Dynamics of differential equations and flows, mechanics, classical few-body problems, iterations, complex dynamics, delayed differential equations.

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64
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4k views

Dropping three bodies

Consider the usual three-body problem with Newtonian $1/r^2$ force between masses. Let the three masses start off at rest, and not collinear. Then they will become collinear a finite time ...
18
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654 views

Almost complex 4-manifolds with a “holomorphic” vector field

Main question. What is the class of smooth orientable 4-dimensional manifolds that admit an almost complex structure $J$ and a vector field v, that preserves $J$? The following sub question is ...
11
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330 views

Blocking light with mirrored convex objects

There is a long-unsolved problem posed by Janos Pach, sometimes known as the enchanted forest problem, which asks if it is possible to block a point light source in the plane from reaching infinity by ...
11
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0answers
141 views

Fundamental groups of reduced subgroup lattices

Let $G$ be a group. Its subgroup lattice, denoted $\Sigma G$, consists of all subgroups of $G$ partially ordered by inclusion. The topology of this poset is quite trivial, since it always has a ...
10
votes
0answers
295 views

flexibility of almost contact ``Reeb'' vector fields

New version of the question: Given an odd dimensional manifold $V$, an almost contact structure is a pair of $(\alpha, \omega)$, where $\alpha$ is a non-vanishing 1-form and $\omega$ is a 2-form ...
10
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0answers
303 views

Rational maps whose complex conjugate equals a PGL conjugate

Let $f(z)\in\mathbb{C}(z)$ be a rational function, and let $\bar{f}(z)$ denote the function obtained by taking the complex conjugate of the coefficients of $f$. I am interested in maps $f$ for which ...
9
votes
0answers
342 views

Poincaré recurrence and symplectic packings

Question. Is there any example of a path connected symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ that has infinite volume, but which cannot be packed by an infinite number of symplectic balls of a fixed radius ...
9
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0answers
249 views

For a group with one end does the property of connected spheres follow?

One of my friends is studying group actions on the circle, and he ended up with a question in geometrical group theory. Let us consider a finitely generated group $G$ with generators $g_1, \ldots ...
9
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332 views

Question from an economist: solving a model of traders' behavior with expectations about the future values of the variable they are currently optimizing

Motivation I am an economist writing a paper for an academic finance journal. My paper is about the behavior of currency traders, who choose the price at which they will sell currency today, based on ...
9
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0answers
319 views

How aspherical can a Gömböc be?

A Gömböc is a homogeneous massive convex solid that can rest on a horizontal plane in just two positions of equilibrium under gravity: one stable and the other unstable. How small a proportion of the ...
9
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356 views

Example of a quasi-Bernoulli measure which is not Gibbs?

Let $X=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$. For simplicity I consider measures on $X$ only. A measure $\mu$ is quasi-Bernoulli if there is a constant $C\ge 1$ such that for any finite sequences $i,j$, $$ C^{-1} ...
8
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0answers
273 views

Reference - Asymptotic geodesics on compact surfaces without conjugate points

I would like to ask about possible references on the following problem: consider a compact surface and a metric without conjugate points. Consider it's universal covering endowed whith the lifting of ...
8
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0answers
123 views

Generalized Skorokhod spaces

Skorokhod spaces of càdlàg functions are an extremely useful setting to describe stochastic processes. I'd like to understand the Skorokhod topology from a pure topological point of view, without ...
8
votes
0answers
202 views

resampling over Bowen balls

Hello MO World I'm working on a paper involving embedding your favourite measure-preserving transformation into a topological model (think Krieger generator theorem: embedding in a full shift) and ...
8
votes
0answers
355 views

Parametrisations for Null Temperature Functions: nonuniqueness of solutions to the Heat Equation

Disclaimer I expect this is a highly open problem, but maybe I'm wrong and someone has come up with some answers besides those given here. In any case, all information appreciated, thanks! Definition ...
8
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175 views

Billiards with incompatible regions

An existing question asks whether "almost every" two-dimensional billiard possesses at least one orbit that is dense in its interior. My question is about the following set of strong ...
7
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0answers
159 views

Periodic orbits of a spinning ball in a square

Periodic orbits of a billiard ball bouncing in a square have been well-studied. I am seeking similar analysis of what is sometimes called a rough ball, one whose high friction causes it to pick up ...
7
votes
0answers
168 views

A model of self-organizing behavior

I'd just like to know if the following model has received any attention: A state at discrete time $t$ consists of a function $S_t:{\Bbb Z}^2\rightarrow S^1$. So view each cell $c$ (element of ${\Bbb ...
7
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0answers
343 views

What is the “category of bifurcations”?

While reading the introduction to this paper by Curtis McMullen, I came to the following (bold added): In this paper we show that every bifurcation set contains a copy of the boundary of the ...
6
votes
0answers
216 views

Do ergodic isometries have discrete spectrum?

Let $X$ be a metric space, $\mu$ a Borel probability measure, and $T:X\rightarrow X$ be an ergodic measure preserving isometry. Is $(X,\mu,T)$ measure theoretically isomorphic to a minimal isometry ...
6
votes
0answers
177 views

Invariant curves of rational functions

Let $\gamma$ be a Jordan analytic curve on the Riemann sphere, and $f$ a rational function of degree at least 2 which maps $\gamma$ onto itself homeomorphically. The following examples of such ...
6
votes
0answers
290 views

“topological” conjugacy of group automorphisms

In the paper "Orbit Equivalence and Topological Conjugacy of Affine Actions on Compact Abelian Groups", S. Bhattacharya shows (Theorem 3) the following: Theorem. Given two actions $\alpha$ and ...
6
votes
0answers
153 views

Unbounded energy growth in a Hamiltonian system

Does there exist an orbit with unbounded velocity in the system $\ddot x = (-1)^{[t]+[x]}$, where $[*]$ denotes the integer part of *?
6
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211 views

Monotone invariants of braid forcing

Let $\phi$ be a diffeomorphism of the unit disk $D^2$, fixed on the boundary, and suppose that $Q$ is a finite subset of the interior permuted by $\phi$. The isotopy class of $\phi$ relative to $Q$ ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Using topological pressure to determine a subshift of finite type

I am interested in recognising graphs (or matrices, or subshifts of finite type) using topological pressure. Suppose that we play the following game: ${\bf Step 1:}$ I write down an irreducible n x n ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

Equivariant zero dimensional extension recovering a given measure

Let $X$ be a compact metrizable space and $\alpha: \mathbb{Z}^d\curvearrowright X$ a continuous group action. Then it is well known that there exists a zero dimensional compact space $Y$, an action ...
5
votes
0answers
169 views

Quasicompactness of transfer operators associated to IID matrix products

Let $P^1$ denote one-dimensional real projective space, and for each $A \in GL(2,\mathbb{R})$ let $\overline{A}$ denote the homeomorphism of $P^1$ induced by $A$. I am currently reading a paper which ...
5
votes
0answers
159 views

Fibre Mixing for Dynamical Systems

Hi all, I'm interested in understanding a fairly difficult theorem of Lindenstrauss Peres and Schlag. In that paper the authors prove that certain dynamical systems related to beta expansions and ...
5
votes
0answers
247 views

Quantum dynamics on varieties: asymptotic quantum trace distance on SHL varieties

The Question Asked Definition: the Second-Hand Lion trace distance $D_k$ Let $\mathcal{M}^{(kk)}_r$ be the set of $k\times k$ complex matrices of rank $\le r$ having unit trace norm. Then the ...
5
votes
0answers
406 views

Reference request: natural extensions of topological dynamical systems

I am currently writing a paper in which I need to use the following fact: if $T \colon X \to X$ is a uniquely ergodic transformation of a compact metric space, and $\mathcal{A}$ is a continuous ...
5
votes
0answers
399 views

Differential equation of line tangent to caustics

This problem (or rather, statement that I cannot understand) has arisen in a paper I have been reading "Geometry of Integrable Billiards and Pencils of Quadrics" by Dragovic and Radnovic. I'd be most ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Example for a dynamical system which is not point-distal

Let $(X, d)$ be a compact metric space, let $T$ be a group of actions on $X$. Then $(X,T)$ is a topological dynamical system with transformation group $T$, and we denote it by $(X,T)$. We say points ...
4
votes
0answers
309 views

Limit cycles as closed geodesics(geodesiable flow)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$: \begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation} This equation defines a foliation on ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

Is a closed set with orbit capacity zero automatically thin?

Let $G$ be a countably infinite amenable group. Let $\alpha: G\curvearrowright X$ be a continuous group action. (Mostly free and minimal, though!) Definition 1: Let $A\subset X$ be closed and ...
4
votes
0answers
160 views

Fundamental group of non-Hausdorff surfaces & actions of discrete Heisenberg group

Let $G$ be a discrete group, acting on a space $X$ (by homeomorphisms). I will say that the action is properly discontinuous if for any $x, y \in X$, there are neighborhoods $U_x$ and $U_y$ such that ...
4
votes
0answers
240 views

Limits of $p/\ln p - q /\ln q$, $p, q$ prime

Is there any $\alpha>0$ for which there are known to exist two sequences of primes, $(p_i), (q_i)$ such that $$\alpha = \lim_{i\to\infty} \left(p_i/\ln p_i - q_i /\ln q_i\right)\ ?$$ The ...
4
votes
0answers
194 views

Fixed point sets that carry topology

Let $M$ be a closed smooth manifold. A generic diffeomorphism $\phi: M\rightarrow M$ has non-degenerate fixed points, i.e. the intersections of its graph with the diagonal in $M\times M$ are all ...
4
votes
0answers
150 views

Linearization of a gradient field

Setup: Suppose we are given a smooth function $\phi$ that has a nondegenerate minimum at $x=0$. Then we can choose a coordinate system $x$ such that the gradient is given by $$X = \mathrm{grad} \phi = ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Possible homogeneity of infinite dimensional Sierpinski carpet analogues?

Start with the Hilbert cube $H=I^\omega$, thinking of its coordinates as written in ternary expansion. Construct subsets $S_n$ by removing points from $H$ if for any $m$, at least $n$ of the ...
4
votes
0answers
231 views

The Arnol'd family of circle maps - origins and density of hyperbolicity

$\newcommand{\R}{\mathbb{R}}\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb{Z}}$ The Arnol'd family or standard family of circle maps is defined by $$F_{\mu_1,\mu_2}:\R/\Z\to\R/\Z;\quad t\mapsto t + \mu_1 + \mu_2\sin(2\pi ...
4
votes
0answers
228 views

'ninja' segments - do they exist?

This question is about a sort of "weak topological $k$-mixing" where the $k$-point set is replaced by a (topological) segment. Let $f:M\rightarrow M$ be a homeomorphism on a (compact) topological ...
4
votes
0answers
116 views

Asymptotic rearrangement

I had some trouble coming up with a good title for this question. Here is the setup. Suppose you have two infinite sets of (positive real, say) numbers $\{a_k\}$ and $\{b_k\}$ such that the ...
4
votes
0answers
368 views

entropy preserving finitary factor maps of Bernoulli schemes

Let $X=\{0,1\}^\mathbb{Z}$ with measure $\mu=(p,1-p)^{\mathbb{Z}}$. Let $(\phi(x))_i=(x_i+x_{i+1})$mod$2$. If $p=1/2$, then $\phi(X)=X$. If $p \not = 1/2$, then $\phi(X)$ is not a Bernoulli scheme ...
4
votes
0answers
598 views

Almost linear ODE: how node becomes a spiral

Most introductory ODE books contain a discussion of almost linear systems, and there are two cases when the behavior of an almost linear system near an equilbrium point can differ from the behaviour ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\ \dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta, \end{array} \right. $$ where ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Question about a length inequality in algebraic dynamics

Let $X$ be a Noetherian scheme. Let $f\colon X\rightarrow X$ be an integral self-morphism. If $x\in X$ is a closed point, I will write $\mathcal{F}_{1}^x$ for the coherent sheaf of ...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

What is a pure algebraic interpretation for this dynamical property?

According to comments of Yves Cornulier to the previous version of this question I revise the question as follows: To what extent the following types of Lie algebras $A$ are classified? And what is ...
3
votes
0answers
162 views

The $\Omega$-Stability Theorem

I'm currently studying the $\Omega$-Stability Theorem: Theorem: If $\mathcal{R}(f)$ has a hyperbolic structure then $f$ is $\mathcal{R}$-stable. Some explanations about the statement: $f$ is a $C^1$ ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Approximating solutions of non-linear differential equations

I have met a system of non-linear equations as follows, $$\frac{\mathbb{d}y_k}{\mathbb{d}t}=-(1-\alpha)y_k\sum_s{s^az_s}-\alpha y_kz_k,$$ ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

“Spectral decomposition” action on the unitary group

Consider a matrix $U$ from the unitary group $U_N(\mathbb{C})$ and consider the map $f:U_N(\mathbb{C})\rightarrow U_N(\mathbb{C})$ where $f(U)$ is the matrix of the eigenvectors of $U$. What is ...