x}&\quad f(x)\\ \nonumber \text{subject to } \quad&h_i(x) = 0,\,i=1,\ldots,m\\ \nonumber \quad&x\in X\subseteq\...
10
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0answers
368 views

Dimensions of dual vector spaces

Let $V_F$ be an infinite dimensional right $F$-vector space (over a field $F$, or even over a division ring). The dual space $V^{\ast}={\rm Hom}(V,F)$ is naturally a left $F$-vector space (coming ...
2
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0answers
113 views

Open nature of $\mathcal{H}om$ functor/upper semi-continuity of $\operatorname{Ext}^i$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $T$ a $k$-scheme (can assume connected) and $X$ a projective variety over $k$. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent (pure) sheaf on $X \times_k T$ flat over $T$. ...
10
votes
3answers
328 views

Description of $\big(\ell^\infty(\mathbb N)\big)^{\!*}$ via ultrafilters

Let $\beta\mathbb N$ is the set of ultrafilters on $\mathbb N$ and $\mathscr F\in\beta\mathbb N$. Assume that $l_{\mathscr F}\in\big(\ell^\infty(\mathbb N)\big)^{\!*}$ is the functional which assigns ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

The metric gives the optimal element in a class

In geometry there is plenty of examples in which the following happens: Some elements are considered equivalent, in some topological or algebraic sense We take the quotient The metric is usually not ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Representation of the elements of $c_0^\perp$ as integrals over ultrafilters

Let $$ X=\big\{\varphi\in\ell_\infty^{\,*}(\mathbb N) : \varphi(\{a_n\})=0\,\,\text{whenever $a_n\to 0$}\big\}. $$ If $\varphi_{\mathscr F}(\{a_n\})$ is the limit of $\{a_n\}$ with respect to the non-...
9
votes
2answers
481 views

Self-dual plane curves

Suppose that $C\subset \mathbb P^2$ is a plane projective curve (base field is $\mathbb C$) and $C^*\subset (\mathbb P^2)^*$ is its dual. What are the known examples in which $C$ is projectively (i.e.,...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Finding the Lagrangian dual problem for a quadratic programm [closed]

I've problems to find the Lagrangian dual problem to \begin{align*} \min \limits_{x \in \mathbb{R}^n} \; \frac{1}{2} x^{ T} Q x + q^{T} x \\ \text{s.t.} \quad Ax &=b \\ x &\geq 0 \end{...
5
votes
2answers
300 views

Is the realtive dualizing sheaf Cohen-Macaulay?

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and let $X$ be a finite type $k$-scheme that is Cohen-Macaulay and equidimensional. Under these assumptions there is a relative dualizing sheaf $\omega_{X/k}$ ...
16
votes
2answers
442 views

What categorical property of monoidal categories picks out the ones with duals?

Recall that a monoidal category $\mathcal C$ is rigid if every object $X\in \mathcal C$ has both left and right duals, i.e. objects $X^l$ and $X^r$ with maps $X^l \otimes X \to \mathbf 1 \to X \otimes ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

How do we know the map is $w^{*}$-continuous?

I am reading a paper by David Blecher, which contains the following: " If $T: Y \to Z$ is a surjective isometric module map between $W^{*}$-modules over $M$, then $T$ is unitary. Also, $T$ is a $w^{*}...
8
votes
2answers
221 views

Is it possible to solve the argument maximization problem $\arg\max_x \langle x,l \rangle −f_1(x)−f_2(x)$ via convex duality?

I am attempting to solve the argument maximization problem $$\arg\sup_x \{ \langle x,l \rangle − f_1(x)−f_2(x) \} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$ where the functions $f_1$ and $f_2$ are concave but ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Duality and Euler paths in graphs

I'm computer scientist and in one of my researches I'm facing this question: if I have a planar graph that admits an Euler path (i.e. has 0 or 2 odd degree vertices, as Euler's theorem says), then his ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Creating Duals in A Category

Before stating my question I would like to provide afew motivating examples: Examples: In the category of Finitely-generated-projective $R$-modules, we have that: $M^{\vee}:=Hom_R(M,R)$ satisfies: $...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Natural Poisson brackets on $S(V^*)$

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space and $S(V)$ the corresponding symmetric algebra. Suppose that we have a Poisson bracket $\lambda = \{,\}: S(V) \otimes S(V) \to S(V)$. Let $V^*$ be the dual ...
25
votes
2answers
988 views

Why is there a duality between spaces and commutative algebras?

1) The category of affine varieties over $\mathbb{C}$ is equivalent to the opposite category of finitely generated algebras over $\mathbb{C}$. The equivalence associates to an affine variety its ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Examples for “nice” Boolean algebras that are not complete or not atomic

A Boolean algebra may, or may not, be complete (i.e, any set of elements has a sup and an inf) or atomic (i.e., every element is a sup of some set of atoms). Boolean Algebras that are complete as ...
1
vote
3answers
611 views

dual space of a subspace of the space of bounded measures

Let $\mathcal{M}=\mathcal{M}(\mathbb{R})$ be the space of bounded measures. Equipped with the weak convergence, the dual space of $\mathcal{M}$ is $\mathcal{C}_b(\mathbb{R})$ consisting of continuous ...
45
votes
24answers
8k views

The concept of Duality

I have been thinking for sometime about asking this question, but because I did not want to have two "big-list" questions open at the same time, I did not ask this one. Now its time has come. ...
3
votes
0answers
133 views

Isbell duality in Joyal and Street's Introduction to Tannaka Duality

In Sec. 3 of Joyal and Street's Introduction to Tannaka Duality and Quantum Groups, the authors give a commutative triangle of isomorphisms of compact topological groups (Corollary 8). This diagram ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Relative dualizing sheaf (reference, behavior)

Let $\mathcal{C}\rightarrow S$ a flat projective family of locally complete intersection projective curves over a integral noetherian scheme (say a spectrum of a local ring). I was wondering whether ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

Duality results for quadratic equality constrained optimization problem

Consider the optimization problem $$ \begin{align} \min_{x\in\mathbb{R}^n}&\quad f(x) = x^TA_0x+b_0^Tx+c_0\tag{P1}\\ \nonumber \text{subject to } \quad & g_i(x) = x^TA_ix+b_i^Tx+c_i = 0,\,i=...
0
votes
1answer
222 views

Grothendieck-Verdier duality for affine morphisms

Suppose $X,Y$ are varieties over $\mathbb{C}$, $Y$ is smooth and $X$ is Gorenstein ($X$ is not smooth in my case). Let $f: X \to Y$ be an affine morphism, and each fibre of $f$ has the same dimension $...
9
votes
1answer
163 views

Elementary proof of a triangular grid lemma

I am looking for an elementary proof of the following lemma, which concerns what Green and Tao call "triangular grids" (see arXiv:1208.4714). Let $a_1$, $a_2$, $a_3$, $a_4$, $b_1$, $b_2$ be six ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Dual cone of 'positive' Bochner integrable functions

If we consider the space of integrable functions $L^1([0,1];\mathbb{R})$, it can be ordered by the convex cone of positive integrable functions $L^1([0,1];\mathbb{R}_+)$. It is known that the ...
3
votes
0answers
130 views

Is the isomorphism between $BMO/\mathbb{R}$ and $(H^1(\mathbb{R}^n))^{\star}$ isometric?

Let $BMO$ the space of bounded mean oscillation functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ equipped with the Lebesgue measure. If $Q\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ a cube, let $m_Q f$ the average of a function $f\in L^1_{loc}(...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Do copairings provide dualities in derived categories?

Here is an elementary fact about vector spaces. Let $V,W$ be vector spaces over a field $\mathbb K$ and let $c : \mathbb K \to V \otimes W$ be an element of the tensor product. Then $c$ determines ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Predual of a subspace

Let $E$ be a Banach space, let $d\ge 1$ be an integer. Let $\mathcal G$ be a weakly closed subspace of $(E^*)^d$ with finite codimension. I would like know if the space $\mathcal G$ is a dual space $\...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Local duality for abelian varieties

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a p-adic field $K$. Let $I$ be the inertia group of $K$. There is a Yoneda pairing $$H^n(\hat{\mathbb{Z}},A^I) \times Ext^{2-n}_{\hat{\mathbb{Z}}}(A^I,\mathbb{Z}) \...
7
votes
1answer
177 views

Dual of Banach-valued $L^p$ [duplicate]

Let $X$ be an infinite-dimensional Banach space and let $p\in(1,+\infty)$. We may define $L^p(\mathbb R;X)$. Is it always true that the topological dual of $L^p(\mathbb R;X)$ is $L^{p'}(\mathbb R;X^*)...
6
votes
1answer
258 views

Dual cell structures on manifolds

Suppose that $M$ is a compact manifold without boundary (smooth if you like), and suppose further that $M$ is equipped with a regular CW-complex structure. Denote the face poset of this CW-complex by $...
11
votes
1answer
439 views

What would be an infinity-groupoid analogue of the duality between sets and complete atomic boolean algebras?

Consider the object classifier of the $\infty$-topos of $\infty$-groupoids. For the role it plays in homotopy type theory as the type of types, let’s denote it as $Type = \coprod_{[F]} B Aut(F)$, the ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Unique representability of bounded distributive lattices

Priestley Duality assigns to every bounded distributive lattice $L$ a compact totally order-disconnected topological space $P(L)$, also called a Priestley space. A poset $(P,\leq)$ is called (...
10
votes
2answers
470 views

Is there any relationship between the topologies of the clique complex and the independence complex?

Let $G$ be a simple graph on a finite vertex set. The clique complex $X(G)$ is the simplicial complex whose faces are complete subgraphs of $G$, and the independence complex $I(G)$ is the simplicial ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Classification of rings satisfying $a^4=a$

We have the famous classification of rings satisfying $a^2=a$ (for each element $a$) in terms of Stone spaces, via $X \mapsto C(X,\mathbb{F}_2)$. Similarly, rings satisfying $a^3=a$ are classified by ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

Does projective duality preserve arithmetic-Cohen-Macaulay-ness?

Let $V$ be a vector space over $\mathbb{C}$. Suppose $X\subset \mathbb{P} V$ is an algebraic variety, and consider its projective dual variety $X^\vee \subset \mathbb{P} V^*$. If the coordinate ring $\...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Is Khovanov's Frobenius algebra self-dual over the integers?

Khovanov's Frobenius algebra (used in the definition of Khovanov homology) is $\mathbb{Z}[X]/X^2$ with the comultiplication. $\Delta(X)=X\otimes X, \Delta(1)=1\otimes X+X\otimes 1$ and the trace $\...
1
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0answers
120 views

dual problem of SDP [closed]

suppose we have the following optimization problem: \begin{array}{l} \mathop {\min }\limits_{{\bf{X}},{\bf{x}}} \,\,Tr\left( {{\bf{XA}}} \right) + 2{{\bf{a}}^H}{\bf{x}} + b\\ s.t:\,\,\,\,\left[ {\...
4
votes
0answers
211 views

Does GKZ's reflexivity theorem imply the Plucker formula?

Let $S\subset\mathbb{P}^n$, Gelfand-Kapranov-Zelevinsky defined its dual variety $S^\vee\subset\mathbb{P}^{n^\ast}$. In this paper (http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0111179v1.pdf), the author obtained the ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

Why is the norm map dual to restriction under Tate local duality?

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension of nonarchimedean local fields, and let $A$ and $A^t$ be dual abelian varieties over $K$. Tate local duality tells us that $A^t(K)$ and $H^1(K, A)$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Why is the Tate local duality pairing compatible with the Cartier duality pairing?

This question is a follow up to Why is the norm map dual to restriction under Tate local duality? Let $A$ and $B$ be dual abelian schemes over a base scheme $S$. For an integer $n \ge 1$, consider ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

Profinite completion of a partial order

In Johnstone's Stone Spaces it is proved that the category of profinite partial orders is (equivalent to) the category of ordered Stone spaces (also called Priestley spaces) and that the obvious ...